Frederick County, Virginia

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]'' '''Frederick County'''
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Guide to '''Frederick County Virginia genealogy.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.
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{{VADC}}
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{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
| county = Frederick County
 
| county = Frederick County
 
| adoption_sign =  
 
| adoption_sign =  
 
| custom_text =  
 
| custom_text =  
| boundary_map = Frederick_County_Boundary_Map.jpg
 
 
| county_map = Location_of_Frederick_County,_Virginia.png
 
| county_map = Location_of_Frederick_County,_Virginia.png
 
| state = Virginia
 
| state = Virginia
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| founded date =  
 
| founded date =  
 
| seat wl = Winchester
 
| seat wl = Winchester
}} ''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Virginia|Virginia ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Frederick_County,_Virginia|Frederick County]]''
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}}  
 
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Virginia county in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shenandoah_Valley Shenandoah Valley] region.
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== County Courthouse  ==
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== Frederick County Virginia Courthouse  ==
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" width="100%"
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" width="100%" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for {{PAGENAME}} Government Records'''</center>
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for {{PAGENAME}} Government Records'''</center>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''  
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Death]]'''  
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Census|Census]]'''  
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Census|Census]]'''  
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land|Land]]'''  
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''  
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate|Probate]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1855  
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1855  
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Nine square miles of Frederick County annexed to city of Winchester<br>Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1853-1912<br>marriage records from 1782, death records 1853-1896<br>divorce records from 1870 probate and land records from 1743<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Frederick County, Virginia. Page 714 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>  
 
Nine square miles of Frederick County annexed to city of Winchester<br>Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1853-1912<br>marriage records from 1782, death records 1853-1896<br>divorce records from 1870 probate and land records from 1743<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Frederick County, Virginia. Page 714 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>  
  
== History  ==
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== Frederick County Virginia History  ==
 
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<div style="width: 147%; float: left">
 
[[Image:{{PrinceFrederickofWales}}]]  
 
[[Image:{{PrinceFrederickofWales}}]]  
  
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==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
'''1738'''--Frederick County was created 1 August 1738 from [[Orange County, Virginia|Orange]] County. <br>'''County seat:''' [[Winchester, Virginia|Winchester]] <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
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'''1738'''--Frederick County was created 1 August 1738 from [[Orange County, Virginia|Orange]] County. <br>'''County seat:''' [[Winchester, Virginia|Winchester]] <ref name="HBG" />  
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The southern half of the county was split off in 1772 to form Shenandoah County.  
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
  
*Nine square miles of Frederick County were annexed to the [[Winchester, Virginia|City of Winchester]]
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*Nine square miles of Frederick County were annexed to the [[Winchester, Virginia|City of Winchester]]  
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*The southern portion of the county was taken in 1772 to form Dunmore County (later called Shenandoah County).
  
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
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*Frederick Parish Register baptisms, marriages, and burials&nbsp;are lost  
 
*Frederick Parish Register baptisms, marriages, and burials&nbsp;are lost  
 
*Pre-1764 Frederick Parish Vestry Minutes are lost  
 
*Pre-1764 Frederick Parish Vestry Minutes are lost  
*No court records 1738 to 1743<ref name="dunn">"A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Frederick County," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 10, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1966):174-178. {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&amp;amp;amp;amp;Da=285 New England Ancestors ]($); Victor S. Dunn, "Using Lawsuits to Identify Family Origins: George Cunningham of Virginia," ''National Genealogical Society Quarterly,'' Vol. 98, No. 4 (Dec. 2010), 253.</ref>
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*No court records 1738 to 1743<ref name="dunn">"A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Frederick County," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 10, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1966):174-178. {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098Da=285 New England Ancestors ]($); Victor S. Dunn, "Using Lawsuits to Identify Family Origins: George Cunningham of Virginia," ''National Genealogical Society Quarterly,'' Vol. 98, No. 4 (Dec. 2010), 253.</ref>
  
== Places/Localities  ==
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== Frederick County Virginia Places/Localities  ==
  
 
==== Populated Places  ====
 
==== Populated Places  ====
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|}
 
|}
  
== Resources  ==
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== Frederick County Virginia Genealogy Resources  ==
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[[Image:Vafrederick.jpg|thumb|right|400px]]
  
 
==== Research Guides  ====
 
==== Research Guides  ====
  
*"A Guide to the Counties of Virginia:&nbsp;Frederick County," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 10,&nbsp;No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1966):174-178.&nbsp;Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 New England Ancestors ]($).  
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*"A Guide to the Counties of Virginia:&nbsp;Frederick County," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 10,&nbsp;No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1966):174-178.&nbsp;Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors ]($).  
 
*Good, Rebecca H. and Rebecca A. Ebert. ''Finding Your People in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia: A Genealogical Guide''. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1998. 4th ed. {{FHL|1033064|item|disp=FHL&nbsp;Book 975 D27e 1998}}
 
*Good, Rebecca H. and Rebecca A. Ebert. ''Finding Your People in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia: A Genealogical Guide''. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1998. 4th ed. {{FHL|1033064|item|disp=FHL&nbsp;Book 975 D27e 1998}}
  
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*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
 
*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
  
==== Church  ====
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==== Church Records ====
  
 
===== Baptist  =====
 
===== Baptist  =====
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#'''Bethel '''(1808)<ref name="baptist" />  
 
#'''Bethel '''(1808)<ref name="baptist" />  
#'''Buck Marsh''' (1772)<ref name="baptist" />. James Ireland served as pastor 1788-1806. He was buried at Buckmarsh Cemetery.<ref>Nancy Chappelear, "Berryville Baptist Church Cemetery Records," ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 10, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1966):66. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&amp;amp;amp;amp;Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 10 (1966)}}.</ref>  
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#'''Buck Marsh''' (1772)<ref name="baptist" />. James Ireland served as pastor 1788-1806. He was buried at Buckmarsh Cemetery.<ref>Nancy Chappelear, "Berryville Baptist Church Cemetery Records," ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 10, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1966):66. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 10 (1966)}}.</ref>  
 
#'''Happy Creek''' (1783)<ref name="baptist">Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, ''A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia'' (1810; reprint, Richmond, Va.: Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 386-387. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t6RhTC8ziQQC Google Books].</ref>
 
#'''Happy Creek''' (1783)<ref name="baptist">Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, ''A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia'' (1810; reprint, Richmond, Va.: Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 386-387. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t6RhTC8ziQQC Google Books].</ref>
  
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[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Beckford Parish, Virginia|Beckford Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Frederick Parish, Virginia|Frederick Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Norborne Parish, Virginia|Norborne Parish]]  
 
[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Beckford Parish, Virginia|Beckford Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Frederick Parish, Virginia|Frederick Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Norborne Parish, Virginia|Norborne Parish]]  
  
