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This list contains Finnish words with their English translations. The words included here are those that you are likely to find in genealogical sources. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Finnish-English dictionary (see the "Additional Resources" section below).
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Back to [[Finland]]►
  
Finnish is related to Estonian and distantly related to Hungarian. It is not related to other European languages. The official languages of Finland are Finnish and Swedish. Until the end of the 1800s, records were kept in Swedish. For help reading those records, see the Swedish Genealogical Word List(31028). Some Latin phrases also appear in older Finnish parish registers. For help, use the Latin Genealogical Word List (34077).  
+
Finnish is related to Estonian and distantly related to Hungarian. It is not related to other European languages. The official languages of Finland are Finnish and Swedish. Until the end of the 1800s, records were kept in Swedish. For help reading those records, see the [[Swedish Genealogical Word List|Swedish Genealogical Word List]]. Some Latin phrases also appear in older Finnish parish registers. For help, use the [[Latin Genealogical Word List|Latin Genealogical Word List]].  
  
=== LANGUAGE CHARACTERISTICS  ===
+
This list contains Finnish words with their English translations. The words included here are those that you are likely to find in genealogical sources. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Finnish-English dictionary (see the "Additional Resources" section at the bottom of this page).
  
<br>Variant Forms of Words
+
If you would like to learn more about the language characteristics see the article [[Finnish Language Characteristics|Finnish Language Characteristics]].
  
In Finnish, as in English, the forms of some words will vary according to how they are used in a sentence. Who—whose—whom or marry—marries—married are examples of words in English with variant forms.
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==== Alphabetical Order ====
 
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As you read Finnish records, be aware that the endings of most words vary with usage. One word in Finnish often translates into English as two or more words. For example, talo (house) changes to talossa (in the house).
+
 
+
Plurals. Finnish indicates the plural of a word in two ways:
+
 
+
    * The letter t is added to nouns that have no other endings. For example, talo (house) becomes talot(houses).
+
  * The letter i is added if the noun has another ending. For example, talossa (in the house) becomes taloissa (in the houses).
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Possessives. In addition to or instead of using words like my and theirs, Finnish adds endings to words to show possession. If a word already has another ending on it, the possessive ending appears at the end of the word. For example, see how possessives change the words talo (house) and talossa (in the house):
+
 
+
    his house hänen talonsa
+
  in his house hänen talossansa
+
 
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See Table 1 for a more complete description of possessives.
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Prepositions and postpositions. In English, words like in, on, with, before, and after are prepositions. They come before a noun. For example, in the house.
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Depending on the various grammar rules, Finnish prepositions may appear in one of three ways:
+
 
+
    * They may come before the noun. For example, ennen sotaa (before the war).
+
  * They may come after the noun. (In this case, it is called a postposition.) For example, sodan jälkeen(after the war).
+
  * They may be added to the noun. For example Helsinki becomes Helsinkiin (into Helsinki). Table 2, on the next page, contains other examples.
+
 
+
Word endings. Endings are also added to words for other grammatical purposes. See Tables 1 and 3 for other examples.
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Table 1. Possessive Endings
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+
Possessive and Ending Meaning Examples: talo (house), talossa (in the house) Translation minun, -ni my talo&nbsp;» minun talonitalo&nbsp;» minun talossani house&nbsp;» my househouse&nbsp;» in my house sinun-, si your (singular) talo&nbsp;» sinun talositalo&nbsp;» sinun talossasi house&nbsp;» your househouse&nbsp;» in your house hänen, -nsa, -nsä or double vowel + n his, her talo&nbsp;» hänen talonsatalo&nbsp;» hänen talossansatalo&nbsp;» hänen talossaan house&nbsp;» his (her) househouse&nbsp;» in his (her) househouse&nbsp;» in his (her) house meidän -mme our talo&nbsp;» meidän talommetalo&nbsp;» meidän talossamme house&nbsp;» our househouse&nbsp;» in our house teidän, -nne your (plural) talo&nbsp;» teidän talonnetalo&nbsp;» teidän talossanne house&nbsp;» your househouse&nbsp;» in your house heidän, -nsa, -nsä or double vowel + n their talo&nbsp;» heidän talonsa talo&nbsp;» heidän talossansatalo&nbsp;» heidän talossaan house&nbsp;» their househouse&nbsp;» in their househouse&nbsp;» in their house
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Table 2. Prepositional Endings on Nouns
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Ending Basic Meaning Example Translation -a, -ä, -ta, -t of, some suku&nbsp;» sukua family&nbsp;» of a family -in by means of, with oma käsi&nbsp;» omin ksin one’s own hands&nbsp;» with one’s own hands -ine + a possessive ending (see Table 1) together with lapsi&nbsp;» lapsinensa or lapsineen child&nbsp;» together with his (her or their) children -ksi changed into, become vaimo&nbsp;» otti vaimoksi wife&nbsp;» took for a wife or became a wife -lla, -llä at, by, in Tampere&nbsp;» Tampereella Tampere&nbsp;» in (at) Tampere -lle to Tampere&nbsp;» Tampereelle Tampere&nbsp;» to Tampere -lta, -ltä from Tampere&nbsp;» Tampereelta Tampere&nbsp;» from Tampere -n of talo&nbsp;» talon väki house&nbsp;» people of the house -na, -nä as lapsi&nbsp;» lapsena child&nbsp;» as a child -ssa, -ssä in Helsinki&nbsp;» Helsingissä Helsinki&nbsp;» in Helsinki double vowel + n into Helsinki&nbsp;» Helsinkiin Helsinki&nbsp;» into Helsinki -sta, -stä from Helsinki&nbsp;» Helsingistä Helsinki&nbsp;» from Helsinki
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+
Table 3. Other Word Endings
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Ending Basic Meaning Example Translation -t forms a plural talo&nbsp;» talot house&nbsp;» houses -ko, -k indicates a question Helsingissä&nbsp;» Helsingissäkö in Helsinki&nbsp;» in Helsinki? -ton without, -less, un- lapsi&nbsp;» lapseton child&nbsp;» childless -tta, -ttä (on verbs) without nähdä&nbsp;» näkemätt to see&nbsp;» without seeing -n, -t shows a direct object talo&nbsp;» näen talon talo&nbsp;» näen talot house&nbsp;» I see the house house&nbsp;» I see the houses
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Ending: -lla, -ll followed by a form of the verb olla (to be): on, ei ole, oli, ei ollut, on ollut, or ei ole ollut Basic Meaning: shows possession or ownership (to have)
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<br>
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Example Translation
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Anna&nbsp;» Annalla on Anna&nbsp;» Anna has Anna Toivonen&nbsp;» Anna Toivosella oli Anna Toivonen&nbsp;» Anna Toivonen had minä&nbsp;» minulla on ollut I&nbsp;» I have had sinä&nbsp;» sinulla oli you (singular)&nbsp;» you had hän&nbsp;» hänellä oli he/she&nbsp;» he/she had me&nbsp;» meillä ei ole ollut we&nbsp;» we have not had te&nbsp;» teillä on you (plural)&nbsp;» you have he&nbsp;» heillä ei ole they&nbsp;» they do not have
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+
<br>Spelling Changes
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When an ending is added to a word, the consonants within that word may also change. Consider the following examples:
+
 
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Letters that Change Examples
+
  ht to hd lahti to lahden
+
  k to (nothing) Ilmajoki to Ilmajoen
+
  kk to k kirkko to kirkon
+
  lt to ll ilta to illan
+
  mp to mm lampi to lammen
+
  n to s Heinonen to Heinosen
+
  nk to ng Helsinki to Helsingin
+
  nt to nn isäntä to isännn
+
  p to v orpo to orvon
+
  pp to p pappi to papin
+
  rk to r Turku to Turun
+
  rt to rr virta to virran
+
  s to d or t uusi to uuden, uuteen
+
  tt to t tyttö to tytön
+
  uku to uvu suku to suvun
+
  vowel+t to vowel+d iti to idin
+
 
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<br>Alphabetical Order  
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Written Finnish uses three letters in addition to the twenty-six letters used in the English alphabet: ä, ö, and for Swedish names, å. Finnish dictionaries and indexes, this word list, and the Locality Search of the Family History Library CatalogLook this term up in the glossary. all use the following alphabetical order:  
 
Written Finnish uses three letters in addition to the twenty-six letters used in the English alphabet: ä, ö, and for Swedish names, å. Finnish dictionaries and indexes, this word list, and the Locality Search of the Family History Library CatalogLook this term up in the glossary. all use the following alphabetical order:  
  
    a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z å ä ö
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a&nbsp;&nbsp; b&nbsp;&nbsp; c&nbsp;&nbsp; d&nbsp;&nbsp; e&nbsp; &nbsp;f&nbsp;&nbsp; g&nbsp;&nbsp; h&nbsp; &nbsp;i&nbsp; &nbsp;j&nbsp;&nbsp; k&nbsp; &nbsp;l&nbsp;&nbsp; m&nbsp;&nbsp; n&nbsp;&nbsp; o&nbsp;&nbsp; p&nbsp; &nbsp;q&nbsp;&nbsp; r&nbsp;&nbsp; s&nbsp;&nbsp; t&nbsp;&nbsp; u&nbsp;&nbsp; v&nbsp; &nbsp;w&nbsp;&nbsp; x&nbsp; &nbsp;y&nbsp;&nbsp; z&nbsp; &nbsp;å&nbsp;&nbsp; ä&nbsp;&nbsp;ö  
+
  
 
The letters v and w are frequently alphabetized as the same letter.  
 
The letters v and w are frequently alphabetized as the same letter.  
  
Finnish Genealogical Word List
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<br>  
 
+
<br>Table of Contents Language Characteristics Additional Resources Key Words General Word List
+
 
+
Ä Numbers Dates
+
  
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
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==== Key Words  ====
 
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This word list includes only the words most commonly found in genealogical sources. For more help, use a Finnish-English dictionary. Several such dictionaries are available at the Family History LibraryLook this term up in the glossary. in the Scandinavia collection. Their call numbers begin with 494.541321. The following dictionary is also available on microfilmLook this term up in the glossary. for use in Family History CentersLook this term up in the glossary.:
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Alanne, V. S. Suomalais-englantilainen suursanakirja [Great Finnish-English Dictionary]. 3rd ed. Porvoo: Werner Söderström Osakeyhtiö, 1968. (FHL film 1224706 item 3.)
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+
Additional dictionaries are listed in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog under FINNISH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES or in the Locality Search under FINLAND - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES - DICTIONARIES.
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<br>Return to top of page
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<br>KEY WORDS
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To find and use specific types of Finnish records, you will need to know some key words in Finnish. This section gives key genealogical terms in English and the Finnish words with the same or similar meanings.  
 
To find and use specific types of Finnish records, you will need to know some key words in Finnish. This section gives key genealogical terms in English and the Finnish words with the same or similar meanings.  
Line 106: Line 23:
 
For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriages. In the second column you will find Finnish words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined,and other words used in Finnish records to indicate marriage.  
 
For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriages. In the second column you will find Finnish words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined,and other words used in Finnish records to indicate marriage.  
  
    English Finnish
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{|
  banns kuulutetut
+
|-
  baptism kastetut, kaste-, ristimä-
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| '''English'''
  births syntyneet, synty-
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| '''Finnish'''
  burials haudatut, hauta-, hauda-
+
|-
  child lapsi
+
| Banns
  christenings (See baptism.)
+
| kuulutetut
  confirmations rippilapset, ripille päässeet
+
|-
  deaths kuolleet, kuoli-
+
| baptism  
  father isä
+
| kastetut, kaste-, ristimä-
  husband mies, aviomies
+
|-
  marriages vihityt, vihki-, naim-, avio-
+
| births  
  month kuukausi, kuu
+
| syntyneet, synty-
  mother äiti
+
|-
  name (given name) nimi, etunimi, kastenimi, ristimänimi
+
| burials  
  name (surname) (suku)nimi
+
| haudatut, hauta-, hauda-
  parents vanhemmat
+
|-
  parishs seurakunta, kunta
+
| child  
  wife vaimo, aviovaimo
+
| lapsi
  year vuosi, vuoden, vuonna
+
|-
 
+
| christenings  
<br>Finnish Genealogical Word List
+
| see baptism
 
+
|-
<br>Table of Contents Language Characteristics Additional Resources Key Words General Word List
+
| confirmations  
 
+
| rippilapset, ripille päässeet
Ä Numbers Dates
+
|-
 +
| deaths  
 +
| kuolleet, kuoli-
 +
|-
 +
| father  
 +
| isä
 +
|-
 +
| husband  
 +
| mies, aviomies
 +
|-
 +
| marriages  
 +
| vihityt, vihki-, naim-, avio-
 +
|-
 +
| month  
 +
| kuukausi, kuu
 +
|-
 +
| mother  
 +
| äiti
 +
|-
 +
| name (given name)  
 +
| nimi, etunimi, kastenimi, ristimänimi
 +
|-
 +
| name (surname)  
 +
| (suku)nimi
 +
|-
 +
| parents  
 +
| vanhemmat parishs seurakunta, kunta
 +
|-
 +
| wife  
 +
| vaimo, aviovaimo year vuosi, vuoden, vuonna
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|}
  
GENERAL WORD LIST
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=== General Word List  ===
  
 
This general word list includes words commonly seen in genealogical sources. Numbers, months, and days of the week are listed both here and in separate sections that follow this list.  
 
This general word list includes words commonly seen in genealogical sources. Numbers, months, and days of the week are listed both here and in separate sections that follow this list.  
  
In this list, optional versions of Finnish words or variable endings are given in parentheses. Parentheses in the English column clarify the meaning.  
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In this list, optional versions of Finnish words or variable endings are given in parentheses. Parentheses in the English column clarify the meaning.<br>
  
<br>Return to top of page
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{|
 
+
{|  
+
| aamu ||morning
+
 
|-
 
|-
| aamulla ||in the morning
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| '''A'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| aamupäivä ||forenoon
+
| aamu
 +
|  
 +
| morning
 
|-
 
|-
| aateli(nen) ||noble
+
| aamulla
 +
|  
 +
| in the morning
 
|-
 
|-
| aatelisto ||nobility
+
| aamupäivä
 +
|  
 +
| forenoon
 
|-
 
|-
| aatto ||eve
+
| aateli(nen)
 +
|  
 +
| noble
 
|-
 
|-
| aika ||time, date
+
| aatelisto
 +
|  
 +
| nobility
 
|-
 
|-
| aikainen ||early, (a.m.)
+
| aatto
 +
|  
 +
| eve
 
|-
 
|-
| aikaisempi ||earlier
+
| aika
 +
|  
 +
| time, date
 
|-
 
|-
| aikakauskirja ||periodical
+
| aikainen
 +
|  
 +
| early, (a.m.)
 
|-
 
|-
| aikanaan ||in due time
+
| aikaisempi
 +
|  
 +
| earlier
 
|-
 
|-
| aina ||always
+
| aikakauskirja
 +
|  
 +
| periodical
 
|-
 
|-
| ainoa ||only
+
| aikanaan
 +
|  
 +
| in due time
 
|-
 
|-
| aivokuume ||encephalitis, inflammation of the brain
+
| aina
 +
|  
 +
| always
 
|-
 
|-
| aivotärähdys ||concussion
+
| ainoa
 +
|  
 +
| only
 
|-
 
|-
| ajaja ||coachman
+
| aivokuume
 +
|  
 +
| encephalitis, inflammation of the brain
 
|-
 
|-
| ajomies ||coachman
+
| aivotärähdys
 +
|  
 +
| concussion
 
|-
 
|-
| ala, ali ||low(er), under
+
| ajaja
 +
|  
 +
| coachman
 
|-
 
|-
| alaikäinen ||minor, underaged
+
| ajomies
 +
|  
 +
| coachman
 
|-
 
|-
| alla ||under  
+
| ala, ali
 +
|  
 +
| low(er), under
 
|-
 
|-
| allekirjoittanut ||undersigned
+
| alaikäinen
 +
|  
 +
| minor, underaged
 
|-
 
|-
| alue ||region, district
+
| alla
 +
|  
 +
| under
 
|-
 
|-
| alus ||ship
+
| allekirjoittanut
 +
|  
 +
| undersigned
 
|-
 
|-
| ammatti ||profession, occupation
+
| alue
 +
|  
 +
| region, district
 
|-
 
|-
| annettu ||given
+
| alus
 +
|  
 +
| ship
 
|-
 
|-
| anoppi ||mother-in-law
+
| ammatti
 +
|  
 +
| profession, occupation
 
|-
 
|-
| appi ||father-in-law
+
| annettu
 +
|  
 +
| given
 
|-
 
|-
| appivanhemmat ||parents-in-law  
+
| anoppi
 +
|  
 +
| mother-in-law
 
|-
 
|-
| apteekkari ||pharmacist, druggist
+
| appi
 +
|  
 +
| father-in-law
 
|-
 
|-
| arkisto ||archive
+
| appivanhemmat
 +
|  
 +
| parents-in-law
 
|-
 
|-
| arkistoluettelo ||archive list
+
| apteekkari
 +
|  
 +
| pharmacist, druggist
 
|-
 
|-
| arvo ||title, rank, status
+
| arkisto
 +
|  
 +
| archive
 
|-
 
|-
| asema ||station, class, standing
+
| arkistoluettelo
 +
|  
 +
| archive list
 
|-
 
|-
| asevelvollinen ||conscript soldier
+
| arvo
 +
|  
 +
| title, rank, status
 
|-
 
|-
| asiakirja ||document, record
+
| asema
 +
|  
 +
| station, class, standing
 
|-
 
|-
| asua ||live, reside
+
| asevelvollinen
 +
|  
 +
| conscript soldier
 
|-
 
|-
| asuinpaikka ||place of residence
+
| asiakirja
 +
|  
 +
| document, record
 
|-
 
|-
| asukas ||inhabitant, resident, lodger
+
| asua
 +
|  
 +
| live, reside
 
|-
 
|-
| asunto ||residence  
+
| asuinpaikka
 +
|  
 +
| place of residence
 
|-
 
|-
| asutuksen yleisluettelo ||general register of inhabitants
+
| asukas
 +
|  
 +
| inhabitant, resident, lodger
 
|-
 
|-
| a.u. ||illegitimate
+
| asunto
 +
|  
 +
| residence
 
|-
 
|-
| aukko ||gap (missing records)
+
| asutuksen yleisluettelo
 +
|  
 +
| general register of inhabitants
 
|-
 
|-
| autio ||uninhabited
+
| a.u.
 +
|  
 +
| illegitimate
 
|-
 
|-
| avioero ||divorce
+
| aukko
 +
|  
 +
| gap (missing records)
 
|-
 
|-
| avioliiton ulkopuolella ||illegitimate, out of wedlock
+
| autio
 +
|  
 +
| uninhabited
 
|-
 
|-
| avioliitto ||marriage
+
| avioero
 +
|  
 +
| divorce
 
|-
 
|-
| avioliittoasiakirjat ||marriage documents
+
| avioliiton ulkopuolella
 +
|  
 +
| illegitimate, out of wedlock
 
|-
 
|-
| aviomies ||husband
+
| avioliitto
 +
|  
 +
| marriage
 
|-
 
|-
| avionrikkoja ||adulterer
+
| avioliittoasiakirjat
 +
|  
 +
| marriage documents
 
|-
 
|-
| aviopari ||married couple
+
| aviomies
 +
|  
 +
| husband
 
|-
 
|-
| aviopuoliso ||spouse
+
| avionrikkoja
 +
|  
 +
| adulterer
 
|-
 
|-
| avioton ||unmarried, illegitimate
+
| aviopari
 +
|  
 +
| married couple
 
|-
 
|-
| aviovaimo ||wife
+
| aviopuoliso
 +
|  
 +
| spouse
 
|-
 
|-
| D||
+
| avioton
 +
|  
 +
| unmarried, illegitimate
 
|-
 
|-
| deltiseppä ||tinner, tinsmith
+
| aviovaimo
 +
|  
 +
| wife
 
|-
 
|-
| E||
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| edellinen ||former, preceding, previous
+
| '''D'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| edellämainittu ||above mentioned
+
| deltiseppä
 +
|  
 +
| tinner, tinsmith
 
|-
 
|-
| edesmennyt ||deceased (adjective)
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| edessä ||in front of
+
| '''E'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| Eesti ||Estonia
+
| edellinen
 +
|  
 +
| former, preceding, previous
 
