Genealogical Terms

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Genealogy, and by association, family history, almost has its own language. There are many terms that are unique to the field and many other more common terms that have specific meanings relating the genealogy. Definitions of some of the terms that may be unfamiliar to some who encounter them are included in the pages referenced below, by the beginning letter of the term. See also '''[[Dictionary of Genealogy and Archaic Terms]]'''
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Genealogy, and by association, family history, almost has its own language. There are many terms that are unique to the field and many other more common terms that have specific meanings relating the genealogy. Definitions of some of the terms that may be unfamiliar to some who encounter them are included in the pages referenced below, by the beginning letter of the term.<br><br> See also '''[[Dictionary of Genealogy and Archaic Terms]]'''  
  
{{Genealogical terms}}
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{{Genealogical terms}}
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The collapsed table below (click on "show") provides information on various terms that those users who are '''new to genealogy''' should be aware of when starting their search for their ancestors.&nbsp; The list of genealogical terms above provides an extensive listing of words and acronyms one may also encounter during your research.<br><br>
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There is also a listing of the terminology related specifically to the wiki which can be found at [[Help:Wiki Terminology|Help: Wiki Terminology]].&nbsp; If necessary, there are other useful listings outside this wiki which can be found at: [http://www.genealogyinc.com/encyclopedia/terms/ genealogyinc] and the [http://genealogyud.wordpress.com/category/terminology/ University of Delaware Library] page.<br><br>
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<div style="position:relative; top:0px; left:0px; width:640px; height:25px; padding-bottom:5px; padding-top:5px; font-family:museo; font-size:20px;color:#a3a3cc;"><center>'''N e w &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; t o &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; G e n e a l o g y&nbsp;?'''</center></div>
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{| width="640" align="left" cellspacing="2" cellpadding="5" style="box-shadow:10px 10px 5px #808080; border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff; border:6px solid #99ccff;" class="collapsible collapsed"
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! bgcolor="#ccccff" align="center" colspan="2" scope="col"  | Common Terms to know for those that are "New to Genealogy"
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| width="150" style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | <br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | <br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Ancestral File ('''AF''')
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | A discontinued collection of lineage linked family information originated by the LDS Church.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Ancestors
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | The people from whom you are a descendant (your direct line excluding their siblings).
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Archives
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Stored information and records related to current and past generations.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Cemetery Records
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Records related to a burial (both office records and tombstone information).
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Census
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | An official government listing of people within a geographic area.&nbsp; The US Federal census has been taken every 10 years since 1790. US state census records may be taken in the alternate five year periods.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Christening
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Baptism in most churches and often record birth dates, parent information, and can supply some relatives information in the form of god-parents.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Circa
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Meaning "about" or "approximately" in reference to a date or a year.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Citation
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | A reference that links the "data" (the information cited) to an authoritative source to prove it is accurate (usually a primary source such as a legal document).
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Descendancy Chart
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | A listing or display of all the known descendants of a particular ancestor which includes all children, the children's spouses and their children, and so on to the present day.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Emigrant
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | A person how "left'''"''' on country or region for another area. As opposed to an immigrant who is someone who has "arrived" or settles in a new area.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Enumeration
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | The process of counting people, for example when a census is taken.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Family History Library ('''FHL''')
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | The world's largest collection of genealogical information collected by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Family History Centers ('''FHC''')
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Facilities located in many cities across the world which provide local research assistance and access to the FHL records.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Family Tree software
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | A genealogical software program designed to encompass all genealogy information into "one world tree" and it is based on the open edit format.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | GEDCOM
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | An acronym for '''GE'''nealogical '''D'''ata '''COM'''munication which is a file format developed by the LDS Church for recording genealogical information.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Gregorian Calendar
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | The calendar named after Pope Gregory in 1582 which replaced the Julian calendar.&nbsp; It was adopted for current use in 1752.
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|-
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Heraldry
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Is the practice (or science) of recording genealogical information in the form of artistic representations, coat of arms, family crests, and insignia.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | International Genealogical Index ('''IGI''')