Frederick Parish was organized in 1744. It was renamed in 1866.<ref>"Frederick Parish And Its Divisions," ''Proceedings of The Clarke County Historical Association,'' Vol. XIV (1956-1957):16-26; digital version at [http://www.clarkehistory.org/publications/CCHA_Proceedings_Vol_14_(1956-1957).pdf Clarke History].</ref>  
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Frederick Parish was organized in 1744. It was renamed in 1866.<ref>"Frederick Parish And Its Divisions," ''Proceedings of The Clarke County Historical Association,'' Vol. XIV (1956-1957):16-26; digital version at [http://www.clarkehistory.org/publications/CCHA_Proceedings_Vol_14_(1956-1957).pdf Clarke History].</ref> Meade's 1861 history of parishes in Frederick County is available [http://archive.org/stream/oldchurchesminis02meaduoft#page/278/mode/2up online.]<ref name="meade">William Meade, ''Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia'', 2 vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1861). Digital versions at Internet Archive: [http://www.archive.org/details/oldchurchesminis01meaduoft Vol. I] and [http://archive.org/details/oldchurchesminis02meaduoft Vol. II].</ref>  
  
 
'''Histories'''  
 
'''Histories'''  
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*'''Centre Monthly Meeting''' (begun 1734), Winchester, Va.<ref name="jay" />  
 
*'''Centre Monthly Meeting''' (begun 1734), Winchester, Va.<ref name="jay" />  
 
*'''Gravel Springs Monthly Meeting''' (1700s)<ref name="jay" />  
 
*'''Gravel Springs Monthly Meeting''' (1700s)<ref name="jay" />  
*'''Hopewell Monthly Meeting''' (begun 1732) aka Opequon<ref name="jay" />  
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*'''Hopewell Monthly Meeting''' (begun 1732) aka Opequon.<ref name="jay" /> Monthly meeting records (1748-1869) and abstracts of minutes (1759-1791) have been microfilmed:&nbsp;{{FHL|398276|item|disp=FHL Film 441486}}. Monthly meeting minutes and certificates of removal (1777-1835) have also been microfilmed: {{FHL|1002543|item|disp=FHL Film 2261259}}. A history and early records have been published: {{FHL|144797|item|disp=FHL Film 1000634 Item 2}}.<ref>John W. Wayland, ''Hopewell Friends History, 1734-1934, Frederick County, Virginia: Records of Hopewell Monthly Meetings and Meetings Reporting to Hopewell, Two Hundred Years of History and Genealogy'' (Strasburg, Va.: Shenandoah Pub. House, 1936). {{FHL|144797|item|disp=FHL Film 1000634 Item 2}}.</ref> Hinshaw also published the early records: {{FHL|192159|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D2he 1993 v. 6}}.<ref>William Wade Hinshaw, Thomas W. Marshall and John Cox, ''Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy'' (Ann Arbor, Mich.: Edwards Bros., 1950). Vol. 6. {{FHL|192159|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D2he 1993 v. 6}}.</ref>  
*'''Hopewell (Orthodox) Monthly Meeting''' (1829-1935)<ref name="jay" />  
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*'''Hopewell (Orthodox) Monthly Meeting''' (1829-1935).<ref name="jay" /> Early records have been microfilmed (1829-1895): {{FHL|374679|item|disp=FHL Film 31346}}.
*'''Mount Pleasant Monthly Meeting''' (1771-1809) aka Fawsett's aka Cedar Creek<ref name="jay" /> The cemetery is still in use:
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*'''Mount Pleasant Monthly Meeting''' (1771-1809) aka Fawsett's aka Cedar Creek.<ref name="jay" /> The cemetery is still in use:
  
 
:{{Find A Grave|51768|Mount Pleasant Meeting House Cemetery}} (126+ entries)
 
:{{Find A Grave|51768|Mount Pleasant Meeting House Cemetery}} (126+ entries)
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==== Genealogy  ====
 
==== Genealogy  ====
  
More than 350 genealogies have been published about Frederick County families. To view a list, visit [[Frederick County, Virginia Genealogy|Frederick County, Virginia Genealogy]].  
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More than 550 genealogies have been published about Frederick County families. To view a list, visit [[Frederick County, Virginia Genealogy|Frederick County, Virginia Genealogy]].  
  
 
==== Historic Residences  ====
 
==== Historic Residences  ====
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==== Immigration  ====
 
==== Immigration  ====
  
*Coldham, Peter Wilson. ''North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857.'' Baltimore:&nbsp;Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Frederick County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]  
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*Coldham, Peter Wilson. ''North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857.'' Baltimore:&nbsp;Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Frederick County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
{{ImmigrantServants|Frederic}}
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{{ImmigrantServants|Frederic}}  
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*Wayland, John Walter. ''The German Element of the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia''. n.p.: J.W. Wayland, 1979. Available at FHL; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10516 Ancestry] ($).
 
*Wayland, John Walter. ''The German Element of the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia''. n.p.: J.W. Wayland, 1979. Available at FHL; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10516 Ancestry] ($).
  
==== Land  ====
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==== Land and Property ====
  
 
'''''Grants and Patents'''''  
 
'''''Grants and Patents'''''  
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==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
  
*Cartmell, T. K. ''Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants:&nbsp;A History of Frederick County, Virginia (Illustrated) from Its Formation in 1738 to 1908, Compiled Mainly from Original Records of Old Frederick County, Now Hampshire, Berkeley, Shenandoah, Jefferson, Hardy, Clarke, Warren, Morgan and Frederick''. n.p.: n.p., c1909. {{FHL|180682|item}} 975.59 H2c 1963;{{FHL|218678|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Film 1000634 Item 1}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10569 Ancestry] ($); [http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/FH26&CISOPTR=11424 BYU Family History Archives] and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=qcdva3048_shenandoah World Vital Records] ($). [3 copies at FHL.]  
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*Cartmell, T. K. ''Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants:&nbsp;A History of Frederick County, Virginia (Illustrated) from Its Formation in 1738 to 1908, Compiled Mainly from Original Records of Old Frederick County, Now Hampshire, Berkeley, Shenandoah, Jefferson, Hardy, Clarke, Warren, Morgan and Frederick''. n.p.: n.p., c1909. {{FSbook|63612}}{{FHL|180682|item}} 975.59 H2c 1963;{{FHL|218678|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Film 1000634 Item 1}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10569 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=qcdva3048_shenandoah World Vital Records] ($). [3 copies at FHL.]  
 
*Clem, Gladys Bauserman. ''Stories of the Shenandoah''. Staunton, Va.: n.p., 1948. {{FHL|633208|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10538 Ancestry] ($).  
 
*Clem, Gladys Bauserman. ''Stories of the Shenandoah''. Staunton, Va.: n.p., 1948. {{FHL|633208|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10538 Ancestry] ($).  
*Davis, Julia. ''The Shenandoah''. New York: Farrar &amp; Rinehart, c1945. {{FHL|633205|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10537 Ancestry] ($).  
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*Davis, Julia. ''The Shenandoah''. New York: Farrar & Rinehart, c1945. {{FHL|633205|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10537 Ancestry] ($).  
*Gordon, Armistead C. ''In the Picturesque Shenandoah Valley''. Richmond: Garrett &amp; Massie, c1930. {{FHL|633220|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10542 Ancestry] ($).  
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*Gordon, Armistead C. ''In the Picturesque Shenandoah Valley''. Richmond: Garrett &Massie, c1930. {{FHL|633220|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10542 Ancestry] ($).  
 