|-
 
|-
| eestilänen ||Estonian
+
| edellämainittu
 +
|  
 +
| above mentioned
 
|-
 
|-
| ehkä ||perhaps
+
| edesmennyt
 +
|  
 +
| deceased (adjective)
 
|-
 
|-
| ehtoo ||evening, eve
+
| edessä
 +
|  
 +
| in front of
 
|-
 
|-
| ei ||no, not
+
| Eesti
 +
|  
 +
| Estonia
 
|-
 
|-
| ei koskaan ||never
+
| eestilänen
 +
|  
 +
| Estonian
 
|-
 
|-
| eilen ||yesterday
+
| ehkä
 +
|  
 +
| perhaps
 
|-
 
|-
| eimitään ||nothing
+
| ehtoo
 +
|  
 +
| evening, eve
 
|-
 
|-
| ei vielä ||not yet
+
| ei  
 +
|  
 +
| no, not
 
|-
 
|-
| ekäkkeellä oleva ||pensioned, retired
+
| ei koskaan
 +
|  
 +
| never
 
|-
 
|-
| eli ||lived, or
+
| eilen
 +
|  
 +
| yesterday
 
|-
 
|-
| elokuu ||August
+
| eimitään
 +
|  
 +
| nothing
 
|-
 
|-
| eloonjäänyt ||surviving, survivor
+
| ei vielä
 +
|  
 +
| not yet
 
|-
 
|-
| elossa ||alive
+
| ekäkkeellä oleva
 +
|  
 +
| pensioned, retired
 
|-
 
|-
| eläke ||pension
+
| eli
 +
|  
 +
| lived, or
 
|-
 
|-
| eläkeläinen ||pensioned person
+
| elokuu
 +
|  
 +
| August
 
|-
 
|-
| elämäkerta ||biography
+
| eloonjäänyt
 +
|  
 +
| surviving, survivor
 
|-
 
|-
| elää ||to live, living, alive  
+
| elossa
 +
|  
 +
| alive
 
|-
 
|-
| ennen ||before
+
| eläke
 +
|  
 +
| pension
 
|-
 
|-
| eno ||uncle (maternal)
+
| eläkeläinen
 +
|  
 +
| pensioned person
 
|-
 
|-
| ensimmäinen ||first
+
| elämäkerta
 +
|  
 +
| biography
 
|-
 
|-
| ent. (entinen) ||former, previous
+
| elää
 +
|  
 +
| to live, living, alive
 
|-
 
|-
| erikoistuomioistuimia ||special court records
+
| ennen
 +
|  
 +
| before
 
|-
 
|-
| erilainen ||various
+
| eno
 +
|  
 +
| uncle (maternal)
 
|-
 
|-
| ero(nnut) ||divorce(d)
+
| ensimmäinen
 +
|  
 +
| first
 
|-
 
|-
| erotettu (kirkosta) ||excommunicated (from the church)
+
| ent. (entinen)  
 +
|  
 +
| former, previous
 
|-
 
|-
| esi-isä ||ancestor
+
| erikoistuomioistuimia
 +
|  
 +
| special court records
 
|-
 
|-
| esikoinen ||firstborn
+
| erilainen
 +
|  
 +
| various
 
|-
 
|-
| esivanhemmat ||ancestors
+
| ero(nnut)
 +
|  
 +
| divorce(d)
 
|-
 
|-
| esteettömyystodistukset ||certificates attesting freedom from liability
+
| erotettu (kirkosta)
 +
|  
 +
| excommunicated (from the church)
 
|-
 
|-
| esteetön ||free of liability, unhindered (to travel, marry, etc.)
+
| esi-isä
 +
|  
 +
| ancestor
 
|-
 
|-
| etelä ||south
+
| esikoinen
 +
|  
 +
| firstborn
 
|-
 
|-
| että ||that
+
| esivanhemmat
 +
|  
 +
| ancestors
 
|-
 
|-
| etunimi ||given name
+
| esteettömyystodistukset
 +
|  
 +
| certificates attesting freedom from liability
 
|-
 
|-
| F||
+
| esteetön
 +
|  
 +
| free of liability, unhindered (to travel, marry, etc.)
 
|-
 
|-
| folio ||page
+
| etelä
 +
|  
 +
| south
 
|-
 
|-
| H||
+
| että
 +
|  
 +
| that
 
|-
 
|-
| hakemisto ||register, index
+
| etunimi
 +
|  
 +
| given name
 
|-
 
|-
| hallitus ||government, administration
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| halvaus ||stroke, paralysis
+
| '''F'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| hampaiden puhkeaminen ||teething
+
| folio
 +
|  
 +
| page
 
|-
 
|-
| harjoittelija ||apprentice
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| hattumaakari ||hatmaker
+
| '''H'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| hatuntekijä ||hatmaker
+
| hakemisto
 +
|  
 +
| register, index
 
|-
 
|-
| hauda(ta) (-ttu) ||bury, buried
+
| hallitus
 +
|  
 +
| government, administration
 
|-
 
|-
| hauraus ||weakness of old age
+
| halvaus
 +
|  
 +
| stroke, paralysis
 
|-
 
|-
| hauta ||grave
+
| hampaiden puhkeaminen
 +
|  
 +
| teething
 
|-
 
|-
| hautajaiset ||funeral
+
| harjoittelija
 +
|  
 +
| apprentice
 
|-
 
|-
| hautaus(toimitus) ||funeral
+
| hattumaakari
 +
|  
 +
| hatmaker
 
|-
 
|-
| hautausmaa ||cemetery
+
| hatuntekijä
 +
|  
 +
| hatmaker
 
|-
 
|-
| he ||they
+
| hauda(ta) (-ttu)
 +
|  
 +
| bury, buried
 
|-
 
|-
| heidän ||their, theirs
+
| hauraus
 +
|  
 +
| weakness of old age
 
|-
 
|-
| heikkous ||weakness (of old age)
+
| hauta
 +
|  
 +
| grave
 
|-
 
|-
| heimo ||tribe, clan, family
+
| hautajaiset
 +
|  
 +
| funeral
 
|-
 
|-
| heinäkuu ||July
+
| hautaus(toimitus)
 +
|  
 +
| funeral
 
|-
 
|-
| helmikuu ||February
+
| hautausmaa
 +
|  
 +
| cemetery
 
|-
 
|-
| hengenahdistus ||shortness of breath
+
| he
 +
|  
 +
| they
 
|-
 
|-
| henkikirja ||tax list, census
+
| heidän
 +
|  
 +
| their, theirs
 
|-
 
|-
| henkikirjoitus ||census
+
| heikkous
 +
|  
 +
| weakness (of old age)
 
|-
 
|-
| henkilö ||person
+
| heimo
 +
|  
 +
| tribe, clan, family
 
|-
 
|-
| henkilöhakemisto ||name index
+
| heinäkuu
 +
|  
 +
| July
 
|-
 
|-
| henkilötiedot ||personal data
+
| helmikuu
 +
|  
 +
| February
 
|-
 
|-
| herra ||Mr., sir
+
| hengenahdistus
 +
|  
 +
| shortness of breath
 
|-
 
|-
| Herran ehtoollinen ||communion
+
| henkikirja
 +
|  
 +
| tax list, census
 
|-
 
|-
| herrasväki ||gentry, Mr. and Mrs.
+
| henkikirjoitus
 +
|  
 +
| census
 
|-
 
|-
| herttua ||duke
+
| henkilö
 +
|  
 +
| person
 
|-
 
|-
| herttuakunta ||duchy
+
| henkilöhakemisto
 +
|  
 +
| name index
 
|-
 
|-
| herttuatar ||duchess
+
| henkilötiedot
 +
|  
 +
| personal data
 
|-
 
|-
| heti ||right away, immediately
+
| herra
 +
|  
 +
| Mr., sir
 
|-
 
|-
| hiippakunta ||diocese
+
| Herran ehtoollinen
 +
|  
 +
| communion
 
|-
 
|-
| hinkuyskä ||whooping cough
+
| herrasväki
 +
|  
 +
| gentry, Mr. and Mrs.
 
|-
 
|-
| historia ||history
+
| herttua
 +
|  
 +
| duke
 
|-
 
|-
| historiakirjat ||births, marriages, and deaths
+
| herttuakunta
 +
|  
 +
| duchy
 
|-
 
|-
| holhokki ||minor person under legal guardianship
+
| herttuatar
 +
|  
 +
| duchess
 
|-
 
|-
| holhooja ||guardian
+
| heti
 +
|  
 +
| right away, immediately
 
|-
 
|-
| holhous ||guardianship
+
| hiippakunta
 +
|  
 +
| diocese
 
|-
 
|-
| hopeaseppä ||silversmith
+
| hinkuyskä
 +
|  
 +
| whooping cough
 
|-
 
|-
| hovioikeus ||court of appeals
+
| historia
 +
|  
 +
| history
 
|-
 
|-
| huatajaiset ||burial
+
| historiakirjat
 +
|  
 +
| births, marriages, and deaths
 
|-
 
|-
| huhtikuu ||April
+
| holhokki
 +
|  
 +
| minor person under legal guardianship
 
|-
 
|-
| hukkunut ||drowned, lost
+
| holhooja
 +
|  
 +
| guardian
 
|-
 
|-
| huomautuksia ||remarks
+
| holhous
 +
|  
 +
| guardianship
 
|-
 
|-
| huomautus ||remark
+
| hopeaseppä
 +
|  
 +
| silversmith
 
|-
 
|-
| huomenna ||tomorrow
+
| hovioikeus
 +
|  
 +
| court of appeals
 
|-
 
|-
| huonekalupuuseppä ||cabinetmaker, furniture maker
+
| huatajaiset
 +
|  
 +
| burial
 
|-
 
|-
| huora ||whore
+
| huhtikuu
 +
|  
 +
| April
 
|-
 
|-
| husaari ||light cavalryman
+
| hukkunut
 +
|  
 +
| drowned, lost
 
|-
 
|-
| huutolainen ||pauper receiving his sustenance from the parish
+
| huomautuksia
 +
|  
 +
| remarks
 
|-
 
|-
| huutolaislapsi ||pauper child receiving his sustenance from the parish
+
| huomautus
 +
|  
 +
| remark
 
|-
 
|-
| hyvä ||good
+
| huomenna
 +
|  
 +
| tomorrow
 
|-
 
|-
| hän ||he, she
+
| huonekalupuuseppä
 +
|  
 +
| cabinetmaker, furniture maker
 
|-
 
|-
| hänen ||his, her, hers
+
| huora
 +
|  
 +
| whore
 
|-
 
|-
| hätäkaste ||emergency baptism
+
| husaari
 +
|  
 +
| light cavalryman
 
|-
 
|-
| hääpäivä ||wedding day, date
+
| huutolainen
 +
|  
 +
| pauper receiving his sustenance from the parish
 
|-
 
|-
| häät ||
+
| huutolaislapsi
 +
|  
 +
| pauper child receiving his sustenance from the parish
 
|-
 
|-
| I||
+
| hyvä
 +
|  
 +
| good
 
|-
 
|-
| ikä ||age
+
| hän
 +
|  
 +
| he, she
 
|-
 
|-
| ikäkirjat ||church census
+
| hänen
 +
|  
 +
| his, her, hers
 
|-
 
|-
| illalla ||in the evening
+
| hätäkaste
 +
|  
 +
| emergency baptism
 
|-
 
|-
| ilman ||without
+
| hääpäivä
 +
|  
 +
| wedding day, date
 
|-
 
|-
| ilmoittaa ||to declare
+
| häät
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| ilta ||evening
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| iltapäivä ||afternoon
+
| '''I'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| iltapäivällä ||in the afternoon
+
| ikä
 +
|  
 +
| age
 
|-
 
|-
| inventaario ||inventory
+
| ikäkirjat
 +
|  
 +
| church census
 
|-
 
|-
| irtolainen ||vagabond
+
| illalla
 +
|  
 +
| in the evening
 
|-
 
|-
| iso ||large, big, great
+
| ilman
 +
|  
 +
| without
 
|-
 
|-
| iso-iso-isä ||great-grandfather
+
| ilmoittaa
 +
|  
 +
| to declare
 
|-
 
|-
| iso-iso-äiti ||great-grandmother
+
| ilta
 +
|  
 +
| evening
 
|-
 
|-
| isoisä ||grandfather
+
| iltapäivä
 +
|  
 +
| afternoon
 
|-
 
|-
| isorokko ||smallpox
+
| iltapäivällä
 +
|  
 +
| in the afternoon
 
|-
 
|-
| isovanhemmat ||grandparents
+
| inventaario
 +
|  
 +
| inventory
 
|-
 
|-
| isoäiti ||grandmother
+
| irtolainen
 +
|  
 +
| vagabond
 
|-
 
|-
| isä ||father
+
| iso
 +
|  
 +
| large, big, great
 
|-
 
|-
| isänisä ||grandfather (paternal)
+
| iso-iso-isä
 +
|  
 +
| great-grandfather
 
|-
 
|-
| isäntä ||proprietor, host, landlord, farmer
+
| iso-iso-äiti
 +
|  
 +
| great-grandmother
 
|-
 
|-
| isänäiti ||grandmother (paternal)
+
| isoisä
 +
|  
 +
| grandfather
 
|-
 
|-
| isäpuoli ||stepfather
+
| isorokko
 +
|  
 +
| smallpox
 
|-
 
|-
| isätön ||fatherless
+
| isovanhemmat
 +
|  
 +
| grandparents
 
|-
 
|-
| itse ||self
+
| isoäiti
 +
|  
 +
| grandmother
 
|-
 
|-
| itsellinen ||tenant farmer
+
| isä
 +
|  
 +
| father
 
|-
 
|-
| itä ||east
+
| isänisä
 +
|  
 +
| grandfather (paternal)
 
|-
 
|-
| iäkäs ||aged
+
| isäntä
 +
|  
 +
| proprietor, host, landlord, farmer
 
|-
 
|-
| J||
+
| isänäiti
 +
|  
 +
| grandmother (paternal)
 
|-
 
|-
| ja ||and
+
| isäpuoli
 +
|  
 +
| stepfather
 
|-
 
|-
| jalkavaimo ||concubine
+
| isätön
 +
|  
 +
| fatherless
 
|-
 
|-
| jalkaväki ||infantry
+
| itse
 +
|  
 +
| self
 
|-
 
|-
| johto ||administration, leadership
+
| itsellinen
 +
|  
 +
| tenant farmer
 
|-
 
|-
| joka ||which, who, every
+
| itä
 +
|  
 +
| east
 
|-
 
|-
| jokainen ||each, every
+
| iäkäs
 +
|  
 +
| aged
 
|-
 
|-
| jokavuotuinen ||annual
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| joki ||river
+
| '''J'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| joskus [1890] luvulla ||sometime in the [1890s]
+
| ja
 +
|  
 +
| and
 
|-
 
|-
| josta ||from which
+
| jalkavaimo
 +
|  
 +
| concubine
 
|-
 
|-
| joten ||thus
+
| jalkaväki
 +
|  
 +
| infantry
 
|-
 
|-
| joulu ||Christmas
+
| johto
 +
|  
 +
| administration, leadership
 
|-
 
|-
| joulukuu ||December
+
| joka
 +
|  
 +
| which, who, every
 
|-
 
|-
| julistettu (kuolleeksi) ||declared (dead)
+
| jokainen
 +
|  
 +
| each, every
 
|-
 
|-
| juomanpanija ||brewer
+
| jokavuotuinen
 +
|  
 +
| annual
 
|-
 
|-
| juoppous ||intoxication
+
| joki
 +
|  
 +
| river
 
|-
 
|-
| jälkeen ||after
+
| joskus [1890] luvulla
 +
|  
 +
| sometime in the [1890s]
 
|-
 
|-
| jälkeenjäänyt ||surviving, survivor, retarded
+
| josta
 +
|  
 +
| from which
 
|-
 
|-
| jälkeläinen ||descendant
+
| joten
 +
|  
 +
| thus
 
|-
 
|-
| jälkimmäinen ||latter, last
+
| joulu
 +
|  
 +
| Christmas
 
|-
 
|-
| jalkinekorjaaja ||shoemaker
+
| joulukuu
 +
|  
 +
| December
 
|-
 
|-
| järvi ||lake
+
| julistettu (kuolleeksi)
 +
|  
 +
| declared (dead)
 
|-
 
|-
| jäsen(enä) ||(as a) member
+
| juomanpanija
 +
|  
 +
| brewer
 
|-
 
|-
| jäänyt ||left, remaining
+
| juoppous
 +
|  
 +
| intoxication
 
|-
 
|-
| K||
+
| jälkeen
 +
|  
 +
| after
 
|-
 
|-
| k. (kuollut) ||dead
+
| jälkeenjäänyt
 +
|  
 +
| surviving, survivor, retarded
 
|-
 
|-
| kaatumatauti ||epilepsy
+
| jälkeläinen
 +
|  
 +
| descendant
 
|-
 
|-
| kado(ta) (-nnut) ||lose, lost
+
| jälkimmäinen
 +
|  
 +
| latter, last
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdeksan ||eight
+
| jalkinekorjaaja
 +
|  
 +
| shoemaker
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdeksantoista ||eighteen
+
| järvi
 +
|  
 +
| lake
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdeksas ||eighth
+
| jäsen(enä)
 +
|  
 +
| (as a) member
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdeksastoista ||eighteenth
+
| jäänyt
 +
|  
 +
| left, remaining
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdeskymmenes ||twentieth
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdeskymmenes-ensimmäinen ||twenty-first
+
| '''K'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdeskymmenes-kahdeksas ||twenty-eighth
+
| k. (kuollut)
 +
|  
 +
| dead
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdeskymmenes-kolmas ||twenty-third
+
| kaatumatauti
 +
|  
 +
| epilepsy
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdeskymmenes-kuudes ||twenty-sixth
+
| kado(ta) (-nnut)
 +
|  
 +
| lose, lost
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdeskymmenes-neljäs ||twenty-fourth
+
| kahdeksan
 +
|  
 +
| eight
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdeskymmenes-seitemäs ||twenty-seventh
+
| kahdeksantoista
 +
|  
 +
| eighteen
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdeskymmenes-toinen ||twenty-second
+
| kahdeksas
 +
|  
 +
| eighth
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdeskymmenes-viides ||twenty-fifth
+
| kahdeksastoista
 +
|  
 +
| eighteenth
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdeskymmenes-yhdeksäs ||twenty-ninth
+
| kahdeskymmenes  
 +
|  
 +
| twentieth
 
|-
 
|-
| kahdestoista ||twelfth
+
| kahdeskymmenes-ensimmäinen
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-first
 
|-
 
|-
| kaikki ||all
+
| kahdeskymmenes-kahdeksas
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-eighth
 
|-
 
|-
| kaima ||namesake
+
| kahdeskymmenes-kolmas
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-third
 
|-
 
|-
| kaivos ||mine
+
| kahdeskymmenes-kuudes
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-sixth
 
|-
 
|-
| kaivostyöläinen ||miner
+
| kahdeskymmenes-neljäs
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-fourth
 
|-
 
|-
| kaksi ||two
+
| kahdeskymmenes-seitemäs
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-seventh
 
|-
 
|-
| kaksikymmentä ||twenty  
+
| kahdeskymmenes-toinen
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-second
 
|-
 
|-
| kaksikymmentä-kahdeksan ||twenty-eight
+
| kahdeskymmenes-viides
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-fifth
 
|-
 
|-
| kaksikymmentä-kaksi ||twenty-two
+
| kahdeskymmenes-yhdeksäs
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-ninth
 
|-
 
|-
| kaksikymmentä-kolme ||twenty-three
+
| kahdestoista
 +
|  
 +
| twelfth
 
|-
 
|-
| kaksikymmentä-kuusi ||twenty-six
+
| kaikki
 +
|  
 +
| all
 
|-
 
|-
| kaksikymmentä-neljä ||twenty-four
+
| kaima
 +
|  
 +
| namesake
 
|-
 
|-
| kaksikymmentä-seitsemän ||twenty-seven
+
| kaivos
 +
|  
 +
| mine
 
|-
 
|-
| kaksikymmentä-viisi ||twenty-five
+
| kaivostyöläinen
 +
|  
 +
| miner
 
|-
 
|-
| kaksikymmentä-yhdeksän ||twenty-nine
+
| kaksi
 +
|  
 +
| two
 
|-
 
|-
| kaksikymmentä-yksi ||twenty-one
+
| kaksikymmentä  
 +
|  
 +
| twenty
 
|-
 
|-
| kaksitoista ||twelve
+
| kaksikymmentä-kahdeksan
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-eight
 
