FamilySearch Wiki:External linksEdit This Page

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This guideline concerns external links that are '''not''' citations to sources supporting article content. If the website or page to which you want to link includes information that is not yet a part of the article, consider using it as a source for the article, and citing it. Guidelines for sourcing, which includes external links used as citations, are discussed at [[FamilySearch Wiki:Purpose and Appropriate Topics]] and [[FamilySearch Wiki:Citing sources]].  
 
This guideline concerns external links that are '''not''' citations to sources supporting article content. If the website or page to which you want to link includes information that is not yet a part of the article, consider using it as a source for the article, and citing it. Guidelines for sourcing, which includes external links used as citations, are discussed at [[FamilySearch Wiki:Purpose and Appropriate Topics]] and [[FamilySearch Wiki:Citing sources]].  
 
{{ToDo|Content from Wikipedia - to be reviewed/edit for FamilySearch purposes}}
 
  
 
==Important points to remember== <!--
 
==Important points to remember== <!--
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#Material that violates the copyrights of others per [[FamilySearch Wiki:Copyrights#Linking_to_copyrighted_works|contributors' rights and obligations]] should not be linked. Linking to websites that display copyrighted works is acceptable as long as the website has licensed the work. Knowingly directing others to material that violates copyright may be considered Contributory copyright infringement. If you know that an external website is carrying a work in violation of the work's copyright, do not link to that copy of the work. Linking to a page that illegally distributes someone else's work casts a bad light on FamilySearch Wiki and its editors. ''This is particularly relevant when linking to sites such as YouTube, where due care should be taken to avoid linking to material that violates copyright.''  
 
#Material that violates the copyrights of others per [[FamilySearch Wiki:Copyrights#Linking_to_copyrighted_works|contributors' rights and obligations]] should not be linked. Linking to websites that display copyrighted works is acceptable as long as the website has licensed the work. Knowingly directing others to material that violates copyright may be considered Contributory copyright infringement. If you know that an external website is carrying a work in violation of the work's copyright, do not link to that copy of the work. Linking to a page that illegally distributes someone else's work casts a bad light on FamilySearch Wiki and its editors. ''This is particularly relevant when linking to sites such as YouTube, where due care should be taken to avoid linking to material that violates copyright.''  
#Sites that match the [[MediaWiki talk:Spam-blacklist|FamilySearch Wiki-specific]] or [[M:Spam blacklist|multi-site]] blacklist without being [[MediaWiki:Spam-whitelist|whitelisted]]. [[MediaWiki|MediaWiki's]] code will automatically block any edits that contain such links.
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#Within the FamilySearch Wiki our goal is to always keep with the set standards established by our [[FamilySearch Wiki:Guiding Principles#Spam-Free|Guiding_Principles]].
  
 
== What to link  ==
 
== What to link  ==
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{{anchor|What should be linked}} <!--
 
{{anchor|What should be linked}} <!--
# {{anchor|YES 1}}FamilySearch Wiki articles about any organization, person, website, or other entity should link to the subject's official site, if any. See [[#Official links|Official links]] below.
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# {{anchor|YES 1}} FamilySearch Wiki articles about any organization, person, website, or other entity should link to the subject's official site, if any. See [[#Official links|Official links]] below.
 
# {{anchor|YES 2}}An article about a book, a musical score, or some other media should link to a site hosting a copy of the work, if none of the [[#Links normally to be avoided|"Links normally to be avoided"]] criteria apply.
 
# {{anchor|YES 2}}An article about a book, a musical score, or some other media should link to a site hosting a copy of the work, if none of the [[#Links normally to be avoided|"Links normally to be avoided"]] criteria apply.
 
# {{anchor|YES 3}}Sites that contain neutral and accurate material that is relevant to an encyclopedic understanding of the subject and cannot be integrated into the FamilySearch Wiki article due to copyright issues,<ref>This '''does not''' permit you to link to any page that is violating someone else's copyright.  This means that if you cannot include the material in the FamilySearch Wiki article because it is copyrighted, then you may link to the copyright owner's page.</ref> amount of detail (such as professional athlete statistics, movie or television credits, interview transcripts, or online textbooks), or other reasons.
 