*Hutton, James Vernon. ''Local History Articles, Frederick County, Virginia''. Winchester, Virginia: n.p., 1979. {{FHL|633771|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10571 Ancestry] ($).  
 
*Hutton, James Vernon. ''Local History Articles, Frederick County, Virginia''. Winchester, Virginia: n.p., 1979. {{FHL|633771|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10571 Ancestry] ($).  
*Ingersoll, Ernest. ''To the Shenandoah and Beyond: The Chronicle of a Leisurely Journey through the Uplands of Virginia and Tennessee, Sketching Their Scenery, Noting Their Legends, Portraying Social and Material Progress, and Explaining Routes of Travel''. New York: Leve &amp; Alden, 1885. {{FHL|633214|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10540 Ancestry] ($).  
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*Ingersoll, Ernest. ''To the Shenandoah and Beyond: The Chronicle of a Leisurely Journey through the Uplands of Virginia and Tennessee, Sketching Their Scenery, Noting Their Legends, Portraying Social and Material Progress, and Explaining Routes of Travel''. New York: Leve & Alden, 1885. {{FHL|633214|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10540 Ancestry] ($).  
 
*MacDonald, Rose Mortimer Ellzey. ''Clarke County, a Daughter of Frederick:&nbsp;A History of Early Families and Homes''. Berryville, Va.: Blue Ridge Press, 1979.&nbsp;Original edition and supplement available&nbsp;at {{FHL|143517|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10566 Ancestry]&nbsp;($).  
 
*MacDonald, Rose Mortimer Ellzey. ''Clarke County, a Daughter of Frederick:&nbsp;A History of Early Families and Homes''. Berryville, Va.: Blue Ridge Press, 1979.&nbsp;Original edition and supplement available&nbsp;at {{FHL|143517|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10566 Ancestry]&nbsp;($).  
 
*Norris, J. E.. ''History of the Lower Shenandoah Valley Counties of Frederick, Berkeley, Jefferson and Clarke: Their Early Settlement and Progress to the Present Time, Geological Features, a Description of Their Historic and Interesting Localities, Cities, Towns and Villages, Portraits of Some of the Prominent Men, and Biographies of Many of the Representative Citizens''. Chicago: A. Warner, 1890. Original edition available at {{FHL|633735|title-id|disp=FHL}}; 1972 reprint available at {{FHL|144417|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version of original edition at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10570 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806346434_jenorris1890 World Vital Records] ($).  
 
*Norris, J. E.. ''History of the Lower Shenandoah Valley Counties of Frederick, Berkeley, Jefferson and Clarke: Their Early Settlement and Progress to the Present Time, Geological Features, a Description of Their Historic and Interesting Localities, Cities, Towns and Villages, Portraits of Some of the Prominent Men, and Biographies of Many of the Representative Citizens''. Chicago: A. Warner, 1890. Original edition available at {{FHL|633735|title-id|disp=FHL}}; 1972 reprint available at {{FHL|144417|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version of original edition at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10570 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806346434_jenorris1890 World Vital Records] ($).  
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==== Military  ====
 
==== Military  ====
  
===== French and Indian War=====
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===== French and Indian War =====
  
 
*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at {{FHL|47143|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Identifies some Frederick County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]  
 
*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at {{FHL|47143|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Identifies some Frederick County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]  
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*Ward, Flora Lusk et al. ''Officers and Men of Frederick County, Virginia, Militia in the Year 1756''. MSS., available at {{FHL|63728|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
 
*Ward, Flora Lusk et al. ''Officers and Men of Frederick County, Virginia, Militia in the Year 1756''. MSS., available at {{FHL|63728|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
  
===== Revolutionary War=====
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===== Revolutionary War =====
  
 
'''''Regiments.''''' Service men in Frederick County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Frederick County supplied soldiers for the:  
 
'''''Regiments.''''' Service men in Frederick County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Frederick County supplied soldiers for the:  
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*''Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions''. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include&nbsp;"an Added Index to States." {{FHL|287870|item|disp=FHL Book 973 M24ur}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48141 Ancestry] ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
 
*''Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions''. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include&nbsp;"an Added Index to States." {{FHL|287870|item|disp=FHL Book 973 M24ur}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48141 Ancestry] ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
  
===== War of 1812=====
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===== War of 1812 =====
  
 
Frederick County men served in the 31st, 51st, and 122nd Regiments.<ref>Stuart Lee Butler, ''A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812'' (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 87. {{FHL|669440|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2bs}}.</ref>  
 
Frederick County men served in the 31st, 51st, and 122nd Regiments.<ref>Stuart Lee Butler, ''A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812'' (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 87. {{FHL|669440|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2bs}}.</ref>  
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:- [[12th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|12th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]. Company C.<ref>Dennis E. Frye, ''12th Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). {{FHL|361568|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 42}}.</ref>  
 
:- [[12th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|12th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]. Company C.<ref>Dennis E. Frye, ''12th Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). {{FHL|361568|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 42}}.</ref>  
 
:- [[13th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|13th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company H (The Winchester Boomerangs).<ref>David F. Riggs, ''13th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). {{FHL|416569|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 49}}.</ref>  
 
:- [[13th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|13th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company H (The Winchester Boomerangs).<ref>David F. Riggs, ''13th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). {{FHL|416569|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 49}}.</ref>  
:- [[24th Battalion, Virginia Partisan Rangers (Scott's) (Confederate)|24th Battalion, Virginia Partisan Rangers (Scott's)]]. Company C.<ref>Robert J. Driver and Kevin C. Ruffner, ''1st Battalion Virginia Infantry, 39th Battalion Virginia Cavalry, 24th Battalion Virginia Partisan Rangers'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1996). {{FHL|769614|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 119}}.</ref>
+
:- [[18th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|18th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]. Company F.<ref>Roger U. Delauter, ''18th Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). {{FHL|429987|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 18}}.</ref>
 +
:- [[24th Battalion, Virginia Partisan Rangers (Scott's) (Confederate)|24th Battalion, Virginia Partisan Rangers (Scott's)]]. Company C.<ref>Robert J. Driver and Kevin C. Ruffner, ''1st Battalion Virginia Infantry, 39th Battalion Virginia Cavalry, 24th Battalion Virginia Partisan Rangers'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1996). {{FHL|769614|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 119}}.</ref>
 +
:- [[39th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|39th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]. Company A.<ref>Robert J. Driver and Kevin C. Ruffner, ''1st Battalion Virginia Infantry, 39th Battalion Virginia Cavalry, 24th Battalion Virginia Partisan Rangers'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1996). {{FHL|769614|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 119}}.</ref>
  
 
Many records and histories are available, including:  
 
Many records and histories are available, including:  
  
*Virginia, Civil War [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932382 Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865]
+
*Virginia, Civil War {{RecordSearch|1932382|Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865}}
*Virginia, Civil War Service [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932427 Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865]
+
*Virginia, Civil War {{RecordSearch|1932427|Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865}}
 
*''Civil War Battles in Winchester and Frederick County, Virginia, 1861-1865''. Winchester, Virginia:&nbsp;The Commission, 1960?. Digital book available at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10572 Ancestry] ($).
 
