FamilySearch Wiki:External Links

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#{{anchors|EL19|organizations}}Links to websites of organizations mentioned in an article—unless they otherwise qualify as something that [[#What should be linked|should be linked]] or [[#Links to be considered|considered]].<ref name=NotRef /><ref>Links to websites ''are'' permitted when the website has been used as a [[FSW:Reliable source]], but ''not'' to direct readers to the organization's website or merely to verify that the organization exists, or that it has a website.<br />'''No''': "[ The Red Cross] issued a press release that said..." <br />'''Yes''': "The [[Red Cross]] issued a press release that said...[]" </ref>
#{{anchors|EL19|organizations}}Links to websites of organizations mentioned in an article—unless they otherwise qualify as something that [[#What should be linked|should be linked]] or [[#Links to be considered|considered]].<ref name=NotRef /><ref>Links to websites ''are'' permitted when the website has been used as a [[FSW:Reliable source]], but ''not'' to direct readers to the organization's website or merely to verify that the organization exists, or that it has a website.<br />'''No''': "[ The Red Cross] issued a press release that said..." <br />'''Yes''': "The [[Red Cross]] issued a press release that said...[]" </ref>
#{{anchors|EL20}}External links as sole entries in [[FamilySearch Wiki:Stand-alone lists|stand-alone lists]] and [[FSW:EMBED|embedded lists]].
#{{anchors|EL20}}External links as sole entries in [[FamilySearch Wiki:Stand-alone lists|stand-alone lists]] and [[FSW:EMBED|embedded lists]].
=== {{anchor|ADV}} Advertising and conflicts of interest  ===
=== {{anchor|ADV}} Advertising and conflicts of interest  ===

Revision as of 17:42, 22 September 2013

Blue check.png This page documents a guideline. It is a generally accepted standard that contributors should attempt to follow, though it is best treated with common sense and the occasional exception.

Any substantive edit to this page should reflect consensus. When in doubt, discuss first on the talk page.

FamilySearch Wiki articles may include links to web pages outside FamilySearch Wiki (external links). All external links must conform to certain formatting restrictions. Some acceptable links include those that direct users to further research helps, online copies of records, or other meaningful, relevant content that is not suitable for inclusion in an article for reasons unrelated to its accuracy.

Some external links are welcome (see "What should be linked", below), but it is not FamilySearch Wiki's purpose to include a lengthy or comprehensive list of external links related to each topic. No page should be linked from a FamilySearch Wiki article unless its inclusion is justifiable according to the guiding principles and policies. The burden of providing this justification is on the person who wants to include an external link.

This guideline concerns external links that are not citations to sources supporting article content. If the website or page to which you want to link includes information that is not yet a part of the article, consider using it as a source for the article, and citing it. Guidelines for sourcing, which includes external links used as citations, are discussed at FamilySearch Wiki:Purpose and Appropriate Topics and FamilySearch Wiki:Citing sources.

To Do: Content from Wikipedia - to be reviewed/edit for FamilySearch purposes


Important points to remember

Restrictions on linking

For policy or technical reasons, editors are restricted from linking to the following, without exception:

  1. Material that violates the copyrights of others per contributors' rights and obligations should not be linked. Linking to websites that display copyrighted works is acceptable as long as the website has licensed the work. Knowingly directing others to material that violates copyright may be considered Contributory copyright infringement. If you know that an external website is carrying a work in violation of the work's copyright, do not link to that copy of the work. Linking to a page that illegally distributes someone else's work casts a bad light on FamilySearch Wiki and its editors. This is particularly relevant when linking to sites such as YouTube, where due care should be taken to avoid linking to material that violates copyright.
  2. Sites that match the FamilySearch Wiki-specific or multi-site blacklist without being whitelisted. MediaWiki's code will automatically block any edits that contain such links.

What to link

There are several things that should be considered when adding an external link.

  • Is the site content accessible to the reader?
  • Is the site content proper in the context of the article (useful, tasteful, informative, factual, etc.)?
  • Is the link functional and likely to remain functional?

Each link should be considered on its merits, using the following guidelines. As the number of external links in an article grows longer, assessment should become stricter. When in doubt about the appropriateness of adding new links, make a suggestion on the article's talk page and discuss with other editors.

What can normally be linked

  1. Very large pages, such as pages containing rich media files, should be considered on a case-by-case basis. Worldwide, many use FamilySearch Wiki with a low-speed connection. Unusually large pages should be annotated as such.
  2. A well-chosen link to a directory of websites or organizations. Long lists of links are not encouraged. A directory link may be a permanent link or a temporary measure put in place while external links are being discussed on the article's talk page.
  3. Sites that fail to meet criteria for reliable sources yet still contain information about the subject of the article from knowledgeable sources.