# {{anchor|YES 3}}Sites that contain neutral and accurate material that is relevant to an encyclopedic understanding of the subject and cannot be integrated into the FamilySearch Wiki article due to copyright issues,<ref>This '''does not''' permit you to link to any page that is violating someone else's copyright.  This means that if you cannot include the material in the FamilySearch Wiki article because it is copyrighted, then you may link to the copyright owner's page.</ref> amount of detail (such as professional athlete statistics, movie or television credits, interview transcripts, or online textbooks), or other reasons.
=== Links to be considered ===
 
# {{anchor|MAYBE 1}}''The recommendation to consider professional reviews as external links was repealed. The reviews should instead be used as [[FSW:RS|sources]] in a "Reception" section.'' <!-- Until October 2009, this item was: For albums, movies, books, and other creative works, links to professional reviews that have not been used to [[FSW:V|verify]] information about the critical reception of the work or that contain information that cannot be integrated into the FamilySearch Wiki article. -->
 
  
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=== Links to be considered ===
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# {{anchor|MAYBE 1}}''The recommendation to consider professional reviews as external links was repealed. The reviews should instead be used as [[FSW:RS|sources]] in a "Reception" section.''  Until October 2009, this item was: For albums, movies, books, and other creative works, links to professional reviews that have not been used to [[FSW:V|verify]] information about the critical reception of the work or that contain information that cannot be integrated into the FamilySearch Wiki article.
 
#{{anchor|MAYBE 2}}Very large pages, such as [[#Rich_media|pages containing rich media files]], should be considered on a case-by-case basis. Worldwide, many use FamilySearch Wiki with a low-speed connection. Unusually large pages should be annotated as such.  
 
#{{anchor|MAYBE 2}}Very large pages, such as [[#Rich_media|pages containing rich media files]], should be considered on a case-by-case basis. Worldwide, many use FamilySearch Wiki with a low-speed connection. Unusually large pages should be annotated as such.  
 
#{{anchor|MAYBE 3}}A well-chosen link to a directory of websites or organizations. Long lists of links [[FamilySearch Wiki:Purpose and Appropriate Topics|are not encouraged]]. A directory link may be a permanent link or a temporary measure put in place while external links are being discussed on the article's talk page.  
 
#{{anchor|MAYBE 3}}A well-chosen link to a directory of websites or organizations. Long lists of links [[FamilySearch Wiki:Purpose and Appropriate Topics|are not encouraged]]. A directory link may be a permanent link or a temporary measure put in place while external links are being discussed on the article's talk page.  
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A few parties now appear to have a spambot capable of spamming wikis from several different wiki engines, analogous to the submitter scripts for guestbooks and blogs. If you see a bot inserting external links, please consider checking the other language wikis to see if the attack is widespread. If it is, please [[M:Talk:Spam blacklist|report it]] on Meta; they can put in a Wikimedia-wide text filter. Sysops will [[FamilySearch Wiki:Blocking policy|block]] unauthorized [[FamilySearch Wiki:Bots|bots]] on sight.
 
A few parties now appear to have a spambot capable of spamming wikis from several different wiki engines, analogous to the submitter scripts for guestbooks and blogs. If you see a bot inserting external links, please consider checking the other language wikis to see if the attack is widespread. If it is, please [[M:Talk:Spam blacklist|report it]] on Meta; they can put in a Wikimedia-wide text filter. Sysops will [[FamilySearch Wiki:Blocking policy|block]] unauthorized [[FamilySearch Wiki:Bots|bots]] on sight.
  
=== Sites requiring registration {{anchors|registration}}=== <!--
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=== Sites requiring registration {{anchors|registration}}===  
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'''Outside of [[FamilySearch Wiki:Citing sources|citations]],<ref name=NotRef />''' external links to websites that require registration or a paid subscription to view should be avoided because they are of limited use to most readers. [[Facebook]] and many online newspapers require registration to access some or all of their content, while some require a subscription. Online magazines frequently require subscriptions to access their sites or for premium content. If old newspaper and magazine articles are archived, there may be a fee for accessing them.
 
'''Outside of [[FamilySearch Wiki:Citing sources|citations]],<ref name=NotRef />''' external links to websites that require registration or a paid subscription to view should be avoided because they are of limited use to most readers. [[Facebook]] and many online newspapers require registration to access some or all of their content, while some require a subscription. Online magazines frequently require subscriptions to access their sites or for premium content. If old newspaper and magazine articles are archived, there may be a fee for accessing them.
  