*''Civil War Battles in Winchester and Frederick County, Virginia, 1861-1865''. Winchester, Virginia:&nbsp;The Commission, 1960?. Digital book available at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10572 Ancestry] ($).
 +
 +
====== Civil War Battles  ======
 +
 +
The following Civil War battles were fought in Frederick County.
 +
 +
*March 23, 1862 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va101.htm Kernstown I]<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va101.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 17 August, 2012)</ref>
 +
*May 25, 1862 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va104.htm Winchester I], also known as Bowers Hill<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va104.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 7 August 2012).</ref>
 +
*June 13-15, 1863 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va107.htm Winchester II<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va107.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 7 August 2012).</ref>]
 +
*July 20, 1864 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va115.htm Rutherford's Farm]<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va115.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 2 August 2012).</ref>
 +
*July 24, 1864 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va116.htm Kernstown II]<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va116.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 17 August, 2012)</ref>
 +
*September 19, 1864 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va119.htm Opequon], also known as Third Winchester<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va119.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 2 August 2012).</ref>
 +
*October 19, 1864 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va122.htm Cedar Creek], also known as Belle Grove<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va122.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 16 August 2012).</ref>
 +
 +
:Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va186162.htm 1861], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va186162.htm 1862], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1863.htm 1863], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1864.htm 1864], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1865.htm 1865]
  
 
==== Naturalization  ====
 
==== Naturalization  ====
  
Virginia [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1877093 Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929]
+
Virginia [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1877093 Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929]  
  
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 +
 +
{{VAnews}}
 +
 +
*'''1798-1820''' - ''Winchester Gazette'' (Winchester, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1806-1809''' - ''Philanthropist'' (Winchester, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1828-1836''' - ''Winchester Virginian'' (Winchester, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1855-1873''' - ''Winchester Virginian'' at [http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=Nd0en6mz4yEC Google News] - free.
 +
*'''2009-present''' - ''Winchester Star'' (Winchester, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
  
 
Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.  
 
Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.  
Line 336: Line 370:
 
*'''[Byrd]''' Meade, Everard Kidder. "The Papers of Richard Evelyn Byrd, I, of Frederick County, Virginia. A Note on a Valuable Collection of Family Letters and Other Documents with Extracts Therefrom,"&nbsp;The ''Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 54, No. 2 (Apr., 1946), pp. 106-118. Available at {{FHL|16216|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
 
*'''[Byrd]''' Meade, Everard Kidder. "The Papers of Richard Evelyn Byrd, I, of Frederick County, Virginia. A Note on a Valuable Collection of Family Letters and Other Documents with Extracts Therefrom,"&nbsp;The ''Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 54, No. 2 (Apr., 1946), pp. 106-118. Available at {{FHL|16216|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
  
==== Probate  ====
+
==== Probate Records ====
  
 
'''''Local Court'''''  
 
'''''Local Court'''''  
Line 346: Line 380:
 
Other Frederick County probate resources include:  
 
Other Frederick County probate resources include:  
  
*Kangas, M. N. ''Frederick County, Virginia, Wills &amp; Administrations, 1795-1816.'' Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1995. Available at {{FHL|50584|title-id|disp=FHL}}. Digital book available at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49157 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc_frederickcountyvirginiazwills1983 World Vital Records] ($).  
+
*Kangas, M. N. ''Frederick County, Virginia, Wills & Administrations, 1795-1816.'' Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1995. Available at {{FHL|50584|title-id|disp=FHL}}. Digital book available at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49157 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc_frederickcountyvirginiazwills1983 World Vital Records] ($).  
 
*"Wills in Frederick County, Va., Prior to 1805," ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 18, No. 2 (Apr. 1910):204-212. {{FHL|16216|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
 
*"Wills in Frederick County, Va., Prior to 1805," ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 18, No. 2 (Apr. 1910):204-212. {{FHL|16216|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
  
Line 362: Line 396:
 
*'''[1759]''' Frederick County 1759 rental, [[Library of Virginia|Library of Virginia]], Miscellaneous Microfilm 4,624.<ref name="dunn">Victor S. Dunn. "Using Lawsuits to Identify Family Origins: George Cunningham of Virginia," ''National Genealogical Society Quarterly,'' Vol. 98, No. 4 (Dec. 2010), 255.</ref>  
 
*'''[1759]''' Frederick County 1759 rental, [[Library of Virginia|Library of Virginia]], Miscellaneous Microfilm 4,624.<ref name="dunn">Victor S. Dunn. "Using Lawsuits to Identify Family Origins: George Cunningham of Virginia," ''National Genealogical Society Quarterly,'' Vol. 98, No. 4 (Dec. 2010), 255.</ref>  
 
*'''[1764]''' Frederick County 1764 rental, [[Library of Virginia|Library of Virginia]], Miscellaneous Microfilm 4,624.<ref name="dunn">Victor S. Dunn. "Using Lawsuits to Identify Family Origins: George Cunningham of Virginia," ''National Genealogical Society Quarterly,'' Vol. 98, No. 4 (Dec. 2010), 255.</ref>  
 
*'''[1764]''' Frederick County 1764 rental, [[Library of Virginia|Library of Virginia]], Miscellaneous Microfilm 4,624.<ref name="dunn">Victor S. Dunn. "Using Lawsuits to Identify Family Origins: George Cunningham of Virginia," ''National Genealogical Society Quarterly,'' Vol. 98, No. 4 (Dec. 2010), 255.</ref>  
*'''[1782]''' Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782,&nbsp;''Frederick Findings'', Vol. 3, No. 4 (Fall 1990); Vol. 4, No. 1 (Winter 1991).  
+
*'''[1782]''' Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782,&nbsp;''Frederick Findings'', Vol. 3, No. 4 (Fall 1990):253-262; Vol. 4, No. 1 (Winter 1991):15-20. {{FHL|650162|item|disp=FHL Book 975.59 D25f}}.  
 
*'''[1782-1802]''' Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/frederick.htm "Frederick County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1802,"] ''Free African Americans.com'', available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]  
 
*'''[1782-1802]''' Heinegg, Paul. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/frederick.htm "Frederick County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1802,"] ''Free African Americans.com'', available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]  
*'''[1787] '''Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 &amp; 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 &amp; Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle &amp; Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's&nbsp;Licenses Were Issued''. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at {{FHL|622815|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Frederick County is included in Vol. 1.]  
+
*'''[1787] '''Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's&nbsp;Licenses Were Issued''. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at {{FHL|622815|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Frederick County is included in Vol. 1.]  
 