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | A database that contains source information about genealogy records which can provide valuable clues to one's ancestors.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Immigrant
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | A person that settles in a new country after leaving (emigrating) from another country. You emigrate from one place but immigrate into another place.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Julian Calendar
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | A calendar named for Julius Caesar (of the Roman Empire) which was used from 45 BCE until 1582 when the Gregorian calendar was developed.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | LDS
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | An acronym for the Church of Jesus Christ of '''L'''atter-'''D'''ay '''S'''aints.&nbsp; Also refers to the website familysearch.org which houses the Church's genealogical records.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Legacy
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Often referred to as "money" to be inherited and is similar to a bequest (property) but can also refer to the genealogical records passed down to later generations.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Maternal lineage
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Ancestors related to one's mother's side of the family.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Naturalization
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | The process used to become a citizen of a country.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Necrology
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | A list of obituaries or death records published in a newspaper or other public announcement.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Obituary
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | A published death notice which often contains a brief biography as well as birth and death information and usually the closest relatives.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Open edit
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | A software design which allows any of the information contained therein (with a few restictions) to be edited by anyone logged into the system.
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Patent<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | A document showing the transfer of public land to an individual (also known as a grant).<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Paternal lineage<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Ancestors related to one's father's side of the family. <br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Pedigree chart<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | The display used to show one person's ancestors by listing their parents and the parent's parents, and so on.<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Pedigree Resource File ('''PRF''')<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | A file format that replaced the Ancestral File format but was ultimately replaced by the open edit format currently used in the FamilySearch Family Tree software.<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Registrar<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | An official that records events such as births, deaths, probates, and the selling of land.<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Social Security Death Index ('''SSDI''')<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | An index of information related to the deceased who were registered under the Social Security program in the United States.&nbsp; Lists the person's name, birth, death, the soundex code, SS number and the state it was issued in.<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Soundex<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | An indexing system which uses the sound of the consonants in a name to generate a code that can aid in locating misspelled or unusually spelled names.<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Sources ('''Primary''')<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Included are: census records, birth, marriage, and death records, medical records, and other published records such as newspapers, court and land records.<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Sources ('''Secondary''')<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Records which are second hand in nature such as biographies, dictionaries and encyclopedias (printed or online like Wikipedia), guides or manuals, and general histories.<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Surname<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | The name associated with a group of people such as a family.&nbsp; Formerly it was a descriptive phrase used with a name to depict that person's occupation or some characteristic of the person.&nbsp; Those extra names eventually evolved into one's family name in many instances.<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Vital Records<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Civil (legal) records which document the birth, marriage, or death of a person.<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | Wiki<br>
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| style="border-bottom:2px solid #99ccff;" | A web application used to collect (or consolidate) information based on the collective knowledge of numerous individuals.&nbsp; An open edit system used to collaborate and gain consensus for what is published on the web.<br>
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| colspan="2" | <br>Editors Note: Please add or expand this listing with terms useful to those that are "New to Genealogy"<br>
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|}
  
 
[[Category:Glossary|* Genealogical Terms]]
 
[[Category:Glossary|* Genealogical Terms]]

Revision as of 05:16, 22 June 2014

Genealogy, and by association, family history, almost has its own language. There are many terms that are unique to the field and many other more common terms that have specific meanings relating the genealogy. Definitions of some of the terms that may be unfamiliar to some who encounter them are included in the pages referenced below, by the beginning letter of the term.

See also Dictionary of Genealogy and Archaic Terms



The collapsed table below (click on "show") provides information on various terms that those users who are new to genealogy should be aware of when starting their search for their ancestors.  The list of genealogical terms above provides an extensive listing of words and acronyms one may also encounter during your research.

There is also a listing of the terminology related specifically to the wiki which can be found at Help: Wiki Terminology.  If necessary, there are other useful listings outside this wiki which can be found at: genealogyinc and the University of Delaware Library page.

N e w     t o     G e n e a l o g y ?