Georgia Census

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(t)
(roll Talk page onto Main page)
Line 1: Line 1:
''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Georgia (state)|Georgia]]  >  [[Georgia_Census|Census]]''  
+
''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[Portal:Georgia (state)|Georgia]]  >  [[Georgia Census|Census]]''  
  
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|-
 +
| width="44%" | __TOC__
 +
| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
 +
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
For a list of available and missing Georgia censuses, [[Georgia Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
+
<br>
  
'''1890 Federal Census Fragments'''—Part of the Columbus, Muscogee, Georgia, 1890 census population schedules survived the fire in 1921. These census fragment images and index are on [http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=5445&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Ancestry.com], a subscription Internet site.  
+
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Georgia Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
A competing index&nbsp;is also available in book and film format:
+
|}
  
*Nelson, Ken. ''1890 U.S. Census Index to Surviving Population Schedules and Register of Film numbers to the Special Census of Union Veterans.'' Revised Edition. Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, 1991. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=973+X2na+1890 book 973 X2na 1890]; 1984 edition is on [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=316295&disp=1890+census+index+register%20%20&columns=*,0,0 film 1421673 item 11].)
+
=== Online Georgia indexes and images  ===
  
The census fragment images are on microfilm:
+
{{Census Online Georgia}}
  
*United States. Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. ''Population Schedules of the Eleventh Census of the United States, 1890.'' National Archives Microfilm Publications, M0407. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1962. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=231212&disp=Population+schedules+of+the+eleventh+cen%20%20&columns=*,0,0 film 926497].)
+
=== Federal population schedules ===
  
=== Available Online ===
+
==== Microfilm images ====
  
'''United States Censuses 1850-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes and images to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880 (index only)], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
+
*
  
[http://www.ancestry.com/search/rectype/default.aspx?rt=35 Ancestry.com] ($), a subscription Internet site, has indexes and images to all available federal census population, veterans, slave, and mortality schedules from 1790 to 1930.&nbsp;
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
[http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/browse HeritageQuest], an Internet service available at selected libraries, has images to all available federal census population and slave schedules from 1790 to 1930, and indexes to some but not all.
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Georgia, [[Georgia Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
<br>
+
=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
<br>
+
==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
In addition to published tax lists, some substitutes for the early missing censuses include:  
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center" width="77%"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Georgia'''</font>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries '''(usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" width="10%" | '''Type'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1870'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1860'''
 +
| Slave owner
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B8457527%3B-1%3B8%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=4479091&hitcount=5479 Link]<ref name="HQSlave">HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.</ref>
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1860'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''
 +
| Slave owner
 +
| align="center" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1420440;t=browsable;w=0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B12159696%3B-1%3B7%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=8194799&hitcount=4245 Link]<ref name="HQSlave" />
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;c=1420441 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1840'''
 +
| Pensioners
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
|}
  
*Coulter, E. Merton, and Albert B. Saye. ''A List of the Early Settlers of Georgia''. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1949. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=271620&disp=A+List+of+the+early+settlers+of+Georgia%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 975.8 W2L; film 007092].) This is for the period 1733 to 1747. It is updated by the Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly 19 (1983): 111-131. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1301904&disp=v%2E+19+%281983%29%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975.8 B2ga].)
+
==== Microfilm images  ====
*De Lamar, Marie, and Elizabeth Rothstein. ''The Reconstructed 1790 Census of Georgia''. 1976. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=216319&disp=The+reconstructed+1790+census+of+Georgia%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975.8 X2L].)
+
  
Wood, Virginia S., and Ralph V. Wood. ''1805 Georgia Land Lottery''. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Greenwood Press, 1964. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=176977&disp=1805+Georgia+land+lottery%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975.8 R2wv] .) <br>
+
*
  
== Historical Background ==
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book ====
  
'''1788--'''Georgia became a state.  
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Georgia, [[Georgia Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
== Special Censuses ==
+
=== Census substitutes ===
  
==== Mortality Schedules  ====
+
In addition to published tax lists, some substitutes for the early missing censuses include:
  
'''1850-1880--'''Mortality schedules exist for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. Copies of the schedules (Family History Library microfilms [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=422413 422413-18]) and indexes are at the Family History Library.  
+
*'''1805''' Wood, Virginia S., and Ralph V. Wood. ''1805 Georgia Land Lottery''. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Greenwood Press, 1964. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=176977&disp=1805+Georgia+land+lottery%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975.8 R2wv] .)
 +
*'''1790''' De Lamar, Marie, and Elizabeth Rothstein. ''The Reconstructed 1790 Census of Georgia''. 1976. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=216319&disp=The+reconstructed+1790+census+of+Georgia%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975.8 X2L].)
 +
*'''1733-1747''' Coulter, E. Merton, and Albert B. Saye. ''A List of the Early Settlers of Georgia''. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1949. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=271620&disp=A+List+of+the+early+settlers+of+Georgia%20%20&columns=*,0,0 book 975.8 W2L; film 007092].) This is for the period 1733 to 1747. It is updated by the Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly 19 (1983): 111-131. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1301904&disp=v%2E+19+%281983%29%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975.8 B2ga].)
  