 
A site that requires registration or a subscription should not be linked unless the website itself is the topic of the article (see [[#Official links|Official links]] below) or the link is part of an inline reference (see [[FamilySearch Wiki:Citing sources]]). References should be to the most authoritative source, adding a link to a free version if one is available.
 
A site that requires registration or a subscription should not be linked unless the website itself is the topic of the article (see [[#Official links|Official links]] below) or the link is part of an inline reference (see [[FamilySearch Wiki:Citing sources]]). References should be to the most authoritative source, adding a link to a free version if one is available.
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=== Non-English-language content {{anchors|not English}}  ===
 
=== Non-English-language content {{anchors|not English}}  ===
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*Berkowitz, Joel, [http://yiddishbookcenter.org/pdf/pt/44/PT44_goldfaden.pdf Avrom Goldfaden and the Modern Yiddish Theater: The Bard of Old Constantine] ([[Portable Document Format|PDF]]), ''Pakn Treger'', no. 44, Winter 2004, 10–19.
 
*Berkowitz, Joel, [http://yiddishbookcenter.org/pdf/pt/44/PT44_goldfaden.pdf Avrom Goldfaden and the Modern Yiddish Theater: The Bard of Old Constantine] ([[Portable Document Format|PDF]]), ''Pakn Treger'', no. 44, Winter 2004, 10–19.
  
=== Linking to user-submitted video sites ===<!--
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=== Linking to user-submitted video sites ===
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There is no blanket ban on linking to YouTube or other user-submitted video sites, as long as the links abide by the guidelines on this page (see [[#Restrictions on linking|Restrictions on linking]] and [[#Links normally to be avoided|Links normally to be avoided]]). Many videos hosted on YouTube or similar sites do '''not''' meet the standards for inclusion in External links sections, and [[FamilySearch Wiki:COPYLINK|copyright]] is of particular concern. Many YouTube videos of newscasts, shows or other content of interest to FamilySearch Wiki visitors are copyright violations and '''should not''' be linked to. Links should be evaluated for inclusion with due care on a case-by-case basis. Links to online videos should also identify the software necessary for readers to view the content. For example, all links to YouTube videos should, if applicable, indicate that [[Flash Video]] software or a web browser supporting [[H.264/MPEG-4 AVC]] is necessary to see the content.
 
There is no blanket ban on linking to YouTube or other user-submitted video sites, as long as the links abide by the guidelines on this page (see [[#Restrictions on linking|Restrictions on linking]] and [[#Links normally to be avoided|Links normally to be avoided]]). Many videos hosted on YouTube or similar sites do '''not''' meet the standards for inclusion in External links sections, and [[FamilySearch Wiki:COPYLINK|copyright]] is of particular concern. Many YouTube videos of newscasts, shows or other content of interest to FamilySearch Wiki visitors are copyright violations and '''should not''' be linked to. Links should be evaluated for inclusion with due care on a case-by-case basis. Links to online videos should also identify the software necessary for readers to view the content. For example, all links to YouTube videos should, if applicable, indicate that [[Flash Video]] software or a web browser supporting [[H.264/MPEG-4 AVC]] is necessary to see the content.
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&lt;br&gt;
 
  
=== Avoid undue weight on particular points of view === <!--
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<br>
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=== Avoid undue weight on particular points of view ===  
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On articles with multiple points of view, avoid providing links too great in number or weight to one point of view, or that give undue weight to minority views. Add comments to these links informing the reader of their point of view. If one point of view dominates informed opinion, that should be represented first. For more information, see [[FamilySearch Wiki:Neutral point of view]]—in particular, FamilySearch Wiki's guidelines on [[FamilySearch Wiki:Neutral point of view#Undue weight|undue weight]].
 
On articles with multiple points of view, avoid providing links too great in number or weight to one point of view, or that give undue weight to minority views. Add comments to these links informing the reader of their point of view. If one point of view dominates informed opinion, that should be represented first. For more information, see [[FamilySearch Wiki:Neutral point of view]]—in particular, FamilySearch Wiki's guidelines on [[FamilySearch Wiki:Neutral point of view#Undue weight|undue weight]].
-->
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== Official links  ==
 
== Official links  ==
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Official links (if any) are provided to give the reader the opportunity to see what the subject says about itself. These links are exempt from the [[FSW:ELNO|links normally to be avoided]], but they are not exempt from the [[FSW:ELNEVER|restrictions on linking]]. For example, although links to websites that require readers to register or pay to view content are [[FSW:EL#EL6|normally not acceptable]] in the ''External links'' section, such a link may be included when it is an official website for the subject.  
 