*'''[1791] '''Indexed images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1791 Personal Property Tax Lists of Frederick County, Virginia]&nbsp;are available online, courtesy: [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].  
 
*'''[1791] '''Indexed images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1791 Personal Property Tax Lists of Frederick County, Virginia]&nbsp;are available online, courtesy: [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].  
 
*'''[1800] '''Images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1800 Personal Property Tax List of Frederick County, Virginia]&nbsp;are available online, courtesy: [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].  
 
*'''[1800] '''Images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1800 Personal Property Tax List of Frederick County, Virginia]&nbsp;are available online, courtesy: [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].  
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===== Birth  =====
 
===== Birth  =====
  
*Fridley, Beth, comp. ''Frederick County Virginia Birth Records, 1855-96 [database on-line].'' Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001. Available at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5572 Ancestry] ($).
+
*'''1853-1870''' - Frederick County Birth Index 1853-1870. Batch {{IGI|C868749}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr">Genealogical Society of Utah, ''Parish and Vital Records List'' (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.</ref>
 +
*'''1855-1896''' - Fridley, Beth, comp. ''Frederick County Virginia Birth Records, 1855-96 [database on-line].'' Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001. Available at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5572 Ancestry] ($).
  
 
===== Marriage  =====
 
===== Marriage  =====
  
*Davis, Eliza Timberlake. ''Frederick County, Virginia, Marriages, 1771-1825''. Smithfield, Virginia: Davis, 1979. Available at {{FHL|53018|title-id|disp=FHL}}. Digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10623 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806305452_elizatimberlakedavis World Vital Records] ($).
+
*'''1660-1800''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3002 Virginia Marriages 1660-1800] (Ancestry) ($).
 +
*'''1740-1850''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3723 Virginia Marriages 1740-1850] (Ancestry) ($).
 +
*'''1771-1825''' - Davis, Eliza Timberlake. ''Frederick County, Virginia, Marriages, 1771-1825''. Smithfield, Virginia: Davis, 1979. Available at {{FHL|53018|title-id|disp=FHL}}. Digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10623 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806305452_elizatimberlakedavis World Vital Records] ($).  
 +
*'''1773-1809''' - Frederick County Marriage Index 1773-1809. Batch {{IGI|M868746}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 +
*'''1774-1907''' - Frederick County Marriage Index 1774-1907. Batch {{IGI|M868745}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 +
*'''1810-1829''' - [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~valoudou/marriage/littleto.htm Marriages Performed by Rev. Thomas Littleton in Frederick Co., Va. 5 Apr 1810 - 25 Sep 1829] (VAGenWeb) - free.
 +
*'''1811-1828''' - Frederick County Marriage Index 1811-1828. Batch {{IGI|M868747}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 +
*'''1828-1850''' - Frederick County Marriage Index 1828-1850. Batch {{IGI|M868748}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
 +
 
 +
===== Death  =====
 +
 
 +
*'''1853-1870''' - Frederick County Death Index 1853-1870. Batch {{IGI|B868749}} (broken link) at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
  
 
===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
 
===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
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{{VAnewspapers}}  
 
{{VAnewspapers}}  
  
== Societies and Libraries  ==
+
{{Tip|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see [[{{PAGENAME}}#Bible Records|Bible Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Church Records|Church Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Newspapers|Newspapers]], and [[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate Records|Probate Records]].}}
 +
 
 +
Dr. Alexander Balmain, Rector of Frederick Parish, recorded details of more than 750 marriages he performed between 1781 and 1821 in his journal:
 +
 
 +
*Tylor, Dola S. "Marriages from 'The Journal of Dr. Alexander Balmain,' Rector, Frederick Parish, Winchester, Virginia, 1781-1821," ''Frederick Findings,'' Vol. 6, No. 2 (Spring 1993):121-124; Vol. 6, No. 3 (Summer 1993):179-182; Vol. 6, No. 4 (Fall 1993):273-278; Vol. 7, No. 1 (Spring 1994):61-67. {{FHL|650162|item|disp=FHL Book 975.59 D25f}}.
 +
 
 +
== Frederick County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries  ==
  
 
*[http://www.hrl.lib.state.va.us/handley/services.asp?loc=5 Stewart Bell, Jr. Archives Room], Handley Regional Library, Winchester, Virginia&nbsp;[Collection includes a vast amount of genealogical material.]
 
*[http://www.hrl.lib.state.va.us/handley/services.asp?loc=5 Stewart Bell, Jr. Archives Room], Handley Regional Library, Winchester, Virginia&nbsp;[Collection includes a vast amount of genealogical material.]
Line 396: Line 448:
 
*[[Winchester Virginia Family History Center]]
 
*[[Winchester Virginia Family History Center]]
  
== Websites  ==
+
== Frederick County Virginia Genealogy Websites  ==
  
 
*Frederick County, Virginia [http://genealogenie.net/vafreder/ USGENWEB.]  
 
*Frederick County, Virginia [http://genealogenie.net/vafreder/ USGENWEB.]  
 
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Frederick|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
 
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Frederick|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
 
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/us/va/counties/frederick/ Cyndi's List]  
 
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/us/va/counties/frederick/ Cyndi's List]  
*[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=26873 A View of Winchester in 1745 - The Four Public Lots Marker], The Historical Marker Database
+
*[http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=26873 A View of Winchester in 1745 - The Four Public Lots Marker], The Historical Marker Database<br>
  
<br> {{Online course badge
+
== Frederick County Virginia Genealogy References  ==
| link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/home.html
+
| name = Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos
+
}}
+
 
+
Learning How to [https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Help:Contributor_Help Edit our Wiki Sites]<br>
+
 
+
'''&nbsp;'''
+
 
+
== References  ==
+
  
 
<references />  
 
<references />  
  
 
{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
+
</div>{{-}}
 
[[Category:Frederick_County,_Virginia]]
 
[[Category:Frederick_County,_Virginia]]

Revision as of 18:45, 2 August 2013

United States go to Virginia go to Frederick County

Guide to Frederick County Virginia genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Virginia
Online Records


Frederick County, Virginia
Map
Map of Virginia highlighting Frederick County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1666
County Seat Winchester
Courthouse

Contents

Frederick County Virginia Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Frederick County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1855 1771 1855 1810 1743 1743
Frederick County Courthouse, Winchester, Va.

Frederick County Courthouse
5 North Kent Street
Winchester, Virginia 22601
Phone: 540-655-5659

Nine square miles of Frederick County annexed to city of Winchester
Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1853-1912
marriage records from 1782, death records 1853-1896
divorce records from 1870 probate and land records from 1743[1]

Frederick County Virginia History

Prince Frederick of Wales (1707-1751)

The county is named after Prince Frederick of Wales (1707-1751), the son of King George II of Great Britain.

Parent County

1738--Frederick County was created 1 August 1738 from Orange County.
County seat: Winchester [1]

The southern half of the county was split off in 1772 to form Shenandoah County.

