Finding a Place of Origin in SwedenEdit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(Added info under "obituaries" and did minor edits in other areas)
(update link)
 
(46 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
Back to [[Portal:Sweden|Sweden Portal Page]]►  
+
Back to [[Sweden]]►  
  
In order to find the parish from where your Swedish ancestor originated, you must know something about your ancestor’s emigration to North America. The 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 United States censuses can be very useful in determining the year of the ancestor’s emigration. Once the year of emigration is established, there are several steps that can assist you in your search for the correct Swedish place of origin.<br>
+
Descendants of Swedish ancestors often begin their climb up the family tree with the question, “I know my ancestor came from Sweden…where where do I go from here?” Church records (kyrkoböcker) are the primary source for names, dates, and places of birth, marriage, and death in Scandinavia. Nearly everyone who lived in Sweden was recorded in a church record. Tracing one's ancestors in Sweden, therefore, depends on finding the name of the parish where they lived or were born.<br>  
  
=== CD SWEDISH EMIGRATION  ===
+
Records of births, marriages, and deaths are commonly called vital records because they document critical events in a person’s life. Church records are vital records made by church ministers. Often called parish registers or church books, church records include information on births, christenings, marriages, deaths, and clerical surveys. They may also include account books, confirmations, and records of people moving in and out of a parish. Since civil authorities did not begin registering their separate vital statistics until 1950, church records are the main source of family information before this date.” Sweden has no nationwide index to vital records. Records of births, marriages and deaths were all kept locally. For most researchers, then, the answer to “Where do I go from here?” is to find the parish in Sweden where the ancestor was born or lived.<br>
  
The “<u>Emigranten</u>” CD is available at the Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. The Emigranten CD contains the names of 1.4 million Swedes who emigrated in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries from various Swedish ports. From this CD, you can learn the age of the emigrant, the last residence in Sweden, the point of destination, the year of emigration, and with whom the emigrant may have been traveling. The CD is available on the B1 International Floor of the Family History Library in Swedish and English.<br>
+
=== Strategies for finding the place (parish) of origin for a Swedish ancestor  ===
  
"<u>Emibas Emigrantregister för Sverige</u>" is a CD produced by the joint efforts of the ''Svenska Emigrantinstitutet'' and ''Sveriges Släktforskarförbund''. This CD contains information regarding almost 1.1 million emigrants from more than 2300 Swedish parishes, which accounts for three fourths of all the Swedish emigrants. The following information is included: name, title, gender, date and place of birth, marital status, place of residence, destination, and comments. Often the page number where the persons lasts appears in the ''husförhörslängd'' is also given. The searching in this CD can be done in Swedish or English. The CD is CD-ROM no. 2213 at the Family History Library and is available on the International Floor.  
+
1. Search all available [[Swedish American: Family Records|family records]] for clues as to the name of the parish where an ancestor was born or lived in Sweden.<br>
  
=== Indexes to Passenger Lists  ===
+
2. [[Finding a Swedish Place of Origin in U.S. Records|Other sources in the U.S.]] can provide important clues to the home parish of immigrant ancestors.<br>
  
<u>Indexes to Göteborg and Malmö passenger lists </u>exist for the years 1869-1951 for Göteborg and 1874-1939 for Malmö. These indexes are on microfilm at the Family History Library. Also, beginning in 1869 for Göteborg and 1874 for Malmö, the Family History Library has annual lists for each of the above ports through the years 1951 and 1939, respectively. It is a good idea to check these records even after searching the Emigranten CD because there is the possibility that the emigrant’s name may appear in the indexes, but not on the CD.&nbsp;
+
3. Determine year of emigration (this can be found in U.S. Census returns beginning in 1900). See [[United States Census|United States Census]]<br>
  
<u>Emigrantlistor 1869-1920 (Stockholm, Sweden)</u> contains emigrant lists of people who left Sweden from the port of Stockholm City.&nbsp; The emigrants came from various places within Sweden.&nbsp; Only the index is available at the Family History Library.&nbsp; This is on microfilm.&nbsp;
+
4. Search [[Swedish Emigration Databases and Indexes|Swedish Emigration Databases and Indexes]]: “Emigranten Populär 2006” and “Emibas 2008”. Also consult emigrant passenger lists.<br>
  
<u>Personregister till Norrköpings poliskammares Emigrantlistor 1860 - 1921</u>.&nbsp; This is an index to emigration records of persons emigrating from Norrköping City to foreign countries, mostly to North America.&nbsp; Only the index is availabe at the Family History Library.&nbsp; The index is on microfilm.&nbsp;
+
5. Search [[Sweden Census|Swedish census records]] from 1860—1900. <br>
  