Official links (if any) are provided to give the reader the opportunity to see what the subject says about itself. These links are exempt from the [[FSW:ELNO|links normally to be avoided]], but they are not exempt from the [[FSW:ELNEVER|restrictions on linking]]. For example, although links to websites that require readers to register or pay to view content are [[FSW:EL#EL6|normally not acceptable]] in the ''External links'' section, such a link may be included when it is an official website for the subject.  
  
Official links are still subject to standard formatting requirements, such as [[#Rich_media|rich media labeling]] and not placing links in the text of the article. When an official website is used as a source to [[FSW:SPS|verify a self-published statement]] in the article text, it should be formatted like any other reference used in the article.<ref name="NotRef" /> Official websites may be included in some [[FSW:INFOBOX|infoboxes]], and by convention are listed first in the ''External links'' section. Use of the template {{tl|official website}} is optional. <!--
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Official links are still subject to standard formatting requirements, such as [[#Rich_media|rich media labeling]] and not placing links in the text of the article. When an official website is used as a source to [[FSW:SPS|verify a self-published statement]] in the article text, it should be formatted like any other reference used in the article.<ref name="NotRef" /> Official websites may be included in some [[FSW:INFOBOX|infoboxes]], and by convention are listed first in the ''External links'' section. Use of the template {{tl|official website}} is optional.  
 
No official link exists for many articles. "Fansites", including everything from websites run by fans of a musician to a charitable organization supporting patients with a disease, even if they are endorsed or authorized by the subject, are not considered official websites because the subject of the article is unable to control the information being presented. Links to websites that are not considered official websites may still be justifiable under other sections of this guideline, e.g., [[#Links to be considered|Links to consider]] #4.
 
No official link exists for many articles. "Fansites", including everything from websites run by fans of a musician to a charitable organization supporting patients with a disease, even if they are endorsed or authorized by the subject, are not considered official websites because the subject of the article is unable to control the information being presented. Links to websites that are not considered official websites may still be justifiable under other sections of this guideline, e.g., [[#Links to be considered|Links to consider]] #4.
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;Minimize the number of links
 
;Minimize the number of links
  
If the subject of the article has more than one official website, then more than one link may be appropriate.<ref>Situations in which multiple official links are typically provided include:fckLR&amp;lt;!--fckLR* The biography of an elected official might link to both an official government website and the official's political party or campaign website (see, e.g., [[Barack Obama]], [[David Cameron]]).fckLR* A retailer may have separate websites for the corporate office and for consumers (see, e.g., [[Walmart]], [[J. C. Penney]]).fckLR* A person who is notable for more than one thing might maintain separate websites for each notable activity, (e.g., one website for music and another website for a book).</ref> However, FamilySearch Wiki [[FSW:NOTLINKS|does not provide a comprehensive web directory to every official website]]. FamilySearch Wiki does not attempt to document or provide links to every part of the subject's [[Web presence]] or provide readers with a handy list of all social networking sites. Complete directories lead to clutter and to placing [[FSW:DUE|undue emphasis]] on what the subject says. --&gt;
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If the subject of the article has more than one official website, then more than one link may be appropriate.<ref>Situations in which multiple official links are typically provided include:
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* The biography of an elected official might link to both an official government website and the official's political party or campaign website (see, e.g., [[Barack Obama]], [[David Cameron]]).
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* A retailer may have separate websites for the corporate office and for consumers (see, e.g., [[Walmart]], [[J. C. Penney]]).
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* A person who is notable for more than one thing might maintain separate websites for each notable activity, (e.g., one website for music and another website for a book).</ref> However, FamilySearch Wiki [[FSW:NOTLINKS|does not provide a comprehensive web directory to every official website]]. FamilySearch Wiki does not attempt to document or provide links to every part of the subject's [[Web presence]] or provide readers with a handy list of all social networking sites. Complete directories lead to clutter and to placing [[FSW:DUE|undue emphasis]] on what the subject says.
  