Boundary Changes

  • Nine square miles of Frederick County were annexed to the City of Winchester
  • The southern portion of the county was taken in 1772 to form Dunmore County (later called Shenandoah County).

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1880
  • Frederick Parish Register baptisms, marriages, and burials are lost
  • Pre-1764 Frederick Parish Vestry Minutes are lost
  • No court records 1738 to 1743[2]

Frederick County Virginia Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Frederick County Virginia Genealogy Resources

Vafrederick.jpg

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Frederick County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1966):174-178. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • Good, Rebecca H. and Rebecca A. Ebert. Finding Your People in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia: A Genealogical Guide. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1998. 4th ed. FHL Book 975 D27e 1998

African American


Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-18721 Heinegg, Paul. "Frederick County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1802," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:

Cemeteries

 

  • Tombstone Transcription Project Frederick County - cemetery photos and transcriptions - USGenWeb
  • Rosenberger, Fietta. "St. John's Lutheran Church Cemetery (Old Furnace), Frederick County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1976):275-279; Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1977):36-42. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • Triplett, Ralph L. "Frederick County, Virginia, Cemeteries," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1971):97-98. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • Triplett, Ralph L. "Rock Enon Cemetery, Frederick County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 16, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1972):63-64. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • Triplett, Ralph L. "The Old Johnson Graveyard, Frederick County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 19, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1975):45. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • Triplett, Ralph L. "Triplett Cemetery, Frederick County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1971):9-10. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).

Census

For tips on accessing Frederick County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 19,681
1800 24,744 25.7%
1810 22,574 −8.8%
1820 24,706 9.4%
1830 26,046 5.4%
1840 14,242 −45.3%
1850 15,975 12.2%
1860 16,546 3.6%
1870 16,596 0.3%
1880 17,553 5.8%
1890 17,880 1.9%
1900 13,239 −26.0%
1910 12,787 −3.4%
1920 12,461 −2.5%
1930 13,167 5.7%
1940 14,008 6.4%
1950 17,537 25.2%
1960 21,941 25.1%
1970 28,893 31.7%
1980 34,150 18.2%
1990 45,723 33.9%
2000 59,209 29.5%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1782

1790 - Lost.

1800 - Lost.

1810

  • 1810 Frederick County, Virginia Census. Beverly, W. Va.: Crickard, 1970., 1979. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).

1890 Union Veterans

www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1932510

Church Records

Baptist

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Bethel (1808)[3]
  2. Buck Marsh (1772)[3]. James Ireland served as pastor 1788-1806. He was buried at Buckmarsh Cemetery.[4]
  3. Happy Creek (1783)[3]

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.

Frederick County fell within the bounds of the Ketocton Association.

Church of England

Gotoarrow.png See also Beckford Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Frederick Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Norborne Parish

Frederick Parish was organized in 1744. It was renamed in 1866.[5] Meade's 1861 history of parishes in Frederick County is available online.[6]

Histories

  • Chambers, Benjamin Duvall. Old Chapel and the Parish in Clarke County, Virginia: A History from the Founding of Frederick Parish, 1738 to the Centenary of Christ Church, Millwood, 1932. Washington: unknown, 1932. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • "Frederick Parish And Its Divisions," Proceedings of The Clarke County Historical Association, Vol. XIV (1956-1957):16-26; digital version at Clarke History.
  • Meade, Everard Kidder. "Frederick Parish, Virginia, 1744-1780, Its Churches, Chapels, Ministers and Vestries," Proceedings of the Clarke County Historical Association, Part I: Vol. 5 (1945):18-38 (FHL Collection 975.598/B1 C4c v. 5 ([1945]); digital version at Clarke History); Part II: Vol. 6 (1946):24-46 (FHL Collection 975.598/B1 C4c v. 6 ([1946]); digital version at Clarke History). See also "Appendix I: Legislative Record of Frederick Parish," in Vol. 6 (1946):47-49.
    • Reviewed by G. MacLaren Brydon in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 56, No. 1 (Jan., 1948), pp. 102-104. Review: FHL Collection; digital version of review at JSTOR ($).

Records

A register of baptisms, marriages, and burials cannot be found for Frederick Parish.[7] Vestry minutes, dating from 1764 to 1818, are kept at the Protestant Episcopal Theological Seminary in Virginia Library, near Alexandria, Va. The Library of Virginia has a photocopy, which FHL has microfilmed: FHL Collection 31331. Noted Virginia genealogist Victor S. Dunn published abstracts of the records in Volumes 43 to 48+ of the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy. Indexes may be found at the end of each volume:

  • Dunn, Victor S. "Frederick Parish, Frederick County, Virginia Vestry Book, 1764-1818 (Overseers of Poor)," Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 43, No. 3 (Aug. 2005), 179-198; Vol. 43, No. 4 (Nov. 2005):281-290; Vol. 44, No. 1 (Feb. 2006):23-44; Vol. 44, No. 2 (May 2006):119-130; Vol. 44, No. 3 (Aug. 2006):241-260; Vol. 45, No. 1 (Feb. 2007):32-38; Vol. 45, No. 2 (May 2007):156-166; Vol. 45, No. 3 (Aug. 2007):215-222; Vol. 46, No. 1 (Feb. 2008):51-60; Vol. 46, No. 3 (Aug. 2008):222-230; Vol. 46, No. 4 (Nov. 2008):309-319; Vol. 47, No. 4 (Nov. 2009):310-318; Vol. 48, No. 1 (Feb. 2010):71-79; Vol. 48, No. 2 (May 2010):141-150; Vol. 48, No. 3 (Aug. 2010):235-246.
Quaker

Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

  • Back Creek Monthly Meeting (1759-1869) aka Jesse Pugh's Meeting[8]
  • Centre Monthly Meeting (begun 1734), Winchester, Va.[8]
  • Gravel Springs Monthly Meeting (1700s)[8]
  • Hopewell Monthly Meeting (begun 1732) aka Opequon.[8] Monthly meeting records (1748-1869) and abstracts of minutes (1759-1791) have been microfilmed: FHL Film 441486. Monthly meeting minutes and certificates of removal (1777-1835) have also been microfilmed: FHL Film 2261259. A history and early records have been published: FHL Film 1000634 Item 2.[9] Hinshaw also published the early records: FHL Book 973 D2he 1993 v. 6.[10]
  • Hopewell (Orthodox) Monthly Meeting (1829-1935).[8] Early records have been microfilmed (1829-1895): FHL Film 31346.
  • Mount Pleasant Monthly Meeting (1771-1809) aka Fawsett's aka Cedar Creek.[8] The cemetery is still in use:
Mount Pleasant Meeting House Cemetery database at Find A Grave. (126+ entries)
  • Ridge Monthly Meeting (1735-1920) aka Apple Pie Ridge aka Upper Ridge aka Lupton's[8]
  • Ridge Monthly Meeting, Whitehall, Va. (1777-1830) aka Hackney's aka Lower Ridge[8]
  • Brown, Jane Douglas Summers and Jones Memorial Library. Jane Douglas Summers Brown (1903-) Quaker Records: Jones Memorial Library (Lynchburg, Virginia); MS 1515. MSS, Jones Memorial Library, Lynchburg, Va. Available on 26 microfilms through FHL Collection [Includes records of Frederick County Quakers; Brown assisted "William Wade Hinshaw in the writing of the Virginia volume of the Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy."]
  • Hutton, James V. "The Quakers Exiled in Winchester and Frederick County, Virginia, 1777-1778," Journal [Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society], Vol. 17 (2005). FHL Collection
  • Joint Committee of Hopewell Friends. Hopewell Friends History 1734-1934: Frederick County, Virginia: Records of Hopewell Monthly Meetings and Meetings Reporting to Hopewell. Strasburg, VA, USA: Shenandoah Publishing House, 1936. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).