|-
 
|-
| kakso(nen) (-set) ||twin(s)
+
| kaksikymmentä-kaksi
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-two
 
|-
 
|-
| kaksoiskappale ||duplicate record
+
| kaksikymmentä-kolme
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-three
 
|-
 
|-
| kalastaja ||fisherman
+
| kaksikymmentä-kuusi
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-six
 
|-
 
|-
| kallio ||hill
+
| kaksikymmentä-neljä
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-four
 
|-
 
|-
| kalustoluettelo ||inventory
+
| kaksikymmentä-seitsemän
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-seven
 
|-
 
|-
| kankuri ||weaver
+
| kaksikymmentä-viisi
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-five
 
|-
 
|-
| kansa ||people
+
| kaksikymmentä-yhdeksän
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-nine
 
|-
 
|-
| kansalainen ||citizen
+
| kaksikymmentä-yksi
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-one
 
|-
 
|-
| Kansallisarkisto ||state archives
+
| kaksitoista
 +
|  
 +
| twelve
 
|-
 
|-
| kansallisuus ||nationality
+
| kakso(nen) (-set)
 +
|  
 +
| twin(s)
 
|-
 
|-
| kanssa ||with
+
| kaksoiskappale
 +
|  
 +
| duplicate record
 
|-
 
|-
| kantaisä ||male progenitor
+
| kalastaja
 +
|  
 +
| fisherman
 
|-
 
|-
| kantaäiti ||female progenitor
+
| kallio
 +
|  
 +
| hill
 
|-
 
|-
| kantoluettelot ||tax assessment rolls
+
| kalustoluettelo
 +
|  
 +
| inventory
 
|-
 
|-
| kappalainen ||assistant minister
+
| kankuri
 +
|  
 +
| weaver
 
|-
 
|-
| kappeli ||chapel
+
| kansa
 +
|  
 +
| people
 
|-
 
|-
| kara(ta) (-nnut) ||to run away
+
| kansalainen
 +
|  
 +
| citizen
 
|-
 
|-
| karjakko ||milkmaid
+
| Kansallisarkisto
 +
|  
 +
| state archives
 
|-
 
|-
| karjapaimen ||herdsman
+
| kansallisuus
 +
|  
 +
| nationality
 
|-
 
|-
| karkuri ||runaway, fugitive, deserter
+
| kanssa
 +
|  
 +
| with
 
|-
 
|-
| kartano ||manorial estate
+
| kantaisä
 +
|  
 +
| male progenitor
 
|-
 
|-
| kartta ||map
+
| kantaäiti
 +
|  
 +
| female progenitor
 
|-
 
|-
| kastamaton ||unbaptized
+
| kantoluettelot
 +
|  
 +
| tax assessment rolls
 
|-
 
|-
| kaste ||christening, baptism
+
| kappalainen
 +
|  
 +
| assistant minister
 
|-
 
|-
| kastekirja ||record of baptisms
+
| kappeli
 +
|  
 +
| chapel
 
|-
 
|-
| kastenimi ||given name
+
| kara(ta) (-nnut)
 +
|  
 +
| to run away
 
|-
 
|-
| kastettu(t) ||baptized, (births)
+
| karjakko
 +
|  
 +
| milkmaid
 
|-
 
|-
| kasvain ||tumor
+
| karjapaimen
 +
|  
 +
| herdsman
 
|-
 
|-
| kasvatti(lapsi) ||foster child
+
| karkuri
 +
|  
 +
| runaway, fugitive, deserter
 
|-
 
|-
| kasvattivanhemmat ||foster parents
+
| kartano
 +
|  
 +
| manorial estate
 
|-
 
|-
| katselmuspöytäkirjat ||visitations
+
| kartta
 +
|  
 +
| map
 
|-
 
|-
| katu ||street
+
| kastamaton
 +
|  
 +
| unbaptized
 
|-
 
|-
| kauppala ||country town
+
| kaste
 +
|  
 +
| christening, baptism
 
|-
 
|-
| kauppias ||shopkeeper, merchant
+
| kastekirja
 +
|  
 +
| record of baptisms
 
|-
 
|-
| kaupunki ||city, town
+
| kastenimi
 +
|  
 +
| given name
 
|-
 
|-
| kautta ||via
+
| kastettu(t)
 +
|  
 +
| baptized, (births)
 
|-
 
|-
| keisari ||emperor, czar
+
| kasvain
 +
|  
 +
| tumor
 
|-
 
|-
| keisarillinen ||imperial
+
| kasvatti(lapsi)
 +
|  
 +
| foster child
 
|-
 
|-
| kelloseppä ||watchmaker
+
| kasvattivanhemmat
 +
|  
 +
| foster parents
 
|-
 
|-
| keltatauti ||jaundice
+
| katselmuspöytäkirjat
 +
|  
 +
| visitations
 
|-
 
|-
| kerjäläinen ||beggar
+
| katu
 +
|  
 +
| street
 
|-
 
|-
| kerta ||times
+
| kauppala
 +
|  
 +
| country town
 
|-
 
|-
| keskellä ||in the middle
+
| kauppias
 +
|  
 +
| shopkeeper, merchant
 
|-
 
|-
| keskenmeno ||miscarriage
+
| kaupunki
 +
|  
 +
| city, town
 
|-
 
|-
| keskipäivä ||noon, midday
+
| kautta
 +
|  
 +
| via
 
|-
 
|-
| keskiviikko ||Wednesday
+
| keisari
 +
|  
 +
| emperor, czar
 
|-
 
|-
| keskiyö ||midnight
+
| keisarillinen
 +
|  
 +
| imperial
 
|-
 
|-
| keskonen ||prematurely born child
+
| kelloseppä
 +
|  
 +
| watchmaker
 
|-
 
|-
| kesä ||summer
+
| keltatauti
 +
|  
 +
| jaundice
 
|-
 
|-
| kesäkuu ||June
+
| kerjäläinen
 +
|  
 +
| beggar
 
|-
 
|-
| keuhkotauti ||consumption, tuberculosis
+
| kerta
 +
|  
 +
| times
 
|-
 
|-
| kevät ||spring
+
| keskellä
 +
|  
 +
| in the middle
 
|-
 
|-
| kieli ||language, tongue
+
| keskenmeno
 +
|  
 +
| miscarriage
 
|-
 
|-
| kihlakunnanoikeus ||rural district court
+
| keskipäivä
 +
|  
 +
| noon, midday
 
|-
 
|-
| kihlakunta ||rural civil district
+
| keskiviikko
 +
|  
 +
| Wednesday
 
|-
 
|-
| kihlattu ||engaged, betrothed
+
| keskiyö
 +
|  
 +
| midnight
 
|-
 
|-
| kihlaus ||engagement
+
| keskonen
 +
|  
 +
| prematurely born child
 
|-
 
|-
| kihlkeuhkotulehdus ||pneumonia
+
| kesä
 +
|  
 +
| summer
 
|-
 
|-
| kihti ||gout
+
| kesäkuu
 +
|  
 +
| June
 
|-
 
|-
| kilometri ||kilometer
+
| keuhkotauti
 +
|  
 +
| consumption, tuberculosis
 
|-
 
|-
| kinkeriasiakirjat ||catechetical meeting records
+
| kevät
 +
|  
 +
| spring
 
|-
 
|-
| kinkerit ||catechetical meeting, household examination
+
| kieli
 +
|  
 +
| language, tongue
 
|-
 
|-
| kirja ||book, register
+
| kihlakunnanoikeus
 +
|  
 +
| rural district court
 
|-
 
|-
| kirjaaja ||register
+
| kihlakunta
 +
|  
 +
| rural civil district
 
|-
 
|-
| kirjannitoja ||bookbinder
+
| kihlattu
 +
|  
 +
| engaged, betrothed
 
|-
 
|-
| kirjanpitäjä ||bookkeeper
+
| kihlaus
 +
|  
 +
| engagement
 
|-
 
|-
| kirjasto ||library
+
| kihlkeuhkotulehdus
 +
|  
 +
| pneumonia
 
|-
 
|-
| kirje(et) ||letter(s)
+
| kihti
 +
|  
 +
| gout
 
|-
 
|-
| kirjeenkantaja ||mailman
+
| kilometri
 +
|  
 +
| kilometer
 
|-
 
|-
| kirjekirjat ||correspondence, letters
+
| kinkeriasiakirjat
 +
|  
 +
| catechetical meeting records
 
|-
 
|-
| kirjuri ||clerk, scribe
+
| kinkerit
 +
|  
 +
| catechetical meeting, household examination
 
|-
 
|-
| kirkko ||church
+
| kirja
 +
|  
 +
| book, register
 
|-
 
|-
| kirkkoherra ||minister, priest
+
| kirjaaja
 +
|  
 +
| register
 
|-
 
|-
| kirkkoherranvirasto ||office of the parish minister
+
| kirjannitoja
 +
|  
 +
| bookbinder
 
|-
 
|-
| kirkon asiakirjat ||records regarding the church building
+
| kirjanpitäjä
 +
|  
 +
| bookkeeper
 
|-
 
|-
| kirkonkirja ||parish register
+
| kirjasto
 +
|  
 +
| library
 
|-
 
|-
| kirvesmies ||carpenter
+
| kirje(et)
 +
|  
 +
| letter(s)
 
|-
 
|-
| kisälli ||journeyman
+
| kirjeenkantaja
 +
|  
 +
| mailman
 
|-
 
|-
| kohtaus ||seizures, illness
+
| kirjekirjat
 +
|  
 +
| correspondence, letters
 
|-
 
|-
| kolera ||cholera
+
| kirjuri
 +
|  
 +
| clerk, scribe
 
|-
 
|-
| kolmas ||third
+
| kirkko
 +
|  
 +
| church
 
|-
 
|-
| kolmaskymmenes ||thirtieth
+
| kirkkoherra
 +
|  
 +
| minister, priest
 
|-
 
|-
| kolmaskymmenes-ensimmäinen ||thirty-first
+
| kirkkoherranvirasto
 +
|  
 +
| office of the parish minister
 
|-
 
|-
| kolmastoista ||thirteenth
+
| kirkon asiakirjat
 +
|  
 +
| records regarding the church building
 
|-
 
|-
| kolme ||three
+
| kirkonkirja
 +
|  
 +
| parish register
 
|-
 
|-
| kolmekymmentä ||thirty
+
| kirvesmies
 +
|  
 +
| carpenter
 
|-
 
|-
| kolmekymmentä-yksi ||thirty-one
+
| kisälli
 +
|  
 +
| journeyman
 
|-
 
|-
| kolmetoista ||thirteen
+
| kohtaus
 +
|  
 +
| seizures, illness
 
|-
 
|-
| kolmoset ||triplets
+
| kolera
 +
|  
 +
| cholera
 
|-
 
|-
| koneenkäyttäjä ||machinist
+
| kolmas
 +
|  
 +
| third
 
|-
 
|-
| korkea ||high
+
| kolmaskymmenes
 +
|  
 +
| thirtieth
 
|-
 
|-
| korkea ikä ||old (high) age
+
| kolmaskymmenes-ensimmäinen
 +
|  
 +
| thirty-first
 
|-
 
|-
| korkein oikeus ||supreme court
+
| kolmastoista
 +
|  
 +
| thirteenth
 
|-
 
|-
| kortisto ||card index
+
| kolme
 +
|  
 +
| three
 
|-
 
|-
| kortteli ||block
+
| kolmekymmentä
 +
|  
 +
| thirty
 
|-
 
|-
| koska ||when, because of
+
| kolmekymmentä-yksi
 +
|  
 +
| thirty-one
 
|-
 
|-
| kot(i) (-ona) ||(at) home
+
| kolmetoista
 +
|  
 +
| thirteen
 
|-
 
|-
| kotimaa ||homeland, native land
+
| kolmoset
 +
|  
 +
| triplets
 
|-
 
|-
| kotipaikka ||residence
+
| koneenkäyttäjä
 +
|  
 +
| machinist
 
|-
 
|-
| kotirouva ||housewife
+
| korkea
 +
|  
 +
| high
 
|-
 
|-
| koulu ||school
+
| korkea ikä
 +
|  
 +
| old (high) age
 
|-
 
|-
| kouluasiakirjat ||school documents
+
| korkein oikeus
 +
|  
 +
| supreme court
 
|-
 
|-
| kouristus ||convulsions, cramps
+
| kortisto
 +
|  
 +
| card index
 
|-
 
|-
| kramppi ||cramps, convulsions
+
| kortteli
 +
|  
 +
| block
 
|-
 
|-
| kreikkalaiskatolinen ||(Eastern) Orthodox
+
| koska
 +
|  
 +
| when, because of
 
|-
 
|-
| kreivi ||count (earl)  
+
| kot(i) (-ona)
 +
|  
 +
| (at) home
 
|-
 
|-
| krenatööri ||infantryman, grenadier
+
| kotimaa
 +
|  
 +
| homeland, native land
 
|-
 
|-
| kristinoppi ||(knowledge of) Christian doctrine
+
| kotipaikka
 +
|  
 +
| residence
 
|-
 
|-
| kruunu ||crown, state, government
+
| kotirouva
 +
|  
 +
| housewife
 
|-
 
|-
| kuin ||as
+
| koulu
 +
|  
 +
| school
 
|-
 
|-
| kuinka ||how
+
| kouluasiakirjat
 +
|  
 +
| school documents
 
|-
 
|-
| kuka ||who
+
| kouristus
 +
|  
 +
| convulsions, cramps
 
|-
 
|-
| kulkuri ||vagabond
+
| kramppi
 +
|  
 +
| cramps, convulsions
 
|-
 
|-
| kulkutauti ||epidemic
+
| kreikkalaiskatolinen
 +
|  
 +
| (Eastern) Orthodox
 
|-
 
|-
| kultaseppä ||goldsmith
+
| kreivi
 +
|  
 +
| count (earl)
 
|-
 
|-
| kuluva ||current
+
| krenatööri
 +
|  
 +
| infantryman, grenadier
 
|-
 
|-
| kummi(t) ||sponsor(s), godmother, godfather
+
| kristinoppi
 +
|  
 +
| (knowledge of) Christian doctrine
 
|-
 
|-
| kun(ta) (-nat) ||parish(es), commune(s)
+
| kruunu
 +
|  
 +
| crown, state, government
 
|-
 
|-
| kuningas ||king
+
| kuin
 +
|  
 +
| as
 
|-
 
|-
| kuningaskunta ||kingdom
+
| kuinka
 +
|  
 +
| how
 
|-
 
|-
| kuningatar ||queen
+
| kuka
 +
|  
 +
| who
 
|-
 
|-
| kuninkaallinen ||royal
+
| kulkuri
 +
|  
 +
| vagabond
 
|-
 
|-
| kunniallinen ||honest
+
| kulkutauti
 +
|  
 +
| epidemic
 
|-
 
|-
| kunta ||municipality
+
| kultaseppä
 +
|  
 +
| goldsmith
 
|-
 
|-
| kuolema ||death
+
| kuluva
 +
|  
 +
| current
 
|-
 
|-
| kuoli ||died
+
| kummi(t)
 +
|  
 +
| sponsor(s), godmother, godfather
 
|-
 
|-
| kuoli ilman perillisiä ||died without issue
+
| kun(ta) (-nat)
 +
|  
 +
| parish(es), commune(s)
 
|-
 
|-
| kuolinilmoitus ||obituary
+
| kuningas
 +
|  
 +
| king
 
|-
 
|-
| kuolinpesä ||death estate
+
| kuningaskunta
 +
|  
 +
| kingdom
 
|-
 
|-
| kuolinsyy ||cause of death
+
| kuningatar
 +
|  
 +
| queen
 
|-
 
|-
| kuolintoclistus ||death certificate
+
| kuninkaallinen
 +
|  
 +
| royal
 
|-
 
|-
| kuolleena syntynyt ||stillborn
+
| kunniallinen
 +
|  
 +
| honest
 
|-
 
|-
| kuolleet ||deaths, death records
+
| kunta
 +
|  
 +
| municipality
 
|-
 
|-
| kuollut ||dead, died
+
| kuolema
 +
|  
 +
| death
 
|-
 
|-
| kuppa ||syphilis
+
| kuoli
 +
|  
 +
| died
 
|-
 
|-
| kurkkumätä ||diphtheria
+
| kuoli ilman perillisiä
 +
|  
 +
| died without issue
 
|-
 
|-
| kuski ||coachman
+
| kuolinilmoitus
 +
|  
 +
| obituary
 
|-
 
|-
| kuten ||as
+
| kuolinpesä
 +
|  
 +
| death estate
 
|-
 
|-
| kutsu(a) (-ttu) ||call(ed)
+
| kuolinsyy
 +
|  
 +
| cause of death
 
|-
 
|-
| kuudes ||sixth
+
| kuolintoclistus
 +
|  
 +
| death certificate
 
|-
 
|-
| kuudestoista ||sixteenth
+
| kuolleena syntynyt
 +
|  
 +
| stillborn
 
|-
 
|-
| kuukausi ||month
+
| kuolleet
 +
|  
 +
| deaths, death records
 
|-
 
|-
| kuulustelu ||examination
+
| kuollut
 +
|  
 +
| dead, died
 
|-
 
|-
| kuulutetut ||banns, marriage intentions
+
| kuppa
 +
|  
 +
| syphilis
 
|-
 
|-
| kuume ||fever
+
| kurkkumätä
 +
|  
 +
| diphtheria
 
|-
 
|-
| kuuro(mykkä) ||deaf (and dumb)
+
| kuski
 +
|  
 +
| coachman
 
|-
 
|-
| kuusi ||six
+
| kuten
 +
|  
 +
| as
 
|-
 
|-
| kuusitoista ||sixteen
+
| kutsu(a) (-ttu)
 +
|  
 +
| call(ed)
 
|-
 
|-
| kylä ||village
+
| kuudes
 +
|  
 +
| sixth
 
|-
 
|-
| kymmenen ||ten
+
| kuudestoista
 +
|  
 +
| sixteenth
 
|-
 
|-
| kymmenes ||tenth
+
| kuukausi
 +
|  
 +
| month
 
|-
 
|-
| käly ||sister-in-law
+
| kuulustelu
 +
|  
 +
| examination
 
|-
 
|-
| käräjäkunta ||primary rural judicial district, assize division
+
| kuulutetut
 +
|  
 +
| banns, marriage intentions
 
|-
 
|-
| käräjät ||local court, assizes
+
| kuume
 +
|  
 +
| fever
 
|-
 
|-
| käsikirja ||manual
+
| kuuro(mykkä)
 +
|  
 +
| deaf (and dumb)
 
|-
 
|-
| käsityöläinen ||artisan
+
| kuusi
 +
|  
 +
| six
 
|-
 
|-
| kätilö ||midwife
+
| kuusitoista
 +
|  
 +
| sixteen
 
|-
 
|-
| käytös ||conduct
+
| kylä
 +
|  
 +
| village
 
|-
 
|-
| kääntymys ||conversion
+
| kymmenen
 +
|  
 +
| ten
 
|-
 
|-
| köyhä ||poor
+
| kymmenes
 +
|  
 +
| tenth
 
|-
 
|-
| köyhäinhoitoasiakirjat ||poor relief records
+
| käly
 +
|  
 +
| sister-in-law
 
|-
 
|-
| köyhäintalo ||poorhouse
+
| käräjäkunta
 +
|  
 +
| primary rural judicial district, assize division
 
|-
 
|-
| köyhien luettelot ||poor relief records
+
| käräjät
 +
|  
 +
| local court, assizes
 
|-
 
|-
| L||
+
| käsikirja
 +
|  
 +
| manual
 
|-
 
|-
| laakso ||valley
+
| käsityöläinen
 +
|  
 +
| artisan
 
|-
 
|-
| laamanni(n)oikeus ||lower court of appeal
+
| kätilö
 +
|  
 +
| midwife
 
|-
 
|-
| lahja ||gift, donation
+
| käytös
 +
|  
 +
| conduct
 
|-
 
|-
| lahjoitus ||donations
+
| kääntymys
 +
|  
 +
| conversion
 
|-
 
|-
| laillinen ||legal, legitimate
+
| köyhä
 +
|  
 +
| poor
 
|-
 
|-
| laiskanlukijat ||list of slow readers
+
| köyhäinhoitoasiakirjat
 +
|  
 +
| poor relief records
 