 
More than one official link should be provided only when the additional links provide the reader with unique content and are not prominently linked from other official websites. For example, if the main page of the official website for an author contains a link to the author's blog and Twitter feed, then it is not appropriate to provide links to all three. Instead, provide only the main page of the official website in this situation. In other situations, it may be appropriate to provide more than one link, such as when a business has one website for the corporate headquarters and another for consumer information. Choose the minimum number of links that provide readers with the maximum amount of information. Links that provide consistent information are strongly preferred to social networking and communication services where the content changes rapidly and may not comply with this guideline at any given moment in time.  
 
More than one official link should be provided only when the additional links provide the reader with unique content and are not prominently linked from other official websites. For example, if the main page of the official website for an author contains a link to the author's blog and Twitter feed, then it is not appropriate to provide links to all three. Instead, provide only the main page of the official website in this situation. In other situations, it may be appropriate to provide more than one link, such as when a business has one website for the corporate headquarters and another for consumer information. Choose the minimum number of links that provide readers with the maximum amount of information. Links that provide consistent information are strongly preferred to social networking and communication services where the content changes rapidly and may not comply with this guideline at any given moment in time.  
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The URL must begin with <code>http://</code> or another internet protocol, such as <code>ftp://</code> or <code><nowiki>news://</nowiki></code>.  
 
The URL must begin with <code>http://</code> or another internet protocol, such as <code>ftp://</code> or <code><nowiki>news://</nowiki></code>.  
  
=== External links section ===<!-- This section is linked from [[FamilySearch Wiki:WikiProject Albums]] --> If an article has external links, the standard format is to place them in a bulleted list under a [[FSW:MOS#Section_headings|primary heading]] at the end of the article. External links should identify the link and briefly summarize the website's contents and why the website is relevant to the article. The heading should be "External links" (plural) even if only a single link is listed. If several external links are listed and the subject of the article is a living person, organization, web service, or otherwise has an [[#Official_links|official website]], it is normal practice to place the link to that site at the top of the list.  
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=== External links section ===<!-- This section is linked from [[FamilySearch Wiki:WikiProject Albums]] --> If an article has external links, the standard format is to place them in a bulleted list under a [[Help:Section|primary heading]] at the end of the article. External links should identify the link and briefly summarize the website's contents and why the website is relevant to the article. The heading should be "External links" (plural) even if only a single link is listed. If several external links are listed and the subject of the article is a living person, organization, web service, or otherwise has an [[#Official_links|official website]], it is normal practice to place the link to that site at the top of the list.  
  
 
If you link to another website, you should give your reader a good summary of the site's contents, and the reasons why this specific website is relevant to the article in question. If you link to an online article, try to provide as much meaningful article information as possible. For example:  
 
If you link to another website, you should give your reader a good summary of the site's contents, and the reasons why this specific website is relevant to the article in question. If you link to an online article, try to provide as much meaningful article information as possible. For example:  
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* [http://example.com/link_2 Link 2]
 
* [http://example.com/link_2 Link 2]
 
</pre>  
 
</pre>  
Most external links should present different details from [[FSW:CITE|citations]]. For instance, a concise description of the contents and a clear indication of its source is more important than the actual title of the page, and access dates are not appropriate in the external links section. Because citation templates were not designed for use in the External links section, editors that use [[FamilySearch Wiki:Citation templates|citation templates]] in this section should be careful to ensure the resulting description is appropriate for an external link.  
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Most external links should present different details from [[Citations (Evidence Style)|citations]]. For instance, a concise description of the contents and a clear indication of its source is more important than the actual title of the page, and access dates are not appropriate in the external links section. Because citation templates were not designed for use in the External links section, editors that use in this section should be careful to ensure the resulting description is appropriate for an external link.  
  
 
=== References and citation  ===
 
=== References and citation  ===
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=== Linking to databases  ===
 
=== Linking to databases  ===
  
{{see|FamilySearch Wiki:Template messages/Links}} When linking to large database-driven sites like the [[Internet Movie Database]], try to use an [[:Category:External link templates|external link template]]. If the URL format of the database ever changes, it is sometimes possible to quickly fix all links by rewriting the template.  
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[[Help:Advanced Linking]] When linking to large database-driven sites like the [[FamilySearch]], try to use an [[:Category:External link templates|external link template]]. If the URL format of the database ever changes, it is sometimes possible to quickly fix all links by rewriting the template. See [[FamilySearch Wiki:Template namespace]] for more information.  
  
