England Oxford, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire Probate Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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{{Record_Search_article|location=England
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{{Record_Search_article
 
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|CID=CID1973014
|title=England, Oxford, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire Probate Records|scheduled=}}<br>
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|title=England, Oxford, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire Probate Records
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|location=England
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== Collection Time Period  ==
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== Record Description ==
  
 
The date ranges for available probate records are from 1492 to 1940.  
 
The date ranges for available probate records are from 1492 to 1940.  
  
== Record History  ==
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There are several different types of probate records, but wills are the most informative. Original wills were generally on loose pieces of paper, copies of which were entered into books. Act books are brief paragraphs telling that the executor appeared in court and was approved to distribute the goods as set forth in the will. Administrations are documents created when a person died without leaving a will. Older wills from 1492 through to the late 17th or early 18th century will have varying degrees of legibility. There will also be some Latin in the wills in the middle of the 17th century.
  
 
Wills probated up to 1857 were handled and kept by the Consistory Court of the Diocese Chester; thereafter (1858-1940) they were handled by the District Probate Registry for Cheshire. Until 1837, a male as young as 14 and a girl as young as 12 could make a will; thereafter, one had to be 21 to make a will. Wills for married women before 1882 are rare because they were not allowed to have property. Those who had land or money (such as merchants, shopkeepers, farmers, or laborers) created wills. About 10% of the heads of households were probated before 1857, but as many as 25% left a will or was mentioned in one. About 143,000 names are indexed in Cheshire Probate Record indexes.  
 
Wills probated up to 1857 were handled and kept by the Consistory Court of the Diocese Chester; thereafter (1858-1940) they were handled by the District Probate Registry for Cheshire. Until 1837, a male as young as 14 and a girl as young as 12 could make a will; thereafter, one had to be 21 to make a will. Wills for married women before 1882 are rare because they were not allowed to have property. Those who had land or money (such as merchants, shopkeepers, farmers, or laborers) created wills. About 10% of the heads of households were probated before 1857, but as many as 25% left a will or was mentioned in one. About 143,000 names are indexed in Cheshire Probate Record indexes.  
  
=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
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Probate records document the transfer of possessions after a person dies. Wills, in particular, were written to ensure that the property and personal estate of a deceased person would be distributed according to his or her wishes. The court would then call in the next of kin and assign them the duty of distributing the goods. The administrator is usually the only person mentioned besides the court officials.
 
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Probate records document the transfer of possessions after a person dies. Wills, in particular, were written to ensure that the property and personal estate of a deceased person would be distributed according to his or her wishes. The court would then call in the next of kin and assign them the duty of distributing the goods. The administrator is usually the only person mentioned besides the court officials.  
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=== Record Reliability  ===
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The records are quite reliable because of their legal nature.  
 
The records are quite reliable because of their legal nature.  
  
== Record Description  ==
+
== Record Content ==
  
There are several different types of probate records, but wills are the most informative. Original wills were generally on loose pieces of paper, copies of which were entered into books. Act books are brief paragraphs telling that the executor appeared in court and was approved to distribute the goods as set forth in the will. Administrations are documents created when a person died without leaving a will. Older wills from 1492 through to the late 17th or early 18th century will have varying degrees of legibility. There will also be some Latin in the wills in the middle of the 17th century.  
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[[Image:England Probate Record DGS Inventory 004308029 00038 00039.jpg|thumb|175px|right|Probate Record before 1858]]
  
=== Record Content  ===
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[[Image:England Probate Record DGS Will 004308029 00036 00037.jpg|thumb|175px|right|Probate Record after 1858]]
  
Key genealogical facts found in most Cheshire probate records before 1858 are:&nbsp;
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'''Probate records''' before 1858 usually contain the following:
  
*Names of relatives receiving an inheritance [[Image:England Probate Record DGS Inventory 004308029 00038 00039.jpg|thumb|right]]
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*Names of relatives receiving an inheritance  
 
*Names of executor(s)  
 
*Names of executor(s)  
 
*Itemization of household goods and property  
 
*Itemization of household goods and property  
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*Property names
 
*Property names
  
Key genealogical facts found in most Cheshire probate records after 1858 are:  
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'''Probate records''' after 1858 usually contain the following:  
  
*Name of individual [[Image:England Probate Record DGS Will 004308029 00036 00037.jpg|thumb|right]]
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*Name of individual
 
*Location where the deceased lived  
 
*Location where the deceased lived  
 
*Names of beneficiaries (usually surviving spouse and children)  
 
*Names of beneficiaries (usually surviving spouse and children)  
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*Relative or relatives present at the time of death
 
*Relative or relatives present at the time of death
  
== How to Use the Record ==
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== How to Use the Record ==
  
 
Use these records to find ancestors’ children and relatives in order to establish relationships that may be more difficult to prove in parish registers, especially before 1813. They are also useful to confirm relationships in families where relationship is already established.  
 
