Fairfield County, Ohio

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{{Ohio-stub}} [[United States]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Ohio|Ohio]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] '''Fairfield County'''  
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Guide to '''Fairfield County Ohio genealogy.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
 
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<br>
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:''This article is about a county in Ohio. For other uses, see [[Fairfield (disambiguation)|Fairfield (disambiguation)]].''
 
:''This article is about a county in Ohio. For other uses, see [[Fairfield (disambiguation)|Fairfield (disambiguation)]].''
  
<br>
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{{OHDC}}{{Infobox U.S. Co
 
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| seal = seal_fairfield.png
{| border="2" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" width="100%"
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| bgcolor="#cccc99" width="100%" colspan="6" align="center" | '''Dates for major county records'''
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|-
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| valign="middle" width="16.6%" | <center>'''[[Fairfield County, Ohio#Birth|Birth]]'''</center>
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | <center>'''[[Fairfield County, Ohio#Marriage|Marriage]]'''</center>
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| valign="middle" width="16.6%" | <center>'''[[Fairfield County, Ohio#Death|Death]]'''</center>
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| valign="middle" width="16.6%" | <center>'''[[Fairfield County, Ohio#Census|Tax]]'''</center>
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| valign="middle" width="16.6%" | <center>'''[[Fairfield County, Ohio#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''</center>
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| valign="middle" width="16.6%" | <center>'''[[Fairfield County, Ohio#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''</center>
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| style="height: 25px" valign="middle" width="16.6%" | <br>
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| style="height: 25px" valign="middle" width="16.6%" | <br>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#99d6ff" width="100%" colspan="6" | '''For earlier dates, try...'''
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|-
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| style="height: 40px" valign="middle" width="100%" colspan="6" | <br>
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*'''[[Fairfield County, Ohio#Church|Church]] [[Fairfield County, Ohio#Obituaries|Obituaries]] [[Fairfield County, Ohio#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]''' <br>
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*'''Parent counties'''&nbsp;
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*{{PAGENAME}} '''residents''' may also have records in<br>'''Neighboring Counties:'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#cc9999" width="100%" colspan="6" align="center" | '''Remember these collections'''
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*[http://ohsweb.ohiohistory.org/death// Ohio Death Certificate Index 1913-1944]
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*{{RecordSearch|1932106|Ohio, County Births, 1856-1909}} Index and Images
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*{{RecordSearch|1614804|Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-1994}} Index and Images (Incomplete)
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*{{RecordSearch|1307272|Ohio, Deaths, 1908-1953}} Index and Images
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*{{RecordSearch|1949341|Ohio, Death Index, 1908-1932, 1938-1944, and 1958-2007}}
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| style="height: 40px" valign="middle" width="100%" colspan="3" |
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*[http://ohsweb.ohiohistory.org/ondp/index.php?title=Main_Page National Digital Newspaper Program In Ohio]
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*{{RecordSearch|1680845|Ohio, Births and Christenings, 1821-1962}} Index only
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*{{RecordSearch|1681001|Ohio, Marriages, 1800-1958}} Index only
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*{{RecordSearch|1681000|Ohio Deaths and Burials, 1854-1997}} Index only
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|}
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&nbsp;
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{{Infobox U.S. County
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| seal =  
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| county = Fairfield County
 
| county = Fairfield County
 
| boundary_map=OH_fairfield.png
 
| boundary_map=OH_fairfield.png
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| latd =  
 
| latd =  
 
| longd =  
 
| longd =  
| founded title=Founded:
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| founded title=Created
| founded year=
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| founded year= 1800
| founded date=
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| founded date= December 9
 
| motto =  
 
| motto =  
 
| seat=
 
| seat=
| seat wl =  
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| seat wl = Lancaster
| building image =  
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| building image = Fairfield County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
| building image size = 200px
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| building image size = 150px
| building address =  
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| building address = Fairfield County Courthouse<br>224 East Main Street<br>Lancaster, Ohio 43130<br>[http://www.co.fairfield.oh.us/ Fairfield County Website]
 
| named for =  
 
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| named for image =  
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}}[[United States]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Ohio|Ohio]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] '''Fairfield County'''
  
== County Courthouse ==
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=== Historical Facts ===
  
