England and Wales Census, 1891 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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<br>&nbsp;
|CID=CID1865747
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|title=England and Wales Census, 1891
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|location=United Kingdom}}<br>
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== Collection Time Period  ==
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{{FamilySearch_Collection|CID=CID1865747 |title=England and Wales Census, 1891|location=United Kingdom}}<br>
 
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The English government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This article covers the census for 1891.
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== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
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[[Image:Looe, converted tidemill at West Looe - geograph.org.uk - 77452.jpg|right|300x270px|Looe, converted tidemill at West Looe - geograph.org.uk - 77452.jpg]]This Collection will include records for 1891.<br>
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The 1891 census taken on the night of 5 April 1891 gave the total population as 33,015,701.<br>FamilySearch records indicate that the collection contains 31,782,845 records.&nbsp; Please note that this census is in the process of being indexed.
  
 
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio).  
 
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio).  
  
=== Record Content  ===
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The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Register_Office_for_England_and_Wales Registrar General] created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night. Almost all the residents of England are included in the census. Noncitizens were also included.
  
[[Image:England and Wales 1891 Census.jpg|thumb|right]]
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The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the [http://genealogypro.com/articles/pro.html Public Records Office in Kew]. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries. An attempt is now being made to preserve the records by transcribing and publishing them. Some of these preservation efforts are being published in book form, while others are being posted on the Internet.  
  
The 1891 census contains the following information:<br>• Name<br>• Age<br>• Parish and county of birth<br>• Occupation<br>• Relationship to the head of the household<br>• May also list the birth country for people born outside of England  
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The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 5 April 1891.&nbsp;
  
== How to Use the Records  ==
+
The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 5 April 1891.
  
Census records are a good source to use as you search for your relatives. Use census records to help you find the age of your ancestor, as well as birthplace, occupation, and address. The records can also help you define relationships between individuals.
+
<br>
  
You must know the person's name and the time period when he or she lived. If there is no index available, you need to know where the person lived. You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information. Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:<br>• Accept the ages with caution.<br>• Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.<br>• The information may be incorrect.<br>• Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).<br>• Place-names may be misspelled.<br>• Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.
+
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
  
All members of a family living in the same household will be listed together. When you find your family in one census, search earlier or later censuses to find additional family members and to verify details.  
+
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
  
== Record History  ==
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{{Collection citation
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| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Great Britain Census Office. England and Wales Census, 1891. National Archives, Surrey, England.<!--bibdescend-->
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}}
  
The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night. Almost all the residents of England are included in the census. Noncitizens were also included.  
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[[England and Wales 1891 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
  
The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries. An attempt is now being made to preserve the records by transcribing and publishing them. Some of these preservation efforts are being published in book form, while others are being posted on the Internet.
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== Record Content  ==
  
=== Why This Record Was Created  ===
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[[Image:England and Wales 1891 Census.jpg|thumb|right]]
  
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.
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The 1891 census contains the following information:
  
=== Record Reliability  ===
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*Town, district, parish and county where census was taken
 +
*Given name and surname of each household member
 +
*Relationship to head of household
 +
*Age of each person on last birthday
 +
*Marital status and occupation of each household member
 +
*Birth place for each member
 +
*Any physical impairmentw
 +
*May also list the birth country for people born outside of England
  
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.
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== How to Use the Records  ==
  
== Related Web Sites  ==
+
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
  
[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/news/stories/54.htm England and Wales Census, 1891]
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Census records are a good source to use as you search for your relatives. Use census records to help you find the age of your ancestor, as well as birthplace, occupation, and address. The records can also help you define relationships between individuals.  
  
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.
+
You must know the person's name and the time period when he or she lived. If there is no index available, you need to know where the person lived. You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information.  
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:
  
[[England Vital Records]]
+
*Accept the ages with caution.
 +
*Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.
 +
*The information may be incorrect.
 +
*Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).
 +
*Place-names may be misspelled.
 +
*Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
All members of a family living in the same household will be listed together. When you find your family in one census, search earlier or later censuses to find additional family members and to verify details.
  
