Gaston County, North Carolina

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[North Carolina]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Gaston County'''
  
''[[United States|United States&nbsp;]] &gt; [[North Carolina|North Carolina]]&nbsp;&gt; Gaston County'' <br>
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{{NCDC}}
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{{Infobox U.S. County
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| county = Gaston County
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| adoption_sign = Adoption NCGenWeb
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| custom_text = <center>County Coordinator<br>'''[http://www.ncgenweb.us/gaston/ Gaston Co. NCGenWeb]'''</center>  
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| county_map = Nc-gaston.png
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| state = North Carolina
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| state_map = North_Carolina.png
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| founded year = 1846
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| founded date = December 21
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| seat wl = Gastonia
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}}
  
 
== County Courthouse  ==
 
== County Courthouse  ==
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[http://www.gastongov.com/ Gaston County Courthouse]<br>325 N Marietta St<br>Box 1578<br>Gastonia, NC 28053<br>Phone: 704-868-7684
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Register of Deeds has birth, marriage and death records&nbsp;from 1913<br>Land records from 1847<br>Clerk Superior &nbsp;Court has divorce and court records<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gaston County, North Carolina. Page 509 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>
  
 
== History  ==
 
== History  ==
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The earliest European settlers of Gaston County were principally Scots Irish, Pennsylvania Dutch, and English. In the 1750s, Dutch settler James Kuykendall and others constructed the Fort at the Point at the junction of the Catawba and South Fork Rivers. The fort was built because of ongoing hostilities with the Cherokee, but it was apparently never attacked. Tensions between the settlers and the Native American inhabitants (primarily of the Catawba tribe) were eased considerably when the boundary dispute between North Carolina and South Carolina was settled in 1772, after which most of the Catawba settled on a reservation near Fort Mill, South Carolina.
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Most early farms were small, cultivated primarily by White yeoman farmers of English ancestry. North Carolina's colonial policy restricted the size of land grants, and in Gaston County they tended to be about 400 acres (1.6 km2) each. One of the earliest grants in the area was given to Captain Samuel Cobrin, commander of a local militia company, on September 29, 1750.
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Between 1845 and 1848, Gaston County experienced an industrial boom. During this three-year period, the first three cotton mills in the County were established. Some authorities[who?] say that the first one was established by Thomas R. Tate on Mountain Island, near the present site of Duke Energy's Mountain Island Dam and Hydroelectric Station. Other sources say that the first mill was established by the Linebergers and others on the South Fork River near McAdenville. Most sources agree that among the first three mills in operation in the County was the Stowesville Mill, founded by Jasper Stowe and Associates in the South Point Community south of Belmont. Gaston County still leads all other counties in the country both in the number of spindles in operation and in the number of bales of cotton consumed.
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(Source: Wikipedia)<br>
  
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
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<div style="width: 147%; float: left">
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'''1846'''--Gaston County was created 21 December 1846&nbsp;from [[Lincoln County, North Carolina|Lincoln]] County.<br>'''County seat''':&nbsp;Gastonia <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
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==== Record Loss  ====
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'''1874--'''Courthouse fire&nbsp;destroyed many court records.
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== Places/Localities  ==
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==== Populated Places  ====
  
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
  
==== Record Loss  ====
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*[[Cleveland County, North Carolina|Cleveland]]
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*[[Lincoln County, North Carolina|Lincoln]]
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*[[Mecklenburg County, North Carolina|Mecklenburg]]
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*[[York County, South Carolina|York County, South Carolina]]
  
 
== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
 
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[[Image:Ncgaston.png|thumb|right|400px]]
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
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*[http://www.ncgenweb.us/gaston/cemeteries.htm Gaston NCGenWeb] - cemetery listing
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*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=29&CScnty=1686 Gaston County cemeteries on Find-A-Grave]
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==== Census  ====
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{{Census|North Carolina}}
  
 
==== Church  ====
 
==== Church  ====
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==== Land  ====
 
==== Land  ====
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*The Bureau of Land Management [http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/search/default.aspx General Land Office] web site has searchable land records for North Carolina.
  
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
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*[http://www.archive.org/details/highshoalsgaston00char High Shoals, Gaston county, N.C., a Southern cotton mill town] (1908)
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
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==== Migration  ====
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Early migration routes to and from Gaston County for European settlers included:<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.'' (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. ({{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry.], and William E. Myer, ''Indian Trails of the Southeast''. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the Early Colonial Period" (1923). ({{FHL|54678|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 M992i}}) [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1523234 WorldCat entry].</ref>
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:*[[Occaneechi Path]] pre-historic
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:*[[Lower Cherokee Traders' Path]] pre-historic
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:*[[Catawba and Northern Trail]] pre-historic
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:*[[Fall Line Road]] about 1735 (overlapped Occaneechi Path)
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:*[[Great Valley Road|Great Valley Road (south fork)]] 1740s (overlapped Occaneechi Path)
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:*[[Upper Road]] about 1783 (overlapped Lower Cherokee Traders' Path)
  