== History  ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="2"
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|-
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#cccc99" align="center" colspan="6" | '''Beginning dates for major county records'''
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|-
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| width="16.6%" valign="middle" | <center>'''[[Fairfield County, Ohio#Birth|Birth]]'''</center>
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| width="16.6%" valign="middle" align="center" | <center>'''[[Fairfield County, Ohio#Marriage|Marriage]]'''</center>
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| width="16.6%" valign="middle" | <center>'''[[Fairfield County, Ohio#Death|Death]]'''</center>
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| width="16.6%" valign="middle" | <center>'''[[Fairfield County, Ohio#Census|Tax]]'''</center>
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| width="16.6%" valign="middle" | <center>'''[[Fairfield County, Ohio#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''</center>
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| width="16.6%" valign="middle" | <center>'''[[Fairfield County, Ohio#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''</center>
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|-
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| width="16.6%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px" | <center>1867</center>
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| width="16.6%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px" | <center>1803</center>
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| width="16.6%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px" | <center>1867</center>
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| width="16.6%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px" | <center></center>
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| width="16.6%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px" | <center>1801<br></center>
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| width="16.6%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px" | <center>1803</center>
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|-
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#99d6ff" colspan="6" | '''*For earlier dates, try...''' '''[[Fairfield County, Ohio#Church_Records|Church]] &#124; [[Fairfield County, Ohio#Obituaries|Obituaries]] &#124; [[Fairfield County, Ohio#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]'''
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|}
  
==== Parent County ====
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*'''Parent Counties''': Formed from [[Ross County, Ohio|Ross]] and [[Washington County, Ohio|Washington]] Counties in 9 December 1800.<ref name="HBG">[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results ''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.''] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].</ref>
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*'''County Seat: '''Lancaster
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*'''Neighboring Counties''': {{PAGENAME}}&nbsp;'''residents''' may also have records in <ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Fairfield County, Ohio" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfield_County,_Ohio (accessed 10 May 2012).</ref>[[Licking County, Ohio|Licking]] (north){{·}}[[Hocking County, Ohio|Hocking]] (south){{·}}[[Pickaway County, Ohio|Pickaway]] and [[Franklin County, Ohio|Franklin]] (west){{·}}[[Perry County, Ohio|Perry]] (east)
  
'''1800--'''Fairfield County was created 9 December 1800&nbsp;from [[Ross County, Ohio|Ross]] and [[Washington County, Ohio|Washington]] Counties.<br>'''County seat:''' Lancaster <ref>''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
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<br>  
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
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==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
  
== Places/Localities ==
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=== Resources ===
  
==== Populated Places ====
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==== Bible Records ====
  
==== Neighboring Counties ====
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==== Biography ====
  
[[Franklin County, Ohio|Franklin]] | [[Hocking County, Ohio|Hocking]] | [[Licking County, Ohio|Licking]] | [[Perry County, Ohio|Perry]] | [[Pickaway County, Ohio|Pickaway]]
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==== Business Records and Commerce ====
 
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== Resources ==
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==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
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The Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society has published readings of all of the cemeteries in Fairfield County. A [http://www.fairfieldgenealogy.org/research/cem.html surname index] is available on their website.  
 
The Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society has published readings of all of the cemeteries in Fairfield County. A [http://www.fairfieldgenealogy.org/research/cem.html surname index] is available on their website.  
  
==== Church  ====
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<br>
  
==== Court  ====
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Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.
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{| width="85%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="6" border="1"
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|-
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| width="31%" bgcolor="#ffff99" align="center" | '''Online Grave Transcripts'''
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| width="31%" bgcolor="#dbbff7" align="center" | '''Published Grave Transcripts'''
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| bgcolor="#dbeadc" align="center" | '''County Cemetery Directories'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" |
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[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=37&CScnty=2062 Findagrave.com]
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| bgcolor="#eddffb" | {{FHL|367245|subject-id|disp=Family History Library}}
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| bgcolor="#e9f1ea" |
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[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=37&CScnty=2062 Findagrave.com]
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[http://www.interment.net/us/oh/Fairfield.htm Interment.net]
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| bgcolor="#eddffb" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3ACemeteries+Ohio+Fairfield+County.&qt=hot_subject WorldCat]
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| bgcolor="#e9f1ea" |
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[http://www.namesinstone.com/CemeteryList.aspx Names in Stone]
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[http://www.usgwtombstones.org/ohio/Fairfield.htm USGenWeb]
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[http://billiongraves.com/pages/search/index.php#cemetery Billion Graves]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | [http://billiongraves.com/pages/search/index.php#cemetery Billion Graves]
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| bgcolor="#eddffb" |
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| bgcolor="#e9f1ea" |
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[http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/localList.php?local=16688&locTGroup=Cemeteries&direction=down&sec=0&qty=49&stateAbbv=&stateName= Epodunk]
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[http://ohiogravestones.org/search.php?cid=56&lm=s&last=&fm=s&first= Ohio Gravestones]
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| bgcolor="#eddffb" |
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[http://www.namesinstone.com/CemeteryList.aspx#results Names in Stone]
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|}
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See [[Ohio Cemeteries|Ohio Cemeteries]] for more information.
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==== Census  ====
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==== Church Records  ====
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{{OH Church Intro}}
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{{Template:OH Church Records Repositories|Fairfield|377539}}
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==== Court Records  ====
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==== Emigration and Immigration ====
  
 
==== Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups  ====
 
==== Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups  ====
  
===== Germans =====
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==== Gazetteers ====
  
==== Land ====
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==== Genealogy ====
  
==== Local Histories  ====
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==== History  ====
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===== Local Histories  =====
  
 
''1883 History of Fairfield and Perry Counties, Ohio...Their Past and Present Containing ''A comprehensive history of Ohio; A complete history of Fairfield and Perry Counties: Their townships, cities, villages, towns, schools, churches, societies, industries, statistics, etc; A history of their soldiers in the late wars; Portraits of early settlers and prominent men; miscellaneous matter; maps of the counties:&nbsp;biographies and histories of pioneer families. Compiled by A. A. Graham, illustrated... Chicago: W. H. Berrs &amp;&nbsp;Co. 1883 is [http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tfisher/fairfield_perry_history.htm available online].  
 
''1883 History of Fairfield and Perry Counties, Ohio...Their Past and Present Containing ''A comprehensive history of Ohio; A complete history of Fairfield and Perry Counties: Their townships, cities, villages, towns, schools, churches, societies, industries, statistics, etc; A history of their soldiers in the late wars; Portraits of early settlers and prominent men; miscellaneous matter; maps of the counties:&nbsp;biographies and histories of pioneer families. Compiled by A. A. Graham, illustrated... Chicago: W. H. Berrs &amp;&nbsp;Co. 1883 is [http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tfisher/fairfield_perry_history.htm available online].  
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==== Land and Property ====
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{{OH Land}}
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
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:- [[114th Regiment, Ohio Infantry|114th Regiment, Ohio Infantry]], Companies C, H, and K
 
:- [[114th Regiment, Ohio Infantry|114th Regiment, Ohio Infantry]], Companies C, H, and K
  
==== Newspapers ====
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==== Naturalization and Citizenship ====
  
==== Probate  ====
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==== Newspapers ====
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{{OHnewspapers|Fairfield}}
  
==== Taxation ====
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==== Obituaries ====
  
==== Vital Records ====
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==== Periodicals ====
  
*'''[[Ohio Deaths (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953]]''' Free name indexes and images at [[Ohio Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)|FamilySearch]]. Records include such information as birth date of deceased, city, county, and state of death, name of spouse if married, names of parents, maiden name of mother, name of informant, if deceased was single, married, windowed or divorced, occupation of deceased.
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==== Probate ====
  
== Societies and Libraries  ==
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{{OH Probate Intro}}
  
[http://www.fairfieldgenealogy.org Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society]
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==== Public Records  ====
  
==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
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==== Repositories  ====
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===== Courthouse  =====
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[http://www.co.fairfield.oh.us/ Fairfield County Courthouse]<br> 224 E Main Street PO Box 370<br> Lancaster, OH 43130-3842<br>Phone: 740.687.7030&nbsp;<br><br>County Judge has birth records 1803-1907, marriage, death <br>and probate records; Clerk Court has divorce records from <br>1860 and court records from 1800; County Recorder&nbsp; has <br>land records from 1803<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Fairfield County, Ohio. Page 541 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>
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===== Family History Centers =====
  
 
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
 
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
  
== Web Sites  ==
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===== Libraries  =====
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&nbsp;&nbsp; Fairfield Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society
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&nbsp;&nbsp; 503 Linwood Dr
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&nbsp;&nbsp; Lancaster, Ohio, 43130
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&nbsp;&nbsp; 740-653-2573
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Wonderful resources, much more so than the Public Library
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; See [http://www.fairfieldgenealogy.org Fairfieldgenealogy.org]
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===== Museums  =====
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===== Societies  =====
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[http://www.fairfieldgenealogy.org Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society]
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==== Taxation ====
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{{Template:OH Tax Records Repositories|Fairfield|484685}}
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==== Vital Records  ====
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{{OH Vital Intro}}
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===== Birth  =====
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===== Marriage  =====
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===== Death  =====
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*'''[[Ohio Deaths (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953]]''' Free name indexes and images at [[Ohio Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)|FamilySearch]]. Records include such information as birth date of deceased, city, county, and state of death, name of spouse if married, names of parents, maiden name of mother, name of informant, if deceased was single, married, windowed or divorced, occupation of deceased.
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=== Web Sites  ===
  
 
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county. USGenWeb for Fairfield County, Ohio is [http://fairfieldgenealogy.org/FCGenWeb/index.htm available online.]  
 