|-
 
|-
| laiva ||boat
+
| köyhäintalo
 +
|  
 +
| poorhouse
 
|-
 
|-
| laki ||law
+
| köyhien luettelot
 +
|  
 +
| poor relief records
 
|-
 
|-
| lamp. (lampuoti) ||tenant farmer
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| lanko ||brother-in-law
+
| '''L'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| lap(si) (-set) ||child(ren)
+
| laakso
 +
|  
 +
| valley
 
|-
 
|-
| lapsenlapsi ||grandchild
+
| laamanni(n)oikeus
 +
|  
 +
| lower court of appeal
 
|-
 
|-
| lapseton ||childless
+
| lahja
 +
|  
 +
| gift, donation
 
|-
 
|-
| lapsihalvaus ||polio
+
| lahjoitus
 +
|  
 +
| donations
 
|-
 
|-
| lasinleikkaaja ||glass cutter, glazier
+
| laillinen
 +
|  
 +
| legal, legitimate
 
|-
 
|-
| lastenkirjat ||preconfirmation roll
+
| laiskanlukijat
 +
|  
 +
| list of slow readers
 
|-
 
|-
| lastenkoti ||orphanage
+
| laiva
 +
|  
 +
| boat
 
|-
 
|-
| Latvia ||Latvia
+
| laki
 +
|  
 +
| law
 
|-
 
|-
| Latvialainen ||Latvian
+
| lamp. (lampuoti)
 +
|  
 +
| tenant farmer
 
|-
 
|-
| lauantai ||Saturday
+
| lanko
 +
|  
 +
| brother-in-law
 
|-
 
|-
| lautamies ||juror
+
| lap(si) (-set)
 +
|  
 +
| child(ren)
 
|-
 
|-
| lavantauti ||typhoid fever
+
| lapsenlapsi
 +
|  
 +
| grandchild
 
|-
 
|-
| leipuri ||baker
+
| lapseton
 +
|  
 +
| childless
 
|-
 
|-
| leski ||widow, widower
+
| lapsihalvaus
 +
|  
 +
| polio
 
|-
 
|-
| levyseppä ||sheet metal worker
+
| lasinleikkaaja
 +
|  
 +
| glass cutter, glazier
 
|-
 
|-
| Liettua ||Lithuania
+
| lastenkirjat
 +
|  
 +
| preconfirmation roll
 
|-
 
|-
| liettualainen ||Lithuanian
+
| lastenkoti
 +
|  
 +
| orphanage
 
|-
 
|-
| linna ||castle, jail
+
| Latvia
 +
|  
 +
| Latvia
 
|-
 
|-
| lki. (leski) ||widow, widower
+
| Latvialainen
 +
|  
 +
| Latvian
 
|-
 
|-
| loinen ||dependent lodger
+
| lauantai
 +
|  
 +
| Saturday
 
|-
 
|-
| lois. ||dependent lodger
+
| lautamies
 +
|  
 +
| juror
 
|-
 
|-
| lokakuu ||October
+
| lavantauti
 +
|  
 +
| typhoid fever
 
|-
 
|-
| luettelo ||list, index, directory
+
| leipuri
 +
|  
 +
| baker
 
|-
 
|-
| lukkari ||cantor, parish clerk
+
| leski
 +
|  
 +
| widow, widower
 
|-
 
|-
| luku ||number
+
| levyseppä
 +
|  
 +
| sheet metal worker
 
|-
 
|-
| lukutaito ||ability to read, literacy
+
| Liettua
 +
|  
 +
| Lithuania
 
|-
 
|-
| lunastus ||fee
+
| liettualainen
 +
|  
 +
| Lithuanian
 
|-
 
|-
| luona ||at
+
| linna
 +
|  
 +
| castle, jail
 
|-
 
|-
| luonnollinen kuolema ||natural death
+
| lki. (leski)
 +
|  
 +
| widow, widower
 
|-
 
|-
| luostari ||monastery
+
| loinen
 +
|  
 +
| dependent lodger
 
|-
 
|-
| lupa ||permission
+
| lois.
 +
|  
 +
| dependent lodger
 
|-
 
|-
| luterilainen ||Lutheran
+
| lokakuu
 +
|  
 +
| October
 
|-
 
|-
| luumätä ||caries
+
| luettelo
 +
|  
 +
| list, index, directory
 
|-
 
|-
| lähellä ||near
+
| lukkari
 +
|  
 +
| cantor, parish clerk
 
|-
 
|-
| lähtenyt ||departed
+
| luku
 +
|  
 +
| number
 
|-
 
|-
| länsi ||west
+
| lukutaito
 +
|  
 +
| ability to read, literacy
 
|-
 
|-
| läpi ||through
+
| lunastus
 +
|  
 +
| fee
 
|-
 
|-
| läsnä ||present
+
| luona
 +
|  
 +
| at
 
|-
 
|-
| läsnäolo ||presence
+
| luonnollinen kuolema
 +
|  
 +
| natural death
 
|-
 
|-
| lääkäri ||physician
+
| luostari
 +
|  
 +
| monastery
 
|-
 
|-
| lääni ||county
+
| lupa
 +
|  
 +
| permission
 
|-
 
|-
| lääninhallitus ||county government
+
| luterilainen
 +
|  
 +
| Lutheran
 
|-
 
|-
| löytölapsi ||foundling
+
| luumätä
 +
|  
 +
| caries
 
|-
 
|-
| M||
+
| lähellä
 +
|  
 +
| near
 
|-
 
|-
| maa ||land, country, earth
+
| lähtenyt
 +
|  
 +
| departed
 
|-
 
|-
| maakirja ||land record
+
| länsi
 +
|  
 +
| west
 
|-
 
|-
| maakunta ||province
+
| läpi
 +
|  
 +
| through
 
|-
 
|-
| maakunta-arkisto ||provincial archives
+
| läsnä
 +
|  
 +
| present
 
|-
 
|-
| maalaiskunta ||rural parish near a city
+
| läsnäolo
 +
|  
 +
| presence
 
|-
 
|-
| maalari ||painter
+
| lääkäri
 +
|  
 +
| physician
 
|-
 
|-
| maaliskuu ||March
+
| lääni
 +
|  
 +
| county
 
|-
 
|-
| maanantai ||Monday
+
| lääninhallitus
 +
|  
 +
| county government
 
|-
 
|-
| maanjako-oikeuden asiakirjat ||documents of parcelling of land
+
| löytölapsi
 +
|  
 +
| foundling
 
|-
 
|-
| maanmittari ||surveyor
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| maanviljelijä ||farmer
+
| '''M'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| maasta muuttanut ||emigrated
+
| maa
 +
|  
 +
| land, country, earth
 
|-
 
|-
| maattu nainen ||woman who has had illicit relations
+
| maakirja
 +
|  
 +
| land record
 
|-
 
|-
| maine(todistus) ||(certificate of) character
+
| maakunta
 +
|  
 +
| province
 
|-
 
|-
| mainittu ||said, stated
+
| maakunta-arkisto
 +
|  
 +
| provincial archives
 
|-
 
|-
| maistraatti ||city administration, magistrate
+
| maalaiskunta
 +
|  
 +
| rural parish near a city
 
|-
 
|-
| majatalo ||inn
+
| maalari
 +
|  
 +
| painter
 
|-
 
|-
| makkarantekijä ||sausage maker
+
| maaliskuu
 +
|  
 +
| March
 
|-
 
|-
| maksatauti ||liver disease
+
| maanantai
 +
|  
 +
| Monday
 
|-
 
|-
| manttaali ||assessment unit of land  
+
| maanjako-oikeuden asiakirjat
 +
|  
 +
| documents of parcelling of land
 
|-
 
|-
| manttaaliluettelo ||tax list, census
+
| maanmittari
 +
|  
 +
| surveyor
 
|-
 
|-
| marraskuu ||November
+
| maanviljelijä
 +
|  
 +
| farmer
 
|-
 
|-
| matruusi ||sailor
+
| maasta muuttanut
 +
|  
 +
| emigrated
 
|-
 
|-
| me ||we
+
| maattu nainen
 +
|  
 +
| woman who has had illicit relations
 
|-
 
|-
| meidan ||our, ours
+
| maine(todistus)
 +
|  
 +
| (certificate of) character
 
|-
 
|-
| mekaanikko ||machinist
+
| mainittu
 +
|  
 +
| said, stated
 
|-
 
|-
| mennyt(aika) ||the past
+
| maistraatti
 +
|  
 +
| city administration, magistrate
 
|-
 
|-
| meri ||sea
+
| majatalo
 +
|  
 +
| inn
 
|-
 
|-
| merimies ||sailor
+
| makkarantekijä
 +
|  
 +
| sausage maker
 
|-
 
|-
| merkintä ||entry, remark
+
| maksatauti
 +
|  
 +
| liver disease
 
|-
 
|-
| merkitty ||entered, noted
+
| manttaali
 +
|  
 +
| assessment unit of land
 
|-
 
|-
| mestari ||master, expert
+
| manttaaliluettelo
 +
|  
 +
| tax list, census
 
|-
 
|-
| metsä ||forest
+
| marraskuu
 +
|  
 +
| November
 
|-
 
|-
| metsänhoitaja ||forester
+
| matruusi
 +
|  
 +
| sailor
 
|-
 
|-
| metsästäjä ||hunter
+
| me
 +
|  
 +
| we
 
|-
 
|-
| miehistö ||crew
+
| meidan
 +
|  
 +
| our, ours
 
|-
 
|-
| mies ||man, husband
+
| mekaanikko
 +
|  
 +
| machinist
 
|-
 
|-
| miespuolinen ||male
+
| mennyt(aika)
 +
|  
 +
| the past
 
|-
 
|-
| miilunpolttaja ||charcoal burner
+
| meri
 +
|  
 +
| sea
 
|-
 
|-
| miksi ||why
+
| merimies
 +
|  
 +
| sailor
 
|-
 
|-
| mikä ||what, which
+
| merkintä
 +
|  
 +
| entry, remark
 
|-
 
|-
| miniä ||daughter-in-law
+
| merkitty
 +
|  
 +
| entered, noted
 
|-
 
|-
| minun ||my, mine
+
| mestari
 +
|  
 +
| master, expert
 
|-
 
|-
| minuutti ||minute
+
| metsä
 +
|  
 +
| forest
 
|-
 
|-
| minä ||I
+
| metsänhoitaja
 +
|  
 +
| forester
 
|-
 
|-
| missä ||where
+
| metsästäjä
 +
|  
 +
| hunter
 
|-
 
|-
| mitätön ||minor, insignificant
+
| miehistö
 +
|  
 +
| crew
 
|-
 
|-
| m.n. (maattu nainen) ||woman who has had illicit relations
+
| mies
 +
|  
 +
| man, husband
 
|-
 
|-
| molemmat ||both
+
| miespuolinen
 +
|  
 +
| male
 
|-
 
|-
| molempien ||belonging to both
+
| miilunpolttaja
 +
|  
 +
| charcoal burner
 
|-
 
|-
| monenlainen ||various
+
| miksi
 +
|  
 +
| why
 
|-
 
|-
| morsiain ||bride, fiancée
+
| mikä
 +
|  
 +
| what, which
 
|-
 
|-
| morsiuspari ||bridal couple
+
| miniä
 +
|  
 +
| daughter-in-law
 
|-
 
|-
| muistiinpano ||record, note, entry
+
| minun
 +
|  
 +
| my, mine
 
|-
 
|-
| mummo ||grandmother
+
| minuutti
 +
|  
 +
| minute
 
|-
 
|-
| muonamies ||farmworker receiving wages in commodities
+
| minä
 +
|  
 +
| I
 
|-
 
|-
| murha(ttu) ||murder(ed)
+
| missä
 +
|  
 +
| where
 
|-
 
|-
| mutta ||but
+
| mitätön
 +
|  
 +
| minor, insignificant
 
|-
 
|-
| muurari ||mason, bricklayer
+
| m.n. (maattu nainen)
 +
|  
 +
| woman who has had illicit relations
 
|-
 
|-
| muut asiakirjat ||miscellaneous documents
+
| molemmat
 +
|  
 +
| both
 
|-
 
|-
| muutt(i) (-anut) ||moved
+
| molempien
 +
|  
 +
| belonging to both
 
|-
 
|-
| muuttaneet ||moving record
+
| monenlainen
 +
|  
 +
| various
 
|-
 
|-
| muuttokirja ||certificate of moving
+
| morsiain
 +
|  
 +
| bride, fiancée
 
|-
 
|-
| mylly ||mill
+
| morsiuspari
 +
|  
 +
| bridal couple
 
|-
 
|-
| mylläri ||miller
+
| muistiinpano
 +
|  
 +
| record, note, entry
 
|-
 
|-
| myrkytys ||poisoning
+
| mummo
 +
|  
 +
| grandmother
 
|-
 
|-
| myöhäinen ||late (p.m.)
+
| muonamies
 +
|  
 +
| farmworker receiving wages in commodities
 
|-
 
|-
| myös(kin) ||also
+
| murha(ttu)  
 +
|  
 +
| murder(ed)
 
|-
 
|-
| mäkitupalainen ||cottager
+
| mutta
 +
|  
 +
| but
 
|-
 
|-
| mökki ||cottage
+
| muurari
 +
|  
 +
| mason, bricklayer
 
|-
 
|-
| N||
+
| muut asiakirjat
 +
|  
 +
| miscellaneous documents
 
|-
 
|-
| naapuri ||neighbor
+
| muutt(i) (-anut)
 +
|  
 +
| moved
 
|-
 
|-
| nahkuri ||tanner
+
| muuttaneet
 +
|  
 +
| moving record
 
|-
 
|-
| naida ||to marry
+
| muuttokirja
 +
|  
 +
| certificate of moving
 
|-
 
|-
| naimaton ||single, unmarried
+
| mylly
 +
|  
 +
| mill
 
|-
 
|-
| naimattomana ||unmarried (at the given time)
+
| mylläri
 +
|  
 +
| miller
 
|-
 
|-
| naimisissa ||married
+
| myrkytys
 +
|  
 +
| poisoning
 
|-
 
|-
| nainen ||woman
+
| myöhäinen
 +
|  
 +
| late (p.m.)
 
|-
 
|-
| naispuolinen ||female
+
| myös(kin)
 +
|  
 +
| also
 
|-
 
|-
| neiti ||Miss
+
| mäkitupalainen
 +
|  
 +
| cottager
 
|-
 
|-
| neitsyt ||virgin
+
| mökki
 +
|  
 +
| cottage
 
|-
 
|-
| neljä ||four
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| neljäs ||fourth
+
| '''N'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| neljästoista ||fourteenth
+
| naapuri
 +
|  
 +
| neighbor
 
|-
 
|-
| neljätoista ||fourteen
+
| nahkuri
 +
|  
 +
| tanner
 
|-
 
|-
| nikkari ||carpenter
+
| naida
 +
|  
 +
| to marry
 
|-
 
|-
| nimi ||name
+
| naimaton
 +
|  
 +
| single, unmarried
 
|-
 
|-
| nimismies ||rural police chief
+
| naimattomana
 +
|  
 +
| unmarried (at the given time)
 
|-
 
|-
| noin ||approximately
+
| naimisissa
 +
|  
 +
| married
 
|-
 
|-
| Norja ||Norway
+
| nainen
 +
|  
 +
| woman
 
|-
 
|-
| norjalainen ||Norwegian
+
| naispuolinen
 +
|  
 +
| female
 
|-
 
|-
| notariaatti ||notary
+
| neiti
 +
|  
 +
| Miss
 
|-
 
|-
| numero ||number
+
| neitsyt
 +
|  
 +
| virgin
 
|-
 
|-
| nuo ||those
+
| neljä
 +
|  
 +
| four
 
|-
 
|-
| nuohooja ||chimney sweeper
+
| neljäs
 +
|  
 +
| fourth
 
|-
 
|-
| nuorempi ||(the) younger
+
| neljästoista
 +
|  
 +
| fourteenth
 
|-
 
|-
| nuori(n) ||young(est)
+
| neljätoista
 +
|  
 +
| fourteen
 
|-
 
|-
| nuorimies ||youth, unmarried man, bachelor
+
| nikkari
 +
|  
 +
| carpenter
 
|-
 
|-
| nuoripiika ||maid, unmarried woman
+
| nimi
 +
|  
 +
| name
 
|-
 
|-
| nuoripoika ||youth, unmarried man, bachelor
+
| nimismies
 +
|  
 +
| rural police chief
 
|-
 
|-
| nuorukainen ||young man
+
| noin
 +
|  
 +
| approximately
 
|-
 
|-
| nykyinen ||present, current
+
| Norja
 +
|  
 +
| Norway
 
|-
 
|-
| nälkä ||hunger
+
| norjalainen
 +
|  
 +
| Norwegian
 
|-
 
|-
| O||
+
| notariaatti
 +
|  
 +
| notary
 
|-
 
|-
| oikea ||right (direction)
+
| numero
 +
|  
 +
| number
 
|-
 
|-
| oikeus ||right, court
+
| nuo
 +
|  
 +
| those
 
|-
 
|-
| oli ||was
+
| nuohooja
 +
|  
 +
| chimney sweeper
 
|-
 
|-
| olivat ||were
+
| nuorempi
 +
|  
 +
| (the) younger
 
|-
 
|-
| olla ||to be
+
| nuori(n)
 +
|  
 +
| young(est)
 
|-
 
|-
| olosuhteet ||circumstances
+
| nuorimies
 +
|  
 +
| youth, unmarried man, bachelor
 
|-
 
|-
| oluenpanija ||brewer
+
| nuoripiika
 +
|  
 +
| maid, unmarried woman
 
|-
 
|-
| oma ||own (adjective)
+
| nuoripoika
 +
|  
 +
| youth, unmarried man, bachelor
 
|-
 
|-
| omaa sukua ||maiden name, née
+
| nuorukainen
 +
|  
 +
| young man
 
|-
 
|-
| omainen ||relative
+
| nykyinen
 +
|  
 +
| present, current
 
|-
 
|-
| omaisuus ||property
+
| nälkä
 +
|  
 +
| hunger
 
|-
 
|-
| omistaa ||to have, to own
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| omistaja ||owner
+
| '''O'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| on ||is
+
| oikea
 +
|  
 +
| right (direction)
 
|-
 
|-
| opettaja ||teacher
+
| oikeus
 +
|  
 +
| right, court
 
|-
 
|-
| opiskelija ||student (at university)
+
| oli
 +
|  
 +
| was
 
|-
 
|-
| oppilas ||student (grades 1 to 12), apprentice
+
| olivat
 +
|  
 +
| were
 
|-
 
|-
| orpo ||orphan
+
| olla
 +
|  
 +
| to be
 
|-
 
|-
| ortodoksi ||orthodox
+
| olosuhteet
 +
|  
 +
| circumstances
 
|-
 
|-
| o.s. (omaa sukua) ||maiden name, née
+
| oluenpanija
 +
|  
 +
| brewer
 
|-
 
|-
| osa ||volume, part
+
| oma
 +
|  
 +
| own (adjective)
 
|-
 
|-
| osoitehakemisto ||directory
+
| omaa sukua
 +
|  
 +
| maiden name, née
 
|-
 
|-
| ote ||extract
+
| omainen
 +
|  
 +
| relative
 
|-
 
|-
| ottolapsi ||adopted child
+
| omaisuus
 +
|  
 +
| property
 
|-
 
|-
| ottovanhemmat ||adoptive parents
+
| omistaa
 +
|  
 +
| to have, to own
 
|-
 
|-
| ovat ||are
+
| omistaja
 +
|  
 +
| owner
 
|-
 
|-
| P||
+
| on
 +
|  
 +
| is
 
|-
 
|-
| paikka(kunta) ||place, locality
+
| opettaja
 +
|  
 +
| teacher
 
|-
 
|-
| paikkakuntahakemisto ||gazetteer
+
| opiskelija
 +
|  
 +
| student (at university)
 
|-
 
|-
| paitatehtailija ||shirt maker, shirt manufacturer
+
| oppilas
 +
|  
 +
| student (grades 1 to 12), apprentice
 
