Fairfield County, Ohio Genealogy

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Revision as of 19:42, 30 April 2013

Guide to Fairfield County Ohio genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

This article is about a county in Ohio. For other uses, see Fairfield (disambiguation).
Hand and keyboard.jpg Ohio
Online Records

Fairfield County, Ohio
Boundary map of Fairfield County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Fairfield County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Fairfield County Courthouse
224 East Main Street
Lancaster, Ohio 43130
Fairfield County Website
United StatesGotoarrow.png Ohio Gotoarrow.png Fairfield County


Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records
*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries
  • Parent Counties: Formed from Ross and Washington Counties in 9 December 1800.[1]
  • County Seat: Lancaster
  • Neighboring Counties: Fairfield County, Ohio Genealogy residents may also have records in [2]Licking (north) · Hocking (south) · Pickaway and Franklin (west) · Perry (east)

Ohio Digital Collections

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Fairfield County boundary changes.

Record Loss


Bible Records


Business Records and Commerce


The Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society has published readings of all of the cemeteries in Fairfield County. A surname index is available on their website.

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories


Family History Library




Names in Stone


Billion Graves

Billion Graves


Ohio Gravestones

Names in Stone

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, view the Ohio Church Records wiki page.

Finding More Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Fairfield County, Ohio Genealogy Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups




Local Histories

1883 History of Fairfield and Perry Counties, Ohio...Their Past and Present Containing A comprehensive history of Ohio; A complete history of Fairfield and Perry Counties: Their townships, cities, villages, towns, schools, churches, societies, industries, statistics, etc; A history of their soldiers in the late wars; Portraits of early settlers and prominent men; miscellaneous matter; maps of the counties: biographies and histories of pioneer families. Compiled by A. A. Graham, illustrated... Chicago: W. H. Berrs & Co. 1883 is available online.

Land and Property



  • Civil War

Civil War service men from Fairfield County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Fairfield County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Company F
- 114th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies C, H, and K

Naturalization and Citizenship


Fairfield County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers.




Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Fairfield County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Fairfield County, Ohio Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

See the wiki page Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

Public Records



Fairfield County Courthouse
224 E Main Street PO Box 370
Lancaster, OH 43130-3842
Phone: 740.687.7030 

County Judge has birth records 1803-1907, marriage, death
and probate records; Clerk Court has divorce records from
1860 and court records from 1800; County Recorder  has
land records from 1803[1]

Family History Centers

   Fairfield Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society

   503 Linwood Dr

   Lancaster, Ohio, 43130


     Wonderful resources, much more so than the Public Library

     See Fairfieldgenealogy.org


Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society


Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Fairfield County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records

  • Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953 Free name indexes and images at FamilySearch. Records include such information as birth date of deceased, city, county, and state of death, name of spouse if married, names of parents, maiden name of mother, name of informant, if deceased was single, married, windowed or divorced, occupation of deceased.

Web Sites



  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Fairfield County, Ohio" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfield_County,_Ohio (accessed 10 May 2012).
  3. Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1981). FamilySearch Books Online - Free online copy.