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county. USGenWeb for Fairfield County, Ohio is [http://fairfieldgenealogy.org/FCGenWeb/index.htm available online.]  
 
*{{FHL|Ohio%2C+Fairfield|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
 
*{{FHL|Ohio%2C+Fairfield|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
  
== References  ==
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=== Places  ===
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=== References  ===
  
 
<references />  
 
<references />  

Revision as of 17:13, 7 May 2013

Guide to Fairfield County Ohio genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

This article is about a county in Ohio. For other uses, see Fairfield (disambiguation).
Hand and keyboard.jpg Ohio
Online Records
Fairfield County, Ohio
Map
Boundary map of Fairfield County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Courthouse
Fairfield County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Fairfield County Courthouse
224 East Main Street
Lancaster, Ohio 43130
Fairfield County Website
United StatesGotoarrow.png Ohio Gotoarrow.png Fairfield County

Contents

Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records
Birth
Marriage
Death
Tax
Land
Probate
1867
1803
1867
1801
1803
*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Ohio Digital Collections



Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Fairfield County boundary changes.

Record Loss

Resources

Bible Records

Biography

Business Records and Commerce

Cemeteries

The Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society has published readings of all of the cemeteries in Fairfield County. A surname index is available on their website.


Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Findagrave.com

Family History Library

Findagrave.com

Interment.net

WorldCat

Names in Stone

USGenWeb

Billion Graves

Billion Graves

Epodunk

Ohio Gravestones

Names in Stone

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, view the Ohio Church Records wiki page.

Finding More Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Fairfield County, Ohio Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups

Gazetteers

Genealogy

History

Local Histories

1883 History of Fairfield and Perry Counties, Ohio...Their Past and Present Containing A comprehensive history of Ohio; A complete history of Fairfield and Perry Counties: Their townships, cities, villages, towns, schools, churches, societies, industries, statistics, etc; A history of their soldiers in the late wars; Portraits of early settlers and prominent men; miscellaneous matter; maps of the counties: biographies and histories of pioneer families. Compiled by A. A. Graham, illustrated... Chicago: W. H. Berrs & Co. 1883 is available online.

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Maps

Military

  • Civil War

Civil War service men from Fairfield County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Fairfield County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Company F
- 114th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies C, H, and K

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Fairfield County, Ohio newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers.

Obituaries

Periodicals

Probate

Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Fairfield County, Ohio Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Fairfield County, Ohio Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

See the wiki page Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

Public Records

Repositories

Courthouse

Fairfield County Courthouse
224 E Main Street PO Box 370
Lancaster, OH 43130-3842
Phone: 740.687.7030 

County Judge has birth records 1803-1907, marriage, death
and probate records; Clerk Court has divorce records from
1860 and court records from 1800; County Recorder  has
land records from 1803[1]

Family History Centers
Libraries

   Fairfield Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society

   503 Linwood Dr

   Lancaster, Ohio, 43130

   740-653-2573

     Wonderful resources, much more so than the Public Library

     See Fairfieldgenealogy.org

Museums
Societies

Fairfield County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society

Taxation

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Fairfield County, Ohio Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Although Ohio enacted a statute in 1856 -1857 requiring registration of births, deaths and marriages, many counties did not comply. A second law was written in 1867 but, again, was not always followed. By 1908, the law was more clearly defined and kept. Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the Fairfield County, Ohio Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954 while the Ohio Historical Society houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Original marriage records are held at the office of the Fairfield County, Ohio Probate Court with divorce records located with the Fairfield County, Ohio Clerk of Courts.

See also How to order Ohio Vital Records or order vital records electronically online.

Birth
Marriage
Death
  • Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953 Free name indexes and images at FamilySearch. Records include such information as birth date of deceased, city, county, and state of death, name of spouse if married, names of parents, maiden name of mother, name of informant, if deceased was single, married, windowed or divorced, occupation of deceased.

Web Sites

Places

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Fairfield County, Ohio" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfield_County,_Ohio (accessed 10 May 2012).
  3. Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1981). FamilySearch Books Online - Free online copy.