England and Wales Census, 1851 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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== Collection Time Period<br> ==
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== Collection Time Period<br> ==
  
 
The English government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 31 March 1851.  
 
The English government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 31 March 1851.  
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=== Record Content  ===
 
=== Record Content  ===
  
[[Image:England and Wales 1851 Census.jpg|thumb|right]] Beginning with the 1851 census, the information listed includes the following information for each person:
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[[Image:England and Wales 1851 Census.jpg|thumb|right]] Beginning with the 1851 census, the information listed includes the following information for each person:  
  
 
*Names  
 
*Names  
 
*Ages  
 
*Ages  
*Parish and county of birth
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*Parish and county of birth  
*Occupation
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*Occupation  
 
*Relationship to the head of the household
 
*Relationship to the head of the household
  
The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.
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The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.  
  
 
== Record History  ==
 
== Record History  ==
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Census records are a good source to use as you search for your relatives. Use census records to help you find the age of your ancestor, as well as birthplace, occupation, and address. The records can also help you define relationships between individuals.  
 
Census records are a good source to use as you search for your relatives. Use census records to help you find the age of your ancestor, as well as birthplace, occupation, and address. The records can also help you define relationships between individuals.  
  
You must know the person's name and the time period when he or she lived. If there is no index available, you need to know where the person lived. You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information. Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:
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You must know the person's name and the time period when he or she lived. If there is no index available, you need to know where the person lived. You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information. Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:  
  
*Accept the ages with caution.
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*Accept the ages with caution.  
*Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.
+
*Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.  
*The information may be incorrect.
+
*The information may be incorrect.  
*Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).
+
*Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).  
*Place-names may be misspelled.
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*Place-names may be misspelled.  
 
*Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.
 
*Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.
  
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== Related Web Sites  ==
 
== Related Web Sites  ==
  
[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/news/stories/84.htm England and Wales Census, 1851]
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[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/news/stories/84.htm England and Wales Census, 1851]  
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
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{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections ==
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
  
Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above.  
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
  
 
=== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection:  ===
 
=== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection:  ===
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== Sources of Information for This Collection:  ==
 
== Sources of Information for This Collection:  ==
  
Digital images of originals housed at Public Record Office at Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9. Microfilm copies are also available at the Family Records Centre, located at 1 Myddelton Street, Islington, London EC1R 1UW <br>
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Digital images of originals housed at Public Record Office at Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9. Microfilm copies are also available at the Family Records Centre, located at 1 Myddelton Street, Islington, London EC1R 1UW <br>  
  
 
Also filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah available at the Family History Library, 35 North West Temple Street, Room 344, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84150-3440  
 
Also filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah available at the Family History Library, 35 North West Temple Street, Room 344, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84150-3440  
  
The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
+
The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].  
  
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[[Category:England|Census]] [[Category:Wales|Census]] [[Category:Census_records_in_England]]
 
[[Category:England|Census]] [[Category:Wales|Census]] [[Category:Census_records_in_England]]

Revision as of 21:04, 26 September 2011

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: England and Wales Census, 1851 .

Contents

Collection Time Period

The English government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 31 March 1851.

Record Description

Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio).

Record Content

England and Wales 1851 Census.jpg
Beginning with the 1851 census, the information listed includes the following information for each person:
  • Names
  • Ages
  • Parish and county of birth
  • Occupation
  • Relationship to the head of the household

The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.

Record History

The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night. Almost all of the residents of England, whether they were citizens or not, are included in the census.

The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries. An attempt is now being made to preserve the records by transcribing and publishing them. Some of these preservation efforts are being published in book form, while others are being posted on the Internet.

How to Use the Records

Census records are a good source to use as you search for your relatives. Use census records to help you find the age of your ancestor, as well as birthplace, occupation, and address. The records can also help you define relationships between individuals.

You must know the person's name and the time period when he or she lived. If there is no index available, you need to know where the person lived. You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information. Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:

  • Accept the ages with caution.
  • Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.
  • The information may be incorrect.
  • Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).
  • Place-names may be misspelled.
  • Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.

All members of a family living in the same household will be listed together. When you find your family in one census, search earlier or later censuses to find additional family members and to verify details.

Why This Record Was Created

The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.

Record Reliability

The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.

Related Web Sites

England and Wales Census, 1851

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.

Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection:

"England and Wales Census, 1851." index and images, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch,org: accessed March 9, 2011). entry for Joseph Cole, age: 29; citing Household Records; Digital images of original housed at Public Record Office at Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9.

Sources of Information for This Collection:

Digital images of originals housed at Public Record Office at Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9. Microfilm copies are also available at the Family Records Centre, located at 1 Myddelton Street, Islington, London EC1R 1UW

Also filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah available at the Family History Library, 35 North West Temple Street, Room 344, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84150-3440

The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections.