Essex County, Massachusetts

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Massachusetts|Massachusetts]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Essex_County,_Massachusetts|Essex County]]''<br><br>{{MADC}}{{Infobox U.S. County
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide|Massachusetts]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Essex_County,_Massachusetts|Essex County]]''  
| county = Essex County
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| county_map = Ma-essex.png
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| state = Massachusetts
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| latd =
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| longd =
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| founded year = 1643
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| founded date = May 10
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| seat wl= Salem
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| building image =
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| building address = Essex County Courthouse<br>36 Federal Street;<br>Salem, MA 01970<br>Phone: 978.741.0200
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<br>[http://www.courtreference.com/Essex-County-Massachusetts-Courts.htm '''Essex County Website'''] }}
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=== [http://lwvma.org/govcounty.shtml County Courthouse]  ===
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This is a historical and genealogical guide to the county of Plymouth. You will find help with town histories, vital records, deeds and land records, city directories, cemetery records and cemeteries, churches, town records, newspapers, maps, and libraries.  
 
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'''''Probate Court&nbsp;''''' has probate records; '''''Register of Deeds&nbsp;''''' has land records from 1640.<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 329. {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref><br>
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In 1997, the county governments of Essex, Berkshire, Hampden, Middlesex and Worcester were abolished.
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*Their functions were turned over to state agencies.
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*Sheriffs in these counties still administer jails but their employees are state employees.
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*The legislation to abolish these county governments transferred Registries of Deeds to the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Commonwealth.
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*Bristol, Dukes, Nantucket, Norfolk, Plymouth and Suffolk county governments remain substantially unchanged.
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*Wills and probate records for the years 1638-1840 for Essex are currently housed in the [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ARC/arccol/colidx.htm Massachusetts Judicial Archives ]. Indexes are available&nbsp;in published volumes but to view the actual document requires prior arrangement with the Archivist. [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/secsrch.htm The catalog of collections is available online.]&nbsp; Microfilms of the wills and probates are available in the reading room of the Archives.&nbsp;
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*Wills and probate record indexes for the years 1841-1917 for Essex are in the Massachusetts Judicial Archives but the original documents are housed offsite. &nbsp;
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*Docket books for 1638-1917 are in the Massachusetts Archives.
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== History  ==
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==== Parent County  ====
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== Essex County Massachusetts History ==
  
*Created 10 May 1643 from the [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]] lands. <ref>''Handybook for Genealogists'', 181.</ref> Created by the Massachusetts General Court when it was ordered: "[http://books.google.com/books?id=b5osAAAAIAAJ&dq=BEnch+and+Bar+of+the+Coomonwealth+of+Massachusetts&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=eSI8yaUS9r&sig=UDKWhuHxr56YriwILe6n3D09CKM&hl=en&ei=zsR5Sq_iBJCqswPpkbHvBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1#v=onepage&q=&f=false that the whole plantation within this jurisdiction be divided into four shires ]"[sic].<ref>William T. Davis, ''Bench and Bar of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts'' (Boston, Massachusetts: The Boston History Company, 1895), 44.</ref> &nbsp;'''See also [[Norfolk (old) County, Massachusetts]].'''
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=== Brief History  ===
*Essex initially contained Salem, Lynn, Wenham, Ipswich, Rowley, Newbury, Gloucester and Andover.
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==== Boundary Changes  ====
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Essex County was one of the four original counties when [[Massachusetts Bay Colony|Massachusetts Bay Colony]] created counties in 1643 which includes the area known as Cape Ann. The only major change came with the addition of three miles on the northern border when the [[Norfolk (old) County, Massachusetts|Old Norfolk County]] was eliminated in 1680. It was first settled in 1623. This was a major port for the United States through the late 1800s. Fishing was a thriving industry from the beginning, and is still notable in Gloucester. The most popular historical event was the witch trials of Salem in 1692. Haverhill, on the Merrimack River, became one of the centers of the Industrial Revolution in the mid-1800s. As the city expanded with all the immigrant growth, the city annexed the town of Bradford on the south side of the river.<br>
  
==== Record Loss  ====
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=== Historical Data ===
<div style="float: left; width: 147%">
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=== Places / Localities ===
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{{MAEssTowns}}'''Cities'''
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The basic data are from the historical county boundary series<ref>[http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/MA_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm#SUFFOLK Massachusetts Atlas of Historical County Boundaries]</ref> with additions from various sources.
  
{| width="52%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| valign="top" |  
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! width="100" scope="col" | Dates
*[[Amesbury, Massachusetts|Amesbury]]
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! width="500" scope="col" | Events
*[[Beverly, Massachusetts|Beverly]]
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|-
*[[Gloucester, Massachusetts|Gloucester]]  
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| 10 May 1643
*[[Haverhill, Massachusetts|Haverhill]]
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| Essex County created as one of the four original counties formed out of Massachusetts Bay Colony. [Mass. Rec., 2: 38]
 
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|-
| valign="top" |  
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| 26 May 1658
*[[Lawrence, Massachusetts|Lawrence]]
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| Andover gained 15 acres from Billerica, Middlesex Co.
*[[Lynn, Massachusetts|Lynn]]  
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|-
*[[Methuen, Massachusetts|Methuen]]
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| 18 Sept. 1679
 
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| Gained three miles north of the Merrimack River when the [[Norfolk (old) County, Massachusetts|Old Norfolk County]] was dissolved adding the then towns of Haverhill and Salisbury.
| valign="top" |
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|-
*[[Newburyport, Massachusetts|Newburyport]]
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| 22 Feb. 1841
*[[Peabody, Massachusetts|Peabody]]
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| Gained from part of Chelsea, Suffolk Co., annexed to Saugus.
*[[Salem, Massachusetts|Salem]]
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|-
 
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| 10 Apr. 1854
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| Loss from part of Lynnfield annexed to Reading, Middlesex Co.
 
