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In 1798, the United States formed the Mississippi Territory which included a large portion of present day Alabama and Mississippi. When the United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803, an access route was needed to this new territory. In 1805, the U.S. Government got the Creek Nation to give permission for a "horse path" through the Creek Nation. The “horse path” became the Federal Road which served as a major thoroughfare for western migration of settlers.