Exchequer and Prerogative Courts of the Archbishop of York

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[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Yorkshire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Yorkshire Probate Records]]  
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Cheshire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Cheshire Probate Records]]''<br>''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Yorkshire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Yorkshire Probate Records]]''<br>''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire Probate Records]]''
  
[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Lancashire Probate Records]]  
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A general explanation of probate records in England, is given in the article [[England Probate Records]]
  
For a general explanation about probate records in England, click [[England Probate Records|here]].
+
== Description  ==
  
== Getting Started  ==
+
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term ''probate'' refers to a collection of documents, including [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]], [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]] (also called admons), [[I genealogical glossary terms|inventories]], and [[A genealogical glossary terms|act books]]. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858.
  
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The Post-1857 Probate Records section below contains links to additional information about the records of this court.
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== Step By Step  ==
  
To look for a probate record before 1858:<br>
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1. [https://www.familysearch.org/ Search] indexes to help you more quickly find the will, writing down each detail given in the index.
  
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived. <br>
+
2. Go to "Records" below to determine what&nbsp;probate records exist for this court.  
#Go to [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Lincolnshire_Probate_Records#Court_Jurisdictions Court Jurisdictions] section below.<br>
+
 
#Click a letter or span of letters for your place name. This opens a jurisdictions table.<br>
+
3. Obtain the records to search. Use one of these methods to find indexes and records:
#Follow the instructions on the jurisdictions table page.<br>
+
 
 +
*Contact or visit the Archive (see below) or hire a professional record searcher to view these records on your behalf.  
 +
*Order microfilm copies of the indexes and records listed in the Family History Library Records (see section below) by visiting the[[Family History Library|Family History Library]] or one of its [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history centers]] and search indexes and records.
  
 
== Indexes  ==
 
== Indexes  ==
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==== Online Indexes  ====
 
==== Online Indexes  ====
  
Indexes to Yorkshire wills are beginning to come online.&nbsp;Yorkshire will indexes online are&nbsp;only available at [http://www.britishorigins.com/ britishorigins] for the following years:
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Indexes to Yorkshire wills are beginning to come online.  
  
*Medieval Probate Index - 1267- 1500  
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*The National Archives website has an index covering [http://yourarchives.nationalarchives.gov.uk/index.php?title=Online_Probate_Indexes 1267 to 1500],&nbsp;for 10,000 wills proved in the Prerogative &amp; Exchequer Courts of York, and other probate indexes, arranged alphabetically by location.
*Peculiar Courts Probate Index - 1383-1883
+
*The 'Exchequer and Prerogative Courts of York Probate Index 1731-1858' is available at [http://www.britishorigins.com/ British Origins]. Click on the 'National Wills Index' then select it from the list. This is a subscription site.
*Exchequer and Prerogative Courts of the Archbishop of York - 1842-1858
+
  
Indexes are important because they show the names of individuals and give references to easily find a will. Search the following indexes for your ancestor.<br>  
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Indexes to the Exchequer and Prerogative&nbsp;Courts were published by the Yorkshire Archaeological Society. Many of these volumes have been converted to digital books. The following table will help you find these resources online (the dollar sign [$] means there is a fee for using the listed website):
 +
 
