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The nobility is a class of people who had special political and social status. Nobility is inherited or granted by the Crown as a reward to people who perform a heroic deed, achieve greatness in some endeavor, or hold a prominent government position.
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[England_Nobility|Nobility]]''
  
British nobility has a well-defined order. The highest noblemen are peers, which include the titles of (in descending rank) duke, marquis, earl, viscount, and baron. This is followed by the gentry, whose titles are baronet, knight, esquire, and gentleman. Both peers and gentry are entitled to coats of arms.  
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=== Introduction  ===
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The nobility is a class of people who had special political and social status. Nobility is inherited or granted by the Crown as a reward to people who perform a heroic deed, achieve greatness in some endeavor, or hold a prominent government position. 
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 +
{{Wikipedia|Peerage of England}}
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[[Image:England nobility.jpg|thumb|right|280x215px]]British nobility has a well-defined order. The highest noblemen are peers, which include the titles of (in descending rank) duke, marquis, earl, viscount, and baron. This is followed by the gentry, whose titles are baronet, knight, esquire, and gentleman. Both peers and gentry are entitled to coats of arms.  
  
 
The noble class forms less than five percent of England’s population. England limits the growth of the noble class. The eldest son inherits the father’s title, and younger sons may or may not have lesser titles. Younger sons do, however, have the right to use the father’s coat of arms altered with cadency, a mark showing birth order. When a nobleman dies without sons, the title may pass to a brother, cousin, or uncle. It may also lapse unless the Crown awards the title to a daughter’s husband.  
 
The noble class forms less than five percent of England’s population. England limits the growth of the noble class. The eldest son inherits the father’s title, and younger sons may or may not have lesser titles. Younger sons do, however, have the right to use the father’s coat of arms altered with cadency, a mark showing birth order. When a nobleman dies without sons, the title may pass to a brother, cousin, or uncle. It may also lapse unless the Crown awards the title to a daughter’s husband.  
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Illegitimate children are not entitled to noble status and often do not appear on family pedigrees. They may, however, be granted a variation of the father’s coat of arms.  
 
Illegitimate children are not entitled to noble status and often do not appear on family pedigrees. They may, however, be granted a variation of the father’s coat of arms.  
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{{Wikipedia|Heraldic visitation}}
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=== Visitations, Heraldic  ===
  
 
Because of frequent false claims to coats of arms, kings’ heralds required descents to be documented. These pedigrees are called "visitations." Many visitations from the 16th and 17th centuries have been published by the Harleian Society and other private groups. Those available at the Family History Library are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
 
Because of frequent false claims to coats of arms, kings’ heralds required descents to be documented. These pedigrees are called "visitations." Many visitations from the 16th and 17th centuries have been published by the Harleian Society and other private groups. Those available at the Family History Library are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
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ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - VISITATIONS, HERALDIC  
 
ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - VISITATIONS, HERALDIC  
  
There are many publications that can help you trace noble families. The most important are three indexes to published works compiled by Whitmore, Marshall, and Barrow. These books are described in the "[[England Genealogy|Genealogy]]" section of this outline.  
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=== Sources  ===
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[[Image:Weston Birt house 1826.jpg|thumb|right|296x200px]]There are many publications that can help you trace noble families. The most important are three indexes to published works compiled by Whitmore, Marshall, and Barrow. These books are described in [[England Genealogy]].  
  
 
For further information on visitation records, see:  
 
For further information on visitation records, see:  
  
*Squibb, G.D. ''Visitation Pedigrees and the Genealogist''. Revised Edition. London, England: Pinhorns, 1978. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=410055&disp=Visitation+pedigrees+and+the+genealogist%20%20&columns=*,0,0 942 A1 no. 702, 1978].)
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*Squibb, G.D. ''Visitation Pedigrees and the Genealogist''. Revised Edition. London, England: Pinhorns, 1978. (Family History Library book {{FHL|410055|title-id|disp=942 A1 no. 702, 1978}}.)
  
The records of peerage creations and related documents are kept at the College of Arms. (See the "[[England Heraldry|Heraldry]]" section of this outline.)  
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The records of peerage creations and related documents are kept at the College of Arms. (See [[England Heraldry]].)  
  
Many family histories have been published about noble families. Use the Surname Search of the Family History Library Catalog to look for the family name. It is important to use published sources on families with caution because they may contain inaccuracies.  
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Many family histories have been published about noble families. Use the Surname Search of the [https://familysearch.org/#form=catalog&catSearchType=surname Family History Library Catalog ]to look for the family name. It is important to use published sources on families with caution because they may contain inaccuracies.  
  
The publications of Burke’s Peerage Limited are widely used sources of information on noble families. Many titles and editions have been published. Many are on film or fiche at the Family History Library and are listed in the Author/Title Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
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The publications of Burke’s Peerage Limited are widely used sources of information on noble families. Many titles and editions have been published. Many are on film or fiche at the Family History Library and are listed in the Author/Title Search of the[https://familysearch.org/#form=catalog&catSearchType=author Family History Library Catalog ]under:  
  
 
BURKE, SIR JOHN BERNARD  
 
BURKE, SIR JOHN BERNARD  
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Major publications by Burke’s Peerage Limited are indexed in:  
 
Major publications by Burke’s Peerage Limited are indexed in:  
  
Burke’s Family Index. London, England: ''Burke’s Peerage Limited, 1976''. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=185733&disp=Burke%27s+family+index%20%20&columns=*,0,0 942 D53b].) This work is available in most major libraries.  
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*Burke’s Family Index. London, England: ''Burke’s Peerage Limited, 1976''. (Family History Library book {{FHL|185733|title-id|disp=942 D53b}}.) This work is available in most major libraries.
  