{{Contributor invite}}
+
== Related Websites  ==
  
== Sources of Information for This Collection: ==
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[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/census-records.htm England and Wales Census, 1891]
  
<!--bibdescbegin-->"England and Wales Census, 1891," database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/); from Public Record Office at Kew. FHL microfilm, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->
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== Related Wiki Articles  ==
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*[[England Census|England Census]]
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*[[Wales Census|Wales Census]]
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*[[Quick Research Links - England]]
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*[[Quick Research Links - Wales]]
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== Contributions to This Article  ==
 +
 
 +
{{Contributor_invite}}
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should also list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
 +
 
 +
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
  
A suggested format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: [[How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections|How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]]
+
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
==== Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection  ====
+
“England and Wales Census 1891," images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/: accessed 21 March 2012), Albert Johnson 23; citing Kew, England and Wales Public Records office at Kew, England and wales census, 1891. Images from FHL Microfilm. family History Library, Salt Lake city, Utah
  
"England and Wales Census, 1891." Database and&nbsp;images, ''FamilySearch'' ([https://www.familysearch.org/ www.familysearch.org:] accessed March 9, 2011). entry for&nbsp;[https://www.familysearch.org/s/recordDetails/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fpilot.familysearch.org%2Frecords%2Ftrk%3A%2Ffsrs%2Frr_21428107923%2Fp_10243403423&hash=HloWXpZgU9zB10k5M56iYku8TUc%253D Anna Thomas], age: 43; citing Household Records, Public Records Office at Kew.
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{{featured article}}
  
[[Category:England|Census]] [[Category:Wales|Census]] [[Category:Census_records_in_England]]
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[[Category:England|Census]] [[Category:Wales|Census]] [[Category:Census_records_in_England|Census records in England]]

Revision as of 17:37, 19 September 2012


 

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: England and Wales Census, 1891 .

Contents

Record Description

Looe, converted tidemill at West Looe - geograph.org.uk - 77452.jpg
This Collection will include records for 1891.

The 1891 census taken on the night of 5 April 1891 gave the total population as 33,015,701.
FamilySearch records indicate that the collection contains 31,782,845 records.  Please note that this census is in the process of being indexed.

Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio).

The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night. Almost all the residents of England are included in the census. Noncitizens were also included.

The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries. An attempt is now being made to preserve the records by transcribing and publishing them. Some of these preservation efforts are being published in book form, while others are being posted on the Internet.

The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 5 April 1891. 

The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 5 April 1891.


Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

Great Britain Census Office. England and Wales Census, 1891. National Archives, Surrey, England.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

England and Wales 1891 Census.jpg

The 1891 census contains the following information:

  • Town, district, parish and county where census was taken
  • Given name and surname of each household member
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Age of each person on last birthday
  • Marital status and occupation of each household member
  • Birth place for each member
  • Any physical impairmentw
  • May also list the birth country for people born outside of England

How to Use the Records

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Census records are a good source to use as you search for your relatives. Use census records to help you find the age of your ancestor, as well as birthplace, occupation, and address. The records can also help you define relationships between individuals.

You must know the person's name and the time period when he or she lived. If there is no index available, you need to know where the person lived. You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information.

Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:

  • Accept the ages with caution.
  • Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.
  • The information may be incorrect.
  • Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).
  • Place-names may be misspelled.
  • Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.

All members of a family living in the same household will be listed together. When you find your family in one census, search earlier or later censuses to find additional family members and to verify details.

Related Websites

England and Wales Census, 1891

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

“England and Wales Census 1891," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/: accessed 21 March 2012), Albert Johnson 23; citing Kew, England and Wales Public Records office at Kew, England and wales census, 1891. Images from FHL Microfilm. family History Library, Salt Lake city, Utah