Gates County, North Carolina GenealogyEdit This Page

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United States Gotoarrow.png North Carolina Gotoarrow.png Gates County

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Online Records

Gates County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Gates County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded April 14, 1778
County Seat Gatesville
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County Courthouse

Gates County Courthouse
P O Box 345
Gatesville NC 27938
Phone: 252-357-0850

Reg of Deeds has birth, marriage and death records
Clerk Superior Court has divorce, probate and Court records from 1780[1]


Gates County was formed in 1779 from Chowan, Hertford, and Perquimans counties. It was named in honor of General Horatio Gates, who commanded the American Army at the Battle of Saratoga. Gates County is in the northeastern section of the State and is bounded by Camden, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Chowan and Hertford counties, and the state of Virginia. The present land area is 340.67 square miles. The act establishing the county provided that commissioners be appointed to select a site centrally located for the erection of a courthouse, etc., and to have the building erected. In 1781, an act was passed to levy an additional tax for the completion of the public buildings. The Legislature of 1830-1831 passed an act which said that the place now known as Gates Court House, in the county of Gates, shall in the future be known and described by the name of Gatesville. Gatesville is the county seat.

Gates County was a part of an area originally called "Albemarle", named for George, Duke of Albemarle. Later, what is now Gates County was split into three separate entities: Hertford, Chowan, and Perquimans counties. Most of the land within the present boundaries was considered to be Nansemond County, VA, until 1728, when William Byrd had surveyed the "dividing line" between Virginia and North Carolina.

Parent County

1778--Gates County was created 14 April 1778 from Chowan, Hertford, and Perquimans Counties.
County seat: Gatesville [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties





For tips on accessing Gates County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.



Family Histories

  • [Southall] Warner, Seth. "Descendants of the Reverend Daniel Southall of Eastern North Carolina," The Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Fall 2007):175-190; Vol. 22, No. 1 (Spring 2008):107-127; Vol. 22, No. 2 (Fall 2008):221-240.


Local Histories



Early migration routes to and from Gates County for European settlers included:[3]


Civil War

Civil War Confederate units - Brief history, counties where recruited, etc.

-5th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry




Vital Records 


Societies and Libraries 

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gates County, North Carolina. Page 509 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.


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