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'''Towns'''
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{| width="52%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
 
|-
| valign="top" |
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| 7 Jan. 1858
*[[Andover, Massachusetts|Andover]]
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| Lost from part of Lynnfield annexed to North Reading, Middlesex Co.
*[[Boxford, Massachusetts|Boxford]]
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|-
*[[Danvers, Massachusetts|Danvers]]
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| 18 Sept. 1933
*[[Essex, Massachusetts|Essex]]
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| Loss from part of Saugus annexed to Wakefield, Middlesex Co.
*[[Georgetown, Massachusetts|Georgetown]]
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|-
*[[Groveland, Massachusetts|Groveland]]
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| 10 Apr. 1947
*[[Hamilton, Massachusetts|Hamilton]]
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| Land exchanged between Lynnfield and Reading, Middlesex Co.
*[[Ipswich, Massachusetts|Ipswich]]
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| valign="top" |
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*[[Lynnfield, Massachusetts|Lynnfield]]
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*[[Manchester-by-the-Sea, Massachusetts|Manchester-by-the-Sea]]
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*[[Marblehead, Massachusetts|Marblehead]]
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*[[Merrimac, Massachusetts|Merrimac]]
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*[[Middleton, Massachusetts|Middleton]]
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*[[Nahant, Massachusetts|Nahant]]
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*[[Newbury, Massachusetts|Newbury]]
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*[[North Andover, Massachusetts|North Andover]]
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| valign="top" |
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*[[Rockport, Massachusetts|Rockport]]
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*[[Rowley, Massachusetts|Rowley]]
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*[[Salisbury, Massachusetts|Salisbury]]
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*[[Saugus, Massachusetts|Saugus]]
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*[[Swampscott, Massachusetts|Swampscott]]
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*[[Topsfield, Massachusetts|Topsfield]]
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*[[Wenham, Massachusetts|Wenham]]
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*[[West Newbury, Massachusetts|West Newbury]]
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|}
 
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<div style="width: 147%"><center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
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=== Towns and Cities  ===
  
'''Extinct Town:&nbsp;''' [[Bradford, Massachusetts|Bradford]]<ref>Michael J. Leclerc, ''Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research'', 5th ed. (Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012), 224. {{WorldCat|779626228|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1967587|item|disp=FHL Book 974 D27g 2012}}.</ref>  
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[[Image:Ma-essex.png|right|400px|Ma-essex.png]]The following list of present-day Plymouth County towns and cities links them to their individual pages. There you will find a list of other names used for the town or city and of villages and sections of the town or city.
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<center>[[Amesbury, Massachusetts|Amesbury (1668)]] - [[Andover, Massachusetts|Andover (1646)]] - [[Beverly, Massachusetts|Beverly (1668)]] - [[Boxford, Massachusetts|Boxford (1694)]]<br>[[Danvers, Massachusetts|Danvers (1752)]] - [[Essex, Massachusetts|Essex (1819)]] - [[Georgetown, Massachusetts|Georgetown (1838)]] - [[Gloucester, Massachusetts|Gloucester (1642)]]<br>[[Groveland, Massachusetts|Groveland (1850)]] - [[Hamilton, Massachusetts|Hamilton (1793)]] - [[Haverhill, Massachusetts|Haverhill (1641)]] - [[Ipswich, Massachusetts|Ipswich (1634)]]<br>[[Lawrence, Massachusetts|Lawrence (1847)]] - [[Lynn, Massachusetts|Lynn (1635)]] - [[Lynnfield, Massachusetts|Lynnfield (1782)]] - [[Manchester-by-the-Sea, Massachusetts|Manchester (1645)]]<br>[[Marblehead, Massachusetts|Marblehead (1633)]] - [[Merrimac, Massachusetts|Merrimac (1876)]] - [[Methuen, Massachusetts|Methuen (1725)]] - [[Middleton, Massachusetts|Middleton (1728)]]<br>[[Nahant, Massachusetts|Nahant (1853)]] - [[Newbury, Massachusetts|Newbury (1635)]] - [[Newburyport, Massachusetts|Newburyport (1764)]] - [[North Andover, Massachusetts|North Andover (1855)]]<br>[[Peabody, Massachusetts|Peabody (1855)]] - [[Rockport, Massachusetts|Rockport (1840)]] - [[Rowley, Massachusetts|Rowley (1639)]] - [[Salem, Massachusetts|Salem (1630)]]<br>[[Salisbury, Massachusetts|Salisbury (1639)]] - [[Saugus, Massachusetts|Saugus (1815)]] - [[Swampscott, Massachusetts|Swampscott (1852)]] - [[Topsfield, Massachusetts|Topsfield (1648)]]<br>[[Wenham, Massachusetts|Wenham (1643)]] - [[West Newbury, Massachusetts|West Newbury (1819)]]</center>  
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'''Extinct Town:''' [[Bradford, Massachusetts|Bradford (1675)]]
  