|-
 
|-
| pakolainen ||refugee, fugitive
+
| orpo
 +
|  
 +
| orphan
 
|-
 
|-
| palo ||fire
+
| ortodoksi
 +
|  
 +
| orthodox
 
|-
 
|-
| palvelija ||servant
+
| o.s. (omaa sukua)
 +
|  
 +
| maiden name, née
 
|-
 
|-
| palvelu(s) ||service
+
| osa
 +
|  
 +
| volume, part
 
|-
 
|-
| papintodistus ||official certificate of birth, marriage, or death
+
| osoitehakemisto
 +
|  
 +
| directory
 
|-
 
|-
| pappi ||clergyman, priest
+
| ote
 +
|  
 +
| extract
 
|-
 
|-
| pappila ||rectory, parsonage
+
| ottolapsi
 +
|  
 +
| adopted child
 
|-
 
|-
| pappilan asiakirjat ||records of the parsonage
+
| ottovanhemmat
 +
|  
 +
| adoptive parents
 
|-
 
|-
| pastori ||pastor
+
| ovat
 +
|  
 +
| are
 
|-
 
|-
| pastorinkanslia ||office of the parish minister
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| peltiseppä ||tinner, tinsmith
+
| '''P'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| penkkijärjestys ||pew lists
+
| paikka(kunta)
 +
|  
 +
| place, locality
 
|-
 
|-
| perhe ||family
+
| paikkakuntahakemisto
 +
|  
 +
| gazetteer
 
|-
 
|-
| perhehistoria ||family history
+
| paitatehtailija
 +
|  
 +
| shirt maker, shirt manufacturer
 
|-
 
|-
| perheluettelo ||family register
+
| pakolainen
 +
|  
 +
| refugee, fugitive
 
|-
 
|-
| perikunta ||the heirs
+
| palo
 +
|  
 +
| fire
 
|-
 
|-
| perillinen ||heir
+
| palvelija
 +
|  
 +
| servant
 
|-
 
|-
| perinnönjako ||distribution of an inheritance
+
| palvelu(s)
 +
|  
 +
| service
 
|-
 
|-
| perintö ||inheritance
+
| papintodistus
 +
|  
 +
| official certificate of birth, marriage, or death
 
|-
 
|-
| perintötila ||family (or inherited) estate
+
| pappi
 +
|  
 +
| clergyman, priest
 
|-
 
|-
| perjantai ||Friday
+
| pappila
 +
|  
 +
| rectory, parsonage
 
|-
 
|-
| peru(n)kirjat ||private inventories of the deceased\'s property
+
| pappilan asiakirjat
 +
|  
 +
| records of the parsonage
 
|-
 
|-
| perunjakokirjat ||private inventories of the deceased\'s property
+
| pastori
 +
|  
 +
| pastor
 
|-
 
|-
| perunkirjoitus ||estate inventory, probate
+
| pastorinkanslia
 +
|  
 +
| office of the parish minister
 
|-
 
|-
| pieni ||little, small
+
| peltiseppä
 +
|  
 +
| tinner, tinsmith
 
|-
 
|-
| piika ||maid, unmarried woman
+
| penkkijärjestys
 +
|  
 +
| pew lists
 
|-
 
|-
| pikkulapsi ||infant
+
| perhe
 +
|  
 +
| family
 
|-
 
|-
| pikkuserkku ||second cousin
+
| perhehistoria
 +
|  
 +
| family history
 
|-
 
|-
| pitäjä(läinen) ||parish(ioner)
+
| perheluettelo
 +
|  
 +
| family register
 
|-
 
|-
| pitäjänkokousten pöytäkirjat ||minutes of parochial meetings
+
| perikunta
 +
|  
 +
| the heirs
 
|-
 
|-
| pohjoi(s-) (-nen) ||north
+
| perillinen
 +
|  
 +
| heir
 
|-
 
|-
| poika ||boy, son
+
| perinnönjako
 +
|  
 +
| distribution of an inheritance
 
|-
 
|-
| poikamies ||bachelor
+
| perintö
 +
|  
 +
| inheritance
 
|-
 
|-
| pois ||away
+
| perintötila
 +
|  
 +
| family (or inherited) estate
 
|-
 
|-
| poismennyt ||deceased (adjective)
+
| perjantai
 +
|  
 +
| Friday
 
|-
 
|-
| pojan poika ||grandson, son\'s son
+
| peru(n)kirjat
 +
|  
 +
| private inventories of the deceased\'s property
 
|-
 
|-
| pojan tytär ||granddaughter, son\'s daughter
+
| perunjakokirjat
 +
|  
 +
| private inventories of the deceased\'s property
 
|-
 
|-
| polveutua ||descend from
+
| perunkirjoitus
 +
|  
 +
| estate inventory, probate
 
|-
 
|-
| pormestari ||mayor
+
| pieni
 +
|  
 +
| little, small
 
|-
 
|-
| porvari ||burgher, tradesman, middle class citizen
+
| piika
 +
|  
 +
| maid, unmarried woman
 
|-
 
|-
| posteljooni ||mailman
+
| pikkulapsi
 +
|  
 +
| infant
 
|-
 
|-
| preussilainen ||Prussian
+
| pikkuserkku
 +
|  
 +
| second cousin
 
|-
 
|-
| prinsessa ||princess
+
| pitäjä(läinen)
 +
|  
 +
| parish(ioner)
 
|-
 
|-
| prinssi ||prince
+
| pitäjänkokousten pöytäkirjat
 +
|  
 +
| minutes of parochial meetings
 
|-
 
|-
| protestantti ||protestant
+
| pohjoi(s-) (-nen)
 +
|  
 +
| north
 
|-
 
|-
| punainen ||red
+
| poika
 +
|  
 +
| boy, son
 
|-
 
|-
| punatauti ||dysentery
+
| poikamies
 +
|  
 +
| bachelor
 
|-
 
|-
| puolalainen ||Polish (of Poland)
+
| pois
 +
|  
 +
| away
 
|-
 
|-
| puolenpäivän aikaan ||at noon
+
| poismennyt
 +
|  
 +
| deceased (adjective)
 
|-
 
|-
| -puoli (ending) ||step, half
+
| pojan poika
 +
|  
 +
| grandson, son\'s son
 
|-
 
|-
| puoliso ||spouse
+
| pojan tytär
 +
|  
 +
| granddaughter, son\'s daughter
 
|-
 
|-
| pursimies ||boatswain
+
| polveutua
 +
|  
 +
| descend from
 
|-
 
|-
| puuseppä ||carpenter, joiner
+
| pormestari
 +
|  
 +
| mayor
 
|-
 
|-
| puutarhuri ||gardener
+
| porvari
 +
|  
 +
| burgher, tradesman, middle class citizen
 
|-
 
|-
| pyhä ||holy, sacred, saint
+
| posteljooni
 +
|  
 +
| mailman
 
|-
 
|-
| pyhäkoululapset ||list of Sunday School children
+
| preussilainen
 +
|  
 +
| Prussian
 
|-
 
|-
| päin ||toward
+
| prinsessa
 +
|  
 +
| princess
 
|-
 
|-
| päivä(nä) ||day
+
| prinssi
 +
|  
 +
| prince
 
|-
 
|-
| päivämäärä ||date
+
| protestantti
 +
|  
 +
| protestant
 
|-
 
|-
| päivätyöläinen ||day laborer
+
| punainen
 +
|  
 +
| red
 
|-
 
|-
| pääkirja ||communion book
+
| punatauti
 +
|  
 +
| dysentery
 
|-
 
|-
| pääsiäinen ||Easter
+
| puolalainen
 +
|  
 +
| Polish (of Poland)
 
|-
 
|-
| pöytäkirja ||minutes
+
| puolenpäivän aikaan
 +
|  
 +
| at noon
 
|-
 
|-
| R||
+
| -puoli (ending)
 +
|  
 +
| step, half
 
|-
 
|-
| raastu(pa) (-vanoikeus) ||city court
+
| puoliso
 +
|  
 +
| spouse
 
|-
 
|-
| raatihuone ||town hall
+
| pursimies
 +
|  
 +
| boatswain
 
|-
 
|-
| raatimies ||council man, municipal judge
+
| puuseppä
 +
|  
 +
| carpenter, joiner
 
|-
 
|-
| raha(määrä) ||money (sum of)
+
| puutarhuri
 +
|  
 +
| gardener
 
|-
 
|-
| rahvas ||people, peasantry
+
| pyhä
 +
|  
 +
| holy, sacred, saint
 
|-
 
|-
| raja ||border
+
| pyhäkoululapset
 +
|  
 +
| list of Sunday School children
 
|-
 
|-
| rakastajatar ||concubine
+
| päin
 +
|  
 +
| toward
 
|-
 
|-
| rakennusmestari ||contractor, builder
+
| päivä(nä)
 +
|  
 +
| day
 
|-
 
|-
| rakuuna ||light cavalryman
+
| päivämäärä
 +
|  
 +
| date
 
|-
 
|-
| rampa ||crippled
+
| päivätyöläinen
 +
|  
 +
| day laborer
 
|-
 
|-
| raskaana ||pregnant
+
| pääkirja
 +
|  
 +
| communion book
 
|-
 
|-
| ratsumestari ||cavalry captain
+
| pääsiäinen
 +
|  
 +
| Easter
 
|-
 
|-
| ratsumies ||cavalryman
+
| pöytäkirja
 +
|  
 +
| minutes
 
|-
 
|-
| ratsutilallinen ||holder of farm obliged to furnish a cavalryman
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| ratsuväki ||cavalry(men)
+
| '''R'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| rautaseppä ||iron smith
+
| raastu(pa) (-vanoikeus)
 +
|  
 +
| city court
 
|-
 
|-
| rautatie ||railroad
+
| raatihuone
 +
|  
 +
| town hall
 
|-
 
|-
| rehellinen ||honest
+
| raatimies
 +
|  
 +
| council man, municipal judge
 
|-
 
|-
| rekisteri ||register, index
+
| raha(määrä)
 +
|  
 +
| money (sum of)
 
|-
 
|-
| renki ||youth, unmarried man, farmhand
+
| rahvas
 +
|  
 +
| people, peasantry
 
|-
 
|-
| rikollinen ||criminal
+
| raja
 +
|  
 +
| border
 
|-
 
|-
| rikos(luettelo) ||misdemeanor (list)
+
| rakastajatar
 +
|  
 +
| concubine
 
|-
 
|-
| ripitysluettelo ||absolution list
+
| rakennusmestari
 +
|  
 +
| contractor, builder
 
|-
 
|-
| rippikirja ||communion book
+
| rakuuna
 +
|  
 +
| light cavalryman
 
|-
 
|-
| rippilapset ||confirmations
+
| rampa
 +
|  
 +
| crippled
 
|-
 
|-
| ripuli ||diarrhea
+
| raskaana
 +
|  
 +
| pregnant
 
|-
 
|-
| risti(ä) (-itty) ||baptize(d)
+
| ratsumestari
 +
|  
 +
| cavalry captain
 
|-
 
|-
| ristimäaika ||baptism date
+
| ratsumies
 +
|  
 +
| cavalryman
 
|-
 
|-
| ristimänimi ||Christian name, first name
+
| ratsutilallinen
 +
|  
 +
| holder of farm obliged to furnish a cavalryman
 
|-
 
|-
| ritari ||knight
+
| ratsuväki
 +
|  
 +
| cavalry (men)
 
|-
 
|-
| rokko ||(small) pox
+
| rautaseppä
 +
|  
 +
| iron smith
 
|-
 
|-
| rokotetut ||vaccinations
+
| rautatie
 +
|  
 +
| railroad
 
|-
 
|-
| rouva ||Mrs., wife
+
| rehellinen
 +
|  
 +
| honest
 
|-
 
|-
| rovasti(kunta) ||dean(ery)
+
| rekisteri
 +
|  
 +
| register, index
 
|-
 
|-
| ruhtinaskunta ||principality
+
| renki
 +
|  
 +
| youth, unmarried man, farmhand
 
|-
 
|-
| rulla ||record, roll
+
| rikollinen
 +
|  
 +
| criminal
 
|-
 
|-
| rumpali ||drummer
+
| rikos(luettelo)
 +
|  
 +
| misdemeanor (list)
 
|-
 
|-
| ruokamyrkytys ||food poisoning
+
| ripitysluettelo
 +
|  
 +
| absolution list
 
|-
 
|-
| ruotsalainen ||Swede, Swedish
+
| rippikirja
 +
|  
 +
| communion book
 
|-
 
|-
| Ruotsi ||Sweden
+
| rippilapset
 +
|  
 +
| confirmations
 
|-
 
|-
| ruotu ||district maintaining a foot soldier
+
| ripuli
 +
|  
 +
| diarrhea
 
|-
 
|-
| ruotusotilas ||foot soldier
+
| risti(ä) (-itty)
 +
|  
 +
| baptize(d)
 
|-
 
|-
| ruotuvaivainen ||pauper, dependent on the \"ruotu\"
+
| ristimäaika
 +
|  
 +
| baptism date
 
|-
 
|-
| rusthollari ||holder of farm obliged to furnish a cavalryman
+
| ristimänimi
 +
|  
 +
| Christian name, first name
 
|-
 
|-
| rutto ||plague
+
| ritari
 +
|  
 +
| knight
 
|-
 
|-
| ruukki ||foundry, mill, industry
+
| rokko
 +
|  
 +
| (small) pox
 
|-
 
|-
| ruumis ||corpse
+
| rokotetut
 +
|  
 +
| vaccinations
 
|-
 
|-
| rykmentti ||regiment
+
| rouva
 +
|  
 +
| Mrs., wife
 
|-
 
|-
| rälssi ||tax exempt, nobility
+
| rovasti(kunta)
 +
|  
 +
| dean(ery)
 
|-
 
|-
| rälssitila ||tax exempt farm
+
| ruhtinaskunta
 +
|  
 +
| principality
 
|-
 
|-
| räätäli ||tailor
+
| rulla
 +
|  
 +
| record, roll
 
|-
 
|-
| S||
+
| rumpali
 +
|  
 +
| drummer
 
|-
 
|-
| s. (syntynyt) ||born
+
| ruokamyrkytys
 +
|  
 +
| food poisoning
 
|-
 
|-
| saapuneet ||arrived, moved in
+
| ruotsalainen
 +
|  
 +
| Swede, Swedish
 
|-
 
|-
| saapuneet asiakirjat ||correspondence, letters
+
| Ruotsi
 +
|  
 +
| Sweden
 
|-
 
|-
| saapunut ||arrived
+
| ruotu
 +
|  
 +
| district maintaining a foot soldier
 
|-
 
|-
| saha ||sawmill
+
| ruotusotilas
 +
|  
 +
| foot soldier
 
|-
 
|-
| sairas ||sick (person)
+
| ruotuvaivainen
 +
|  
 +
| pauper, dependent on the \"ruotu\"
 
|-
 
|-
| sairaus ||sickness
+
| rusthollari
 +
|  
 +
| holder of farm obliged to furnish a cavalryman
 
|-
 
|-
| sakkoluettelot ||lists of fines
+
| rutto
 +
|  
 +
| plague
 
|-
 
|-
| saksalainen ||German
+
| ruukki
 +
|  
 +
| foundry, mill, industry
 
|-
 
|-
| sama ||same
+
| ruumis
 +
|  
 +
| corpse
 
|-
 
|-
| sanakirja ||dictionary
+
| rykmentti
 +
|  
 +
| regiment
 
|-
 
|-
| sanomalehti ||newspaper
+
| rälssi
 +
|  
 +
| tax exempt, nobility
 
|-
 
|-
| sanottu ||said, stated
+
| rälssitila
 +
|  
 +
| tax exempt farm
 
|-
 
|-
| satulantekijä ||saddle maker
+
| räätäli
 +
|  
 +
| tailor
 
|-
 
|-
| savenvalaja ||potter
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| se ||it
+
| '''S'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| seitsemän ||seven
+
| s. (syntynyt)
 +
|  
 +
| born
 
|-
 
|-
| seitsemäntoista ||seventeen
+
| saapuneet
 +
|  
 +
| arrived, moved in
 
|-
 
|-
| seitsemäs ||seventh
+
| saapuneet asiakirjat
 +
|  
 +
| correspondence, letters
 
|-
 
|-
| seitsemästoista ||seventeenth
+
| saapunut
 +
|  
 +
| arrived
 
|-
 
|-
| sekä ||and, also
+
| saha
 +
|  
 +
| sawmill
 
|-
 
|-
| sen ||its
+
| sairas
 +
|  
 +
| sick (person)
 
|-
 
|-
| seppä ||smith
+
| sairaus
 +
|  
 +
| sickness
 
|-
 
|-
| seppä ||blacksmith
+
| sakkoluettelot
 +
|  
 +
| lists of fines
 
|-
 
|-
| serkku ||cousin
+
| saksalainen
 +
|  
 +
| German
 
|-
 
|-
| setä ||uncle (paternal)
+
| sama
 +
|  
 +
| same
 
|-
 
|-
| seura ||society (genealogical)
+
| sanakirja
 +
|  
 +
| dictionary
 
|-
 
|-
| seuraava ||next
+
| sanomalehti
 +
|  
 +
| newspaper
 
|-
 
|-
| seurakunta ||parish
+
| sanottu
 +
|  
 +
| said, stated
 
|-
 
|-
| seutu ||region, vicinity
+
| satulantekijä
 +
|  
 +
| saddle maker
 
|-
 
|-
| siellä ||there
+
| savenvalaja
 +
|  
 +
| potter
 
|-
 
|-
| siirtolainen ||emigrant, immigrant
+
| se
 +
|  
 +
| it
 
|-
 
|-
| siirtolaisrekisteri ||emigration records
+
| seitsemän
 +
|  
 +
| seven
 
|-
 
|-
| siirtolaisuus ||immigration
+
| seitsemäntoista
 +
|  
 +
| seventeen
 
|-
 
|-
| siirtolaisuus ||emigration
+
| seitsemäs
 +
|  
 +
| seventh
 
|-
 
|-
| sikotauti ||mumps
+
| seitsemästoista
 +
|  
 +
| seventeenth
 
|-
 
|-
| sikäläinen ||of that place
+
| sekä
 +
|  
 +
| and, also
 
|-
 
|-
| silta ||bridge
+
| sen
 +
|  
 +
| its
 
|-
 
|-
| sinun ||your, yours (singular)
+
| seppä
 +
|  
 +
| smith
 
|-
 
|-
| sinä ||you (singular)
+
| seppä
 +
|  
 +
| blacksmith
 
|-
 
|-
| sisar ||sister
+
| serkku
 +
|  
 +
| cousin
 
|-
 
|-
| sisarenpoika ||nephew, sister\'s son
+
| setä
 +
|  
 +
| uncle (paternal)
 
|-
 
|-
| sisarentytär ||niece, sister\'s daughter
+
| seura
 +
|  
 +
| society (genealogical)
 
|-
 
|-
| sisarpuoli ||half-sister, stepsister
+
| seuraava
 +
|  
 +
| next
 
|-
 
|-
| sisarukset ||siblings
+
| seurakunta
 +
|  
 +
| parish
 
|-
 
|-
| sisko ||sister
+
| seutu
 +
|  
 +
| region, vicinity
 
|-
 
|-
| sisäinen ||inside
+
| siellä
 +
|  
 +
| there
 
|-
 
|-
| sisällysluettelo ||register, index
+
| siirtolainen
 +
|  
 +
| emigrant, immigrant
 
|-
 
|-
| sisältö ||contents
+
| siirtolaisrekisteri
 +
|  
 +
| emigration records
 
|-
 
|-
| siviilirekisteri ||civil registration
+
| siirtolaisuus
 +
|  
 +
| immigration
 
|-
 
|-
| sivu ||page
+
| siirtolaisuus
 +
|  
 +
| emigration
 
|-
 
|-
| sokea ||blind
+
| sikotauti
 +
|  
 +
| mumps
 
|-
 
|-
| sokeritauti ||diabetes
+
| sikäläinen
 +
|  
 +
| of that place
 
|-
 
|-
| sorvari ||turner
+
| silta
 +
|  
 +
| bridge
 
|-
 
|-
| sota ||war
+
| sinun
 +
|  
 +
| your, yours (singular)
 
|-
 
|-
| sotamies ||soldier
+
| sinä
 +
|  
 +
| you (singular)
 