 +
{| width="890" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" style="width: 750px; height: 477px"
 +
|-
 +
| '''Vol.'''
 +
| '''Contents'''
 +
| '''FamilySearch'''
 +
| '''Google'''
 +
| '''Genealogist'''
 +
|-
 +
| 6
 +
| Wills 1389-1514; Probate and Administrations Act Book 1502-1514&nbsp;(mislabeled&nbsp;on Google)
 +
| {{FSbook|E84480}}
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=fVwJAAAAIAAJ Link]
 +
| [http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/bookview/directory_index.php Link] ($)
 +
|-
 +
| 11
 +
| Wills 1514-1553; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1514-1553; Probate Acts 1514-1521; Act Book Deanery of Harthill 1558-1565
 +
| {{FSbook|84582}}
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=01sJAAAAIAAJ Link]
 +
| [http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/bookview/directory_index.php Link] ($)
 +
|-
 +
| 14
 +
| Wills 1554-1568; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1553-1568
 +
| {{FSbook|84629}}
 +
| [http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/bookview/directory_index.php Link] ($)
 +
|-
 +
| 19
 +
| Wills 1568-1585; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1568-1585
 +
| {{FSbook|84588}}
 +
| [http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/bookview/directory_index.php Link] ($)
 +
|-
 +
| 22
 +
| Wills 1585-1594; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1585-1594&nbsp;
 +
| {{FSbook|84430}}
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
| [http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/bookview/directory_index.php Link] ($)
 +
|-
 +
| 24
 +
| Wills 1594-1602; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1594-1602
 +
| {{FSbook|84427}}
 +
| [http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/bookview/directory_index.php Link] ($)
 +
|-
 +
| 26
 +
| Wills 1603-1611; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1603-1611
 +
| {{FSbook|84456}}
 +
| [http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/bookview/directory_index.php Link] ($)
 +
|-
 +
| 28
 +
| Wills 1612-1619; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1612-1619
 +
| {{FSbook|84515}}
 +
| [http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/bookview/directory_index.php Link] ($)
 +
|-
 +
| 32
 +
| Wills 1620-1627; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1620-1627
 +
| {{FSbook|84600}}
 +
| [http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/bookview/directory_index.php Link] ($)
 +
|-
 +
| 35
 +
| Wills 1627-1636; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1627-1652
 +
| {{FSbook|84662}}
 +
| [http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/bookview/directory_index.php Link] ($)
 +
|-
 +
| 4
 +
| Wills 1636-1652
 +
| {{FSbook|84553}}
 +
| [http://books.google.com/books?id=qlwJAAAAIAAJ Link]
 +
| [http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/bookview/directory_index.php Link] ($)
 +
|-
 +
| 49
 +
| Wills, Administrations, Probate Acts&nbsp;1660-1665
 +
| {{FSbook|84450}}
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
<br>  
  
 
==== Printed and Published Indexes  ====
 
==== Printed and Published Indexes  ====
  
The Family History Library has film copies of the following indexes. Films can be viewed in the [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/FHL/frameset_library.asp Family History Library] and in a [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/FHC/frameset_fhc.asp family history center].<br>  
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The Family History Library has film copies of the following indexes. Films can be viewed in the  
 +
 
 +
[[Family History Library|Family History Library]] and in a [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history center]].<br>  
  
 
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=394916&disp=Calendar+of+probate+records+taken+from+t++ Calendar of probate records taken from the act books of the Prerogative Court of York&nbsp;: 1 December 1688-30 April 1731, and the Deanery of Holderness, 1 December 1688-31 December 1705]  
 
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=394916&disp=Calendar+of+probate+records+taken+from+t++ Calendar of probate records taken from the act books of the Prerogative Court of York&nbsp;: 1 December 1688-30 April 1731, and the Deanery of Holderness, 1 December 1688-31 December 1705]  
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== Records  ==
 
== Records  ==
  
The original records for this court are in the [http://www.york.ac.uk/inst/bihr/ Borthwick Institute for Historical Research] <br> University of York <br> Heslington York YO10 5DD <br> England
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==== Archive Location  ====
  
Telephone: (0)1904 321166 Email: [mailto:bihr500@york.ac.uk bihr500@york.ac.uk] <br> Opening Times: Mon-Fri 9:15am - 4:45pm<br>
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The original records for this court are in the [http://www.york.ac.uk/inst/bihr/contact.htm Borthwick Institute for Historical Research]  
  
The Family History Library has the following records on film.<br>  
+
University of York <br>Heslington York YO10 5DD <br>England Telephone: (0)1904 321166 <br>Email: [mailto:bihr500@york.ac.uk bihr500@york.ac.uk] <br>  
  
[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=350921&disp=Wills+and+administrations++ Wills and administrations, 1389-1858]<br>
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==== Archive Records  ====
  
[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=342415&disp=Wills+registered+at+York%2C+1540-1802++ Wills registered at York, 1540-1802]<br>
+
Add information about the manuscript, printed and digital records in this location.  
  
[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=219456&disp=York+District+Probate+Registry++ York District Probate Registry : probate act books, 1502-1624]<br>
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==== Family History Library Records  ====
  
[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=563751&disp=Register+of+tuitions+and+curations%2C+15%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Register of tuitions and curations, 1592-1639]. Click to read an explanation of tuitions and curations.<br>
+
The Family History Library has the following records on film.<br>  
  