--> == Links normally to be avoided ==

Non-English-language content

Outside of citations,[1] external links to English-language content are strongly preferred in the English-language FamilySearch Wiki. It may be appropriate to have a link to a non-English-language site, such as when an official site is unavailable in English; or when the link is to the subject's text in its original language; or when the site contains visual aids such as maps, diagrams, or tables—per the guideline on non-English-language sites.

When linking to a site in a non-English language under the exceptions above, label the link with a language icon, available for most languages, using two-letter language codes: for example, {{es icon}}, {{fr icon}}, etc. Place the language label after the link (i.e. [http://de.FamilySearch German FamilySearch Wiki] {{de icon}}).

Note that this guideline does not apply to references, which can be in any language, though English is preferred if available and equally reliable. See FamilySearch Wiki:Verifiability#Non-English_sources for FamilySearch Wiki's standards for published sources that are not written in English.

Redirection sites

URL redirection sites are not to be used. Examples of these sites include, and the .tk top level domain. Most of these sites are listed in the M:Spam blacklist because they are frequently abused by link spammers, which means that it is not possible to save a page that contains such a link. Because URL redirection sites are added to the blacklist whenever abuse occurs, you may create problems for future editors by using them. Adding links to web proxies is prohibited for a similar reason. Instead, one should add a link to the original URL.

It is generally preferred to link to the exact destination of a link. For instance, if is an automatic redirect to, it is better to link to the exact page, even if the webmaster considers the redirect address to be more official.

Rich media

It is acceptable to link to pages rendered in normal HTML or Plain text, but this is not always the case with pages using Rich media formats (which may be incompatible with many users' settings and browsers). Check that the content type of the linked page is "text/html", "text/plain", or "application/xhtml+xml" (or another XHTML content type) as some pages may instead be rendered solely by platform-dependent plugins. Try to avoid directly linking to any content that requires special software, or an add-on to a browser. It is always preferred to link to a page rendered in normal HTML that contains embedded links to the rich media.

Where a link to rich media is deemed appropriate, either as a direct link or embedded within an HTML page, an explicit indication of the technology needed to access the relevant content must be given, as in the following examples:

Linking to user-submitted video sites


Avoid undue weight on particular points of view

Official links

An official link is a link to a website or other Internet service that meets both of the following:

  1. The linked content is controlled by the subject (organization or individual person) of the FamilySearch Wiki article.
  2. The linked content primarily covers the area for which the subject of the article is notable.

Official links (if any) are provided to give the reader the opportunity to see what the subject says about itself. These links are exempt from the links normally to be avoided, but they are not exempt from the restrictions on linking. For example, although links to websites that require readers to register or pay to view content are normally not acceptable in the External links section, such a link may be included when it is an official website for the subject.

Official links are still subject to standard formatting requirements, such as rich media labeling and not placing links in the text of the article. When an official website is used as a source to verify a self-published statement in the article text, it should be formatted like any other reference used in the article.[1] Official websites may be included in some infoboxes, and by convention are listed first in the External links section. Use of the template {{official website}} is optional.

Minimize the number of links

If the subject of the article has more than one official website, then more than one link may be appropriate.[2] However, FamilySearch Wiki does not provide a comprehensive web directory to every official website. FamilySearch Wiki does not attempt to document or provide links to every part of the subject's Web presence or provide readers with a handy list of all social networking sites. Complete directories lead to clutter and to placing undue emphasis on what the subject says. -->

More than one official link should be provided only when the additional links provide the reader with unique content and are not prominently linked from other official websites. For example, if the main page of the official website for an author contains a link to the author's blog and Twitter feed, then it is not appropriate to provide links to all three. Instead, provide only the main page of the official website in this situation. In other situations, it may be appropriate to provide more than one link, such as when a business has one website for the corporate headquarters and another for consumer information. Choose the minimum number of links that provide readers with the maximum amount of information. Links that provide consistent information are strongly preferred to social networking and communication services where the content changes rapidly and may not comply with this guideline at any given moment in time.

Longevity of links

It is very important to consider whether the link is likely to remain relevant and acceptable to the article in the foreseeable future. For example, it is not useful to link to a webpage that changes often and merely happens to have a relevant picture or article on its front page at the moment. Consider locating and linking to "permalink" versions of web content, and trying to find resources which have a commitment to keeping content available at the same address.

What can be done with a dead external link

Links to dead URLs in a list of external links are of no use to FamilySearch Wiki articles. Such dead links should either be updated or removed. Note however, that the matter is different for references: see FamilySearch Wiki:Citing sources#Preventing_and_repairing_dead_links.

Note that some dead links are caused by vandalism (for example, a vandal disabling links to products competing with the vandal's favored product): it is worth checking to see if there is a working version of the link in an earlier version of article. Some vandalism of this type is quite subtle, such as replacing ASCII letters in the URL with identical-looking Cyrillic letters.

