Finding an Irish Ancestor Using Australian Records

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If your ancestor immigrated to Australia from Ireland, the following Australian records can give you clues about his or her origin in Ireland. Search these records for clues. Choose first the area where your ancestor lived, then the time when they lived there.<br>
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[[Ireland]]&nbsp;[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Ireland Emigration and Immigration]]
  
== Tasmania<br>  ==
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== Notes on Immigration<br>  ==
  
===== Convict records, 1788-1828<br>  =====
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The Irish did not immigrate to Australia in large groups or during specific time periods. They did immigrate individually or a&nbsp; few at a time. Irish were among the convicts who were shipped to New South Wales as early as 1788 and Tasmania in 1804. Some contain such details as the immigrant's birthplace; residence in Britain; education; mother's maiden name; and father's name, occupation, and residence. Passengers came unassisted, meaning they paid their own way. Others were assisted, meaning their passage was paid by the government or an individual. When their passage was paid, the debt had to be repaid.
  
===== Government births, deaths and marriages, XXXX-XXXX<br>  =====
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&nbsp;In Australia, immigration records are kept at state archives. Many pre-1900 immigration records are available in the Family History Library. See what their collection has by {{FHL|339121|subject-id|disp=clicking here}} . The library also has some {{FHL|554620|subject-id|disp=indexes}} .
  
Ask for place and date of birth, name of father and mother.<br>
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== How to Use This Page  ==
  
===== Cemetery records, after XXXX<br> =====
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Search each of the Web sites and sources listed under the state(s) where your ancestor lived. Look for clues pointing to a place of origin in Ireland. Each index and source covers a different time period. It's important to understand what's covered instead of assuming that every Web site and source is complete for every year and every name. Some links lead to articles about immigration.<br>  
  
May state date, place and county of birth.<br>
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== General  ==
  
===== Probate records, XXX to Present<br>  =====
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===== Databases  =====
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*[http://www.list.jaunay.com/ausnzpassengers/ AUSNZ Passengers]<br>  
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*[http://www.ajmorris.com/dig/web/autp.htm Australian Transport Records - National Library of Ireland 1791-1853]<br>
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*[http://www.slq.qld.gov.au/info/fh/convicts Convict Transportation Registers Database]<br>
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===== Sources =====
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*Coffey, Hubert W. and Marjorie J. Morgan. ''Irish Families in Australia and New Zealand, 1788-1978.'' 4 vols. (FHL {{FHL|131967|title-id|disp=book 994 D3c}}). <br>
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*O'Farrell, Patrick. ''The Irish in Australia.'' Kensington, New South Wales: New South Wales University Press, 1986; rev. 1993. (FHL {{FHL|648033|title-id|disp=book 994 F2opi 1993}}).
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*O'Farrell, Patrick. Letters from Irish Australia, 1825-1929. Sydney: New South Wales University Press, 1984. (FHL {{FHL|472146|title-id|disp=book 994 F2op}}).<br>
  
 
== New South Wales<br>  ==
 
== New South Wales<br>  ==
  
===== Cemetery records<br> =====
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===== Databases =====
  
===== Government births, deaths and marriages<br> =====
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.ie/topics/transportation/search01.html Ireland-Australia transportation database] includes not only convicts but convicts' families and free settlers. <br>
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*[http://srwww.records.nsw.gov.au/indexes/searchform.aspx?id=9 Assisted Immigrants, 1839-1896]<br>  
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*[http://srwww.records.nsw.gov.au/indexes/searchform.aspx?id=43 Index to the Unassisted Arrivals NSW 1842-1855]<br>
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*[http://www.hotkey.net.au/~jwilliams4/pass1.htm#NSW Passenger Indexes (various years and ports)] <br>
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*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~maddenps/GALWAYEM.htm Galway Emigrant Index 1828 - 1864]
  
===== Convict records<br> =====
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===== Sources =====
  
===== Church records =====
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*[[Finding an Irish Ancestor Using Australian Records|Irish Convicts to NSW 1788 - 1849]]<br>
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*[http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/state-archives/resources-for/family-historians/births-deaths-and-marriages/births-deaths-marriages Births, deaths and marriages]<br>
  
Name of parents, place of birth
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== Tasmania<br>  ==
  
===== Newspapers =====
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===== Databases<br> =====
  
== South Australia<br> ==
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*[http://portal.archives.tas.gov.au/menu.aspx?search=91 Index to passengers &amp; ships arrivals - 19th Century]<br>  
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*[http://portal.archives.tas.gov.au/menu.aspx?search=11 Index to Tasmanian Convicts, 1804-1853]<br>
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*[http://www.hotkey.net.au/~jwilliams4/pass1.htm#TAS Passenger lists, 1827-1862 (various ports)]
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*[http://www.hotkey.net.au/~jwilliams4/pass31.htm Tasmania 1831 Passenger Lists]<br>
  
