England and Wales Census, 1901 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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|CID=CID1888129
 
|CID=CID1888129
 
|title=England and Wales Census, 1901
 
|title=England and Wales Census, 1901
|location=United Kingdom}}<br>
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|location=United Kingdom}}<br>  
 
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== Collection Time Period  ==
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This census includes individuals living in England and Wales in 1901.
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== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
 +
 +
This Collection will include records for 1901.<br>
  
 
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page.  
 
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page.  
  
=== Record Content  ===
+
The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. The 1841 census was taken on June 7. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night.
 +
 
 +
The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries.
 +
 
 +
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.
 +
 
 +
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.
 +
 
 +
FindMyPast states that the village of Deal in Kent is missing in its entirety from this census and there are no known copies available. Additionally, Numbers 1-14 Doughty Mews, St. Pancras, London are also missing and Numbers 15-29 are there. [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/helpadvice/knowledge- base/census/index.jsp#searching This information is recorded here].
 +
 
 +
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 +
 
 +
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
 +
 
 +
{{Collection citation
 +
| text = Great Britain Census Office. England and Wales Census, 1901. National Archives, Surrey, England.
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
[[England and Wales Census, 1901 (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 +
 
 +
== Record Content  ==
  
Information listed in the census includes:  
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These census records usually contain the following information:  
  
*Names
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*District, civil parish, church parish and country where census was taken
*Ages
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*Given names and surnames of each household member
*Parish and county of birth
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*Age and gender of each household member
 +
*Relationship to head of household
 +
*Birthplace
 
*Occupation  
 
*Occupation  
*Relationship to the head of the household for each person
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*Any physical impairments
  
 
The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.  
 
The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.  
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== How to Use the Record  ==
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
  
Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. You will need to know the following:  
+
To begin your search in the census, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:  
  
*Your ancestor’s name
+
*Approximate year of birth
*Time period when your ancestor lived
+
*Place of birth
*Where the person lived
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*Name of ancestor
  
Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Some on-line indexes, such as indexes to FamilySearch Historical Records, will take you directly to an image. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.  
+
==== Search the Collection ====
 +
 
 +
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
 +
 
 +
==== Using the Information ====
  
 
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
 
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.  
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Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.  
 
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.  
 +
 +
==== Tips to Keep in Mind ====
  
 
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:  
 
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:  
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*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
  
You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information. Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:
+
You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information.  
  
 +
'''Consider This'''
 +
 +
Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:
 +
 +
*Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur. 
 
*Accept the ages with caution.  
 
*Accept the ages with caution.  
 
*Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.  
 
*Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.  
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*Place-names may be misspelled.  
 
*Place-names may be misspelled.  
 
*Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.
 
*Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.
 +
 +
==== Unable to Find Information? ====
  
 
If you do not find the person or family you are looking for, try the following:  
 
If you do not find the person or family you are looking for, try the following:  
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*Make sure you are searching in the right parish.  
 
*Make sure you are searching in the right parish.  
 
*Search the surrounding area.
 
*Search the surrounding area.
 
== Record History  ==
 
 
The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. The 1841 census was taken on June 7. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night.
 
 
The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries.
 
 
=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
 
 
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.
 
 
=== Record Reliability  ===
 
 
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.
 
 
FindMyPast states that the village of Deal in Kent is missing in its entirety from this census and there are no known copies available. Additionally, Numbers 1-14 Doughty Mews, St. Pancras, London are also missing and Numbers 15-29 are there. [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/helpadvice/knowledge-base/census/index.jsp#searching This information is recorded here].
 
  
 
== Related Websites  ==
 
== Related Websites  ==
  
This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related web sites here.
+
{{Incomplete Section}}
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
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{{Contributor invite}}  
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
== Citation for This Collection  ==
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
 
 
{{Collection citation
 
| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->England Wales Census, 1901. FHL digital images. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->
 
}}
 
 
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
 
  
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
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When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
  
==== Citation Example for Records Found in This Collection  ====
+
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
  
"England and Wales Census, 1901," images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org: accessed 21 March 2012), Lois Baker, age 27; citing Household Records, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Public Records.
+
"England and Wales Census, 1901," images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org: accessed 21 March 2012), Lois Baker, age 27; citing Household Records, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Public Records. Images Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah  
Images Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
+
  
 
[[England Census|Return to England Census Page]]  
 
[[England Census|Return to England Census Page]]  
  
 
[[Category:England|Census]] [[Category:Wales|Census]]
 
[[Category:England|Census]] [[Category:Wales|Census]]

Revision as of 19:07, 4 February 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.
Access the records: England and Wales Census, 1901 .

Contents

Record Description

This Collection will include records for 1901.

Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page.

The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. The 1841 census was taken on June 7. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night.

The original schedules are well preserved and housed at the Public Records Office in Kew. Microfilm copies are located at the Family History Library, at the Family Records Centre in England, and at county record offices and some libraries.

The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.

The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.

FindMyPast states that the village of Deal in Kent is missing in its entirety from this census and there are no known copies available. Additionally, Numbers 1-14 Doughty Mews, St. Pancras, London are also missing and Numbers 15-29 are there. base/census/index.jsp#searching This information is recorded here.

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

Great Britain Census Office. England and Wales Census, 1901. National Archives, Surrey, England.

Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content

These census records usually contain the following information:

  • District, civil parish, church parish and country where census was taken
  • Given names and surnames of each household member
  • Age and gender of each household member
  • Relationship to head of household
  • Birthplace
  • Occupation
  • Any physical impairments

The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.

How to Use the Record

To begin your search in the census, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Approximate year of birth
  • Place of birth
  • Name of ancestor

Search the Collection

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

Using the Information

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to employment or other types of records.

It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.

Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.

Tips to Keep in Mind

Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:

  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.

You may have to read around marks made by the clerks who compiled the census data. These marks sometimes obscure the information.

Consider This

Other things to consider when finding and using census information are:

  • Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur. 
  • Accept the ages with caution.
  • Given names may not be the same as a name recorded in church or vital records.
  • The information may be incorrect.
  • Names may be spelled phonetically (or as they sounded to the census taker).
  • Place-names may be misspelled.
  • Individuals missing from a family may be listed elsewhere in the census.

Unable to Find Information?

If you do not find the person or family you are looking for, try the following:

  • Check for spelling variations for the names.
  • Make sure you are searching in the right parish.
  • Search the surrounding area.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection

"England and Wales Census, 1901," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 21 March 2012), Lois Baker, age 27; citing Household Records, Bristol, Gloucestershire, England Public Records. Images Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah

Return to England Census Page