|-
 
|-
| sotaväki ||troops, army
+
| sisar
 +
|  
 +
| sister
 
|-
 
|-
| sotilas ||soldier, military
+
| sisarenpoika
 +
|  
 +
| nephew, sister\'s son
 
|-
 
|-
| suku ||family
+
| sisarentytär
 +
|  
 +
| niece, sister\'s daughter
 
|-
 
|-
| sukua(olla) ||related
+
| sisarpuoli
 +
|  
 +
| half-sister, stepsister
 
|-
 
|-
| sukukirjat ||lineage books
+
| sisarukset
 +
|  
 +
| siblings
 
|-
 
|-
| sukulainen ||relative
+
| sisko
 +
|  
 +
| sister
 
|-
 
|-
| sukulaisuus ||relationship
+
| sisäinen
 +
|  
 +
| inside
 
|-
 
|-
| sukunimi ||surname
+
| sisällysluettelo
 +
|  
 +
| register, index
 
|-
 
|-
| sukupolvi ||generation
+
| sisältö
 +
|  
 +
| contents
 
|-
 
|-
| sukupuoli ||sex
+
| siviilirekisteri
 +
|  
 +
| civil registration
 
|-
 
|-
| sukupuolitauti ||venereal disease
+
| sivu
 +
|  
 +
| page
 
|-
 
|-
| sukupuu ||family tree, pedigree
+
| sokea
 +
|  
 +
| blind
 
|-
 
|-
| sukuselvitys ||report of family relationships
+
| sokeritauti
 +
|  
 +
| diabetes
 
|-
 
|-
| sukutaulu ||genealogical table
+
| sorvari
 +
|  
 +
| turner
 
|-
 
|-
| sukutiede ||genealogy
+
| sota
 +
|  
 +
| war
 
|-
 
|-
| sukututkimus ||genealogical research
+
| sotamies
 +
|  
 +
| soldier
 
|-
 
|-
| sukututkimusseura ||genealogical society
+
| sotaväki
 +
|  
 +
| troops, army
 
|-
 
|-
| sulhanen ||bridegroom, fiancé
+
| sotilas
 +
|  
 +
| soldier, military
 
|-
 
|-
| sunnuntai ||Sunday
+
| suku
 +
|  
 +
| family
 
|-
 
|-
| suomalainen ||Finnish
+
| sukua(olla)
 +
|  
 +
| related
 
|-
 
|-
| Suomi ||Finland
+
| sukukirjat
 +
|  
 +
| lineage books
 
|-
 
|-
| suorittaa ||perform
+
| sukulainen
 +
|  
 +
| relative
 
|-
 
|-
| suostumus ||consent
+
| sukulaisuus
 +
|  
 +
| relationship
 
|-
 
|-
| suuri ||big, great
+
| sukunimi
 +
|  
 +
| surname
 
|-
 
|-
| suutari ||shoemaker
+
| sukupolvi
 +
|  
 +
| generation
 
|-
 
|-
| sydänvika ||heart trouble
+
| sukupuoli
 +
|  
 +
| sex
 
|-
 
|-
| syksy ||autumn
+
| sukupuolitauti
 +
|  
 +
| venereal disease
 
|-
 
|-
| sylilapsi ||baby, infant
+
| sukupuu
 +
|  
 +
| family tree, pedigree
 
|-
 
|-
| synnytys ||childbirth
+
| sukuselvitys
 +
|  
 +
| report of family relationships
 
|-
 
|-
| syntymä ||birth
+
| sukutaulu
 +
|  
 +
| genealogical table
 
|-
 
|-
| syntymäaika ||date of birth
+
| sukutiede
 +
|  
 +
| genealogy
 
|-
 
|-
| syntymäpaikka ||place of birth
+
| sukututkimus
 +
|  
 +
| genealogical research
 
|-
 
|-
| syntymätodistus ||birth certificate
+
| sukututkimusseura
 +
|  
 +
| genealogical society
 
|-
 
|-
| syntyneet ||births, birth records
+
| sulhanen
 +
|  
 +
| bridegroom, fiancé
 
|-
 
|-
| syntynyt ||born, maiden surname
+
| sunnuntai
 +
|  
 +
| Sunday
 
|-
 
|-
| syyskuu ||September
+
| suomalainen
 +
|  
 +
| Finnish
 
|-
 
|-
| syytinki ||allowance, person receiving allowance
+
| Suomi
 +
|  
 +
| Finland
 
|-
 
|-
| syöpä ||cancer
+
| suorittaa
 +
|  
 +
| perform
 
|-
 
|-
| säteri ||tax exempt estate
+
| suostumus
 +
|  
 +
| consent
 
|-
 
|-
| sääty(läinen) ||station, class, standing (person of)
+
| suuri
 +
|  
 +
| big, great
 
|-
 
|-
| T||
+
| suutari
 +
|  
 +
| shoemaker
 
|-
 
|-
| tahtoa ||to want
+
| sydänvika
 +
|  
 +
| heart trouble
 
|-
 
|-
| tai ||or
+
| syksy
 +
|  
 +
| autumn
 
|-
 
|-
| taiteilija ||artist
+
| sylilapsi
 +
|  
 +
| baby, infant
 
|-
 
|-
| takana ||behind
+
| synnytys
 +
|  
 +
| childbirth
 
|-
 
|-
| talo ||house
+
| syntymä
 +
|  
 +
| birth
 
|-
 
|-
| talollinen ||farmer
+
| syntymäaika
 +
|  
 +
| date of birth
 
|-
 
|-
| talonpoika ||peasant farmer
+
| syntymäpaikka
 +
|  
 +
| place of birth
 
|-
 
|-
| talous ||household
+
| syntymätodistus
 +
|  
 +
| birth certificate
 
|-
 
|-
| talousapulainen ||housemaid
+
| syntyneet
 +
|  
 +
| births, birth records
 
|-
 
|-
| talvi ||winter
+
| syntynyt
 +
|  
 +
| born, maiden surname
 
|-
 
|-
| tammikuu ||January
+
| syyskuu
 +
|  
 +
| September
 
|-
 
|-
| tap(po) (-ettu) ||murder(ed)
+
| syytinki
 +
|  
 +
| allowance, person receiving allowance
 
|-
 
|-
| tapaturma ||accident
+
| syöpä
 +
|  
 +
| cancer
 
|-
 
|-
| tarkastuspöytäkirjat ||visitations
+
| säteri
 +
|  
 +
| tax exempt estate
 
|-
 
|-
| taulu(kko) ||table, chart
+
| sääty (läinen)  
 +
|  
 +
| station, class, standing (person of)
 
|-
 
|-
| tauti ||disease
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| te ||you (plural)
+
| '''T'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| tehdas ||factory
+
| tahtoa
 +
|  
 +
| to want
 
|-
 
|-
| teidan ||your, yours (plural)
+
| tai
 +
|  
 +
| or
 
|-
 
|-
| testamentti ||will, testament
+
| taiteilija
 +
|  
 +
| artist
 
|-
 
|-
| teurastaja ||butcher
+
| takana
 +
|  
 +
| behind
 
|-
 
|-
| tie ||road
+
| talo
 +
|  
 +
| house
 
|-
 
|-
| tiedottaja ||informant
+
| talollinen
 +
|  
 +
| farmer
 
|-
 
|-
| tiilentekijä ||brickmaker
+
| talonpoika
 +
|  
 +
| peasant farmer
 
|-
 
|-
| tiistai ||Tuesday
+
| talous
 +
|  
 +
| household
 
|-
 
|-
| tila ||house, farm
+
| talousapulainen
 +
|  
 +
| housemaid
 
|-
 
|-
| tilallinen ||farm owner
+
| talvi
 +
|  
 +
| winter
 
|-
 
|-
| tilikirjat ||record of accounts
+
| tammikuu
 +
|  
 +
| January
 
|-
 
|-
| titattomat ||landless population
+
| tap(po) (-ettu)
 +
|  
 +
| murder(ed)
 
|-
 
|-
| todistaja ||witness
+
| tapaturma
 +
|  
 +
| accident
 
|-
 
|-
| todistus ||certificate, evidence
+
| tarkastuspöytäkirjat
 +
|  
 +
| visitations
 
|-
 
|-
| toimeentulo ||livelihood
+
| taulu(kko)
 +
|  
 +
| table, chart
 
|-
 
|-
| toimi ||occupation
+
| tauti
 +
|  
 +
| disease
 
|-
 
|-
| toimittaa ||perform
+
| te
 +
|  
 +
| you (plural)
 
|-
 
|-
| toinen ||other, second
+
| tehdas
 +
|  
 +
| factory
 
|-
 
|-
| toisella nimellä ||alias, a.k.a.
+
| teidan
 +
|  
 +
| your, yours (plural)
 
|-
 
|-
| -ton (ending) ||without, not
+
| testamentti
 +
|  
 +
| will, testament
 
|-
 
|-
| tontti ||parcel
+
| teurastaja
 +
|  
 +
| butcher
 
|-
 
|-
| tori ||market
+
| tie
 +
|  
 +
| road
 
|-
 
|-
| torppari ||crofter, tenant farmer
+
| tiedottaja
 +
|  
 +
| informant
 
|-
 
|-
| torstai ||Thursday
+
| tiilentekijä
 +
|  
 +
| brickmaker
 
|-
 
|-
| toukokuu ||May
+
| tiistai
 +
|  
 +
| Tuesday
 
|-
 
|-
| tsaari ||czar
+
| tila
 +
|  
 +
| house, farm
 
|-
 
|-
| tuhkarokko ||measles
+
| tilallinen
 +
|  
 +
| farm owner
 
|-
 
|-
| tulehdus ||inflammation
+
| tilikirjat
 +
|  
 +
| record of accounts
 
|-
 
|-
| tulipalo ||fire
+
| titattomat
 +
|  
 +
| landless population
 
|-
 
|-
| tulirokko ||scarlet fever
+
| todistaja
 +
|  
 +
| witness
 
|-
 
|-
| tulli ||customs
+
| todistus
 +
|  
 +
| certificate, evidence
 
|-
 
|-
| tullut (+ -sta or -lta) ||came (from)
+
| toimeentulo
 +
|  
 +
| livelihood
 
|-
 
|-
| tuntematon ||unknown
+
| toimi
 +
|  
 +
| occupation
 
|-
 
|-
| tunti ||hour
+
| toimittaa
 +
|  
 +
| perform
 
|-
 
|-
| tuomari ||judge
+
| toinen
 +
|  
 +
| other, second
 
|-
 
|-
| tuomio ||judgment
+
| toisella nimellä
 +
|  
 +
| alias, a.k.a.
 
|-
 
|-
| tuomioistuin ||court
+
| -ton (ending)
 +
|  
 +
| without, not
 
|-
 
|-
| tuomiokirkko ||cathedral
+
| tontti
 +
|  
 +
| parcel
 
|-
 
|-
| tuomiokunta ||judicial district
+
| tori
 +
|  
 +
| market
 
|-
 
|-
| tupa ||cottage, house
+
| torppari
 +
|  
 +
| crofter, tenant farmer
 
|-
 
|-
| turvotus ||swelling, edema
+
| torstai
 +
|  
 +
| Thursday
 
|-
 
|-
| tynnyrintekijä ||cooper, barrel maker
+
| toukokuu
 +
|  
 +
| May
 
|-
 
|-
| tyttären poika ||grandson, daughter\'s son
+
| tsaari
 +
|  
 +
| czar
 
|-
 
|-
| tyttären tytär ||granddaughter, daughter\'s daughter
+
| tuhkarokko
 +
|  
 +
| measles
 
|-
 
|-
| tyttö ||girl, daughter
+
| tulehdus
 +
|  
 +
| inflammation
 
|-
 
|-
| tytär ||daughter
+
| tulipalo
 +
|  
 +
| fire
 
|-
 
|-
| työläinen ||laborer
+
| tulirokko
 +
|  
 +
| scarlet fever
 
|-
 
|-
| työmies ||laborer
+
| tulli
 +
|  
 +
| customs
 
|-
 
|-
| työntekijä ||laborer
+
| tullut (+ -sta or -lta)
 +
|  
 +
| came (from)
 
|-
 
|-
| täkäläinen ||of this place
+
| tuntematon
 +
|  
 +
| unknown
 
|-
 
|-
| tällä paikkakunnalla ||in this place
+
| tunti
 +
|  
 +
| hour
 
|-
 
|-
| tämä ||this
+
| tuomari
 +
|  
 +
| judge
 
|-
 
|-
| tämä paikka ||this place
+
| tuomio
 +
|  
 +
| judgment
 
|-
 
|-
| tänään ||today
+
| tuomioistuin
 +
|  
 +
| court
 
|-
 
|-
| täti ||aunt
+
| tuomiokirkko
 +
|  
 +
| cathedral
 
|-
 
|-
| täysi-ikäinen ||of legal age
+
| tuomiokunta
 +
|  
 +
| judicial district
 
|-
 
|-
| täällä ||here
+
| tupa
 +
|  
 +
| cottage, house
 
|-
 
|-
| U||
+
| turvotus
 +
|  
 +
| swelling, edema
 
|-
 
|-
| ukko ||old man
+
| tynnyrintekijä
 +
|  
 +
| cooper, barrel maker
 
|-
 
|-
| ulko ||outer
+
| tyttären poika
 +
|  
 +
| grandson, daughter\'s son
 
|-
 
|-
| ulkoluku ||reciting from memory
+
| tyttären tytär
 +
|  
 +
| granddaughter, daughter\'s daughter
 
|-
 
|-
| ulkomaalainen ||foreign, strange
+
| tyttö
 +
|  
 +
| girl, daughter
 
|-
 
|-
| ummetus ||constipation
+
| tytär
 +
|  
 +
| daughter
 
|-
 
|-
| usein ||often
+
| työläinen
 +
|  
 +
| laborer
 
|-
 
|-
| uskonto ||religious affiliation
+
| työmies
 +
|  
 +
| laborer
 
|-
 
|-
| uudisasukas ||settler
+
| työntekijä
 +
|  
 +
| laborer
 
|-
 
|-
| uusi ||new
+
| täkäläinen
 +
|  
 +
| of this place
 
|-
 
|-
| V||
+
| tällä paikkakunnalla
 +
|  
 +
| in this place
 
|-
 
|-
| v. (vihitty) ||married
+
| tämä
 +
|  
 +
| this
 
|-
 
|-
| vaakuna ||coat of arms
+
| tämä paikka
 +
|  
 +
| this place
 
|-
 
|-
| vaakunaoppi ||heraldry
+
| tänään
 +
|  
 +
| today
 
|-
 
|-
| vaari ||grandfather
+
| täti
 +
|  
 +
| aunt
 
|-
 
|-
| vahtimestari ||caretaker
+
| täysi-ikäinen
 +
|  
 +
| of legal age
 
|-
 
|-
| vaimo ||wife, married women
+
| täällä
 +
|  
 +
| here
 
|-
 
|-
| vainaja ||deceased, (the) late
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| vaivainen ||poor, sickly
+
| '''U'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| vaivaisrahat ||poor relief accounts
+
| ukko
 +
|  
 +
| old man
 
|-
 
|-
| vaivaisruodut ||poor relief records
+
| ulko
 +
|  
 +
| outer
 
|-
 
|-
| vaivaistalo ||poorhouse
+
| ulkoluku
 +
|  
 +
| reciting from memory
 
|-
 
|-
| vajaamielinen ||mentally defective
+
| ulkomaalainen
 +
|  
 +
| foreign, strange
 
|-
 
|-
| vakituinen ||permanent, regular
+
| ummetus
 +
|  
 +
| constipation
 
|-
 
|-
| valokuvaaja ||photographer
+
| usein
 +
|  
 +
| often
 
|-
 
|-
| valtakunta ||state, empire
+
| uskonto
 +
|  
 +
| religious affiliation
 
|-
 
|-
| valtio ||state
+
| uudisasukas
 +
|  
 +
| settler
 
|-
 
|-
| Valtionarkisto ||state archives
+
| uusi
 +
|  
 +
| new
 
|-
 
|-
| valuri ||foundry worker
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| vanha ||old
+
| '''V'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| vanhapoika ||bachelor
+
| v. (vihitty)
 +
|  
 +
| married
 
|-
 
|-
| vanhemmat ||parents
+
| vaakuna
 +
|  
 +
| coat of arms
 
|-
 
|-
| vanhempi ||(the) older
+
| vaakunaoppi
 +
|  
 +
| heraldry
 
|-
 
|-
| vanhin ||oldest, elder
+
| vaari
 +
|  
 +
| grandfather
 
|-
 
|-
| vanhus ||old person
+
| vahtimestari
 +
|  
 +
| caretaker
 
|-
 
|-
| vanhuus ||old age
+
| vaimo
 +
|  
 +
| wife, married women
 
|-
 
|-
| vanki ||prisoner
+
| vainaja
 +
|  
 +
| deceased, (the) late
 
|-
 
|-
| vankila ||prison
+
| vaivainen
 +
|  
 +
| poor, sickly
 
|-
 
|-
| vapaa ||free
+
| vaivaisrahat
 +
|  
 +
| poor relief accounts
 
|-
 
|-
| vapaaherra(tar) ||baron(ess)
+
| vaivaisruodut
 +
|  
 +
| poor relief records
 
|-
 
|-
| vapaasääty ||nobility
+
| vaivaistalo
 +
|  
 +
| poorhouse
 
|-
 
|-
| varas ||thief
+
| vajaamielinen
 +
|  
 +
| mentally defective
 
|-
 
|-
| varkaus ||theft
+
| vakituinen
 +
|  
 +
| permanent, regular
 
|-
 
|-
| varrella ||by, at side
+
| valokuvaaja
 +
|  
 +
| photographer
 
|-
 
|-
| varten ||for the purpose of
+
| valtakunta
 +
|  
 +
| state, empire
 
|-
 
|-
| vartia ||warden
+
| valtio
 +
|  
 +
| state
 
|-
 
|-
| vasen ||left (direction)
+
| Valtionarkisto
 +
|  
 +
| state archives
 
|-
 
|-
| vaskiseppä ||coppersmith
+
| valuri
 +
|  
 +
| foundry worker
 
|-
 
|-
| vastaanotettu ||received
+
| vanha
 +
|  
 +
| old
 
|-
 
|-
| vastanainut ||newlywed
+
| vanhapoika
 +
|  
 +
| bachelor
 
|-
 
|-
| vastasyntynyt ||newborn
+
| vanhemmat
 +
|  
 +
| parents
 
|-
 
|-
| vasten ||against
+
| vanhempi
 +
|  
 +
| (the) older
 
|-
 
|-
| vatsatauti ||stomach disease
+
| vanhin
 +
|  
 +
| oldest, elder
 
|-
 
|-
| vauva ||baby
+
| vanhus
 +
|  
 +
| old person
 
|-
 
|-
| vauva(na) ||(as an) infant
+
| vanhuus
 +
|  
 +
| old age
 
|-
 
|-
| veli ||brother
+
| vanki
 +
|  
 +
| prisoner
 
|-
 
|-
| velipuoli ||half-brother
+
| vankila
 +
|  
 +
| prison
 
|-
 
|-
| veljenpoika ||nephew, brother\'s son
+
| vapaa
 +
|  
 +
| free
 
|-
 
|-
| veljentytär ||niece, brother\'s daughter
+
| vapaaherra(tar)
 +
|  
 +
| baron(ess)
 
|-
 
|-
| velka ||debt
+
| vapaasääty
 +
|  
 +
| nobility
 
|-
 
|-
| Venäjä ||Russia
+
| varas
 +
|  
 +
| thief
 
|-
 
|-
| venäläinen ||Russian
+
| varkaus
 +
|  
 +
| theft
 
|-
 
|-
| verensyöksy ||hemorrhage
+
| varrella
 +
|  
 +
| by, at side
 
|-
 
|-
| verenvuoto ||hemorrhage
+
| varten
 +
|  
 +
| for the purpose of
 
|-
 
|-
| veritulppa ||blood clot
+
| vartia
 +
|  
 +
| warden
 
|-
 
|-
| vero ||tax
+
| vasen
 +
|  
 +
| left (direction)
 
|-
 
|-
| verotus ||taxation
+
| vaskiseppä
 +
|  
 +
| coppersmith
 
|-
 
|-
| vesipöhö ||dropsy, edema
+
| vastaanotettu
 +
|  
 +
| received
 
|-
 
|-
| vesirokko ||chicken pox
+
| vastanainut
 +
|  
 +
| newlywed
 
|-
 
|-
| vielä ||still
+
| vastasyntynyt
 +
|  
 +
| newborn
 
|-
 
|-
| vieras(seurakuntalainen) ||guest, person not of a given parish
+
| vasten
 +
|  
 +
| against
 