 
== Maintenance and review  ==
 
== Maintenance and review  ==
  
Inappropriate and duplicative links may be deleted by any editor; if the reason for the deletion is not obvious, please explain on the article's talk page.  
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Inappropriate and duplicative links may be deleted by any editor using the delete template {{tl|delete}}; if the reason for the deletion is not obvious, please explain on the article's talk page.  
  
Templates may help organize a link maintenance project. The {{tl|external links}} template is for providing notice that the list of links may have grown to an inappropriate length or contain inappropriate links. {{tl|Cleanup-spam}} warns of suspected non-compliant links.
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Items that are clearly copyright problems, content that is off-topic or irrelevant or dead links may be marked with the following templates for repair or deletion. Off-Inline templates may be useful for flagging individual links that you want to further discuss on the article's talk page:
  
Inline templates may be useful for flagging individual links that you want to further discuss on the article's talk page:
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*{{tl|Copyright}} – to mark links suspected of violating copyrights  
 
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*{{tl|content}} – to mark links that seem off-topic or irrelevant  
*{{tl|Copyvio link}} – to mark links suspected of violating copyrights  
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*{{tl|Off-topic-inline}} – to mark links that seem off-topic or irrelevant  
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*{{tl|Dead link}} – to mark links that do not appear to be working
 
*{{tl|Dead link}} – to mark links that do not appear to be working
  
If a page attracts many links or inappropriate links, a note in the external links section such as {{tls|no more links}} may discourage the addition of links.  
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If a page attracts many links or inappropriate links, a note on the talk page or the above templates may be used to encourage the creation of multiple pages in this area in place of additional links.
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If a new or unregistered user persists in adding an inappropriate link to one or more pages, please consider leaving a message for the offender both on the talk page and an Email to the offender off their User talk page.The above template can also be useful when combined with a note of explanation.  
  
If a new or unregistered user persists in adding an inappropriate link to one or more pages, please consider leaving a message for [[User:XLinkBot]]. This [[FSW:BOT|bot]] will automatically revert listed sites if added by [[FSW:AUTOCONFIRM|non-autoconfirmed users]], but permit other editors to add them. For malware or serious spamming, please read [[FamilySearch Wiki:Spam blacklist]] and [[FamilySearch Wiki:WikiProject Spam]] to recommend site-wide blacklisting.  
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Additional to the three templates above the following templates can also be use to clean up spam and other inappropriate links. These are best used with a note to the creator of the link on the talk page of the article, and/or their User talk page.  
  
Two maintenance categories list all tagged articles that need attention to remove spam and non-compliant links. They are:
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*{{tl|DeleteASAP}}
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*{{tl|Delete}}
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*{{tl|Outdated}}
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*{{tl|Pov}}
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*{{tl|Non-English}}
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*{{tl|no source}}
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*{{tl|no license}}
  
*[[:Category:FamilySearch Wiki external links cleanup]]
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More detail for the use of these templates can be found at [[FamilySearch Wiki:Maintenance Templates]]  
*[[:Category:FamilySearch Wiki spam cleanup]]
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Any editor can address these concerns by applying the advice on this page. When an article complies with the relevant standards, then any editor may remove the tags.  
 
Any editor can address these concerns by applying the advice on this page. When an article complies with the relevant standards, then any editor may remove the tags.  
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== Searching for external links  ==
 
== Searching for external links  ==
  
[[Special:Linksearch]] is a tool for searching for links from FamilySearch Wiki articles to sites outside FamilySearch Wiki. For example, [http://en.FamilySearch Wiki.org/w/index.php?title=Special%3ALinksearch&amp;target=*.yahoo.com all FamilySearch Wiki pages linking to Yahoo.com]  
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[[Special:Linksearch]] is a tool for searching for links from FamilySearch Wiki articles to sites outside FamilySearch Wiki. For example, [https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&output=search&sclient=psy-ab&q=Bonanza+Colorado&oq=Bonanza+Colorado&aq=f&aqi=g3g-v7&aql=&gs_l=hp.3..0l3j0i15l7.1332.4711.1.5630.16.16.0.0.&cad=h this link shows] a link to Google on the [[Saguache County, Colorado]] page.
  