==== Neighboring Counties ====
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=== County Histories ===
  
[[Middlesex County, Massachusetts|Middlesex ]]| [[Suffolk County, Massachusetts|Suffolk ]]| '''New Hampshire:''' [[Hillsborough County, New Hampshire|Hillsborough]]| [[Rockingham County, New Hampshire|Rockingham]]
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{{MAEssTowns}}Works written on the county include:  
  
== Resources  ==
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*Benjamin F. Arrington, ed., ''Municipal History of Essex County in Massachusetts'' (New York, 1922), 4v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1619460 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|205663|item|disp=FHL book 974.45 H2a v. 3-4 only or film 1000068 (all 4v.)}} (with digital link).<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/municipalhistory01arri v. 1], [http://archive.org/details/municipalhistory02arri v. 2], [http://archive.org/details/municipalhistory03arri v. 3], and [http://archive.org/details/municipalhistory04arri v. 4]) and Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=1HAMAAAAYAAJ v. 1], [http://books.google.com/books?id=C3EMAAAAYAAJ v. 2], [http://books.google.com/books?id=RHEMAAAAYAAJ v. 3], and [http://books.google.com/books?id=g3EMAAAAYAAJ v. 4]).<br>
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*Thomas E. Babson, "Evolution of Cape Ann Roads and Transportation, 1623-1955" in ''Essex Institute Historical Collections'', 91 [1955]: 302-328.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2255681 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|120028|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2e v. #}}.<br>
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*Henry Wyckoff Belnap, ''Trades and tradesmen of Essex County, Massachusetts, chiefly of the seventeenth century'' (Salem, Mass., 1929), 96 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1942983 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
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*John James Currier, ''Historical Sketch of Ship Building on the Merrimac River'' (Newburyport, Mass., 1877), 80 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4608266 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>No digital version found.<br>
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*William I. Davisson and Dennis T. Dugan, "Commerce in Seventeenth-Century Essex County, Massachusetts" in ''Essex Institute Historical Collections'', 107 [1971]: 113-142.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2255681 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|120028|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2e v. #}}.<br>
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*George Francis Dow, comp., ''Two Centuries of Travel in Essex County, Massachusetts, a collection of narratives and observations made by travelers, 1605-1799'' (Topsfield, Mass., 1921), xvi, 189 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9263853 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|1201468|item|disp=FHL fiche 6081398}}.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/twocenturiesoftr00dowg Internet Archive], [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008726554 Hathi Trust], and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=18782 Ancestry] ($).<br>
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*"Essex County Loyalists" in ''Essex Institute Historical Collections'', 43 [1907]: 289-316.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2255681 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|120028|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2e v. #}}.<br>
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*Dean A. Fales, "A List of Congregational and Presbyterian Ministers who have been settled in the county of Essex, Mass. from its first settlement to the year 1834" in ''American Quarterly Register'', 7 [1834-1835]: 246-261.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/145084550 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>Digital versions on [http://archive.org/stream/americanquarter13socigoog#page/n232/mode/2up Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=E4QeAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA246 Google Books].<br>
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*Stephen C. Foster, "Gravestone Carving and Artistic Intent in Essex County" in ''Old-Time New England'', 64 [1973]: 43-54.<br>Note: This author's Master thesis was on Massachusetts Gravestones (Univ. of Ill., 1969).<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4300179 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
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*"A Forgotten Horror" [''Smallpox epidemics and their treatment in Essex County''] in ''Essex Institute Historical Collections'', 35 [1899]: 304.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2255681 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|120028|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2e v. #}}.<br>
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*Historical Records Survey, ''Inventory of the County Archives of Massachusetts, no. 5, Essex County'' (Boston, 1937), 370 leaves.<br>Note: The only county in Massachusetts that was published.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/28862899 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|224728|item|disp=FHL book 974.45 A3i or film 897367 Item 1}}.<br>Digital version at [http://archive.org/details/inventoryofcount00hist Internet Archive].<br>
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*D. Hamilton Hurd, ed., ''History of Essex County, Massachusetts, with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men'' (Philadelphia, 1888), 2v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11670639 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|198239|item|disp=FHL book 974.45 H2h v. #}} (with digital link).<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/historyofessexco01hurd v. 1] and [http://archive.org/details/historyofessexco02hurd v. 2]), Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=15Q6AQAAIAAJ v. 1] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=YUoWAAAAYAAJ v. 2, pt. 1]), [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008651330 Hathi Trust], and Ancestry ($) ([http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=16882 v. 1 only]).<br>
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*"Indians of Essex County, Massachusetts" in ''Essex County Historical and Genealogical Register'', 2 [1895]: [http://archive.org/stream/essexcountyhisto00perl#page/n577/mode/2up 74-75], [http://archive.org/stream/essexcountyhisto00perl#page/n617/mode/2up 93-94].<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1568252 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|226399|item|disp=FHL book 974.45 D2e or film 847632}}.<br>
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*David Thomas Konig, "Community Custom and Common Law: Social Change and Development of Land Law in Seventeenth-Century Massachusetts" in ''American Journal of Legal History'', 18 [1974]: 137-177.<br>The article is limited to Essex County.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480152 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|117210|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2ajL}}.<br>Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/844964 Jstor] ($).<br>
