England and Wales Census, 1871 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{FamilySearch_Collection|
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{{FamilySearch_Collection
|location=United Kingdom
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|CID=CID1538354
 
|CID=CID1538354
|title=England and Wales 1871 Census}}  
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|title=England and Wales Census, 1871
 +
|location=United Kingdom}}<br>
  
== Collection Time Period ==
+
== Record Description ==
  
The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 2 April 1871.  
+
This Collection will include records for 1871.<br>
  
== Record Description  ==
+
The 1871 census taken on the night of 2 April gave the total population as 26,072,036. FamilySearch records indicate that the collection contains 1,365,706. Please note that the description of the collection states that it is only 26% complete. This census is in the process of being indexed.
  
 
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio).  
 
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio).  
  
=== Record Content  ===
+
The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night. Almost all the residents of England are included in the census. Non-citizens were also included.
  
The 1871 census contains the following information:  
+
The following civil parishes, townships, or places in the registration district of Gower in Glamorgan and the Sub-District of Gower Western are missing:  
  
[[Image:England and Wales 1871 Census.jpg|thumb|right]]
+
*Registration Sub-District 2B Gower Western
 +
*Porteynon
 +
*Penrice
 +
*Oxwich
 +
*Nicholaston
 +
*Penmaen (3)
 +
*Reynoldston
 +
*Llandewy
 +
*Knelston
  
*Name
+
The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries. An attempt is now being made to preserve the records by transcribing and publishing them. Some of these preservation efforts are being published in book form, while others are being posted on the Internet.
*Age
+
 
*Parish and county of birth
+
The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 2 April 1871.&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.
 +
 
 +
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.
 +
 
 +
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
 +
 
 +
{{Collection citation
 +
|text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Great Britain Census Office. England and Wales Census 1871. National Archives at, Surrey, England.<!--bibdescend-->}}
 +
 
 +
[[England and Wales 1871 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 +
 
 +
== Record Content  ==
 +
 
 +
<gallery>
 +
Image:England and Wales 1871 Census.jpg
 +
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
The 1871 census contains the following information:
 +
 
 +
*Place, district, parish and county where census was taken
 +
*Given name and surname of each household member
 +
*Relationship to head of household
 +
*Birthplace of each household member
 +
*Age, gender and marital status of each household member
 
*Occupation  
 
*Occupation  
*Relationship to the head of the household
+
*Physical impairments
  
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
  
 
Census records are a good source to use as you search for your relatives. Use census records to help you find the age of your ancestor, as well as birthplace, occupation, and address. The records can also help you define relationships between individuals.  
 
Census records are a good source to use as you search for your relatives. Use census records to help you find the age of your ancestor, as well as birthplace, occupation, and address. The records can also help you define relationships between individuals.  
 +
 +
'''Beginning Your Search'''
  
 
You must know the person's name and the time period when he or she lived. If there is no index available, you need to know where the person lived. You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information. Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:  
 
You must know the person's name and the time period when he or she lived. If there is no index available, you need to know where the person lived. You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information. Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:  
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All members of a family living in the same household will be listed together. When you find your family in one census, search earlier or later censuses to find additional family members and to verify details.  
 
All members of a family living in the same household will be listed together. When you find your family in one census, search earlier or later censuses to find additional family members and to verify details.  
  
== Record History  ==
+
'''Searching the Index'''
  
The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night. Almost all the residents of England are included in the census. Non-citizens were also included.  
+
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
  
The following civil parishes, townships, or places in the registration district of Gower in Glamorganshire and the Sub-District of Gower Western are missing:
+
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
  
*Registration Sub-District 2B Gower Western
+
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[England and Wales 1871 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
*Porteynon
+
*Penrice
+
*Oxwich
+
*Nicholaston
+
*Penmaen (3)  
+
*Reynoldston
+
*Llandewy
+
*Knelston
+
 