Hijacked and re-registered sites

URLs can be "hijacked" or re-registered for a different purpose after a registration expires.[3] While the URL remains valid, it no longer points to the desired information, so it needs to be handled as a dead link.

How to link

Link with no text (code and example output):


Link containing text:

[ The RFC-mandated website]

The RFC-mandated website

All text following a space is taken as the text to use for the link. Embedding wikilinks into the link text is incorrect; instead choose the appropriate words to link.

"The [[RFC]]-mandated [ website]". 

"The RFC-mandated website".

If there are no meaningful words that can be used for the link, a link with no text is preferred to using self-referential link text, such as "Click here" or "this link". These types of self-references should be avoided.

The URL must begin with http:// or another internet protocol, such as ftp:// or news://.

=== External links section === If an article has external links, the standard format is to place them in a bulleted list under a primary heading at the end of the article. External links should identify the link and briefly summarize the website's contents and why the website is relevant to the article. The heading should be "External links" (plural) even if only a single link is listed. If several external links are listed and the subject of the article is a living person, organization, web service, or otherwise has an official website, it is normal practice to place the link to that site at the top of the list.

If you link to another website, you should give your reader a good summary of the site's contents, and the reasons why this specific website is relevant to the article in question. If you link to an online article, try to provide as much meaningful article information as possible. For example:

== External links ==
* [ Link 1]
* [ Link 2]

Most external links should present different details from citations. For instance, a concise description of the contents and a clear indication of its source is more important than the actual title of the page, and access dates are not appropriate in the external links section. Because citation templates were not designed for use in the External links section, editors that use citation templates in this section should be careful to ensure the resulting description is appropriate for an external link.

References and citation

Sites that have been used as sources in the creation of an article should be cited in the article, and linked as references, either in-line or in a references section. Links to these source sites are not "external links" for the purposes of this guideline, and should not normally be duplicated in an external links section. Exceptions—websites that can be both references and external links—include any official sites for the article topic, or websites that are specifically devoted to the topic, contain multiple subpages, and meet the above criteria.

Linking to databases

When linking to large database-driven sites like the Internet Movie Database, try to use an external link template. If the URL format of the database ever changes, it is sometimes possible to quickly fix all links by rewriting the template.

Maintenance and review

Inappropriate and duplicative links may be deleted by any editor; if the reason for the deletion is not obvious, please explain on the article's talk page.

Templates may help organize a link maintenance project. The {{external links}} template is for providing notice that the list of links may have grown to an inappropriate length or contain inappropriate links. {{Cleanup-spam}} warns of suspected non-compliant links.

Inline templates may be useful for flagging individual links that you want to further discuss on the article's talk page:

  • {{Copyvio link}} – to mark links suspected of violating copyrights
  • {{Off-topic-inline}} – to mark links that seem off-topic or irrelevant
  • {{Dead link}} – to mark links that do not appear to be working

If a page attracts many links or inappropriate links, a note in the external links section such as {{subst:no more links}} may discourage the addition of links.

If a new or unregistered user persists in adding an inappropriate link to one or more pages, please consider leaving a message for User:XLinkBot. This bot will automatically revert listed sites if added by non-autoconfirmed users, but permit other editors to add them. For malware or serious spamming, please read FamilySearch Wiki:Spam blacklist and FamilySearch Wiki:WikiProject Spam to recommend site-wide blacklisting.

Two maintenance categories list all tagged articles that need attention to remove spam and non-compliant links. They are:

Any editor can address these concerns by applying the advice on this page. When an article complies with the relevant standards, then any editor may remove the tags.

Searching for external links

Special:Linksearch is a tool for searching for links from FamilySearch Wiki articles to sites outside FamilySearch Wiki. For example,* all FamilySearch Wiki pages linking to

Handling disputes

This guideline describes the most common reasons for including and excluding links. However, the fact that a given link is not actually prohibited by this guideline does not automatically mean that it must or should be linked. Every link provided must be justifiable in the opinion of the editors for an article. Disputes about links can be addressed through the normal dispute-resolution process, particularly at the external links noticeboard.

Disputed links should normally be excluded by default unless and until there is a consensus to include them.

See also

Maintenance coordination


  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named NotRef
  2. Situations in which multiple official links are typically provided include:fckLR&lt;!--fckLR* The biography of an elected official might link to both an official government website and the official's political party or campaign website (see, e.g., Barack Obama, David Cameron).fckLR* A retailer may have separate websites for the corporate office and for consumers (see, e.g., Walmart, J. C. Penney).fckLR* A person who is notable for more than one thing might maintain separate websites for each notable activity, (e.g., one website for music and another website for a book).
  3. "Porn Sites Hijack Expired Domain Names".