 
==== Military  ====
 
==== Military  ====
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===== Civil War  =====
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Civil War Confederate units - Brief history, counties where recruited, etc.
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:-[[11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry|11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry]]
  
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
  
 
==== Probate  ====
 
==== Probate  ====
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecords%2Fwaypoint%2FMM19-9LR%3An975599678%3Fcc%3D1916185 NC County Records: Gaston County] includes indexed images of Estates 1839-1970 and Guardianships 1849-1964
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==== Schools  ====
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*[http://www.lib.unc.edu/ncc/gbnf/shc.html Sacred Heart College] - founded in 1892 by the order of the Roman&nbsp;Catholic Sisters of Mercy. Closed in 1987.
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*[http://www.ncgenweb-data.com/ybook/resultlist.php?county=gaston Gaston County College Students] - a name list of students at various NC colleges with identified hometowns in the county.
  
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
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== Societies and Libraries&nbsp;  ==
 
== Societies and Libraries&nbsp;  ==
  
== Townships and Cities ==
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*[http://www.rootsweb.com/~ncglgs/Index.htm Gaston-Lincoln Genealogical&nbsp;Society]
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*[http://www.glrl.lib.nc.us/ Gaston-Lincoln Regional Library System]
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==== Family History Centers ====
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*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
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*[[Gastonia North Carolina Family History Center]]
  
 
== Web Sites  ==
 
== Web Sites  ==
  
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.  
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*[http://www.ncgenweb.us/gaston/ Gaston County, NCGenWeb] - free genealogy resources; part of the national USGenWeb project.  
*Family History Library Catalog. Salt Lake City, Utah.
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*{{FHL|North+Carolina%2C+Gaston|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
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<references />{{North Carolina|North Carolina}} {{North Carolina-stub}}
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</div>{{-}}
 
[[Category:Gaston_County,_North_Carolina]]
 
[[Category:Gaston_County,_North_Carolina]]

Revision as of 22:03, 12 February 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png North Carolina Gotoarrow.png Gaston County

link=http://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/North Carolina_Online_Genealogy_Records North Carolina
Online Records


Gaston County, North Carolina
Map
Map of North Carolina highlighting Gaston County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Facts
Founded December 21, 1846
County Seat Gastonia
Courthouse
Adopt-a-wiki page
Logonew small.gif This page adopted by:
NCGenWeb Project
who welcome you to contribute.
County Coordinator
Gaston Co. NCGenWeb
Adopt a page today

Contents

County Courthouse

Gaston County Courthouse
325 N Marietta St
Box 1578
Gastonia, NC 28053
Phone: 704-868-7684

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage and death records from 1913
Land records from 1847
Clerk Superior  Court has divorce and court records[1]

History

The earliest European settlers of Gaston County were principally Scots Irish, Pennsylvania Dutch, and English. In the 1750s, Dutch settler James Kuykendall and others constructed the Fort at the Point at the junction of the Catawba and South Fork Rivers. The fort was built because of ongoing hostilities with the Cherokee, but it was apparently never attacked. Tensions between the settlers and the Native American inhabitants (primarily of the Catawba tribe) were eased considerably when the boundary dispute between North Carolina and South Carolina was settled in 1772, after which most of the Catawba settled on a reservation near Fort Mill, South Carolina.

Most early farms were small, cultivated primarily by White yeoman farmers of English ancestry. North Carolina's colonial policy restricted the size of land grants, and in Gaston County they tended to be about 400 acres (1.6 km2) each. One of the earliest grants in the area was given to Captain Samuel Cobrin, commander of a local militia company, on September 29, 1750.

Between 1845 and 1848, Gaston County experienced an industrial boom. During this three-year period, the first three cotton mills in the County were established. Some authorities[who?] say that the first one was established by Thomas R. Tate on Mountain Island, near the present site of Duke Energy's Mountain Island Dam and Hydroelectric Station. Other sources say that the first mill was established by the Linebergers and others on the South Fork River near McAdenville. Most sources agree that among the first three mills in operation in the County was the Stowesville Mill, founded by Jasper Stowe and Associates in the South Point Community south of Belmont. Gaston County still leads all other counties in the country both in the number of spindles in operation and in the number of bales of cotton consumed.

(Source: Wikipedia)

Parent County

1846--Gaston County was created 21 December 1846 from Lincoln County.
County seat: Gastonia [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1874--Courthouse fire destroyed many court records.

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Ncgaston.png

Cemeteries

Census

For tips on accessing Gaston County, North Carolina census records online, see: North Carolina Census.

Church

Court

Land

  • The Bureau of Land Management General Land Office web site has searchable land records for North Carolina.

Local Histories

Maps

Migration

Early migration routes to and from Gaston County for European settlers included:[3]

Military

Civil War

Civil War Confederate units - Brief history, counties where recruited, etc.

-11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry

Newspapers

Probate

Schools

Taxation

Vital Records

Societies and Libraries 

Family History Centers

Web Sites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gaston County, North Carolina. Page 509 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the Early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.