<u>Personregister över invandrare från Sverige till New York 1851-1869</u> is an index of emigrants from Sweden to New York, 1851-1869. The source used was the passenger lists of vessels arriving at New York, ser. 237, of the National Archives, U.S. The orginal index is in Göteborgs Landsarkiv. A microfilm copy is available at the Family History Library and can be found in the Family History Library catalog under Sweden - Emigration and immigration - Indexes. Some standard spelling has been used. Be sure to check the listing in the beginning of the letters. For example Jansson, Johansson, Jonsson, Jonasson, Jönsson, are all listed together, but sometimes are listed separately. Note: The date given in these records is the date of arrival in New York and is not the date the ship sailed from Göteborg, Sweden.
+
6. Search [[Sweden: Extracts of Parish Registers|Parish Register Indexes]], [[Swedish Passport Journals|Swedish Passport Journals]] and [[Swedish County Emigration Indexes|Swedish County Emigration Indexes]].<br>
  
=== County Emigration Extracts  ===
+
7. Utilize the resources of [[Emigration_Archives_in_Sweden|Emigration Archives in Sweden ]]<br>
  
If you know the name of the county-province from where your Swedish ancestor came, then it may be worthwhile to check the Swedish county indexes of emigration. These records are on microfilm at the Family History Library and the film numbers can be found on the Family History Library Catalog by doing a locality search for the county, and then by looking under the subject heading of Emigration -Immigration. You will find the following listing for each Swedish county:Sverige. Statistiska Centralbyrån (name of the county, län). Emigrantlistor, 1851-1940.<br>
+
8. If your Swedish immigrants were members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), see artical [[Sweden: L.D.S. Church Record Sources|Sweden: L.D.S. Church Record Sources]] for further guidance.<br>  
  
You select the year you wish to search and the film number is found directly to the right of the year. On the microfilm, each parish in the county will have two sheets of information. The first sheet is a statistics sheet listing the number of males/females emigrating from the parish in that year. The second page shows the names of each person emigrating, their age, the name of the farm or village where the person resides, and each person’s destination.<br>
+
=== Further Reading  ===
  
If you only know the name of the province, you will need to determine which counties make up that province and then look up the catalog listing for each county. For example, if the ancestor came from Småland province, then you will need to look up each of the counties which make up Småland; or in other words, the counties of Jönköping, Kalmar, and Kristianstad.<br>
+
Johansson, Carl-Erik. <u>Cradled in Sweden</u>. Logan: Everton, 2002
  
=== Naturalization Records  ===
+
Clemmensson, Per &amp; Andersson, Kjell. <u>Your Swedish Roots</u>.Provo: Ancestry, 2004
  
Naturalization certificates can sometimes be useful in establishing the place of origin for the emigrating ancestor. The naturalization process involved a five to seven year waiting period in order to satisfy the residency requirement for citizenship. Prior to the beginning of the residency waiting period, most immigrants filed the initial application for citizenship or what is sometimes referred to as “first papers”. At the end of the residency waiting period, “final papers” were filed which completed the citizenship application. Naturalization application can be found in the office of the county clerk in the state where the citizenship process began. Some county clerks have allowed the microfilming of these records. To determine if that is the case, look on the FHLC under the county locality and under the subject heading of "Naturalization" to find the correct film number. Frequently, these certificates state the naturalizing person gives up allegiance to the King of Sweden and Norway. However, you may be one of the fortunate who also learns the name of the Swedish parish from where the ancestor emigrated.<br>
+
Olsson, Nils William. <u>Tracing Your Swedish Ancestry</u> . New York, Swedish Information Services, 1985
  
=== Death Certificates  ===
+
Norman, Hans &amp; Runblom, Harald. <u>Amerika - emigrationen</u>. Uddevalla, Bohusläningens AB, 1980
  
United States death certificates may also list the name of the parish/town in Sweden from the ancestor came. Copies of death certificates can be obtained from the state bureau of vital statistics, which is generally located in the state capital. The fees for these documents often range between $3.00 and $15.00. Most states have an Internet web site stating the fees charged and the address where to write for copies of the death certificate. <br>
+
Clemmensson, Per &amp; Andersson, Kjell. <u>Emigrantforska!</u>. Falköping, Gummessons Tryckeri AB, 1996
  
=== Obituaries  ===
+
Sveriges Släktforskarförbund. <u>Migration: Utvandrare och invandrare i gångna tider</u>. Stockholm, Norstedts Tryckeri, 1992
  