 
== Handling disputes  ==
 
== Handling disputes  ==
  
This guideline describes the most common reasons for including and excluding links. However, the fact that a given link is not actually prohibited by this guideline does not automatically mean that it must or should be linked. Every link provided must be justifiable in the opinion of the editors for an article. Disputes about links can be addressed through [[FSW:DR|the normal dispute-resolution process]], particularly at [[FSW:ELN|the external links noticeboard]].  
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This guideline describes the most common reasons for including and excluding links. However, the fact that a given link is not actually prohibited by this guideline does not automatically mean that it must or should be linked. Every link provided must be justifiable in the opinion of the editors for an article. Disputes about links can be addressed through [[FamilySearch Wiki:Dispute resolution]], and [[Template:Dispute-resolution|this]] template can be applied when necessary.  
  
Disputed links should normally be excluded by default unless and until there is a [[FSW:CON|consensus]] to include them.  
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Disputed links should normally be excluded by default unless and until there is a [[FamilySearch Wiki:Consensus|consensus]] to include them as discussed in [[FamilySearch Wiki:Purpose and Appropriate Topics]] and [[FamilySearch Wiki:Citing sources]].  
  
 
== See also  ==
 
== See also  ==
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;Syntax
 
;Syntax
  
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Manual of Style (linking)]]  
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*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Manual of Style#Linking]]  
 
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Policies and guidelines]]  
 
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Policies and guidelines]]  
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Video links]]  
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*[[Help:Tour|FamilySearch Wiki:Video links]]  
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Writing better articles]]  
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*[[Help:Contributor Help|Writing better articles]]  
*[[:Category:External link file type templates]]  
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*[[:Template:File other/doc]]  
 
*[[Help:Wiki markup#External_links]]  
 
*[[Help:Wiki markup#External_links]]  
*[[M:External links]]
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*[[Help:Create an external link]]
  
 
;Maintenance coordination
 
;Maintenance coordination
  
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:External links/Perennial websites]] – websites editors frequently inquire about
 
 
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Link rot]]  
 
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Link rot]]  
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Linking to external harassment]]
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*[[:Category:FamilySearch Wiki cleanup categories|FamilySearch Wiki:Template messages/Cleanup]]  
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Template messages/Cleanup]]  
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*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Spam|WikiProject Spam]] – voluntary spam-fighting brigade
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:WikiProject External links|WikiProject External links]] – dedicated to cleaning up overly long lists of external links and having articles conform to FamilySearch Wiki's external links guidelines
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*[[FamilySearch Wiki:WikiProject Integrating Place Standards Database with FamilySearch Wiki]]  
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:WikiProject Spam|WikiProject Spam]] – voluntary spam-fighting brigade
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[[Category:Citation_and_verifiability_maintenance_templates|citation templates]]

Latest revision as of 14:48, 18 October 2013

Blue check.png This page documents a guideline. It is a generally accepted standard that contributors should attempt to follow, though it is best treated with common sense and the occasional exception.

Any substantive edit to this page should reflect consensus. When in doubt, discuss first on the talk page.


FamilySearch Wiki articles may include links to web pages outside FamilySearch Wiki (external links). All external links must conform to certain formatting restrictions. Some acceptable links include those that direct users to further research helps, online copies of records, or other meaningful, relevant content that is not suitable for inclusion in an article for reasons unrelated to its accuracy.

Some external links are welcome (see "What should be linked", below), but it is not FamilySearch Wiki's purpose to include a lengthy or comprehensive list of external links related to each topic. No page should be linked from a FamilySearch Wiki article unless its inclusion is justifiable according to the guiding principles and policies. The burden of providing this justification is on the person who wants to include an external link.

This guideline concerns external links that are not citations to sources supporting article content. If the website or page to which you want to link includes information that is not yet a part of the article, consider using it as a source for the article, and citing it. Guidelines for sourcing, which includes external links used as citations, are discussed at FamilySearch Wiki:Purpose and Appropriate Topics and FamilySearch Wiki:Citing sources.

Contents

Important points to remember

Restrictions on linking

For policy or technical reasons, editors are restricted from linking to the following, without exception:

  1. Material that violates the copyrights of others per contributors' rights and obligations should not be linked. Linking to websites that display copyrighted works is acceptable as long as the website has licensed the work. Knowingly directing others to material that violates copyright may be considered Contributory copyright infringement. If you know that an external website is carrying a work in violation of the work's copyright, do not link to that copy of the work. Linking to a page that illegally distributes someone else's work casts a bad light on FamilySearch Wiki and its editors. This is particularly relevant when linking to sites such as YouTube, where due care should be taken to avoid linking to material that violates copyright.
  2. Within the FamilySearch Wiki our goal is to always keep with the set standards established by our Guiding_Principles.

