Fredericksburg, Virginia

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(census)
(map)
(3 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{Virginia-stub}}
 
 
 
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Virginia|Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Spotsylvania County, Virginia|Spotsylvania County]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Fredericksburg,_Virginia|Fredericksburg (Independent City)]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Virginia|Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Spotsylvania County, Virginia|Spotsylvania County]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Fredericksburg,_Virginia|Fredericksburg (Independent City)]]''  
 +
 +
{{Infobox settlement
 +
| name                    = Fredericksburg, Virginia
 +
| settlement_type        = Independent City
 +
| image_map              = Vafredericksburg.PNG
 +
| map_caption            = Location in [[Virginia]]
 +
| established_title      = Founded
 +
| established_date        = 1879
 +
| website                = [http://www.fredericksburgva.gov/ www.fredericksburgva.gov/]
 +
| footnotes              =
 +
}}
 +
 +
=  =
 +
 +
{{Tip|For additional records, see [[Spotsylvania County, Virginia|Spotsylvania County]].}}
  
 
== Courthouse  ==
 
== Courthouse  ==
 
{{RAOGKcourthouse}}
 
  
 
== History  ==
 
== History  ==
Line 11: Line 22:
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
'''1879--'''Fredericksburg became an independent city&nbsp;from Spotsylvania County in 1879. <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
+
[[Image:Fredericksburg, Rappahannock River, Virginia.JPG|thumb|right|400px|Fredericksburg, Rappahannock River, Virginia.JPG]] '''1879--'''Fredericksburg became an independent city from [[Spotsylvania County, Virginia|Spotsylvania County]] in 1879. <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
 
+
==== Boundary Changes  ====
+
 
+
==== Record Loss  ====
+
 
+
== Places/Localities  ==
+
 
+
[[Image:Fredericksburg, Rappahannock River, Virginia.JPG|thumb|right|400px|Fredericksburg, Rappahannock River, Virginia.JPG]]
+
 
+
==== Populated Places  ====
+
 
+
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
+
  
 
== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
 
+
<div style="width: 147%; float: left">
 +
[[Image:Vafredericksburg.jpg|thumb|right|400px]]
 
==== African American  ====
 
==== African American  ====
  
Line 44: Line 44:
 
==== Church  ====
 
==== Church  ====
  
'''''Baptist'''''
+
===== Baptist =====
  
 
*Darter, Oscar H. ''The History of Fredericksburg Baptist Church, Fredericksburg, Virginia''. Richmond, Virginia, 1959.
 
*Darter, Oscar H. ''The History of Fredericksburg Baptist Church, Fredericksburg, Virginia''. Richmond, Virginia, 1959.
Line 64: Line 64:
  
 
*Goolrick, John T. ''Fredericksburg and the Cavalier Country: America's Most Historic Section, It's Homes: It's People and Romances''. Richmond, Va.: Garrett &amp; Massie, 1935. Available at {{FHL|108311|title-id|disp=FHL}}.  
 
*Goolrick, John T. ''Fredericksburg and the Cavalier Country: America's Most Historic Section, It's Homes: It's People and Romances''. Richmond, Va.: Garrett &amp; Massie, 1935. Available at {{FHL|108311|title-id|disp=FHL}}.  
*Goolrick, John T. ''Old Homes and History Around Fredericksburg: The Northern Neck and the Southside, Stafford and Spotsylvania Counties and Battle Sketches''. Richmond: Garrett &amp; Massie, c1929. Available at {{FSbook|95160}}{{FHL|108266|title-id|disp=FHL}}; ($) and [http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/u?/FH27,49940 BYU Family History Archives].
+
*Goolrick, John T. ''Old Homes and History Around Fredericksburg: The Northern Neck and the Southside, Stafford and Spotsylvania Counties and Battle Sketches''. Richmond: Garrett &amp; Massie, c1929. Available at {{FSbook|95160}}{{FHL|108266|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
  
 
==== Immigration  ====
 
==== Immigration  ====
Line 88: Line 88:
 
===== Civil War  =====
 
===== Civil War  =====
  
====== Civil War Battle ======
+
====== Civil War Battles ======
  
The following Civil War battle was fought in Fredericksburg.
+
The following Civil War battles were fought in Fredericksburg:
  
 
*December 11-15, 1862 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va028.htm Fredericksburg I], also known as Marye's Heights<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va028.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 17 August, 2012)</ref>  
 
*December 11-15, 1862 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va028.htm Fredericksburg I], also known as Marye's Heights<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va028.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 17 August, 2012)</ref>  
Line 118: Line 118:
  
 
{{Vawill| }}  
 
{{Vawill| }}  
 
<br>
 
  
 
*[http://historiccourtrecords.org/ Historic Court Records]
 
*[http://historiccourtrecords.org/ Historic Court Records]
Line 141: Line 139:
 
== Websites  ==
 
== Websites  ==
  
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
 
 
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Fredericksburg+%28Independent+City%29|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Fredericksburg_Virginia_Family_History_Center#Links]  
 
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Fredericksburg+%28Independent+City%29|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Fredericksburg_Virginia_Family_History_Center#Links]  
 
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Fredericksburg_Virginia_Family_History_Center#Links Fredericksburg Virginia Family History Center]
 
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Fredericksburg_Virginia_Family_History_Center#Links Fredericksburg Virginia Family History Center]
Line 151: Line 148:
 