Many college/university libraries or county historical societies have microfilmed copies of local newspapers in their collections. Obituaries and their content have evolved through time. If you know the death date and place of an ancestor who died in the United States after 1850, there is the possibility that a notice of death may have appeared in a local newspaper. Perhaps, the obituary contains a place name that may assist you in determining the place of origin for the ancestor. It is worth the time to investigate this possibility.  
+
Sveriges Radio &amp; Ljungmark, Lars. <u>Den stora utvandringen: Svensk emigration till USA 1840 - 1925</u>. Stockholm, AB R. W. Statlander, 1965
  
Expand your search for obituaries to include papers printed in the Scandinavian languages.&nbsp; There may be only a few sentences written about an emigrant in the local English language newspaper, but there could be several paragraphs about them in an ethnic language newspaper.&nbsp;Even if that "foreign language" newspaper is printed in a city or town 200 or more miles away, don't discount the possibility of information about your emigrant ancestor being in it.&nbsp; If a Swede or Norwegian or Finn or Dane&nbsp;wanted others of&nbsp; their ethnic origin to know someone had passed on, they might have sent the information to that far away newspaper, knowing that edition would eventually make it's way around the area.
+
Svenska Emigrantinstitut. <u>Transatlantiska Rötter</u>. Växsjö, TryckPartner AB, 1997
  
One source to use to find the address and name of the editor is ''Gregory's Media Directory''.&nbsp; This is alphabetically arranged by state, then county and city/town.&nbsp; It gives contact information for the editor, as well as the date the paper began.
+
<br>  
 
+
A name and keyword searchable data bank of more than 3,800 newspaper titles is the GenealogyBank.&nbsp; The address is: [http://www.genealogybank.com http://www.genealogybank.com]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This is a subscription site, but may include obscure newspapers not found elsewhere.
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
=== Family Bibles  ===
+
 
+
Some families are fortunate to have in their possession, or know of someone who has in their family, the Bible which belonged to the emigrating ancestor. It was the custom through-out the nineteenth century for families to own a Bible in which personal information such as the name of each family member, the date and place of birth for parents and children, and other pertinent family information was recorded. Family Bibles can provide clues to solving the mystery from where an ancestor may have come. <br>
+
 
+
=== Evangelical Lutheran Church of America  ===
+
 
+
If none of the above sources provide the information you are seeking concerning the place of origin of your ancestor, then you may wish to contact the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America. Many of the American Lutheran Church congregational registers have been microfilmed and are available for searching. These registers contain records of baptism/christening, confirmation, matrimony, death, and perhaps most importantly, the membership rolls.
+
 
+
It was the custom for an emigrant to bring with them a certificate of membership from their local Swedish congregation, which they were supposed to give to the minister of their new U.S. congregation.&nbsp; He would then record in his parish book the fact that "Peder Nilsson and family from XXXXXXX, Sweden," joined our congregation.&nbsp; Early Lutheran church record books in America were actually printed in the Swedish language, and could have had pre-printed columns and pages in them similar to those found in churchbooks in Sweden.
+
 
+
You can learn more about the genealogical holdings of the ELCA and the procedure for determining which American Lutheran Church your ancestor may have affiliated with by going to their Internet web site at: www.ELCA.org/archives The complete collection of Swedish American Lutheran Church Records is housed at the Swenson Center at Augustana College, Rock Island, Illinois. The Swenson Center’s Internet web site can be found at: http://www.augustana.edu/swenson/ <br>
+
 
+
For those wanting to write to either of the above organizations, the postal address for each:<br>
+
 
+
Archives of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America<br>321 Bonnie Lane <br>Elk Grove Village, IL 60007 <br>Phone: 847-690-9410 <br>E-Mail: [mailto:archives@elca.org| ELCA E-mail] <br>Website: [http://www.elca.org/Who-We-Are/History/ELCA-Archives/Regional-Archives.aspx|ELCA Regional Archives]<br>
+
 
+
Swenson Swedish Immigration Research Center <br>Augustana College <br>639 38TH STREET <br>Rock Island, IL 61201-2296 <br>PHONE: 309-794-7204 <br>E-Mail: [mailto:sag@augustana.edu sag@augustana.edu] <br>
+
 
+
=== Letters and Photographes  ===
+
 
+
You may have in your possession letters which were written or received by your emigrating Swedish ancestor. Within these letters, may be clues as to the ancestor’s place of origin. If you are unsure of the letter’s content, you may wish to contact the Scandinavian Reference desk at the Family History Library for assistance in the determining of possible Swedish locations. Please be aware that the Family History Library’s Scandinavian consultants are not permitted to translate word for word the contents of a letter. They may skim through the letter looking for place names.<br>
+
 
+
Photographs taken of family members in Sweden may have on the front or back of the picture the name of the photographer who took the photograph and the address of the studio, including the name of the city where the studio was located. This may be a clue as to where the ancestor resided prior to emigration. If there is handwriting on the back of the photo and it is in Swedish, you may wish to contact the Scandinavian desk at the Family History Library for assistance. Please remember that lengthy translations are not available.<br>
+
 