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*David Thomas Konig, "A New Look at the Essex 'French': Ethnic Frictions and Community Tensions in Seventeenth-Century Essex County, Massachusetts" in ''Essex Institute Historical Collections'', 110 [1974]: 137-177.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2255681 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|120028|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2e v. #}}.<br>
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*David Thomas Konig, ''Law and Society in Puritan Massachusetts: Essex County, 1629-1692'' (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1979), xxi, 215 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4492771 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
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*Darius Francis Lamson, "Emigration from New England to New Brunswick, 1763-1764" in ''Magazine of American History'', 25 [1891]: 118-119.<br>Focused solely on Essex County.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/11780691 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|30092|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2mah}}.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/stream/magazineofamericv25stev#page/118/mode/2up Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=HrUTAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA118 Google Books].<br>
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*Paul Donald Marsella, "The Court of General Sessions of the Peace in the Eighteenth Century" in ''Essex Institute Historical Collections'', 117 [1981]: 105-118.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2255681 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|120028|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2e v. #}}.<br>
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*Paul Donald Marsella, ''Crime and community in early Massachusetts: Essex County, 1700-1785, 1700-1785'' (Lexington, Mass., 1983), xiii, 146 pp.<br>Reprint of the author's thesis presented to the University of New Hampshire, 1983, under title: Criminal cases at the Essex County, Massachusetts, Court of General Sessions, 1700-1785.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/12958150 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
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*Susan L. Norton, "Marital Migration in Essex County, Massachusetts, in the Colonial and early Federal Periods" in ''Journal of Marriage and the Family'', 35 [1973]: 406-418.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1641520 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org/stable/350577 Jstor] ($).<br>
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*Susan Linda Norton, "Age at Marriage and Marital Migration in Three Massachusetts Towns, 1600-1850," Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. of Mich., 1981, 211 pp.<br>The three towns studied were Boxford, Topsfield, and Wenham in Essex Co.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10455777 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>
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*Michael Joseph O'Brien, "The Pioneer Irish of Essex County, Massachusetts" in ''Journal of the American-Irish Historical Society'', 26 [1927]: 137-149.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1480088 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|241948|item|disp=FHL book 973 B2i v. 26 or film 1421880 Item 11}} or {{FHL|988453|item|disp=FHL CD-ROM no. 327}} (available FHL-wide).<br>
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*Sidney Perley, ''The Indian Land Titles of Essex County, Massachusetts'' (Salem, Mass., 1912), 144 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6434354 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|382542|item|disp=FHL film 1703851}}.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/indianlandtitles00perl Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=Ng8TAAAAYAAJ Google Books], and [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000558518 Hathi Trust].<br>
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*Sideny Perley, "Persecution of the Quakers in Essex County" in ''Essex Antiquarian'', 1 [1897]: 135-140.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1568250 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|53754|item|disp=FHL book 974.45 B2a}} or {{FHL|1710782|item|disp=FHL digital link}}.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/stream/essexantiquarian01perluoft#page/n161/mode/2up Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=3ZXery-2PvYC&pg=PA135 Google Books], and [http://www.americanancestors.org/PageDetail.aspx?recordId=6095940 American Ancestors] ($).<br>
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*Eben Putnam, "Militia Officers, Essex Co., Mass. 1761-1771" in ''Essex Institute Historical Collections'', 29 [1892]: 177-183.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2255681 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|120028|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2e v. #}}.<br>
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*Sylvanus Smith, ''Fisheries of Cape Ann'' ([Gloucester], Mass., 1915), vi, 131 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317697239 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>No digital version found.<br>
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*Barbara Miller Solomon, "The Growth of the Population in Essex County 1850-1960" in ''Essex Institute Historical Collections'', 95 [1959]: 82-103.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2255681 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|120028|item|disp=FHL book 974 B2e v. #}}.<br>
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*John Wingate Thornton, ''The Landing at Cape Anne; or, the charter of the first permanent colony on the territory of the Massachusetts Company ...'' (Boston, 1854), xii, 84 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5382334 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; Not at FHL.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/landingatcapeann01thor Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=UUYVAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>
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*Cyrus Mason Tracy, ''Standard History of Essex County, Massachusetts, embracing a history of the county from its first settlement to the present tie, with a history and description of its towns and cities'' (Boston, 1878), 424 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/4157819 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|4328|item|disp=FHL film 301113}}.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/standardhistoryo00trac Internet Archive] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=-dw4AQAAMAAJ Google Books].<br>
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*[http://essexcountymagenweb.com/ The Essex County MAGenWeb Project], an member of [[MAGenWeb|The MAGenWeb Project]], an affiliate of [[USGenWeb|The USGenWeb Project]].<br>
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*[http://usgwarchives.net/ma/mafiles.htm#Essex The USGenWeb Archives Project] for Essex County.<br>
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*[http://usgwarchives.net/ma/mafiles.htm#Essex The USGenWeb Archives Project] for Essex County (backup site).<br>
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*{{FHL|Massachusetts%2C+Essex|subject|disp=FamilySearch.org}} Family History Library catalog for Essex County.<br>
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
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== Essex County Massachusetts Genealogy Resources  ==
  