What to link

There are several things that should be considered when adding an external link.

  • Is the site content accessible to the reader?
  • Is the site content proper in the context of the article (useful, tasteful, informative, factual, etc.)?
  • Is the link functional and likely to remain functional?

Each link should be considered on its merits, using the following guidelines. As the number of external links in an article grows longer, assessment should become stricter. When in doubt about the appropriateness of adding new links, make a suggestion on the article's talk page and discuss with other editors.

What can normally be linked

If an article has external links, the standard format is to place them in a bulleted list under a primary heading at the end of the article. External links should identify the link and briefly summarize the website's contents and why the website is relevant to the article. The heading should be "External links" (plural) even if only a single link is listed. If several external links are listed and the subject of the article is a living person, organization, web service, or otherwise has an official website, it is normal practice to place the link to that site at the top of the list.

If you link to another website, you should give your reader a good summary of the site's contents, and the reasons why this specific website is relevant to the article in question. If you link to an online article, try to provide as much meaningful article information as possible. For example:

== External links ==
* [http://example.com/link_1 Link 1]
* [http://example.com/link_2 Link 2]

Most external links should present different details from citations. For instance, a concise description of the contents and a clear indication of its source is more important than the actual title of the page, and access dates are not appropriate in the external links section. Because citation templates were not designed for use in the External links section, editors that use in this section should be careful to ensure the resulting description is appropriate for an external link.

References and citation

Sites that have been used as sources in the creation of an article should be cited in the article, and linked as references, either in-line or in a references section. Links to these source sites are not "external links" for the purposes of this guideline, and should not normally be duplicated in an external links section. Exceptions—websites that can be both references and external links—include any official sites for the article topic, or websites that are specifically devoted to the topic, contain multiple subpages, and meet the above criteria.

Linking to databases

Help:Advanced Linking When linking to large database-driven sites like the FamilySearch, try to use an external link template. If the URL format of the database ever changes, it is sometimes possible to quickly fix all links by rewriting the template. See FamilySearch Wiki:Template namespace for more information.

Maintenance and review

Inappropriate and duplicative links may be deleted by any editor using the delete template {{delete}}; if the reason for the deletion is not obvious, please explain on the article's talk page.

Items that are clearly copyright problems, content that is off-topic or irrelevant or dead links may be marked with the following templates for repair or deletion. Off-Inline templates may be useful for flagging individual links that you want to further discuss on the article's talk page:

  • {{Copyright}} – to mark links suspected of violating copyrights
  • {{content}} – to mark links that seem off-topic or irrelevant
  • {{Dead link}} – to mark links that do not appear to be working

If a page attracts many links or inappropriate links, a note on the talk page or the above templates may be used to encourage the creation of multiple pages in this area in place of additional links.

If a new or unregistered user persists in adding an inappropriate link to one or more pages, please consider leaving a message for the offender both on the talk page and an Email to the offender off their User talk page.The above template can also be useful when combined with a note of explanation.

Additional to the three templates above the following templates can also be use to clean up spam and other inappropriate links. These are best used with a note to the creator of the link on the talk page of the article, and/or their User talk page.

More detail for the use of these templates can be found at FamilySearch Wiki:Maintenance Templates

Any editor can address these concerns by applying the advice on this page. When an article complies with the relevant standards, then any editor may remove the tags.

Searching for external links

Special:Linksearch is a tool for searching for links from FamilySearch Wiki articles to sites outside FamilySearch Wiki. For example, this link shows a link to Google on the Saguache County, Colorado page.

Handling disputes

This guideline describes the most common reasons for including and excluding links. However, the fact that a given link is not actually prohibited by this guideline does not automatically mean that it must or should be linked. Every link provided must be justifiable in the opinion of the editors for an article. Disputes about links can be addressed through FamilySearch Wiki:Dispute resolution, and this template can be applied when necessary.

Disputed links should normally be excluded by default unless and until there is a consensus to include them as discussed in FamilySearch Wiki:Purpose and Appropriate Topics and FamilySearch Wiki:Citing sources.

See also

Syntax
Maintenance coordination
Other



References

  • This page was last modified on 18 October 2013, at 14:48.
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