|-
 
|-
| vierasseurakuntalaisten historiakirjat||registers of members of other parishes
+
| vatsatauti
 +
|  
 +
| stomach disease
 
|-
 
|-
| vihityt ||marriages, marriage records
+
| vauva
 +
|  
 +
| baby
 
|-
 
|-
| vihkiminen ||marriage (ceremony)  
+
| vauva(na)
 +
|  
 +
| (as an) infant
 
|-
 
|-
| vihkimäsopimus ||marriage contract
+
| veli
 +
|  
 +
| brother
 
|-
 
|-
| vihkimätodistus ||marriage certificate
+
| velipuoli
 +
|  
 +
| half-brother
 
|-
 
|-
| vihreä ||green
+
| veljenpoika
 +
|  
 +
| nephew, brother\'s son
 
|-
 
|-
| viides ||fifth
+
| veljentytär
 +
|  
 +
| niece, brother\'s daughter
 
|-
 
|-
| viidestoista ||fifteenth
+
| velka
 +
|  
 +
| debt
 
|-
 
|-
| viikko ||week
+
| Venäjä
 +
|  
 +
| Russia
 
|-
 
|-
| viime ||last, past
+
| venäläinen
 +
|  
 +
| Russian
 
|-
 
|-
| viisi ||five
+
| verensyöksy
 +
|  
 +
| hemorrhage
 
|-
 
|-
| viisitoista ||fifteen
+
| verenvuoto
 +
|  
 +
| hemorrhage
 
|-
 
|-
| virasta eronnut ||retired
+
| veritulppa
 +
|  
 +
| blood clot
 
|-
 
|-
| virasto ||office, department
+
| vero
 +
|  
 +
| tax
 
|-
 
|-
| virka ||office, position, occupation
+
| verotus
 +
|  
 +
| taxation
 
|-
 
|-
| virkaa tekevä ||officiating, deputy
+
| vesipöhö
 +
|  
 +
| dropsy, edema
 
|-
 
|-
| virkamies ||public official
+
| vesirokko
 +
|  
 +
| chicken pox
 
|-
 
|-
| virkatodistus ||official certificate (of birth, marriage, or death)
+
| vielä
 +
|  
 +
| still
 
|-
 
|-
| Viro ||Estonia
+
| vieras(seurakuntalainen)
 +
|  
 +
| guest, person not of a given parish
 
|-
 
|-
| virolainen ||Estonian
+
| vierasseurakuntalaisten historiakirjat
 +
|  
 +
| registers of members of other parishes
 
|-
 
|-
| vouti ||bailiff, overseer (historical governor)
+
| vihityt
 +
|  
 +
| marriages, marriage records
 
|-
 
|-
| v.t. (virkaa tekevä) ||officiating, deputy
+
| vihkiminen
 +
|  
 +
| marriage (ceremony)
 
|-
 
|-
| vuoden ikäinen ||years of age
+
| vihkimäsopimus
 +
|  
 +
| marriage contract
 
|-
 
|-
| vuokralainen ||lodger
+
| vihkimätodistus
 +
|  
 +
| marriage certificate
 
|-
 
|-
| vuori ||mountain
+
| vihreä
 +
|  
 +
| green
 
|-
 
|-
| vuorokausi ||twenty-four hours
+
| viides
 +
|  
 +
| fifth
 
|-
 
|-
| vuosi ||year
+
| viidestoista
 +
|  
 +
| fifteenth
 
|-
 
|-
| vuosi(päiva) (-juhla) ||anniversary
+
| viikko
 +
|  
 +
| week
 
|-
 
|-
| vuosikymmen ||decade, decennial
+
| viime
 +
|  
 +
| last, past
 
|-
 
|-
| vuosisata ||century
+
| viisi
 +
|  
 +
| five
 
|-
 
|-
| vuosittain(en) ||yearly
+
| viisitoista
 +
|  
 +
| fifteen
 
|-
 
|-
| vuotias ||years old
+
| virasta eronnut
 +
|  
 +
| retired
 
|-
 
|-
| väestö(rekisteri) ||population (registry)
+
| virasto
 +
|  
 +
| office, department
 
|-
 
|-
| väestönlaskenta ||census
+
| virka
 +
|  
 +
| office, position, occupation
 
|-
 
|-
| väki ||people, folk, crew, forces
+
| virkaa tekevä
 +
|  
 +
| officiating, deputy
 
|-
 
|-
| väliaikainen ||temporary
+
| virkamies
 +
|  
 +
| public official
 
|-
 
|-
| välillä ||between
+
| virkatodistus
 +
|  
 +
| official certificate (of birth, marriage, or death)
 
|-
 
|-
| välittömästi ||immediately, direct
+
| Viro
 +
|  
 +
| Estonia
 
|-
 
|-
| värjääja ||dyer
+
| virolainen
 +
|  
 +
| Estonian
 
|-
 
|-
| vävy ||son-in-law
+
| vouti
 +
|  
 +
| bailiff, overseer (historical governor)
 
|-
 
|-
| Y||
+
| v.t. (virkaa tekevä)
 +
|  
 +
| officiating, deputy
 
|-
 
|-
| yhdeksän ||nine
+
| vuoden ikäinen
 +
|  
 +
| years of age
 
|-
 
|-
| yhdeksäntoista ||nineteen
+
| vuokralainen
 +
|  
 +
| lodger
 
|-
 
|-
| yhdeksäs ||ninth
+
| vuori
 +
|  
 +
| mountain
 
|-
 
|-
| yhdeksästoista ||nineteenth
+
| vuorokausi
 +
|  
 +
| twenty-four hours
 
|-
 
|-
| yhdestoista ||eleventh
+
| vuosi
 +
|  
 +
| year
 
|-
 
|-
| yhteinen ||together, belonging to both
+
| vuosi(päiva) (-juhla)
 +
|  
 +
| anniversary
 
|-
 
|-
| yhteiskunta ||community
+
| vuosikymmen
 +
|  
 +
| decade, decennial
 
|-
 
|-
| yksi ||one
+
| vuosisata
 +
|  
 +
| century
 
|-
 
|-
| yksitoista ||eleven
+
| vuosittain(en)
 +
|  
 +
| yearly
 
|-
 
|-
| yleinen ||general, common
+
| vuotias
 +
|  
 +
| years old
 
|-
 
|-
| yli, ylä ||over, upper, ended
+
| väestö(rekisteri)
 +
|  
 +
| population (registry)
 
|-
 
|-
| ylkä ||bridegroom
+
| väestönlaskenta
 +
|  
 +
| census
 
|-
 
|-
| ylä ||upper
+
| väki
 +
|  
 +
| people, folk, crew, forces
 
|-
 
|-
| ympärillä ||around
+
| väliaikainen
 +
|  
 +
| temporary
 
|-
 
|-
| yskä ||cough (noun)
+
| välillä
 +
|  
 +
| between
 
|-
 
|-
| ystävä ||friend
+
| välittömästi
 +
|  
 +
| immediately, direct
 
|-
 
|-
| ||night
+
| värjääja
 +
|  
 +
| dyer
 
|-
 
|-
| Ä||
+
| vävy
 +
|  
 +
| son-in-law
 
|-
 
|-
| äidinisä ||grandfather (maternal)
+
| <br>
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| äidinäiti ||grandmother (maternal)
+
| '''Y'''
 +
|  
 +
|  
 
|-
 
|-
| äiditön ||motherless
+
| yhdeksän
 +
|  
 +
| nine
 
|-
 
|-
| äiti ||mother
+
| yhdeksäntoista
 +
|  
 +
| nineteen
 
|-
 
|-
| äitipuoli ||stepmother
+
| yhdeksäs
 +
|  
 +
| ninth
 
|-
 
|-
| äpärä ||illegitimate child
+
| yhdeksästoista
 +
|  
 +
| nineteenth
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| yhdestoista
 +
|
 +
| eleventh
 +
|-
 +
| yhteinen
 +
|
 +
| together, belonging to both
 +
|-
 +
| yhteiskunta
 +
|
 +
| community
 +
|-
 +
| yksi
 +
|
 +
| one
 +
|-
 +
| yksitoista
 +
|
 +
| eleven
 +
|-
 +
| yleinen
 +
|
 +
| general, common
 +
|-
 +
| yli, ylä
 +
|
 +
| over, upper, ended
 +
|-
 +
| ylkä
 +
|
 +
| bridegroom
 +
|-
 +
| ylä
 +
|
 +
| upper
 +
|-
 +
| ympärillä
 +
|
 +
| around
 +
|-
 +
| yskä
 +
|
 +
| cough (noun)
 +
|-
 +
| ystävä
 +
|
 +
| friend
 +
|-
 +
| yö
 +
|
 +
| night
 +
|-
 +
| <br>
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| '''Ä'''
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| äidinisä
 +
|
 +
| grandfather (maternal)
 +
|-
 +
| äidinäiti
 +
|
 +
| grandmother (maternal)
 +
|-
 +
| äiditön
 +
|
 +
| motherless
 +
|-
 +
| äiti
 +
|
 +
| mother
 +
|-
 +
| äitipuoli
 +
|
 +
| stepmother
 +
|-
 +
| äpärä
 +
|
 +
| illegitimate child
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
<br> '''Months'''
 +
 +
Tammikuu &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; January
 +
 +
Helmikuu &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; February
 +
 +
Maaliskuu&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; March
 +
 +
Huhtikuu&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; April
 +
 +
Toukokuu&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; May
 +
 +
Kesäkuu&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; June
 +
 +
Heinäkuu&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; July
 +
 +
Elokuu&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; August
 +
 +
Syyskuu&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; September
 +
 +
Lokakuu&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; October
 +
 +
Marraskuu&nbsp;&nbsp; November
 +
 +
Joulukuu&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; December
 +
 
|  
 
|  
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
=== Additional Resources  ===
 +
 +
This word list includes only the words most commonly found in genealogical sources. For more help, use a Finnish-English dictionary. Several such dictionaries are available at the Family History LibraryLook this term up in the glossary. in the Scandinavia collection. Their call numbers begin with 494.541321. The following dictionary is also available on microfilmLook this term up in the glossary. for use in Family History CentersLook this term up in the glossary.:
 +
 +
Alanne, V. S. Suomalais-englantilainen suursanakirja [Great Finnish-English Dictionary]. 3rd ed. Porvoo: Werner Söderström Osakeyhtiö, 1968. (FHL film 1224706 item 3.)
 +
 +
Additional dictionaries are listed in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog under FINNISH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES or in the Locality Search under FINLAND - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES - DICTIONARIES.<br>
 +
 +
<br>
 +
 +
=== References  ===
 +
 +
Family History Department. <u>Genealogical Word List: Finnish</u>. by the Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, 1997
  
 
[[Category:Finland]]
 
[[Category:Finland]]

Latest revision as of 15:12, 21 May 2013

Back to Finland

Finnish is related to Estonian and distantly related to Hungarian. It is not related to other European languages. The official languages of Finland are Finnish and Swedish. Until the end of the 1800s, records were kept in Swedish. For help reading those records, see the Swedish Genealogical Word List. Some Latin phrases also appear in older Finnish parish registers. For help, use the Latin Genealogical Word List.

This list contains Finnish words with their English translations. The words included here are those that you are likely to find in genealogical sources. If the word you are looking for is not on this list, please consult a Finnish-English dictionary (see the "Additional Resources" section at the bottom of this page).

If you would like to learn more about the language characteristics see the article Finnish Language Characteristics.

Contents

Alphabetical Order

Written Finnish uses three letters in addition to the twenty-six letters used in the English alphabet: ä, ö, and for Swedish names, å. Finnish dictionaries and indexes, this word list, and the Locality Search of the Family History Library CatalogLook this term up in the glossary. all use the following alphabetical order:

a   b   c   d   e   f   g   h   i   j   k   l   m   n   o   p   q   r   s   t   u   v   w   x   y   z   å   ä  ö

The letters v and w are frequently alphabetized as the same letter.


Key Words

To find and use specific types of Finnish records, you will need to know some key words in Finnish. This section gives key genealogical terms in English and the Finnish words with the same or similar meanings.

For example, in the first column you will find the English word marriages. In the second column you will find Finnish words with meanings such as marry, marriage, wedding, wedlock, unite, legitimate, joined,and other words used in Finnish records to indicate marriage.

English Finnish
Banns kuulutetut
baptism kastetut, kaste-, ristimä-
births syntyneet, synty-
burials haudatut, hauta-, hauda-
child lapsi
christenings see baptism
confirmations rippilapset, ripille päässeet
deaths kuolleet, kuoli-
father isä
husband mies, aviomies
marriages vihityt, vihki-, naim-, avio-
month kuukausi, kuu
mother äiti
name (given name) nimi, etunimi, kastenimi, ristimänimi
name (surname) (suku)nimi
parents vanhemmat parishs seurakunta, kunta
wife vaimo, aviovaimo year vuosi, vuoden, vuonna

General Word List

This general word list includes words commonly seen in genealogical sources. Numbers, months, and days of the week are listed both here and in separate sections that follow this list.

In this list, optional versions of Finnish words or variable endings are given in parentheses. Parentheses in the English column clarify the meaning.

A
aamu morning
aamulla in the morning
aamupäivä forenoon
aateli(nen) noble
aatelisto nobility
aatto eve
aika time, date
aikainen early, (a.m.)
aikaisempi earlier
aikakauskirja periodical
aikanaan in due time
aina always
ainoa only
aivokuume encephalitis, inflammation of the brain
aivotärähdys concussion
ajaja coachman
ajomies coachman
ala, ali low(er), under
alaikäinen minor, underaged
alla under
allekirjoittanut undersigned
alue region, district
alus ship
ammatti profession, occupation
annettu given
anoppi mother-in-law
appi father-in-law
appivanhemmat parents-in-law
apteekkari pharmacist, druggist
arkisto archive
arkistoluettelo archive list
arvo title, rank, status
asema station, class, standing
asevelvollinen conscript soldier
asiakirja document, record
asua live, reside
asuinpaikka place of residence
asukas inhabitant, resident, lodger
asunto residence
asutuksen yleisluettelo general register of inhabitants
a.u. illegitimate
aukko gap (missing records)
autio uninhabited
avioero divorce
avioliiton ulkopuolella illegitimate, out of wedlock
avioliitto marriage
avioliittoasiakirjat marriage documents
aviomies husband
avionrikkoja adulterer
aviopari married couple
aviopuoliso spouse
avioton unmarried, illegitimate
aviovaimo wife

D
deltiseppä tinner, tinsmith

E
edellinen former, preceding, previous
edellämainittu above mentioned
edesmennyt deceased (adjective)
edessä in front of
Eesti Estonia
eestilänen Estonian
ehkä perhaps
ehtoo evening, eve
ei no, not
ei koskaan never
eilen yesterday
eimitään nothing
ei vielä not yet
ekäkkeellä oleva pensioned, retired
eli lived, or
elokuu August
eloonjäänyt surviving, survivor
elossa alive
eläke pension
eläkeläinen pensioned person
elämäkerta biography
elää to live, living, alive
ennen before
eno uncle (maternal)
ensimmäinen first
ent. (entinen) former, previous
erikoistuomioistuimia special court records
erilainen various
ero(nnut) divorce(d)
erotettu (kirkosta) excommunicated (from the church)
esi-isä ancestor
esikoinen firstborn
esivanhemmat ancestors
esteettömyystodistukset certificates attesting freedom from liability
esteetön free of liability, unhindered (to travel, marry, etc.)
etelä south
että that
etunimi given name

F
folio page

H
hakemisto register, index
hallitus government, administration
halvaus stroke, paralysis
hampaiden puhkeaminen teething
harjoittelija apprentice
hattumaakari hatmaker
hatuntekijä hatmaker
hauda(ta) (-ttu) bury, buried
hauraus weakness of old age
hauta grave
hautajaiset funeral
hautaus(toimitus) funeral
hautausmaa cemetery
he they
heidän their, theirs
heikkous weakness (of old age)
heimo tribe, clan, family
heinäkuu July
helmikuu February
hengenahdistus shortness of breath
henkikirja tax list, census
henkikirjoitus census
henkilö person
henkilöhakemisto name index
henkilötiedot personal data
herra Mr., sir
Herran ehtoollinen communion
herrasväki gentry, Mr. and Mrs.
herttua duke
herttuakunta duchy
herttuatar duchess
heti right away, immediately
hiippakunta diocese
hinkuyskä whooping cough
historia history
historiakirjat births, marriages, and deaths
holhokki minor person under legal guardianship
holhooja guardian
holhous guardianship
hopeaseppä silversmith
hovioikeus court of appeals
huatajaiset burial
huhtikuu April
hukkunut drowned, lost
huomautuksia remarks
huomautus remark
huomenna tomorrow
huonekalupuuseppä cabinetmaker, furniture maker
huora whore
husaari light cavalryman
huutolainen pauper receiving his sustenance from the parish
huutolaislapsi pauper child receiving his sustenance from the parish
hyvä good
hän he, she
hänen his, her, hers
hätäkaste emergency baptism
hääpäivä wedding day, date
häät

I
ikä age
ikäkirjat church census
illalla in the evening
ilman without
ilmoittaa to declare
ilta evening
iltapäivä afternoon
iltapäivällä in the afternoon
inventaario inventory
irtolainen vagabond
iso large, big, great
iso-iso-isä great-grandfather
iso-iso-äiti great-grandmother
isoisä grandfather
isorokko smallpox
isovanhemmat grandparents
isoäiti grandmother
isä father
isänisä grandfather (paternal)
isäntä proprietor, host, landlord, farmer
isänäiti grandmother (paternal)
isäpuoli stepfather
isätön fatherless
itse self
itsellinen tenant farmer
itä east
iäkäs aged

J
ja and
jalkavaimo concubine
jalkaväki infantry
johto administration, leadership
joka which, who, every
jokainen each, every
jokavuotuinen annual
joki river
joskus [1890] luvulla sometime in the [1890s]
josta from which
joten thus
joulu Christmas
joulukuu December
julistettu (kuolleeksi) declared (dead)
juomanpanija brewer
juoppous intoxication
jälkeen after
jälkeenjäänyt surviving, survivor, retarded
jälkeläinen descendant
jälkimmäinen latter, last
jalkinekorjaaja shoemaker
järvi lake
jäsen(enä) (as a) member
jäänyt left, remaining