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F350921 Original wills, etc. of the Exchequer and Prerogative courts, Archbishop of York, 1688-1750] <br>
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F350921 Wills and administrations, 1389-1858]<br>
 +
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F342415 Wills registered at York, 1540-1802]<br>
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F563751 York District Probate Registry&nbsp;: probate act books, 1502-1624]<br>
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=563751&disp=Register+of+tuitions+and+curations%2C+15%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Register of tuitions and curations, 1592-1639]. Click to read an explanation of [[T genealogical glossary terms|tuitions]] and [[C genealogical glossary terms|curations]].<br>
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=754269&disp=Court+books%2C+1548-1663++ Court books, 1548-1663 ]<br>
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=754091&disp=Commissions+books%2C+1611-1683%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Commissions books, 1611-1683]<br>
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=754056&disp=Citation+books%2C+1611-1695++ Citation books, 1611-1695] <br>
 +
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=754180&disp=Caveat+books%2C+1521-1859%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Caveat books, 1521-1859]<br>
  
 +
== Appeals Courts  ==
  
*ORIGINAL WILLS, ADMINISTRATIONS (ADMONS), INVENTORIES, TUITIONS&nbsp;1427-1858
+
Any probate that was disputed and could not be settled by the county courts could be sent to these higher appeals courts:
*REGISTER OF COPY WILLS 1389-1558
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*ACT BOOKS 1502-1858
+
*REGISTER OF TUITIONS AND CURATIONS 1592-1639
+
*REGISTER OF WILLS DECREED OUT OF COURT 1778-1833
+
*CAVEAT BOOKS 1521-1859
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*CITATION BOOKS 1611-1695
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*COMMISSION BOOKS (GRANTS OF PROBATE &amp; ADMINISTRATION&nbsp;FOR&nbsp;CLERGY,&nbsp;EXECUTORS, ADMINISTRATORS, CONFERRING OF CURATION AND TUITION OF MINORS, WITNESSES) 1611-1683
+
*CHANCERY AND AUDIENCE RECORDS&nbsp;1525-1640<br>
+
  
== Juridiction  ==
+
*[[Court of Arches]]
 +
*[[High Court of Delegates]]
 +
*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
  
This court's jurisdiction applies to persons with ''bona notabilia'' (property worth 5 pounds or more) in more than one diocese within the northern Province of York, which includes all of the dioceses of York, Carlisle, Chester, Sodor and Man (Isle of Man), Durham and Lancaster. If probate records are not found in this court, be certain to search the Court of the Dean and Chapter of York.
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== Estate Duty Records  ==
  
== Historical Background  ==
+
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
  
The Court of the Exchequer and&nbsp;Prerogative Courts of the&nbsp;Archbishop of York held&nbsp;jurisdiction over the whole of the Province of York, which consisted of&nbsp;the counties of&nbsp;Cheshire, Cumberland, Durham,&nbsp;Lancashire, Northumberland, Nottinghamshire, Westmoreland, Yorkshire.
+
== Jurisdiction  ==
  
Unless a person&nbsp;held properties in more than one diocese (within the Province of York), always ''first ''search'', ''the local diocesan court probate records&nbsp;of&nbsp;the county in which they lived and/or died.&nbsp;When a search of this courts’ probate records, or a search&nbsp;in those of&nbsp;the local diocesan courts&nbsp;fails to provide the desired probate record, be sure to search the&nbsp;Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of York as well. <br>
+
This court's jurisdiction applies to persons with ''bona notabilia'' (property worth 5 pounds or more) in more than one diocese within the northern Province of York, which includes all of the dioceses of York, Carlisle, Chester, Sodor and Man (Isle of Man), Durham and Lancaster. If probate records are not found in this court, be certain to search the Court of the Dean and Chapter of York.  
  
<br>
+
The Court of the Exchequer and&nbsp;Prerogative Courts of the&nbsp;Archbishop of York held&nbsp;jurisdiction over the whole of the Province of York, which consisted of&nbsp;the counties of&nbsp;Cheshire, Cumberland, Durham,&nbsp;Lancashire, Northumberland, Nottinghamshire, Westmoreland, Yorkshire.
  
<br>  
+
Unless a person&nbsp;held properties in more than one diocese (within the Province of York), always ''first ''search'', ''the local diocesan court probate records&nbsp;of&nbsp;the county in which they lived and/or died.&nbsp;When a search of this courts’ probate records, or a search&nbsp;in those of&nbsp;the local diocesan courts&nbsp;fails to provide the desired probate record, be sure to search the&nbsp;Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of York as well. <br>  
  
[[Category:Yorkshire|York]]
+
[[Category:Yorkshire]]

Revision as of 16:13, 7 May 2013

England Gotoarrow.png Cheshire Gotoarrow.png Cheshire Probate Records
England Gotoarrow.png Yorkshire Gotoarrow.png Yorkshire Probate Records
England Gotoarrow.png Lancashire Gotoarrow.png Lancashire Probate Records

A general explanation of probate records in England, is given in the article England Probate Records.