+
The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries. An attempt is now being made to preserve the records by transcribing and publishing them. Some of these preservation efforts are being published in book form, while others are being posted on the Internet.  
+
 
+
=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
+
 
+
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.
+
 
+
=== Record Reliability  ===
+
 
+
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.  
+
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
''This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.''
+
{{Incomplete Section}}
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
  
 +
*[[England Census|England Census]]
 
*[[England Vital Records]]  
 
*[[England Vital Records]]  
 
*[[Quick Research Links - England]]  
 
*[[Quick Research Links - England]]  
*[[Quick Research Links - Wales]]
+
*[[Quick Research Links - Wales]]
 +
*[[Wales Census|Wales Census]]
  
 
== Contributions to this Article  ==
 
== Contributions to this Article  ==
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== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
+
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record Found in This Collection:  ====
+
 
+
*United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
+
*Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023
+
 
+
== Citation for This Collection:  ==
+
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records. Detailed instructions for adding citations of records used by the FamilySearch Wiki are also listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
+
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
Digital images of originals housed at Public Record Office at Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9. Microfilm copies are also available at the Family Records Centre, located at 1 Myddelton Street, Islington, London EC1R 1UW
+
"England and Wales Census, 1871," index and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VF81-V1J&nbsp;: accessed 23 April 2012), Benjamin Thomas; citing England and Wales 1871 Census. National Archives at Kew, Richmond, Surrey, England (St Mary In The Castle, Sussex, England).
  
Also filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah available at the Family History Library, 35 North West Temple Street, Room 344, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84150-3440
+
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
  
 
[[Category:England|Census]] [[Category:Wales|Census]] [[Category:Census_records_in_England]]
 
[[Category:England|Census]] [[Category:Wales|Census]] [[Category:Census_records_in_England]]

Revision as of 20:29, 8 November 2012

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: England and Wales Census, 1871 .

Contents

Record Description

This Collection will include records for 1871.

The 1871 census taken on the night of 2 April gave the total population as 26,072,036. FamilySearch records indicate that the collection contains 1,365,706. Please note that the description of the collection states that it is only 26% complete. This census is in the process of being indexed.

Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio).

The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night. Almost all the residents of England are included in the census. Non-citizens were also included.

The following civil parishes, townships, or places in the registration district of Gower in Glamorgan and the Sub-District of Gower Western are missing:

  • Registration Sub-District 2B Gower Western
  • Porteynon
  • Penrice
  • Oxwich
  • Nicholaston
  • Penmaen (3)
  • Reynoldston
  • Llandewy
  • Knelston

The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries. An attempt is now being made to preserve the records by transcribing and publishing them. Some of these preservation efforts are being published in book form, while others are being posted on the Internet.

The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 2 April 1871. 

The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.

The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

Great Britain Census Office. England and Wales Census 1871. National Archives at, Surrey, England.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

The 1871 census contains the following information:

  • Place, district, parish and county where census was taken
  • Given name and surname of each household member
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Birthplace of each household member
  • Age, gender and marital status of each household member
  • Occupation
  • Physical impairments

How to Use the Records

Census records are a good source to use as you search for your relatives. Use census records to help you find the age of your ancestor, as well as birthplace, occupation, and address. The records can also help you define relationships between individuals.

Beginning Your Search

You must know the person's name and the time period when he or she lived. If there is no index available, you need to know where the person lived. You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information. Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:

  • Accept the ages with caution.
  • Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.
  • The information may be incorrect.
  • Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).
  • Place-names may be misspelled.
  • Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.

All members of a family living in the same household will be listed together. When you find your family in one census, search earlier or later censuses to find additional family members and to verify details.

Searching the Index

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to this Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"England and Wales Census, 1871," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VF81-V1J&nbsp;: accessed 23 April 2012), Benjamin Thomas; citing England and Wales 1871 Census. National Archives at Kew, Richmond, Surrey, England (St Mary In The Castle, Sussex, England).

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.