'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.
+
=== State and colonial censuses  ===
  
*[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
+
State censuses are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History. Some county censuses for the years 1827 to 1890 are also at the [[Family History Library]].
  
==== Slave Holder Schedules  ====
+
*'''1938''' School census. Fayette, Tattnal, and Walton counties only.<ref name="Lainh">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[FHL book 973 X2Lai], 33-35.</ref>
 +
*'''1933''' School census. Fayette, Tattnal, and Walton counties only.<ref name="Lainh" />
 +
*'''1928''' School census. Fayette, Tattnal, and Walton counties only.<ref name="Lainh" />
 +
*'''1918''' School census. Henry County only.<ref name="Lainh" />
 +
*'''1913''' School census. Henry and Meriwether counties only.<ref name="Lainh" />
 +
*'''1908''' School census. Henry County only.<ref name="Lainh" />
 +
*'''1903''' School census. Henry and Meriwether counties only.<ref name="Lainh" />
 +
*'''1898''' School census. Meriwether County only.<ref name="Lainh" />
 +
*'''1890''' Federal census. Washington County only in the courthouse.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Georgia, Court of Ordinary (Washington County), "Census Returns of Washington County Taken by the County, 1890" (Salt Lake City: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1962 [in the Washington County courthouse, Sandersville, Ga.?])[[{{GCOrdinary}}]].</ref>
 +
*'''1879''' State census. Columbia County only.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="GCBoard">Georgia, Census Board, "State Census Records, 1838-1879" (Salt Lake City: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1957, 1961 at the State Archives in Atlanta, Georgia and in the Columbia County courthouse in Appling, Georgia)[[{{GCBoard}}]].</ref>
 +
*'''1865''' State census. Bulloch County only.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Alvaretta K. Register, "1865 Census of Bulloch County, Georgia," ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1446578 Georgia Genealogical Magazine]'' [FHL Book 975.8 B2go], no. 70 (1978): 247.</ref>
 +
*'''1859''' State census. Columbia<ref name="GCBoard" /><ref>Merita Rozier, Leoda Sherry, and Nesba Wright, "State Census Columbia County, Georgia, 1859" ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10709426 Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly]'' [FHL Book 975.8 B2ga] 13 (1977): 254-73.</ref><ref>MariLee Beatty Hageness, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/49376121 State Census 1859, Heads of Household, Columbia County, Georgia]'' ([Anniston, Ala.: MLH Research], 1995)[FHL Book 975.8635 X2h 1859; Film 2055469 Item 4].</ref> and Terrell counties only.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Croom">Emily Anne Croom, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/29564874 The Genealogist's Companion and Sourcebook]'' (Cincinnati, Ohio: Betterway Books, 1994)[FHL REF book 929.1 C882g], 39.</ref>
 +
*'''1853''' State census. Morgan County only in the courthouse.<ref name="Lainh" />
 +
*'''1852''' State census. Chatham, Forsyth, Jasper<ref name="GCBoard" />, Morgan counties, and City of Augusta only.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Croom" /><ref name="null">Augusta Genealogical Society, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6724517 Ancestoring]'' 4 (1983) [FHL Book 975.8 D25an].</ref>
 +
*'''1845''' State census. Chatham, Dooly, Forsyth<ref name="PLB">Donna Parrish, Bonnye T. Leary, and Garland C. Bagley, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/7615683 Census Indexes of Forsyth County, Georgia, 1834-1900]'' (Cumming, Ga.: D. Parrish, 1981)[FHL Book 975.8265 X2p].</ref>, and Warren counties only<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="GCBoard" /><ref name="Croom" /><ref name="Ancestry">Ancestry.com, ''Georgia Census, 1790-1890'' at http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3542 (accessed 30 Janurary 2010).</ref><ref name="CGC">''R. J. Taylor, Jr. Foundation, [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/6143282 Censuses for Georgia Counties: Taliaferro 1827, Lumpkin 1838, Chatham 1845]'' (Atlanta, Ga.: R.J. Taylor, Jr., Foundation, 1979)[FHL Book 975.8 X2c]. Transcript with index.</ref><ref name="Townse">Brigid S. Townsend, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1992937 Indexes to Seven State Census reports for Counties in Georgia, 1838-1845]'' (Atlanta, Ga.: R.J. Taylor, Jr., Foundation, 1975)[FHL Book 975.8 X2pt]. Abstract and index.</ref>
 +