Contents

Description

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term probate refers to a collection of documents, including wills, administrations (also called admons), inventories, and act books. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858.

Step By Step

1. Search indexes to help you more quickly find the will, writing down each detail given in the index.

2. Go to "Records" below to determine what probate records exist for this court.

3. Obtain the records to search. Use one of these methods to find indexes and records:

  • Contact or visit the Archive (see below) or hire a professional record searcher to view these records on your behalf.
  • Order microfilm copies of the indexes and records listed in the Family History Library Records (see section below) by visiting theFamily History Library or one of its family history centers and search indexes and records.

Indexes

Online Indexes

Indexes to Yorkshire wills are beginning to come online.

  • The National Archives website has an index covering 1267 to 1500, for 10,000 wills proved in the Prerogative & Exchequer Courts of York, and other probate indexes, arranged alphabetically by location.
  • The 'Exchequer and Prerogative Courts of York Probate Index 1731-1858' is available at British Origins. Click on the 'National Wills Index' then select it from the list. This is a subscription site.

Indexes to the Exchequer and Prerogative Courts were published by the Yorkshire Archaeological Society. Many of these volumes have been converted to digital books. The following table will help you find these resources online (the dollar sign [$] means there is a fee for using the listed website):

Vol. Contents FamilySearch Google Genealogist
6 Wills 1389-1514; Probate and Administrations Act Book 1502-1514 (mislabeled on Google) FamilySearch Books Online Link Link ($)
11 Wills 1514-1553; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1514-1553; Probate Acts 1514-1521; Act Book Deanery of Harthill 1558-1565 FamilySearch Books Online Link Link ($)
14 Wills 1554-1568; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1553-1568 FamilySearch Books Online Link ($)
19 Wills 1568-1585; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1568-1585 FamilySearch Books Online Link ($)
22 Wills 1585-1594; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1585-1594  FamilySearch Books Online   Link ($)
24 Wills 1594-1602; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1594-1602 FamilySearch Books Online Link ($)
26 Wills 1603-1611; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1603-1611 FamilySearch Books Online Link ($)
28 Wills 1612-1619; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1612-1619 FamilySearch Books Online Link ($)
32 Wills 1620-1627; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1620-1627 FamilySearch Books Online Link ($)
35 Wills 1627-1636; Administration Acts (from Act Books) 1627-1652 FamilySearch Books Online Link ($)
4 Wills 1636-1652 FamilySearch Books Online Link Link ($)
49 Wills, Administrations, Probate Acts 1660-1665 FamilySearch Books Online    


Printed and Published Indexes

The Family History Library has film copies of the following indexes. Films can be viewed in the

Family History Library and in a family history center.

Yorkshire probate index : part one, 1800 to 1803 was compiled by Janet Ogden, Stephen D. Whitwam and Brian Jones.

Records

Archive Location

The original records for this court are in the Borthwick Institute for Historical Research

University of York
Heslington York YO10 5DD
England Telephone: (0)1904 321166
Email: bihr500@york.ac.uk

Archive Records

Add information about the manuscript, printed and digital records in this location.

Family History Library Records

The Family History Library has the following records on film.

Appeals Courts

Any probate that was disputed and could not be settled by the county courts could be sent to these higher appeals courts:

Estate Duty Records

Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to Estate Duty Records.

Jurisdiction

This court's jurisdiction applies to persons with bona notabilia (property worth 5 pounds or more) in more than one diocese within the northern Province of York, which includes all of the dioceses of York, Carlisle, Chester, Sodor and Man (Isle of Man), Durham and Lancaster. If probate records are not found in this court, be certain to search the Court of the Dean and Chapter of York.

The Court of the Exchequer and Prerogative Courts of the Archbishop of York held jurisdiction over the whole of the Province of York, which consisted of the counties of Cheshire, Cumberland, Durham, Lancashire, Northumberland, Nottinghamshire, Westmoreland, Yorkshire.

Unless a person held properties in more than one diocese (within the Province of York), always first search, the local diocesan court probate records of the county in which they lived and/or died. When a search of this courts’ probate records, or a search in those of the local diocesan courts fails to provide the desired probate record, be sure to search the Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of York as well.