Use these records to find ancestors’ children and relatives in order to establish relationships that may be more difficult to prove in parish registers, especially before 1813. They are also useful to confirm relationships in families where relationship is already established.  
  
== Related Websites ==
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== Related Websites ==
  
 
*[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/probate-records-collection-search-start.action?redef=0&event=P Probate and Wills Records Collection 1462-1858]  
 
*[http://www.findmypast.co.uk/probate-records-collection-search-start.action?redef=0&event=P Probate and Wills Records Collection 1462-1858]  
 
*[http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=1610 UK, Extracted Probate Records]
 
*[http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=1610 UK, Extracted Probate Records]
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*[[England and Wales History Links]]
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*[[England and Wales Historic Maps]]
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
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== Related Wiki Articles ==
  
*[[England_Probate_Records|England Probate Records]]  
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*[[England Probate Records]]  
 
*[[Quick Research Links - England]]
 
*[[Quick Research Links - England]]
  
== Known Issues With This Collection ==
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== Known Issues With This Collection ==
  
 
{{HR Known Issues|no message=}}This project is currently on hold.  
 
{{HR Known Issues|no message=}}This project is currently on hold.  
  
== Contributions To This Article ==
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== Contributions To This Article ==
  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
== Citations for This Collection ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.
  
The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
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'''Collection Citation'''<br>
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<!--bibdescbegin-->"England, Oxford, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire Probate Records." Database, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://familysearch.org https://familysearch.org]). From Family Records Centre, London. FHL microfilm, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->
  
=== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ===
 
 
*United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
 
*Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023
 
 
== Sources of Information For This Collection  ==
 
 
<!--bibdescbegin-->"England, Oxford, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire Probate Records." Database, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://familysearch.org https://familysearch.org]). From Family Records Centre, London. FHL microfilm, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->
 
  
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'''Image Citation'''<br>
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{{Image Citation Link
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|CID=CID1973014
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|title=England, Oxford, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire Probate Records
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|scheduled=
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}}<br>
 
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[[Category:Oxfordshire|Probate]]
 
[[Category:Oxfordshire|Probate]]

Latest revision as of 19:00, 29 October 2014

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records scheduled to become available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

The date ranges for available probate records are from 1492 to 1940.

There are several different types of probate records, but wills are the most informative. Original wills were generally on loose pieces of paper, copies of which were entered into books. Act books are brief paragraphs telling that the executor appeared in court and was approved to distribute the goods as set forth in the will. Administrations are documents created when a person died without leaving a will. Older wills from 1492 through to the late 17th or early 18th century will have varying degrees of legibility. There will also be some Latin in the wills in the middle of the 17th century.

Wills probated up to 1857 were handled and kept by the Consistory Court of the Diocese Chester; thereafter (1858-1940) they were handled by the District Probate Registry for Cheshire. Until 1837, a male as young as 14 and a girl as young as 12 could make a will; thereafter, one had to be 21 to make a will. Wills for married women before 1882 are rare because they were not allowed to have property. Those who had land or money (such as merchants, shopkeepers, farmers, or laborers) created wills. About 10% of the heads of households were probated before 1857, but as many as 25% left a will or was mentioned in one. About 143,000 names are indexed in Cheshire Probate Record indexes.

Probate records document the transfer of possessions after a person dies. Wills, in particular, were written to ensure that the property and personal estate of a deceased person would be distributed according to his or her wishes. The court would then call in the next of kin and assign them the duty of distributing the goods. The administrator is usually the only person mentioned besides the court officials.

The records are quite reliable because of their legal nature.

Record Content

Probate Record before 1858
Probate Record after 1858

Probate records before 1858 usually contain the following:

  • Names of relatives receiving an inheritance
  • Names of executor(s)
  • Itemization of household goods and property
  • Date will was written
  • Date will was probated
  • Amounts of money and goods
  • Location where the deceased lived
  • Listing of any debt or funeral expenses to be paid
  • Property names

Probate records after 1858 usually contain the following:

  • Name of individual
  • Location where the deceased lived
  • Names of beneficiaries (usually surviving spouse and children)
  • Name of executor(s)
  • Names of witnesses
  • Date the will was probated
  • Place where will was probated
  • Relative or relatives present at the time of death

How to Use the Record

Use these records to find ancestors’ children and relatives in order to establish relationships that may be more difficult to prove in parish registers, especially before 1813. They are also useful to confirm relationships in families where relationship is already established.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Known Issues With This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?

This project is currently on hold.

Contributions To This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We especially need language translations for both content and images. For specific needs, please look for callout boxes throughout the article or visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citations for This Collection

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.

Collection Citation
"England, Oxford, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire Probate Records." Database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org). From Family Records Centre, London. FHL microfilm, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.


Image Citation

The citation for an image will be available on each image once the collection is published.



 

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  • This page was last modified on 29 October 2014, at 19:00.
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