*'''1838''' State census. Laurens<ref name="GCBoard" />, Lumpkin (partial)<ref name="Bondur">Mary Bondurant Warren, and Eve B Weeks, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/20563617 Whites Among the Cherokees: Georgia 1828-1838]'' (Danielsville, Ga.: Heritage Papers, 1987)[FHL Book 970.3 C424wg].</ref><ref name="RWilson">Rebekah S. Wilson, ''Rebekah S. Wilson Genealogical Collection'' (Atlanta, Ga.: Diane Dieterle Genealogical Center, 1982)[[{{RWilson}}]]. -- Lumpkin census 1834 -- 1838 Lumpkin County census.</ref>, Newton<ref name="GCBoard" />, Paulding, and Tattnall<ref name="GCBoard" /> counties only.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Croom" /><ref name="Ancestry" /><ref name="CGC" /><ref name="Townse" />
 +
*'''1837''' State Census. Paulding County only.<ref name="Bondur" />
 +
*'''1834''' State census. Cass (Bartow)<ref>MariLee Beatty Hageness, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/34485961 1834 State Census, Cass/Bartow Counties, Georgia]'' (Anniston, Ala.: MLH Research, 1994)[FHL Book 975.8365 X2h 1834; Fiche 6038926]. Heads of house index only.</ref>, Cherokee<ref>MariLee Beatty Hageness, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/52086597 1834 State Census, Cherokee County, Georgia]'' (Anniston, Ala.: MLH Research, 1995)[FHL Book 975.8253 X2h 1834; Fiche 6038961].</ref>, Cobb<ref>MariLee Beatty Hageness, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/34460921 Heads of Families, 1834 State Census, Cobb County, Georgia]'' (Anniston, Ala.: MLH Research, 1995)[FHL Book 975.8245 X2h; Fiche 6038864].</ref>, Forsyth<ref name="PLB" /><ref>MariLee Beatty Hageness, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48463247 Heads of Household 1834 State Census, Forsyth County, Georgia]'' (Anniston, Ala.: MLH Research, 1995)[FHL Book 975.8265 X2h 1834].</ref>, Gilmer, Lumpkin<ref name="RWilson" /><ref>Frances T. Ingmire, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16102288 1834 State Census of Lumpkin County, Georgia]'' (St. Louis, Mo. : F.T. Ingmire, [198-])[FHL Book 975.8273 X2i 1834].</ref>, Murray, and Union counties only.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Bondur" />
 +
*'''1827''' School census. Taliaferro County only.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Croom" /><ref name="CGC" />
 +
*'''1804''' State census, partial.<ref name="Croom" />
 +
*'''1800''' Federal census. Oglethorpe County only in courthouse.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref name="Croom" /><ref name="Ancestry" /><ref>Mary Bondurant Warren, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1855347 1800 Census of Oglethorpe County, Georgia; the Only Extant Census of 1800 within the State of Georgia, Transcribed from the Original and Indexed]'' ([Athens, Ga.: M.B. Warren, 1965])[FHL Book 975.8175 X2p 1800].</ref>
 +
*'''1799''' State census, partial.<ref name="Croom" />
 +
*'''1798''' State census. Greene County (partial) only.<ref name="Lainh" /><ref>Frank Parker Hudson, "1798 Census of First Battalion, Greene County, Georgia," ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10709426 Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly]'' [FHL Book 975.8 B2ga] 4 (1968): 649-54. Alphabetical transcript of heads of house and number of "whites" and "coloureds" in the household.</ref>
 +
*'''1743''' Colonial census. Savannah, Vandburgh, Hampstead, Highgate, and ten individual plantations.<ref>Robert S. Davis, Jr., "1743 Census of Georgia and It's Critic" ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10709426 Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly]'' [FHL Book 975.8 B2ga] 21, no. 1 (Spring 1985): 2-6.</ref>
 +
*'''1741''' Colonial census. Darien only.<ref>Robert S. Davis, Jr., "A Census of Darien, Ga., 1741" ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10709426 Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly]'' [FHL Book 975.8 B2ga] 24, no. 4 (Winter 1988): 212-14.</ref>
 +
*'''1738''' Colonial census. Frederica only.<ref>Robert S. Davis, Jr., "1738 Census of Frederica, Georgia" ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10709426 Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly]'' [FHL Book 975.8 B2ga] 25, no. 3 (Fall 1989): 150-55.</ref>
  
'''1850 United States Census Slave Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1420440;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site] listing each '''slave owner's''' name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
== Territorial Censuses ==
+
For a list of available and missing Georgia censuses, [[Georgia Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
Georgia was never a territory, so it does not have a territorial census.
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
== Indexes  ==
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.
  