+
=== Scandinavian Mission Index  ===
+
 
+
For those with Latter-day Saint Swedish ancestry, you may wish to be aware of an index at the Family History Library on microfiche cards. The Scandinavian Mission Index is found on the series of fiche numbered FHL Intl# 6060482, microfiches' 1-344. If your Swedish ancestor joined the LDS Church in Sweden and later emigrated to America (Utah) in the second half of the nineteenth century, there is likely a listing for him/her in this index. Persons are first listed alphabetically by surname and then arranged chronologically by birth year, or the year of an event such as baptism, or emigration. For females, you may wish to look under both the masculine and feminine spellings of the surname "Andersson/Andersdotter). An ancestor using a surname with multiple spellings may be listed under any one of those possible spellings. For example, "Johansson" may be listed under a variety of spellings such as: Johnsson, Jansson, Jönsson, etc. You may want to look under each variant spelling to find the person you desire. On these fiche cards you will likely find for you ancestor, a birth date and place, the date of emigration, a reference to the Swedish LDS branch the ancestor belonged to and the FHL call number to the microfilm of that branch’s membership records. These Swedish membership records are found in the microfiche collection on the B1 International floor of the Family History Library. <br>
+
 
+
=== Resources  ===
+
 
+
Nils William Olsson wrote a highly useful booklet entitled: ''Tracing Your Swedish Ancestry''. This 40 page booklet can be ordered from the Consulate General in New York.
+
  
 
[[Category:Sweden]]
 
[[Category:Sweden]]

Latest revision as of 23:56, 30 November 2012

Back to Sweden

Descendants of Swedish ancestors often begin their climb up the family tree with the question, “I know my ancestor came from Sweden…where where do I go from here?” Church records (kyrkoböcker) are the primary source for names, dates, and places of birth, marriage, and death in Scandinavia. Nearly everyone who lived in Sweden was recorded in a church record. Tracing one's ancestors in Sweden, therefore, depends on finding the name of the parish where they lived or were born.

Records of births, marriages, and deaths are commonly called vital records because they document critical events in a person’s life. Church records are vital records made by church ministers. Often called parish registers or church books, church records include information on births, christenings, marriages, deaths, and clerical surveys. They may also include account books, confirmations, and records of people moving in and out of a parish. Since civil authorities did not begin registering their separate vital statistics until 1950, church records are the main source of family information before this date.” Sweden has no nationwide index to vital records. Records of births, marriages and deaths were all kept locally. For most researchers, then, the answer to “Where do I go from here?” is to find the parish in Sweden where the ancestor was born or lived.

Strategies for finding the place (parish) of origin for a Swedish ancestor

1. Search all available family records for clues as to the name of the parish where an ancestor was born or lived in Sweden.

2. Other sources in the U.S. can provide important clues to the home parish of immigrant ancestors.

3. Determine year of emigration (this can be found in U.S. Census returns beginning in 1900). See United States Census

4. Search Swedish Emigration Databases and Indexes: “Emigranten Populär 2006” and “Emibas 2008”. Also consult emigrant passenger lists.

5. Search Swedish census records from 1860—1900.

6. Search Parish Register Indexes, Swedish Passport Journals and Swedish County Emigration Indexes.

7. Utilize the resources of Emigration Archives in Sweden

8. If your Swedish immigrants were members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), see artical Sweden: L.D.S. Church Record Sources for further guidance.

Further Reading

Johansson, Carl-Erik. Cradled in Sweden. Logan: Everton, 2002

Clemmensson, Per & Andersson, Kjell. Your Swedish Roots.Provo: Ancestry, 2004

Olsson, Nils William. Tracing Your Swedish Ancestry . New York, Swedish Information Services, 1985

Norman, Hans & Runblom, Harald. Amerika - emigrationen. Uddevalla, Bohusläningens AB, 1980

Clemmensson, Per & Andersson, Kjell. Emigrantforska!. Falköping, Gummessons Tryckeri AB, 1996

Sveriges Släktforskarförbund. Migration: Utvandrare och invandrare i gångna tider. Stockholm, Norstedts Tryckeri, 1992

Sveriges Radio & Ljungmark, Lars. Den stora utvandringen: Svensk emigration till USA 1840 - 1925. Stockholm, AB R. W. Statlander, 1965

Svenska Emigrantinstitut. Transatlantiska Rötter. Växsjö, TryckPartner AB, 1997



 

Need additional research help? Contact our research help specialists.

Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.


Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).

  • This page was last modified on 30 November 2012, at 23:56.
  • This page has been accessed 7,209 times.