==== Cemeteries ====
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== Vital Records ==
  
Doherty, Paul Martin.&nbsp; Tombstones of Some Irish Emigrants in the Catholic Cemetery at Anover, Massachussetts.&nbsp; Article is a listing of tomstones/memorial inscriptions of some Irish Emigrants in the Catholic Cemetery at Andover, MA covering Co. Armagh, Carlow, Cavan,Cork, Limerick, Down, Donegal,&nbsp; Meath, Monaghan, Tipperary, Tyrone, Westmeath, covering years 1853-1940. The Irish Ancestor, vol. IV, no. 1, 1972 pages 23-26. Family History Library Ref. 941.5 B2i
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In Massachusetts, the original vital records (of births, marriages, and deaths) have been created and maintained by the town or city in which the event occurred. In very early colonial times, copies of these records were submitted to the county, but that practice died out long before 1700. There were marriage intentions commonly recorded in the bride's home town and additional recordings maybe found in the groom's home town and their current residence.<br>
  
[http://www.billiongraves.com/pages/cemetery/cemetery.php?cemetery_id=48335 Saint Joseph's Cemetery, Haverhill] BillionGraves
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Massachusetts was the first state to bring a unified state-level recording of these events (but not marriage intentions) in 1841 (Boston excluded until 1850). The associated records of divorce and adoption are handled by the courts. The state has maintained a state-wide index to divorces since 1952, but adoption records will require more researching to discover.<br>
  
==== Census  ====
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It is easiest to start with the state vital records for events since 1841, though realize the original record is with the town or city. More details can be found on the [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Vital_Records|Massachusetts Genealogy Guide]] page.<br>
  
{{Census|Massachusetts}}
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
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=== Land Records  ===
  
===== State Census  =====
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IN PROGRESS
  
'''''1855 Massachusetts State Census—'''a'' free searchable index and images to the 1855 Massachusetts State Census can be viewed on the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1459985 FamilySearch Record Search]. This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1855, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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=== [http://lwvma.org/govcounty.shtml County Courthouse] ===
  
'''''1865 Massachusetts State Census'''''—a free searchable index and images to the 1865 Massachusetts State Census can be viewed on the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1410399 FamilySearch Record Search] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1865, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.  
+
'''''Probate Court&nbsp;''''' has probate records; '''''Register of Deeds&nbsp;''''' has land records from 1640.<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 329. {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref><br>
  
=====  =====
+
In 1997, the county governments of Essex, Berkshire, Hampden, Middlesex and Worcester were abolished.
  
==== Church  ====
+
*Their functions were turned over to state agencies.
 +
*Sheriffs in these counties still administer jails but their employees are state employees.
 +
*The legislation to abolish these county governments transferred Registries of Deeds to the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Commonwealth.
 +
*Bristol, Dukes, Nantucket, Norfolk, Plymouth and Suffolk county governments remain substantially unchanged.
 +
*Wills and probate records for the years 1638-1840 for Essex are currently housed in the [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ARC/arccol/colidx.htm Massachusetts Judicial Archives ]. Indexes are available&nbsp;in published volumes but to view the actual document requires prior arrangement with the Archivist. [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/secsrch.htm The catalog of collections is available online.]&nbsp; Microfilms of the wills and probates are available in the reading room of the Archives.&nbsp;
 +
*Wills and probate record indexes for the years 1841-1917 for Essex are in the Massachusetts Judicial Archives but the original documents are housed offsite. &nbsp;
 +
*Docket books for 1638-1917 are in the Massachusetts Archives.
  
==== Court  ====
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<br>
  
 
==== Emigration  ====
 
==== Emigration  ====
Line 132: Line 123:
  
 
• Name<br>• Age<br>• Birth Place<br>• Residence<br>• Complexion<br>• Voyage (Name of ship and date)<br>  
 
• Name<br>• Age<br>• Birth Place<br>• Residence<br>• Complexion<br>• Voyage (Name of ship and date)<br>  
 
==== Gazetteers  ====
 
 
{| style="float: right;" border="0"
 
|-
 
| {{Adoption RootsWorks Research}}
 
|-
 
| align="center" | {{Wikipedia|Essex County, Massachusetts}}
 
|}
 
 
==== Land  ====
 
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 
 
*Hurd, D. Hamilton (Duane Hamilton). ''History of Essex County, Massachusetts: with biographical sketches of many of its pioneers and prominent men''. (Philadelphia). [http://books.google.com/books?id=4da_fyBBU1IC&dq=county%20history&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=false Volume 1, Part 1] is online. This history contains biographical sketches.<br>
 
*[http://www.peabodymassarchives.com/photogalleries.html Photo Galleries: Collection of Peabody in Pictures]: Courtesy of Peabody, Massachusetts Archives
 
 
==== Maps  ====
 
 
==== Military  ====
 
 
[http://www.peabodymassarchives.com/manuscripts.html Historical Manuscript Collection from The South Danvers Ladies’ Soldiers Aid Society] created to aid the wounded during the Civil War. Database of correspondence during this time period, 1861-1865.
 