{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
  
 +
{{Virginia-stub}}
 +
</div>{{-}}
 
[[Category:Fredericksburg,_Virginia]]
 
[[Category:Fredericksburg,_Virginia]]

Revision as of 17:36, 31 January 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png Virginia Gotoarrow.png Spotsylvania County Gotoarrow.png Fredericksburg (Independent City)

Fredericksburg, Virginia
—  Independent City  —
Location in Virginia
Founded 1879
Website www.fredericksburgva.gov/

Contents

Courthouse

History

Parent County

Fredericksburg, Rappahannock River, Virginia.JPG
1879--Fredericksburg became an independent city from Spotsylvania County in 1879. [1]

Resources

Vafredericksburg.jpg

African American

Cemeteries

Census

  • Fisher, Therese. "A List of Males in the Town of Fredericksburg from the Age of 18 to 45 Years Old; 1806," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 40, No. 4 (Oct./Nov. 1996):306-308. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg.

Church

Baptist
  • Darter, Oscar H. The History of Fredericksburg Baptist Church, Fredericksburg, Virginia. Richmond, Virginia, 1959.

Court

Searches of Fredericksburg court records should begin with:

  • Indexes of Court Records in the Clerk's Office, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1782-1904. Original records, Fredericksburg City Courthouse, Fredericksburg, Va., microfilmed reproduction available at FHL. [Indexes the following records: District Court law book v. 8, 1782-1792; District Court law books 1790-1793, v. A-F 1789-1811; Superior Court of Law law order books v. G-H 1812-1831; Superior Court of Chancery chancery order books 1814-1831; Hustings Court orders v. A-O 1782-1871; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery law order books v. A-E 1831-1875; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery chancery order books v. A-D 1831-1872; Circuit Court chancery order books v. A2, B-C 1875-1904; Fredericksburg District Court (1789-1808) had jurisdiction over the following counties: Spotsylvania (including Fredericksburg), Caroline, King George, Stafford, Orange, and Culpeper; Superior Court of Chancery (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over the following localities: city of Fredericksburg and the counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Fauquier, Fairfax, Lancaster, Northumberland, Madison, King George, Orange, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Essex, and Westmoreland.]
  • See also Historic Court Records for indexes of Apprentice Records, Clerk's Order Books, Court Records, Free Negro / Slave records, Inquests, Marriage Records, Mayor's Court, Military Records & Wills.

Genealogy

  • [Mercer] John T. Goolrick. The Life of General Hugh Mercer. With Brief Sketches of General George Washington, John Paul Jones, General George Weedon, James Monroe and Mrs.Mary Ball Washington, Who were Friends and Associates of General Mercer at Fredericksburg; Also a Sketch of Lodge No. 4, A. F. and A. M., of Which Generals Washington and Mercer were Members; and a Genealogical Table of the Mercer Family. New York & Washington: The Neale Publishing Company, 1906. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • [Page] Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. Page Family Records in Virginia Counties. 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 1982-2006. FHL Book 929.273 P141rdc v. 2 [Fredericksburg appears in Vol. 2 Part 2]
  • [Page] Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. The Page Family in Virginia Personal Property Taxes (1782-1850). 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 2002. FHL Book 929.273 P141rd v. 1-2 [Fredericksburg appears in Vol. 2]

Historic Residences

  • Goolrick, John T. Fredericksburg and the Cavalier Country: America's Most Historic Section, It's Homes: It's People and Romances. Richmond, Va.: Garrett & Massie, 1935. Available at FHL.
  • Goolrick, John T. Old Homes and History Around Fredericksburg: The Northern Neck and the Southside, Stafford and Spotsylvania Counties and Battle Sketches. Richmond: Garrett & Massie, c1929. Available at FamilySearch Books OnlineFHL.

Immigration

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America 1777-1811," The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200; Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring 2001):53-74. [Overseas correspondence of residents of Fredericksburg with the following surnames: Brook, Galibert, Hunter, Proudfitt.]

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 7 British aliens, many of whom had families, living in Fredericksburg.[2]

Land

Local Histories

  • Goolrick, John T. Fredericksburg and the Cavalier Country: America's Most Historic Section, It's Homes: It's People and Romances. Richmond, Va.: Garrett & Massie, 1935. Available at FHL.

Maps

Military

French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Fredericksburg militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
Civil War
Civil War Battles

The following Civil War battles were fought in Fredericksburg:

Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865


Since Fredericksburg became an independent city from Spotsylvania County in 1879, the Civil War records for Fredericksburg will be found in the Spotsylvania County military records.

Newspapers

 

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

  • 1787-1829 - Virginia Herald (Fredericksburg, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).

Free Lance Star Historical Papers online: http://news.google.com/archivesearch

See also Accessing the Old Newspapers of Fredericksburg for newspaper indexes and more.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Fredericksburg silversmiths.]

Probate

A free index to Fredericksburg, Virginia wills and administrations ( ) is available at the Library of Virginia website.

Taxation

 How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Fredericksburg is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1787-1815] Heinegg, Paul. "Fredericksburg City Personal Property Tax List 1787-1815," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1790, 1801] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1801 Personal Property Tax Lists of Fredericksburg, Virginia are available online at Binns Genealogy.
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Spotsylvania County is included in Vol. 4.]

Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

Websites

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Kenneth Scott. British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979, 320-333. FHL Collection 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  3. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 17 August, 2012)
  4. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 17 August, 2012)