Essex Probate Records

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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Essex]]''  
 
''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Essex]]''  
  
For a general explanation of probate records in England, click [[England Probate Records|here]].  
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<br>The following article is about probate records in the county of Essex. For general information about English probate records, click [[England Probate Records|here]].  
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<br>
  
 
== Getting Started  ==
 
== Getting Started  ==
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of St Paul's Cathedral]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of St Paul's Cathedral]]
  
In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England. Wealthier individuals, people who owned property in more than one county or lower court's jurisdiction, and Naval personnel often had their estates proven through the Archbishop's court.
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In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.<br>
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*Wealthy individuals<br>
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*People who owned property in more than one county<br>
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*Military and naval personnel<br>
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*People who lived or owned property outside England<br>
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<br>
  
 
=== Appeals Courts  ===
 
=== Appeals Courts  ===
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*[[High Court of Delegates]]
 
*[[High Court of Delegates]]
  
The [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] also served as an appeals court.
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The [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] also served as an appeals court.  
  
 
== Some Explanatory Notes on the Courts in Essex<br> ==
 
== Some Explanatory Notes on the Courts in Essex<br> ==
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Records and indexes for each court are also available in the collection of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.&nbsp; Search the [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library Catalog] for the title of the court or the court as&nbsp;an author.&nbsp; <br>
 
Records and indexes for each court are also available in the collection of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.&nbsp; Search the [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library Catalog] for the title of the court or the court as&nbsp;an author.&nbsp; <br>
  
== Court Jurisdictions By Name of Parish<br> ==
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== Court Jurisdictions by Parish<br> ==
  
 
Here&nbsp;are links to&nbsp;an alphabetical&nbsp;list of Essex parishes containing a prioritized list of courts with jurisdiction over each.&nbsp; To see which courts to search for probates of persons living in or owning property in particular parish, click on the letter the parish name begins with.  
 
Here&nbsp;are links to&nbsp;an alphabetical&nbsp;list of Essex parishes containing a prioritized list of courts with jurisdiction over each.&nbsp; To see which courts to search for probates of persons living in or owning property in particular parish, click on the letter the parish name begins with.  
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=== Online Indexes  ===
 
=== Online Indexes  ===
  
County-wide&nbsp;general will indexes for Essex County are now available online, making Essex County one of the foremost in facilitating probate research in&nbsp; England.&nbsp;
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County-wide&nbsp;general will indexes for Essex County are now available online, making Essex County one of the foremost in facilitating probate research in&nbsp; England.&nbsp;  
  
 
The following two online sites&nbsp;contain significant portions of&nbsp;Essex wills:  
 
The following two online sites&nbsp;contain significant portions of&nbsp;Essex wills:  
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*Essex County Record Office's outstanding wills index from [http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/default.asp early to 1857]&nbsp;consolidates into one&nbsp;single index, the&nbsp;county's&nbsp;wills.
 
*Essex County Record Office's outstanding wills index from [http://seax.essexcc.gov.uk/default.asp early to 1857]&nbsp;consolidates into one&nbsp;single index, the&nbsp;county's&nbsp;wills.
  
Always re-visit these websites as&nbsp;new, updated data may periodically be posted online.
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Always re-visit these websites as&nbsp;new, updated data may periodically be posted online.  
  
 
=== Printed Indexes  ===
 
=== Printed Indexes  ===
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== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
 
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
  
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Between 1813-1858 estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
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Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere.&nbsp; Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
  
== Post-1857 Probate Records ==
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== Probates After 1857  ==
  
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system.&nbsp; The system consists of 11 district registry offices and&nbsp;18 sub-district registries, located throughout England and Wales, and&nbsp;the principal registry&nbsp;office located in London.&nbsp; The records are available through the office of Her Majesty's Courts Service.&nbsp; To learn more, go to the [http://www.hmcourts-service.gov.uk/infoabout/civil/probate/index.htm HMCS website].  
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Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to [[Principal Probate Registry]].<br>
  
A&nbsp;country-wide surname index to the records is available, so it is much easier to look for post-1857 wills.&nbsp; The [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=208102&disp=Calendar+of+the+grants+of+probate+and+le%20%20&columns=*,0,0 indexes] for 1858-1957 and the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=authordetails&authorno=301365&name=Great+Britain%2E+Principal+Probate+Registry%2C+null&columns=*,0,0 records] for 1858-1925 are available on microfilm at the Family History Library.<br>
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<br>
  
 
<br>&nbsp;  
 
<br>&nbsp;  
  
 
[[Category:Essex]]
 
[[Category:Essex]]

Revision as of 22:21, 7 December 2009

 

England Gotoarrow.png Essex


The following article is about probate records in the county of Essex. For general information about English probate records, click here.


Contents

Getting Started

Probate is the legal process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The Post-1857 Probate Records section below contains links to additional information about the records of this court.

To look for a probate record before 1858:

  1. Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived.
  2. Go to Court Jurisdictions section below.
  3. Click a letter or span of letters for your place name. This opens a jurisdictions table.
  4. Follow the instructions on the jurisdictions table page.

Essex Probate Courts

The following ecclesiastical courts had some probate jurisdiction over the county of Essex prior to 1858.  Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes. 

In addition, the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.

  • Wealthy individuals
  • People who owned property in more than one county
  • Military and naval personnel
  • People who lived or owned property outside England


Appeals Courts

Any probate that was disputed and could not be settled by the county courts could be sent to these higher appeals courts:

The Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury also served as an appeals court.

Some Explanatory Notes on the Courts in Essex

Probate records for the first eight courts listed above are located at the Essex Record Office. The additional four courts' records are located in Greater London-based record offices (click links to view).

Records and indexes for each court are also available in the collection of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.  Search the Family History Library Catalog for the title of the court or the court as an author. 

Court Jurisdictions by Parish

Here are links to an alphabetical list of Essex parishes containing a prioritized list of courts with jurisdiction over each.  To see which courts to search for probates of persons living in or owning property in particular parish, click on the letter the parish name begins with.

 A    B    C   D-F   G    H-K    L    M-N    O-R    S     T-V    W-Z 


Probate Indexes

Before looking for a will, you should search an index.

Online Indexes

County-wide general will indexes for Essex County are now available online, making Essex County one of the foremost in facilitating probate research in  England. 

The following two online sites contain significant portions of Essex wills:


  • These indexes overall, are transcriptions to most Essex county wills of the various probate court jurisdictions at

http://linux02.lib.cam.ac.uk/earlscolne/probate/index.htm

  • Essex County Record Office's outstanding wills index from early to 1857 consolidates into one single index, the county's wills.

Always re-visit these websites as new, updated data may periodically be posted online.

Printed Indexes

If the indexes on the Internet do not produce possible wills for your ancestors, look in the published indexes listed here.

The Essex County Record Office compiled and published a complete surname index covering wills and administrations from the first eight Essex County probate court jurisdictions listed above (through the Liberty of Sokens).  The index is available in three volumns at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City:

  • Emmison, F. G., ed.  [Index to] Wills at Chelmsford.  London: s.n., 1961, by the British Record Society.  (FHL book 942 B4b vols. 78, 79 & 84; also on microfilms 0962739 and 0962740, and on microfiche 6073796, 6073797, and 6073802.)

Other printed indexes are found listed on the court pages.  Click on the court name links above.


Estate Duty Records

Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere.  Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to Estate Duty Records.


Probates After 1857

Beginning in 1858, the government took over the settlement of estates and all wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to Principal Probate Registry.