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
 
[http://www.newspaperarchive.com/ Newspaperarchive.com] ($) has historical newspapers available on-line. Their database has [http://www.newspaperarchive.com/BrowseLocations.aspx?cntry=7&st=50&ci=3091 {{nowrap|Boston newspapers}}] (early 1900's), [http://www.newspaperarchive.com/BrowseLocations.aspx?cntry=7&st=50&ci=16919 {{nowrap|The Lowell Sun}}] (1878-1977), and [http://www.newspaperarchive.com/BrowseLocations.aspx?cntry=7&st=64&ci=23471 {{nowrap|Portsmouth,NH newspapers}}] (1898-2007) covering local news that included residents from Essex County communities.<br>
 
 
[http://www.peabodymassarchives.com/periodicals.html Salem Evening News: 1915-1939]: Courtesy of the Peabody Institute Library
 
  
 
==== '''Occupations'''  ====
 
==== '''Occupations'''  ====
Line 165: Line 128:
 
Massachusetts sailor's crew lists at [http://library.mysticseaport.org/initiative/SalemSearch.cfm Mysticseaport.org].&nbsp; Between 1799 and 1879 over 7900 voyages to foreign ports sailed from Salem, Massachusetts. Prior to sailing the shipmaster or captain of each vessel was required to file a crew list containing information about the vessel's destination and its crew. This website provides an index to those crew lists. Containing over 75,770 names, it also provides access to crew members based upon age, complexion, birthplace, and residence place  
 
Massachusetts sailor's crew lists at [http://library.mysticseaport.org/initiative/SalemSearch.cfm Mysticseaport.org].&nbsp; Between 1799 and 1879 over 7900 voyages to foreign ports sailed from Salem, Massachusetts. Prior to sailing the shipmaster or captain of each vessel was required to file a crew list containing information about the vessel's destination and its crew. This website provides an index to those crew lists. Containing over 75,770 names, it also provides access to crew members based upon age, complexion, birthplace, and residence place  
  
==== Probate  ====
+
== Essex County Massachusetts Genealogy References ==
 
+
==== Taxation  ====
+
 
+
==== Vital Records  ====
+
 
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[http://www.peabodymassarchives.com/publicrecords.html Peabody BMDs 1855-1880]: Courtesy of the City of Peabody, The Peabody Institute Library, The Peaboday Historical Society and the George Peabody House.
+
 
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== Societies and Libraries  ==
+
 
+
==== Family History Centers  ====
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*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
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*[[Lynnfield Massachusetts Family History Center]]
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+
=== [[New England Historic Genealogical Society|New England Historic Genealogical Society Library]]  ===
+
 
+
99 Newbury Street
+
 
+
Boston, MA 02116-3007
+
 
+
617-536-5740
+
 
+
Hours:&nbsp; Tuesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday -9am to 5pm
+
 
+
Wednesday -9am-9pm
+
 
+
Closed Sunday and Monday
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+
The NEHGS houses a vast collection of material dealing with New England genealogy and more.&nbsp; Resources are not just specific&nbsp; to original colonists.&nbsp; There are also materials for immigrants of the 18th and 19th century who lived in New England and New York.&nbsp; The geographic areas covered include: Upstate New York, Long Island, Quebec and East Canada.&nbsp; The [http://library.nehgs.org/ search catalog ]is online with some collections being digitized and readily available.&nbsp; Record collections&nbsp;can be searched and specific documents orders through excellent research staff.&nbsp; There is an [http://www.americanancestors.org/blogs.aspx?blogid=111 online genealogist ]available by email contact to search specified collections.
+
 
+
The 6th floor reading room houses over 30,000 published genealogies and reference materials.&nbsp; There are books of printed Massachusetts vital records from early colonization in 1640 to 1850.&nbsp; All volumes of printed journals specific to New England research can be found.&nbsp; These include: ''The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, The American Genealogist and New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, ''plus 700 other journals.&nbsp; This floor is also home to rare book collections that can be viewed upon request.&nbsp; There are over 10,000 manuscript genealogies, church and military histories, heraldic works, atlases, school registers, British parish registers and local histories.&nbsp;
+
 
+
The 5th floor is the special collections floor with manuscripts, personal diaries, journals, unpublished genealogies, personal letters, business records, transcriptions and bible records.&nbsp; There are also microfilms for [http://library.nehgs.org/search/a?searchtype=Y&searcharg=Essex+Probate&SORT=D&submit.x=24&submit.y=15&submit=search Essex probate records] from 1643 to 1881 with an index.&nbsp;
+
 
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Maps:&nbsp; The map collection includes very detailed original Bromley, Sanborn and Walker fire insurance maps from about 1867 to 1900.
+
 
+
The 4th floor microforms department holds database collections.&nbsp; Some of these include New England vital records from the 1600s to the present, census records, probates, deeds, city directories and newspapers from the seventeenth century.
+
 
+
<br>
+
 
+
== [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/ Massachusetts Archives]<br> ==
+
 
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Secretary of the Commonwealth<br>Massachusetts Archives<br>220 Morrissey Blvd.<br>Boston, MA&nbsp; 02125<br>'''Telephone:''' (617) 727-2816<br>'''FAX:''' (617) 288-8429<br> '''Email:''' Archives@sec.state.ma.us<br>
+
 