Many are also indexed in British and Irish Biographies. (See the "[[England Biography|Biography]]" section of this outline.)  
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Many are also indexed in British and Irish Biographies. (See [[England Biography]].)  
  
The Family History Library has many records of noble families other than family histories. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
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The Family History Library has many records of noble families other than family histories. Look in the Place Search of the[https://familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library Catalog] under:  
  
 
GREAT BRITAIN - NOBILITY  
 
GREAT BRITAIN - NOBILITY  
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ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - NOBILITY  
 
ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - NOBILITY  
  
See also the "[[England Heraldry|Heraldry]]" and "[[England Genealogy|Genealogy]]" sections of this outline.  
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See also [[England Heraldry]] and [[England Genealogy]].  
  
 
=== Websites  ===
 
=== Websites  ===
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*https://kcl.ac.uk/schools/humanities/history/ug/modules/gp2/nobility.html  
 
*https://kcl.ac.uk/schools/humanities/history/ug/modules/gp2/nobility.html  
 
*[http://www.archive.org/search.php?query=subject: "Nobility -- England" http://www.archive.org/search.php?query=subject%3A%22Nobility%20--%20England%22]  
 
*[http://www.archive.org/search.php?query=subject: "Nobility -- England" http://www.archive.org/search.php?query=subject%3A%22Nobility%20--%20England%22]  
*[http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/genealogy/royal/#BritishIsles Directory of Royal Genealogical Data]
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*[http://www3.dcs.hull.ac.uk/genealogy/royal/#BritishIsles Directory of Royal Genealogical Data]
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*A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe [http://thepeerage.com/ thepeerage.com/]
  
{{Place|England}}
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{{Place|England}}  
  
 
[[Category:England|Nobility]]
 
[[Category:England|Nobility]]

Latest revision as of 22:49, 9 December 2011

England Gotoarrow.png Nobility

Contents

Introduction

The nobility is a class of people who had special political and social status. Nobility is inherited or granted by the Crown as a reward to people who perform a heroic deed, achieve greatness in some endeavor, or hold a prominent government position. 

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Peerage of England
England nobility.jpg
British nobility has a well-defined order. The highest noblemen are peers, which include the titles of (in descending rank) duke, marquis, earl, viscount, and baron. This is followed by the gentry, whose titles are baronet, knight, esquire, and gentleman. Both peers and gentry are entitled to coats of arms.

The noble class forms less than five percent of England’s population. England limits the growth of the noble class. The eldest son inherits the father’s title, and younger sons may or may not have lesser titles. Younger sons do, however, have the right to use the father’s coat of arms altered with cadency, a mark showing birth order. When a nobleman dies without sons, the title may pass to a brother, cousin, or uncle. It may also lapse unless the Crown awards the title to a daughter’s husband.

Most family traditions of having a noble ancestor who was disinherited and then emigrated are not true since most noblemen did not emigrate. Contrary to popular belief, few nobles disowned family members for unacceptable behavior. Thus, most traditions of an ancestor’s being "erased" or "eliminated" from all records are unfounded.

Illegitimate children are not entitled to noble status and often do not appear on family pedigrees. They may, however, be granted a variation of the father’s coat of arms.

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Heraldic visitation

Visitations, Heraldic

Because of frequent false claims to coats of arms, kings’ heralds required descents to be documented. These pedigrees are called "visitations." Many visitations from the 16th and 17th centuries have been published by the Harleian Society and other private groups. Those available at the Family History Library are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:

ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - VISITATIONS, HERALDIC

Sources

Weston Birt house 1826.jpg
There are many publications that can help you trace noble families. The most important are three indexes to published works compiled by Whitmore, Marshall, and Barrow. These books are described in England Genealogy.

For further information on visitation records, see:

  • Squibb, G.D. Visitation Pedigrees and the Genealogist. Revised Edition. London, England: Pinhorns, 1978. (Family History Library book 942 A1 no. 702, 1978.)

The records of peerage creations and related documents are kept at the College of Arms. (See England Heraldry.)

Many family histories have been published about noble families. Use the Surname Search of the Family History Library Catalog to look for the family name. It is important to use published sources on families with caution because they may contain inaccuracies.

The publications of Burke’s Peerage Limited are widely used sources of information on noble families. Many titles and editions have been published. Many are on film or fiche at the Family History Library and are listed in the Author/Title Search of theFamily History Library Catalog under:

BURKE, SIR JOHN BERNARD

Major publications by Burke’s Peerage Limited are indexed in:

  • Burke’s Family Index. London, England: Burke’s Peerage Limited, 1976. (Family History Library book 942 D53b.) This work is available in most major libraries.

Many are also indexed in British and Irish Biographies. (See England Biography.)

The Family History Library has many records of noble families other than family histories. Look in the Place Search of theFamily History Library Catalog under:

GREAT BRITAIN - NOBILITY

ENGLAND - NOBILITY

ENGLAND, [COUNTY] - NOBILITY

See also England Heraldry and England Genealogy.

Websites


 

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  • This page was last modified on 9 December 2011, at 22:49.
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