K
k. (kuollut) dead
kaatumatauti epilepsy
kado(ta) (-nnut) lose, lost
kahdeksan eight
kahdeksantoista eighteen
kahdeksas eighth
kahdeksastoista eighteenth
kahdeskymmenes twentieth
kahdeskymmenes-ensimmäinen twenty-first
kahdeskymmenes-kahdeksas twenty-eighth
kahdeskymmenes-kolmas twenty-third
kahdeskymmenes-kuudes twenty-sixth
kahdeskymmenes-neljäs twenty-fourth
kahdeskymmenes-seitemäs twenty-seventh
kahdeskymmenes-toinen twenty-second
kahdeskymmenes-viides twenty-fifth
kahdeskymmenes-yhdeksäs twenty-ninth
kahdestoista twelfth
kaikki all
kaima namesake
kaivos mine
kaivostyöläinen miner
kaksi two
kaksikymmentä twenty
kaksikymmentä-kahdeksan twenty-eight
kaksikymmentä-kaksi twenty-two
kaksikymmentä-kolme twenty-three
kaksikymmentä-kuusi twenty-six
kaksikymmentä-neljä twenty-four
kaksikymmentä-seitsemän twenty-seven
kaksikymmentä-viisi twenty-five
kaksikymmentä-yhdeksän twenty-nine
kaksikymmentä-yksi twenty-one
kaksitoista twelve
kakso(nen) (-set) twin(s)
kaksoiskappale duplicate record
kalastaja fisherman
kallio hill
kalustoluettelo inventory
kankuri weaver
kansa people
kansalainen citizen
Kansallisarkisto state archives
kansallisuus nationality
kanssa with
kantaisä male progenitor
kantaäiti female progenitor
kantoluettelot tax assessment rolls
kappalainen assistant minister
kappeli chapel
kara(ta) (-nnut) to run away
karjakko milkmaid
karjapaimen herdsman
karkuri runaway, fugitive, deserter
kartano manorial estate
kartta map
kastamaton unbaptized
kaste christening, baptism
kastekirja record of baptisms
kastenimi given name
kastettu(t) baptized, (births)
kasvain tumor
kasvatti(lapsi) foster child
kasvattivanhemmat foster parents
katselmuspöytäkirjat visitations
katu street
kauppala country town
kauppias shopkeeper, merchant
kaupunki city, town
kautta via
keisari emperor, czar
keisarillinen imperial
kelloseppä watchmaker
keltatauti jaundice
kerjäläinen beggar
kerta times
keskellä in the middle
keskenmeno miscarriage
keskipäivä noon, midday
keskiviikko Wednesday
keskiyö midnight
keskonen prematurely born child
kesä summer
kesäkuu June
keuhkotauti consumption, tuberculosis
kevät spring
kieli language, tongue
kihlakunnanoikeus rural district court
kihlakunta rural civil district
kihlattu engaged, betrothed
kihlaus engagement
kihlkeuhkotulehdus pneumonia
kihti gout
kilometri kilometer
kinkeriasiakirjat catechetical meeting records
kinkerit catechetical meeting, household examination
kirja book, register
kirjaaja register
kirjannitoja bookbinder
kirjanpitäjä bookkeeper
kirjasto library
kirje(et) letter(s)
kirjeenkantaja mailman
kirjekirjat correspondence, letters
kirjuri clerk, scribe
kirkko church
kirkkoherra minister, priest
kirkkoherranvirasto office of the parish minister
kirkon asiakirjat records regarding the church building
kirkonkirja parish register
kirvesmies carpenter
kisälli journeyman
kohtaus seizures, illness
kolera cholera
kolmas third
kolmaskymmenes thirtieth
kolmaskymmenes-ensimmäinen thirty-first
kolmastoista thirteenth
kolme three
kolmekymmentä thirty
kolmekymmentä-yksi thirty-one
kolmetoista thirteen
kolmoset triplets
koneenkäyttäjä machinist
korkea high
korkea ikä old (high) age
korkein oikeus supreme court
kortisto card index
kortteli block
koska when, because of
kot(i) (-ona) (at) home
kotimaa homeland, native land
kotipaikka residence
kotirouva housewife
koulu school
kouluasiakirjat school documents
kouristus convulsions, cramps
kramppi cramps, convulsions
kreikkalaiskatolinen (Eastern) Orthodox
kreivi count (earl)
krenatööri infantryman, grenadier
kristinoppi (knowledge of) Christian doctrine
kruunu crown, state, government
kuin as
kuinka how
kuka who
kulkuri vagabond
kulkutauti epidemic
kultaseppä goldsmith
kuluva current
kummi(t) sponsor(s), godmother, godfather
kun(ta) (-nat) parish(es), commune(s)
kuningas king
kuningaskunta kingdom
kuningatar queen
kuninkaallinen royal
kunniallinen honest
kunta municipality
kuolema death
kuoli died
kuoli ilman perillisiä died without issue
kuolinilmoitus obituary
kuolinpesä death estate
kuolinsyy cause of death
kuolintoclistus death certificate
kuolleena syntynyt stillborn
kuolleet deaths, death records
kuollut dead, died
kuppa syphilis
kurkkumätä diphtheria
kuski coachman
kuten as
kutsu(a) (-ttu) call(ed)
kuudes sixth
kuudestoista sixteenth
kuukausi month
kuulustelu examination
kuulutetut banns, marriage intentions
kuume fever
kuuro(mykkä) deaf (and dumb)
kuusi six
kuusitoista sixteen
kylä village
kymmenen ten
kymmenes tenth
käly sister-in-law
käräjäkunta primary rural judicial district, assize division
käräjät local court, assizes
käsikirja manual
käsityöläinen artisan
kätilö midwife
käytös conduct
kääntymys conversion
köyhä poor
köyhäinhoitoasiakirjat poor relief records
köyhäintalo poorhouse
köyhien luettelot poor relief records

L
laakso valley
laamanni(n)oikeus lower court of appeal
lahja gift, donation
lahjoitus donations
laillinen legal, legitimate
laiskanlukijat list of slow readers
laiva boat
laki law
lamp. (lampuoti) tenant farmer
lanko brother-in-law
lap(si) (-set) child(ren)
lapsenlapsi grandchild
lapseton childless
lapsihalvaus polio
lasinleikkaaja glass cutter, glazier
lastenkirjat preconfirmation roll
lastenkoti orphanage
Latvia Latvia
Latvialainen Latvian
lauantai Saturday
lautamies juror
lavantauti typhoid fever
leipuri baker
leski widow, widower
levyseppä sheet metal worker
Liettua Lithuania
liettualainen Lithuanian
linna castle, jail
lki. (leski) widow, widower
loinen dependent lodger
lois. dependent lodger
lokakuu October
luettelo list, index, directory
lukkari cantor, parish clerk
luku number
lukutaito ability to read, literacy
lunastus fee
luona at
luonnollinen kuolema natural death
luostari monastery
lupa permission
luterilainen Lutheran
luumätä caries
lähellä near
lähtenyt departed
länsi west
läpi through
läsnä present
läsnäolo presence
lääkäri physician
lääni county
lääninhallitus county government
löytölapsi foundling

M
maa land, country, earth
maakirja land record
maakunta province
maakunta-arkisto provincial archives
maalaiskunta rural parish near a city
maalari painter
maaliskuu March
maanantai Monday
maanjako-oikeuden asiakirjat documents of parcelling of land
maanmittari surveyor
maanviljelijä farmer
maasta muuttanut emigrated
maattu nainen woman who has had illicit relations
maine(todistus) (certificate of) character
mainittu said, stated
maistraatti city administration, magistrate
majatalo inn
makkarantekijä sausage maker
maksatauti liver disease
manttaali assessment unit of land
manttaaliluettelo tax list, census
marraskuu November
matruusi sailor
me we
meidan our, ours
mekaanikko machinist
mennyt(aika) the past
meri sea
merimies sailor
merkintä entry, remark
merkitty entered, noted
mestari master, expert
metsä forest
metsänhoitaja forester
metsästäjä hunter
miehistö crew
mies man, husband
miespuolinen male
miilunpolttaja charcoal burner
miksi why
mikä what, which
miniä daughter-in-law
minun my, mine
minuutti minute
minä I
missä where
mitätön minor, insignificant
m.n. (maattu nainen) woman who has had illicit relations
molemmat both
molempien belonging to both
monenlainen various
morsiain bride, fiancée
morsiuspari bridal couple
muistiinpano record, note, entry
mummo grandmother
muonamies farmworker receiving wages in commodities
murha(ttu) murder(ed)
mutta but
muurari mason, bricklayer
muut asiakirjat miscellaneous documents
muutt(i) (-anut) moved
muuttaneet moving record
muuttokirja certificate of moving
mylly mill
mylläri miller
myrkytys poisoning
myöhäinen late (p.m.)
myös(kin) also
mäkitupalainen cottager
mökki cottage

N
naapuri neighbor
nahkuri tanner
naida to marry
naimaton single, unmarried
naimattomana unmarried (at the given time)
naimisissa married
nainen woman
naispuolinen female
neiti Miss
neitsyt virgin
neljä four
neljäs fourth
neljästoista fourteenth
neljätoista fourteen
nikkari carpenter
nimi name
nimismies rural police chief
noin approximately
Norja Norway
norjalainen Norwegian
notariaatti notary
numero number
nuo those
nuohooja chimney sweeper
nuorempi (the) younger
nuori(n) young(est)
nuorimies youth, unmarried man, bachelor
nuoripiika maid, unmarried woman
nuoripoika youth, unmarried man, bachelor
nuorukainen young man
nykyinen present, current
nälkä hunger

O
oikea right (direction)
oikeus right, court
oli was
olivat were
olla to be
olosuhteet circumstances
oluenpanija brewer
oma own (adjective)
omaa sukua maiden name, née
omainen relative
omaisuus property
omistaa to have, to own
omistaja owner
on is
opettaja teacher
opiskelija student (at university)
oppilas student (grades 1 to 12), apprentice
orpo orphan
ortodoksi orthodox
o.s. (omaa sukua) maiden name, née
osa volume, part
osoitehakemisto directory
ote extract
ottolapsi adopted child
ottovanhemmat adoptive parents
ovat are

P
paikka(kunta) place, locality
paikkakuntahakemisto gazetteer
paitatehtailija shirt maker, shirt manufacturer
pakolainen refugee, fugitive
palo fire
palvelija servant
palvelu(s) service
papintodistus official certificate of birth, marriage, or death
pappi clergyman, priest
pappila rectory, parsonage
pappilan asiakirjat records of the parsonage
pastori pastor
pastorinkanslia office of the parish minister
peltiseppä tinner, tinsmith
penkkijärjestys pew lists
perhe family
perhehistoria family history
perheluettelo family register
perikunta the heirs
perillinen heir
perinnönjako distribution of an inheritance
perintö inheritance
perintötila family (or inherited) estate
perjantai Friday
peru(n)kirjat private inventories of the deceased\'s property
perunjakokirjat private inventories of the deceased\'s property
perunkirjoitus estate inventory, probate
pieni little, small
piika maid, unmarried woman
pikkulapsi infant
pikkuserkku second cousin
pitäjä(läinen) parish(ioner)
pitäjänkokousten pöytäkirjat minutes of parochial meetings
pohjoi(s-) (-nen) north
poika boy, son
poikamies bachelor
pois away
poismennyt deceased (adjective)
pojan poika grandson, son\'s son
pojan tytär granddaughter, son\'s daughter
polveutua descend from
pormestari mayor
porvari burgher, tradesman, middle class citizen
posteljooni mailman
preussilainen Prussian
prinsessa princess
prinssi prince
protestantti protestant
punainen red
punatauti dysentery
puolalainen Polish (of Poland)
puolenpäivän aikaan at noon
-puoli (ending) step, half
puoliso spouse
pursimies boatswain
puuseppä carpenter, joiner
puutarhuri gardener
pyhä holy, sacred, saint
pyhäkoululapset list of Sunday School children
päin toward
päivä(nä) day
päivämäärä date
päivätyöläinen day laborer
pääkirja communion book
pääsiäinen Easter
pöytäkirja minutes

R
raastu(pa) (-vanoikeus) city court
raatihuone town hall
raatimies council man, municipal judge
raha(määrä) money (sum of)
rahvas people, peasantry
raja border
rakastajatar concubine
rakennusmestari contractor, builder
rakuuna light cavalryman
rampa crippled
raskaana pregnant
ratsumestari cavalry captain
ratsumies cavalryman
ratsutilallinen holder of farm obliged to furnish a cavalryman
ratsuväki cavalry (men)
rautaseppä iron smith
rautatie railroad
rehellinen honest
rekisteri register, index
renki youth, unmarried man, farmhand
rikollinen criminal
rikos(luettelo) misdemeanor (list)
ripitysluettelo absolution list
rippikirja communion book
rippilapset confirmations
ripuli diarrhea
risti(ä) (-itty) baptize(d)
ristimäaika baptism date
ristimänimi Christian name, first name
ritari knight
rokko (small) pox
rokotetut vaccinations
rouva Mrs., wife
rovasti(kunta) dean(ery)
ruhtinaskunta principality
rulla record, roll
rumpali drummer
ruokamyrkytys food poisoning
ruotsalainen Swede, Swedish
Ruotsi Sweden
ruotu district maintaining a foot soldier
ruotusotilas foot soldier
ruotuvaivainen pauper, dependent on the \"ruotu\"
rusthollari holder of farm obliged to furnish a cavalryman
rutto plague
ruukki foundry, mill, industry
ruumis corpse
rykmentti regiment
rälssi tax exempt, nobility
rälssitila tax exempt farm
räätäli tailor

S
s. (syntynyt) born
saapuneet arrived, moved in
saapuneet asiakirjat correspondence, letters
saapunut arrived
saha sawmill
sairas sick (person)
sairaus sickness
sakkoluettelot lists of fines
saksalainen German
sama same
sanakirja dictionary
sanomalehti newspaper
sanottu said, stated
satulantekijä saddle maker
savenvalaja potter
se it
seitsemän seven
seitsemäntoista seventeen
seitsemäs seventh
seitsemästoista seventeenth
sekä and, also
sen its
seppä smith
seppä blacksmith
serkku cousin
setä uncle (paternal)
seura society (genealogical)
seuraava next
seurakunta parish
seutu region, vicinity
siellä there
siirtolainen emigrant, immigrant
siirtolaisrekisteri emigration records
siirtolaisuus immigration
siirtolaisuus emigration
sikotauti mumps
sikäläinen of that place
silta bridge
sinun your, yours (singular)
sinä you (singular)
sisar sister
sisarenpoika nephew, sister\'s son
sisarentytär niece, sister\'s daughter
sisarpuoli half-sister, stepsister
sisarukset siblings
sisko sister
sisäinen inside
sisällysluettelo register, index
sisältö contents
siviilirekisteri civil registration
sivu page
sokea blind
sokeritauti diabetes
sorvari turner
sota war
sotamies soldier
sotaväki troops, army
sotilas soldier, military
suku family
sukua(olla) related
sukukirjat lineage books
sukulainen relative
sukulaisuus relationship
sukunimi surname
sukupolvi generation
sukupuoli sex
sukupuolitauti venereal disease
sukupuu family tree, pedigree
sukuselvitys report of family relationships
sukutaulu genealogical table
sukutiede genealogy
sukututkimus genealogical research
sukututkimusseura genealogical society
sulhanen bridegroom, fiancé
sunnuntai Sunday
suomalainen Finnish
Suomi Finland
suorittaa perform
suostumus consent
suuri big, great
suutari shoemaker
sydänvika heart trouble
syksy autumn
sylilapsi baby, infant
synnytys childbirth
syntymä birth
syntymäaika date of birth
syntymäpaikka place of birth
syntymätodistus birth certificate
syntyneet births, birth records
syntynyt born, maiden surname
syyskuu September
syytinki allowance, person receiving allowance
syöpä cancer
säteri tax exempt estate
sääty (läinen) station, class, standing (person of)

T
tahtoa to want
tai or
taiteilija artist
takana behind
talo house
talollinen farmer
talonpoika peasant farmer
talous household
talousapulainen housemaid
talvi winter
tammikuu January
tap(po) (-ettu) murder(ed)
tapaturma accident
tarkastuspöytäkirjat visitations
taulu(kko) table, chart
tauti disease
te you (plural)
tehdas factory
teidan your, yours (plural)
testamentti will, testament
teurastaja butcher
tie road
tiedottaja informant
tiilentekijä brickmaker
tiistai Tuesday
tila house, farm
tilallinen farm owner
tilikirjat record of accounts
titattomat landless population
todistaja witness
todistus certificate, evidence
toimeentulo livelihood
toimi occupation
toimittaa perform
toinen other, second
toisella nimellä alias, a.k.a.
-ton (ending) without, not
tontti parcel
tori market
torppari crofter, tenant farmer
torstai Thursday
toukokuu May
tsaari czar
tuhkarokko measles
tulehdus inflammation
tulipalo fire
tulirokko scarlet fever
tulli customs
tullut (+ -sta or -lta) came (from)
tuntematon unknown
tunti hour
tuomari judge
tuomio judgment
tuomioistuin court
tuomiokirkko cathedral
tuomiokunta judicial district
tupa cottage, house
turvotus swelling, edema
tynnyrintekijä cooper, barrel maker
tyttären poika grandson, daughter\'s son
tyttären tytär granddaughter, daughter\'s daughter
tyttö girl, daughter
tytär daughter
työläinen laborer
työmies laborer
työntekijä laborer
täkäläinen of this place
tällä paikkakunnalla in this place
tämä this
tämä paikka this place
tänään today
täti aunt
täysi-ikäinen of legal age
täällä here

U
ukko old man
ulko outer
ulkoluku reciting from memory
ulkomaalainen foreign, strange
ummetus constipation
usein often
uskonto religious affiliation
uudisasukas settler
uusi new

V
v. (vihitty) married
vaakuna coat of arms
vaakunaoppi heraldry
vaari grandfather
vahtimestari caretaker
vaimo wife, married women
vainaja deceased, (the) late
vaivainen poor, sickly
vaivaisrahat poor relief accounts
vaivaisruodut poor relief records
vaivaistalo poorhouse
vajaamielinen mentally defective
vakituinen permanent, regular
valokuvaaja photographer
valtakunta state, empire
valtio state
Valtionarkisto state archives
valuri foundry worker
vanha old
vanhapoika bachelor
vanhemmat parents
vanhempi (the) older
vanhin oldest, elder
vanhus old person
vanhuus old age
vanki prisoner
vankila prison
vapaa free
vapaaherra(tar) baron(ess)
vapaasääty nobility
varas thief
varkaus theft
varrella by, at side
varten for the purpose of
vartia warden
vasen left (direction)
vaskiseppä coppersmith
vastaanotettu received
vastanainut newlywed
vastasyntynyt newborn
vasten against
vatsatauti stomach disease
vauva baby
vauva(na) (as an) infant
veli brother
velipuoli half-brother
veljenpoika nephew, brother\'s son
veljentytär niece, brother\'s daughter
velka debt
Venäjä Russia
venäläinen Russian
verensyöksy hemorrhage
verenvuoto hemorrhage
veritulppa blood clot
vero tax
verotus taxation
vesipöhö dropsy, edema
vesirokko chicken pox
vielä still
vieras(seurakuntalainen) guest, person not of a given parish
vierasseurakuntalaisten historiakirjat registers of members of other parishes
vihityt marriages, marriage records
vihkiminen marriage (ceremony)
vihkimäsopimus marriage contract
vihkimätodistus marriage certificate
vihreä green
viides fifth
viidestoista fifteenth
viikko week
viime last, past
viisi five
viisitoista fifteen
virasta eronnut retired
virasto office, department
virka office, position, occupation
virkaa tekevä officiating, deputy
virkamies public official
virkatodistus official certificate (of birth, marriage, or death)
Viro Estonia
virolainen Estonian
vouti bailiff, overseer (historical governor)
v.t. (virkaa tekevä) officiating, deputy
vuoden ikäinen years of age
vuokralainen lodger
vuori mountain
vuorokausi twenty-four hours
vuosi year
vuosi(päiva) (-juhla) anniversary
vuosikymmen decade, decennial
vuosisata century
vuosittain(en) yearly
vuotias years old
väestö(rekisteri) population (registry)
väestönlaskenta census
väki people, folk, crew, forces
väliaikainen temporary
välillä between
välittömästi immediately, direct
värjääja dyer
vävy son-in-law

Y
yhdeksän nine
yhdeksäntoista nineteen
yhdeksäs ninth
yhdeksästoista nineteenth
yhdestoista eleventh
yhteinen together, belonging to both
yhteiskunta community
yksi one
yksitoista eleven
yleinen general, common
yli, ylä over, upper, ended
ylkä bridegroom
ylä upper
ympärillä around
yskä cough (noun)
ystävä friend
night

Ä
äidinisä grandfather (maternal)
äidinäiti grandmother (maternal)
äiditön motherless
äiti mother
äitipuoli stepmother
äpärä illegitimate child


Months

Tammikuu     January

Helmikuu      February

Maaliskuu     March

Huhtikuu       April

Toukokuu      May

Kesäkuu       June

Heinäkuu      July

Elokuu         August

Syyskuu      September

Lokakuu      October

Marraskuu   November

Joulukuu      December

Additional Resources

This word list includes only the words most commonly found in genealogical sources. For more help, use a Finnish-English dictionary. Several such dictionaries are available at the Family History LibraryLook this term up in the glossary. in the Scandinavia collection. Their call numbers begin with 494.541321. The following dictionary is also available on microfilmLook this term up in the glossary. for use in Family History CentersLook this term up in the glossary.:

Alanne, V. S. Suomalais-englantilainen suursanakirja [Great Finnish-English Dictionary]. 3rd ed. Porvoo: Werner Söderström Osakeyhtiö, 1968. (FHL film 1224706 item 3.)

Additional dictionaries are listed in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog under FINNISH LANGUAGE - DICTIONARIES or in the Locality Search under FINLAND - LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGES - DICTIONARIES.


References

Family History Department. Genealogical Word List: Finnish. by the Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, 1997


 

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