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Hours:<br>Monday-Friday: 9am to 5pm<br>Select Saturdays: 9am to 3pm<br>
+
 
+
Typically the second and fourth Saturday, occasionally there are exceptions. The most valuable database is the titled the Massachusetts Archives Collection&nbsp;which is searchable online.&nbsp; The catalog references such records as Colonial town records 1629-1720, Domestic Relations 1613-1774, Ecclesiastical records from 1637-1679, Emigrant documents 1651-1774,&nbsp; Indian conferences, confrontations, and town petitions 1659-1786.&nbsp; The documents can be viewed with reserved scheduling.&nbsp; There are also indexes to passenger manifests from 1848 to 1891 on all immigrants arriving at the port of Boston.&nbsp;
+
 
+
<br>The Judicial Archives hold the pre-1860 records of the predecessor courts of the Superior Court (Court of General Sessions of the Peace and Inferior Court of Common Pleas) and the records of the Supreme Judicial Court and its predecessors.&nbsp; Other judicial records include naturalization records from the Supreme Judicial Court (1790-1859), various Superior Courts, and some District Courts, as well as records from the Probate Courts.&nbsp; Included are cases involving real property, personal property (including personal injury), mixed actions, and all pleas to which the Crown was a party, all matters related to the conservation of the peace, and cases appealed from other courts. In addition, cases of divorce (1785-1887) and capital cases (1780-1891) can be found in these records.&nbsp; All cases involving civil disputes not exceeding a sum of money (which varied over time) and all criminal cases not concerning life, limb, or banishment were heard by inferior courts, originally established in 1636.<br>Reference requests for judicial records should be addressed to: <br>Judicial Archives, Supreme Judicial Court, Archives and Records Preservation, <br>3 Pemberton Square, 16th Floor <br>Boston, Ma. 02108 <br>(617) 557-1082
+
 
+
<br>Probate records, including wills, and the appointment of guardians, have been under the jurisdiction of the courts since the 1630s. County courts and later, county judges of probate, were responsible for these functions until 1783, when the probate courts were established. These records are indexed by county; there is no statewide index available.&nbsp; <br>The Judicial Archives hold probate records for the following counties: <br>Berkshire (1761-1865)<br>Bristol (1687-1900)<br>Dukes (1690-1932)<br>Essex (1638-1915)<br>Franklin (1812-1971)<br>Hampden (1806-1919)<br>Middlesex (1648-1871)<br>Nantucket (1706-1867)<br>Plymouth (1685-1967)<br>Suffolk (1636-1916)<br>Worcester (1731-1915)<br><br> r&gt;
+
 
+
== Web Sites  ==
+
 
+
*[http://essexcountymagenweb.com/ The Essex County MAGenWeb Project], an member of [[MAGenWeb|The MAGenWeb Project]], an affiliate of [[USGenWeb|The USGenWeb Project]].
+
*[http://usgwarchives.net/ma/mafiles.htm#Essex The USGenWeb Archives Project] for Essex County
+
*[http://usgwarchives.net/ma/mafiles.htm#Essex The USGenWeb Archives Project] for Essex County (backup site)
+
*{{FHL|Massachusetts%2C+Essex|subject|disp=FamilySearch.org}} Family History Library catalog for Essex County
+
  
== References  ==
+
{{reflist}} <!--This was designed by Scott Andrew Bartley in conjunction with the Mass. Wiki Team on 19 August 2013-->
<references />{{Massachusetts|Massachusetts}} </div>  
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</div>  
[[Category:Essex_County,_Massachusetts]]
+
[[Category:Essex_County_Massachusetts_Genealogy]]

Revision as of 15:11, 20 August 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png Massachusetts Gotoarrow.png Essex County

This is a historical and genealogical guide to the county of Plymouth. You will find help with town histories, vital records, deeds and land records, city directories, cemetery records and cemeteries, churches, town records, newspapers, maps, and libraries.

Contents

Essex County Massachusetts History

Brief History

Essex County was one of the four original counties when Massachusetts Bay Colony created counties in 1643 which includes the area known as Cape Ann. The only major change came with the addition of three miles on the northern border when the Old Norfolk County was eliminated in 1680. It was first settled in 1623. This was a major port for the United States through the late 1800s. Fishing was a thriving industry from the beginning, and is still notable in Gloucester. The most popular historical event was the witch trials of Salem in 1692. Haverhill, on the Merrimack River, became one of the centers of the Industrial Revolution in the mid-1800s. As the city expanded with all the immigrant growth, the city annexed the town of Bradford on the south side of the river.

Historical Data

The basic data are from the historical county boundary series[1] with additions from various sources.