==== Church records<br>  ====
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===== Sources<br>  =====
  
Marriage records may record names of parents or place of birth.<br>  
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Naturalisation records may state a place of birth. Search an [http://portal.archives.tas.gov.au/menu.aspx?search=6 Index to Naturalisations 1835-1905].<br>  
  
Government births, deaths and marriages<br>  
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[[Australia Civil Registration- Vital Records|Marriage certificates]] starting 1 December 1838 show the age and birthplace of groom and bride; and the names of parents and father's occupation. This information was not compulsory until 1896 but can be there before this date.<br>  
  
Cemetery records<br>  
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== South Australia<br> ==
  
Newspapers<br>
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===== Databases  =====
  
Probate Records<br>  
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[http://www.irishfaminememorial.org/orphans/ships_sa.htm Famine Orphan Girl Ships to Australia]<br>
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===== Sources<br>  =====
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[http://143.216.32.39/archivessrsa/t1tbmain.asp?MainURL=t1tbdui.asp&FunctionName=$SASABKWDSCH Passenger Lists ]in the State Archives of South Australia.<br>  
  
 
== Queensland<br>  ==
 
== Queensland<br>  ==
  
Government Birth, Marriage and Death records<br>
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===== Databases  =====
  
== Victoria  ==
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*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~maddenps/GALWAYEM.htm Galway Emigrant Index 1828 - 1864]
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== Victoria<br> ==
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===== Databases  =====
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*[http://proarchives.imagineering.com.au/index_search.asp?searchid=24 Index to Assisted British Immigration 1839-1871]<br>
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*[http://www.macbeth.com.au/indexes/assimmsearch.html Assisted Immigration to Victoria 1836 to 1879 Ships]<br>
  
 
== Western Australia  ==
 
== Western Australia  ==
  
== Northern Territory<br> ==
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===== Databases =====
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*[http://members.iinet.net.au/~perthdps/convicts/con-wa.html Convicts to Western Australia] has information and links to several databases.
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<br>
  
<br>
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[[Category:Australia]] [[Category:New_South_Wales]] [[Category:Queensland]] [[Category:South_Australia]] [[Category:Tasmania]] [[Category:Victoria]] [[Category:Western_Australia]]

Revision as of 21:49, 4 August 2012

Ireland Gotoarrow.png Ireland Emigration and Immigration

Contents

Notes on Immigration

The Irish did not immigrate to Australia in large groups or during specific time periods. They did immigrate individually or a  few at a time. Irish were among the convicts who were shipped to New South Wales as early as 1788 and Tasmania in 1804. Some contain such details as the immigrant's birthplace; residence in Britain; education; mother's maiden name; and father's name, occupation, and residence. Passengers came unassisted, meaning they paid their own way. Others were assisted, meaning their passage was paid by the government or an individual. When their passage was paid, the debt had to be repaid.

 In Australia, immigration records are kept at state archives. Many pre-1900 immigration records are available in the Family History Library. See what their collection has by clicking here . The library also has some indexes .

How to Use This Page

Search each of the Web sites and sources listed under the state(s) where your ancestor lived. Look for clues pointing to a place of origin in Ireland. Each index and source covers a different time period. It's important to understand what's covered instead of assuming that every Web site and source is complete for every year and every name. Some links lead to articles about immigration.

General

Databases
Sources
  • Coffey, Hubert W. and Marjorie J. Morgan. Irish Families in Australia and New Zealand, 1788-1978. 4 vols. (FHL book 994 D3c).
  • O'Farrell, Patrick. The Irish in Australia. Kensington, New South Wales: New South Wales University Press, 1986; rev. 1993. (FHL book 994 F2opi 1993).
  • O'Farrell, Patrick. Letters from Irish Australia, 1825-1929. Sydney: New South Wales University Press, 1984. (FHL book 994 F2op).

New South Wales

Databases
Sources

Tasmania

Databases
Sources

Naturalisation records may state a place of birth. Search an Index to Naturalisations 1835-1905.

Marriage certificates starting 1 December 1838 show the age and birthplace of groom and bride; and the names of parents and father's occupation. This information was not compulsory until 1896 but can be there before this date.

South Australia

Databases

Famine Orphan Girl Ships to Australia

Sources

Passenger Lists in the State Archives of South Australia.

Queensland

Databases

Victoria

Databases

Western Australia

Databases