Florida, State Census, 1885 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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Access the records: Florida 1885 State Census .
Collection Time Period
These records are for the year 1885.
The record is printed on large sheets with rows and columns that were filled in by hand by the enumerator. The schedules are usually arranged by county, then by political subdivision.
These records do not cover the entire population of Florida because information from four counties, Alachua, Clay, Columbia, and Nassau, is missing.
- Name of each person in the home
- Relationship to the head of household
- Marital status
- Place of birth by state or territory in the U.S. or by country if foreign born
- Place of birth of mother and father by state or territory in the U.S. or by country if foreign born
How to Use the Records
Begin your search by locating your ancestor in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.
Carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:
- Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
- Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
- Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
- Use the naturalization information to find their naturalization papers in the county court records. It can also help you locate immigration records such as a passenger list which would usually be kept records at the port of entry into the United States.
- If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
- Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
- It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
- Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:
- Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an county.
- You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
- You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
- Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
The census was created by the state of Florida with partial funding from the Federal government.
Why This Collection Was Created?
The census was compiled to obtain a count and description of the population of the state of Florida for representation purposes.
Use the information with some caution. The information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or even by a neighbor. Some information may have been recorded incorrectly, or even deliberately falsified.
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Sources of Information for This Collection:
"Florida State Census, 1885," database, FamilySearch; 2010, from Florida Secretary of State. "Schedules of the Florida State Census of 1885." Digital images of originals housed in the National Archives and Records Administration, District of Columbia. FHL microfilm, 13 reels. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.
The format for citing FamilySearch Historical Collections, including how to cite individual archives is found in the following link: How to Create Source Citations for FamilySearch Historical Records Collections
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: How Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above. Examples of citations: to Cite FamilySearch Collections
Examples of Source Citations for a Record in This Collection:
- United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet(www.familysearch,org: September 29, 2006). Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base adn Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71.
- Mexico, Districto Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from Familysearch Internet (www.familysearch,org: April 22, 2010), Bapistm of Adolfo Femandex Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apostol, Cauhimalpa, Districto Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023