Dates Events
10 May 1643 Essex County created as one of the four original counties formed out of Massachusetts Bay Colony. [Mass. Rec., 2: 38]
26 May 1658 Andover gained 15 acres from Billerica, Middlesex Co.
18 Sept. 1679 Gained three miles north of the Merrimack River when the Old Norfolk County was dissolved adding the then towns of Haverhill and Salisbury.
22 Feb. 1841 Gained from part of Chelsea, Suffolk Co., annexed to Saugus.
10 Apr. 1854 Loss from part of Lynnfield annexed to Reading, Middlesex Co.
7 Jan. 1858 Lost from part of Lynnfield annexed to North Reading, Middlesex Co.
18 Sept. 1933 Loss from part of Saugus annexed to Wakefield, Middlesex Co.
10 Apr. 1947 Land exchanged between Lynnfield and Reading, Middlesex Co.
Top of Page

Towns and Cities

Ma-essex.png
The following list of present-day Plymouth County towns and cities links them to their individual pages. There you will find a list of other names used for the town or city and of villages and sections of the town or city.
Amesbury (1668) - Andover (1646) - Beverly (1668) - Boxford (1694)
Danvers (1752) - Essex (1819) - Georgetown (1838) - Gloucester (1642)
Groveland (1850) - Hamilton (1793) - Haverhill (1641) - Ipswich (1634)
Lawrence (1847) - Lynn (1635) - Lynnfield (1782) - Manchester (1645)
Marblehead (1633) - Merrimac (1876) - Methuen (1725) - Middleton (1728)
Nahant (1853) - Newbury (1635) - Newburyport (1764) - North Andover (1855)
Peabody (1855) - Rockport (1840) - Rowley (1639) - Salem (1630)
Salisbury (1639) - Saugus (1815) - Swampscott (1852) - Topsfield (1648)
Wenham (1643) - West Newbury (1819)

Extinct Town: Bradford (1675)

County Histories

MassachusettsEssex CountyMiddlesex CountySuffolk CountyNew HampshireRockingham CountyHillsborough CountySaugusLynnNahantSwampscottMarbleheadSalemPeabodyDanversBeverlyManchester-by-the-seaGloucesterRockportEssexHamiltonWenhamTopsfieldIpswichRowleyNewburyNewburyportSalisburyAmesburyMerrimacHaverhillMethuenAndoverLawrenceNorth AndoverBoxfordGeorgetownGrovelandWest NewburyMiddletonLynnfieldPelhamBostonBrooklineNewtonWestonWaylandLincolnConcordCarlisleChelmsfordLowellDracutTewksburyBillericaBedfordLexingtonWalthamWatertownBelmontArlingtonWinchesterWoburnBurlingtonWilmingtonNorth ReadingReadingWakefieldStonehamMedfordSomervilleCambridgeEverettMaldenMelroseRevereChelseaWinthropWindhamDerrySandownHampsteadSalemAtkinsonPlaistowDanvilleKingstonNewtonSouth HamptonEast KingstonKensingtonHampton FallsHamptonSeabrook
Modern cities and towns in Essex County, Massachusetts.

Works written on the county include:

Top of Page

Essex County Massachusetts Genealogy Resources

Vital Records

In Massachusetts, the original vital records (of births, marriages, and deaths) have been created and maintained by the town or city in which the event occurred. In very early colonial times, copies of these records were submitted to the county, but that practice died out long before 1700. There were marriage intentions commonly recorded in the bride's home town and additional recordings maybe found in the groom's home town and their current residence.

Massachusetts was the first state to bring a unified state-level recording of these events (but not marriage intentions) in 1841 (Boston excluded until 1850). The associated records of divorce and adoption are handled by the courts. The state has maintained a state-wide index to divorces since 1952, but adoption records will require more researching to discover.

It is easiest to start with the state vital records for events since 1841, though realize the original record is with the town or city. More details can be found on the Massachusetts Genealogy Guide page.

Top of Page

Land Records

IN PROGRESS

County Courthouse

Probate Court  has probate records; Register of Deeds  has land records from 1640.[2]

In 1997, the county governments of Essex, Berkshire, Hampden, Middlesex and Worcester were abolished.

  • Their functions were turned over to state agencies.
  • Sheriffs in these counties still administer jails but their employees are state employees.
  • The legislation to abolish these county governments transferred Registries of Deeds to the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Commonwealth.
  • Bristol, Dukes, Nantucket, Norfolk, Plymouth and Suffolk county governments remain substantially unchanged.
  • Wills and probate records for the years 1638-1840 for Essex are currently housed in the Massachusetts Judicial Archives . Indexes are available in published volumes but to view the actual document requires prior arrangement with the Archivist. The catalog of collections is available online.  Microfilms of the wills and probates are available in the reading room of the Archives. 
  • Wills and probate record indexes for the years 1841-1917 for Essex are in the Massachusetts Judicial Archives but the original documents are housed offsite.  
  • Docket books for 1638-1917 are in the Massachusetts Archives.


Emigration

Vessels sailing from Salem, Massachusetts between 1799 and 1879 made over 7900 voyages to foreign ports. A Crew List was required to be filed stating the vessel's destination and its crew. An Index to those Lists, containing 75,770 names, may be found at http://library.mysticseaport.org/initiative/CrIndex.cfm. The Index may provide the following information:

• Name
• Age
• Birth Place
• Residence
• Complexion
• Voyage (Name of ship and date)

Occupations

Massachusetts sailor's crew lists at Mysticseaport.org.  Between 1799 and 1879 over 7900 voyages to foreign ports sailed from Salem, Massachusetts. Prior to sailing the shipmaster or captain of each vessel was required to file a crew list containing information about the vessel's destination and its crew. This website provides an index to those crew lists. Containing over 75,770 names, it also provides access to crew members based upon age, complexion, birthplace, and residence place

Essex County Massachusetts Genealogy References

  1. Massachusetts Atlas of Historical County Boundaries
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 329. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.