Court

The Family History Library has a good microfilm collection of Frederick County court order books. The quality of the microfilm; however, obscures the page numbers in some early volumes, making them difficult to use.

Genealogy

More than 550 genealogies have been published about Frederick County families. To view a list, visit Frederick County, Virginia Genealogy.

Historic Residences

  • Quarles, Garland Redd. Some Old Homes in Frederick County, Virginia. Winchester, Virginia : Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society, 1990. FHL Collection

Immigration

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Frederick County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
  • Wayland, John Walter. The German Element of the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. n.p.: J.W. Wayland, 1979. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).

Land and Property

Grants and Patents

  • Dunn. 165 patents dated 1734-1790 in what is now Clarke and Frederick Counties, Virginia placed on a map. DeedMapper, 2004. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
  • Gray, Gertrude E. Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1742-1775. Vol. II. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1997. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Frederick County.]
  • Gray, Gertrude E. Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1775-1800. Vol. III. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1993. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Frederick County.]
  • Massanutten Area Atlas. Original records, Shenandoah County Archives, Woodstock, Va. Microfilmed reproduction: FHL Collection [This is a bound book of hand drawn maps showing property boundaries for grant map, ca. 1748-1915. It covers parts of Shenandoah, Warren and Page counties.]
  • Sims, Edgar Barr. Sims Index to Land Grants in West Virginia. [Springfield, Virginia]: Genealogical Books in Print, c1992. FHL Collection [Includes Frederick County, Virginia.]

Local Histories

  • Cartmell, T. K. Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants: A History of Frederick County, Virginia (Illustrated) from Its Formation in 1738 to 1908, Compiled Mainly from Original Records of Old Frederick County, Now Hampshire, Berkeley, Shenandoah, Jefferson, Hardy, Clarke, Warren, Morgan and Frederick. n.p.: n.p., c1909. FamilySearch Books OnlineFHL Collection 975.59 H2c 1963;FHL US/CAN Film 1000634 Item 1; digital version at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($). [3 copies at FHL.]
  • Clem, Gladys Bauserman. Stories of the Shenandoah. Staunton, Va.: n.p., 1948. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Davis, Julia. The Shenandoah. New York: Farrar & Rinehart, c1945. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Gordon, Armistead C. In the Picturesque Shenandoah Valley. Richmond: Garrett &Massie, c1930. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Hutton, James Vernon. Local History Articles, Frederick County, Virginia. Winchester, Virginia: n.p., 1979. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Ingersoll, Ernest. To the Shenandoah and Beyond: The Chronicle of a Leisurely Journey through the Uplands of Virginia and Tennessee, Sketching Their Scenery, Noting Their Legends, Portraying Social and Material Progress, and Explaining Routes of Travel. New York: Leve & Alden, 1885. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • MacDonald, Rose Mortimer Ellzey. Clarke County, a Daughter of Frederick: A History of Early Families and Homes. Berryville, Va.: Blue Ridge Press, 1979. Original edition and supplement available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Norris, J. E.. History of the Lower Shenandoah Valley Counties of Frederick, Berkeley, Jefferson and Clarke: Their Early Settlement and Progress to the Present Time, Geological Features, a Description of Their Historic and Interesting Localities, Cities, Towns and Villages, Portraits of Some of the Prominent Men, and Biographies of Many of the Representative Citizens. Chicago: A. Warner, 1890. Original edition available at FHL; 1972 reprint available at FHL; digital version of original edition at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).
  • Paxton, Alexander Sterret. Memory Days in which the Shenandoah Valley is Seen in Retrospection: With Glimpses of School Days and the Life of Virginia People of Fifty Years Ago. New York: Neale Pub. Co., 1908. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Strickler, Harry Miller. Massanutten, Settled by the Pennsylvania Pilgrim, 1726: The First White Settlement in the Shenandoah Valley. n.p.: n.p., c1924. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).

Maps

  • Geertsema, Galtjo and Cecil O'Dell. Northern Neck of Virginia, Old Frederick County: A Historical Map Emphasizing the Period from 1725 to 1745: To Illustrate Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia by Cecil O'Dell. C. O'Dell, 1995. Available at FHL.
  • Massanutten Area Atlas. Original records, Shenandoah County Archives, Woodstock, Va. Microfilmed reproduction available at FHL. [This is a bound book of hand drawn maps showing property boundaries for grant map, ca. 1748-1915. It covers parts of Shenandoah, Warren and Page counties.]

Military

French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Frederick County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books (full-view). [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Frederick County, see pp. 79-82, 108.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Frederick County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Milbourne, Anna. "Records of the Frederick County, Virginia, Militia in the French and Indian War Period," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 27 (1939):52-60.
  • Ward, Flora Lusk et al. Officers and Men of Frederick County, Virginia, Militia in the Year 1756. MSS., available at FHL.
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Frederick County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Frederick County supplied soldiers for the:

- 8th Virginia Regiment
- 11th Virginia Regiment
- 12th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

Frederick residents recommended for military commissions during the Revolutionary War.[11]

  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. FHL Collection; digital version at Google Books (full-view). [Includes a chapter titled "A Partial List of Capt. Daniel Morgan's Rifle Company of Winchester, Frederick Co., Va., July 14, 1775," see p. 171.]
  • Hale, Laura Virginia. A Bicentennial Remembrance: The Revolutionary Years, 1776-1781, in Old Frederick County, Virginia. L.V. Hale, 1978. Available at FHL.
  • Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society. Men and Events of the Revolution in Winchester and Frederick County, Virginia. Winchester, Virginia, 1975. Available at FHL.
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Frederick County on page 134.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Frederick County men served in the 31st, 51st, and 122nd Regiments.[12]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Frederick County, p. 81. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Frederick County, Virginia served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Frederick County, Virginia:

- 1st Battalion, Virginia Cavalry, Local Defense (Confederate). Company A (Newtown Troop)
- 1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate).
- 2nd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company F (Winchester Riflemen)
- 5th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Marion Rifles) and Company K (Continental Morgan Guards).[13]
- 11th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry. Company A (The Wildcat Company) and Company H.[14]
- 12th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company C.[15]
- 13th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company H (The Winchester Boomerangs).[16]
- 18th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company F.[17]
- 24th Battalion, Virginia Partisan Rangers (Scott's). Company C.[18]
- 39th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company A.[19]

Many records and histories are available, including:

Civil War Battles

The following Civil War battles were fought in Frederick County.

Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865

Naturalization

Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929

Newspapers

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Frederick County, Virginia newspapers.

  • 1798-1820 - Winchester Gazette (Winchester, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).
  • 1806-1809 - Philanthropist (Winchester, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).
  • 1828-1836 - Winchester Virginian (Winchester, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).
  • 1855-1873 - Winchester Virginian at Google News - free.
  • 2009-present - Winchester Star (Winchester, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Winchester silversmiths.]

Private Papers

Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007

[Barton] Davis, Bruce G. "Barton Family Bible, Frederick County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1964):28-30. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).

  • [Byrd] Meade, Everard Kidder. "The Papers of Richard Evelyn Byrd, I, of Frederick County, Virginia. A Note on a Valuable Collection of Family Letters and Other Documents with Extracts Therefrom," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 54, No. 2 (Apr., 1946), pp. 106-118. Available at FHL; digital version at JSTOR ($).

Probate Records

Local Court

SamPubCo has created a free online resource that serves as a good starting place to search for Colonial Frederick County wills:

Other Frederick County probate resources include:

  • Kangas, M. N. Frederick County, Virginia, Wills & Administrations, 1795-1816. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1995. Available at FHL. Digital book available at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).
  • "Wills in Frederick County, Va., Prior to 1805," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 18, No. 2 (Apr. 1910):204-212. FHL; digital version at JSTOR ($).

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Frederick County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1746] Frederick County 1746 rental, Library of Virginia, Miscellaneous Microfilm 4,624.[2]
  • [1750] Frederick County 1750 rental, Library of Virginia, Miscellaneous Microfilm 4,624.[2]
  • [1758] Quisenberry, A.C. "Election of Col. Geo. Washington, 1758," Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 6(1898):162-173. Available at FHL; reprinted in Virginia Tax Records. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at FHL; digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • [1759] Frederick County 1759 rental, Library of Virginia, Miscellaneous Microfilm 4,624.[2]
  • [1764] Frederick County 1764 rental, Library of Virginia, Miscellaneous Microfilm 4,624.[2]
  • [1782] Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782, Frederick Findings, Vol. 3, No. 4 (Fall 1990):253-262; Vol. 4, No. 1 (Winter 1991):15-20. FHL Book 975.59 D25f.
  • [1782-1802] Heinegg, Paul. "Frederick County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1802," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Frederick County is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1791] Indexed images of the 1791 Personal Property Tax Lists of Frederick County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] Images of the 1800 Personal Property Tax List of Frederick County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] "Frederick County, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 23, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1979):8-14; Vol. 23, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1979):97-103; Vol. 23, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1979):168-172; Vol. 23, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1979):266-270; Vol. 24, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1980):5-8; Vol. 24, No. 2 (Apr. 1980). Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).  [Vol. 24, No. 2 refers to the City of Winchester.]
  • [1803-1836] Heinegg, Paul. "Frederick County Personal Property Tax List 1803-1836," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1815 land tax. Frederick County is included in Vol. 4.]

Vital Records

Indexes to Frederick County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth
  • 1853-1870 - Frederick County Birth Index 1853-1870. Batch C868749 at FamilySearch - free.[27]
  • 1855-1896 - Fridley, Beth, comp. Frederick County Virginia Birth Records, 1855-96 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001. Available at Ancestry ($).
Marriage
Death
  • 1853-1870 - Frederick County Death Index 1853-1870. Batch B868749 (broken link) at FamilySearch - free.[27]
Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Dr. Alexander Balmain, Rector of Frederick Parish, recorded details of more than 750 marriages he performed between 1781 and 1821 in his journal:

  • Tylor, Dola S. "Marriages from 'The Journal of Dr. Alexander Balmain,' Rector, Frederick Parish, Winchester, Virginia, 1781-1821," Frederick Findings, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Spring 1993):121-124; Vol. 6, No. 3 (Summer 1993):179-182; Vol. 6, No. 4 (Fall 1993):273-278; Vol. 7, No. 1 (Spring 1994):61-67. FHL Book 975.59 D25f.

Frederick County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Frederick County Virginia Genealogy Websites

Frederick County Virginia Genealogy References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Frederick County, Virginia. Page 714 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Frederick County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1966):174-178. FHL Book; digital version at New England Ancestors ($); Victor S. Dunn, "Using Lawsuits to Identify Family Origins: George Cunningham of Virginia," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 98, No. 4 (Dec. 2010), 253.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (1810; reprint, Richmond, Va.: Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 386-387. Digital version at Google Books.
  4. Nancy Chappelear, "Berryville Baptist Church Cemetery Records," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 10, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1966):66. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 10 (1966).
  5. "Frederick Parish And Its Divisions," Proceedings of The Clarke County Historical Association, Vol. XIV (1956-1957):16-26; digital version at Clarke History.
  6. William Meade, Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia, 2 vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1861). Digital versions at Internet Archive: Vol. I and Vol. II.
  7. Victor S. Dunn, "Frederick Parish, Frederick County, Virginia Vestry Book, 1764-1818 (Overseers of Poor)," Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 43, No. 3 (Aug. 2005), 179.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  9. John W. Wayland, Hopewell Friends History, 1734-1934, Frederick County, Virginia: Records of Hopewell Monthly Meetings and Meetings Reporting to Hopewell, Two Hundred Years of History and Genealogy (Strasburg, Va.: Shenandoah Pub. House, 1936). FHL Film 1000634 Item 2.
  10. William Wade Hinshaw, Thomas W. Marshall and John Cox, Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy (Ann Arbor, Mich.: Edwards Bros., 1950). Vol. 6. FHL Book 973 D2he 1993 v. 6.
  11. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 32. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  12. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 87. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  13. Lee A. Wallace, 5th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.:H.E. Howard, 1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 40.
  14. Richard L. Armstrong, 11th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 52.
  15. Dennis E. Frye, 12th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 42.
  16. David F. Riggs, 13th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 49.
  17. Roger U. Delauter, 18th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 18.
  18. Robert J. Driver and Kevin C. Ruffner, 1st Battalion Virginia Infantry, 39th Battalion Virginia Cavalry, 24th Battalion Virginia Partisan Rangers (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1996). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 119.
  19. Robert J. Driver and Kevin C. Ruffner, 1st Battalion Virginia Infantry, 39th Battalion Virginia Cavalry, 24th Battalion Virginia Partisan Rangers (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1996). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 119.
  20. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 17 August, 2012)
  21. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012).
  22. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012).
  23. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  24. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 17 August, 2012)
  25. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  26. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August 2012).
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 27.4 27.5 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.