'''United States Census Indexes 1850-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search.
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
'''Ancestry--'''All available census records for Georgia are indexed at [http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com].
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
'''1820-1860 Indexes--'''Printed and microfiche statewide census indexes are available at the Family History Library for the 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, and 1860 censuses.
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
'''Soundex--'''Microfilm [[Soundex|soundex]] (phonetic) indexes exist for the 1880 (partial index), 1900, 1910 and 1920 censuses. The 1910 index is in two parts. The first part indexes the cities of Atlanta, Augusta, Macon, and Savannah, and the second indexes the remainder of the state.
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
'''Miracode--'''The 1930 census for Georgia has a [[Soundex|miracode]] index, which is a phonetic index similar to Soundex.
+
{{reflist}}
  
== State Census  ==
+
{{Place|Georgia}} {{stub}}  
 
+
State censuses taken in various years from 1786 to 1890 have survived for a few Georgia counties. These are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History. Some county censuses for the years 1827 to 1890 are also at the Family History Library.
+
 
+
Most of the available state censuses are indexed in:
+
 
+
*Townsend, Brigid S. ''Indexes to Seven State Census Reports for Counties in Georgia, 1838-1845''. Atlanta, Georgia: R. J. Taylor, Jr. Foundation, 1975. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=166497&disp=Indexes+to+seven+state+census+reports+fo%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975.8 X2pt].)
+
*''Censuses for Georgia Counties: Taliferro 1827, Lumpkin 1838, Chatham 1845''. Atlanta, Georgia: R. J. Taylor, Jr. Foundation, 1979. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=166497&disp=Indexes+to+seven+state+census+reports+fo%20%20&columns=*,0,0 975.8 X2c].)
+
 
+
== Web Sites  ==
+
 
+
[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=allCollections;r=0 FamilySearch Record Search] has free census indexes and images for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1900; but indexes only for 1880, and 1920.
+
 
+
Ancestry $$: [http://ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
+
 
+
Heritage Quest Online: [http://heritagequest.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
 
+
Census Online: [http://cneusonline. http://www.census-online.com/links/GA/]
+
 
+
Genealogy Today: [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ga/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ga/census.html]
+
 
+
Access Genealogy: [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/georgia.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/georgia.htm]
+
 
+
Census Finder: &nbsp;[http://www.censusfinder.com/georgia.htm http://www.censusfinder.com/georgia.htm]
+
 
+
Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
+
 
+
== Sources  ==
+
 
+
{{reflist}}  
+
  
 
[[Category:Georgia|Census]]
 
[[Category:Georgia|Census]]

Revision as of 22:39, 13 February 2010

United States  >  U.S. Census  >  Georgia  >  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Georgia indexes and images

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Georgia 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1890 indexes - - Link Link - Link Link Link - -
images - - - Link - Link Link Link - -
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1845 State indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1838 State indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1820 indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link  Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1800 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images - - - - - - - - - -
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Georgia, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Georgia

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1880 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1860 Slave owner - - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1850 Slave owner Link - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners - BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Georgia, click here.

Census substitutes

In addition to published tax lists, some substitutes for the early missing censuses include:

  • 1805 Wood, Virginia S., and Ralph V. Wood. 1805 Georgia Land Lottery. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Greenwood Press, 1964. (Family History Library book 975.8 R2wv .)
  • 1790 De Lamar, Marie, and Elizabeth Rothstein. The Reconstructed 1790 Census of Georgia. 1976. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985. (Family History Library book 975.8 X2L.)
  • 1733-1747 Coulter, E. Merton, and Albert B. Saye. A List of the Early Settlers of Georgia. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1949. (Family History Library book 975.8 W2L; film 007092.) This is for the period 1733 to 1747. It is updated by the Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly 19 (1983): 111-131. (Family History Library book 975.8 B2ga.)

State and colonial censuses

State censuses are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History. Some county censuses for the years 1827 to 1890 are also at the Family History Library.

  • 1938 School census. Fayette, Tattnal, and Walton counties only.[9]
  • 1933 School census. Fayette, Tattnal, and Walton counties only.[9]
  • 1928 School census. Fayette, Tattnal, and Walton counties only.[9]
  • 1918 School census. Henry County only.[9]
  • 1913 School census. Henry and Meriwether counties only.[9]
  • 1908 School census. Henry County only.[9]
  • 1903 School census. Henry and Meriwether counties only.[9]
  • 1898 School census. Meriwether County only.[9]
  • 1890 Federal census. Washington County only in the courthouse.[9][10]
  • 1879 State census. Columbia County only.[9][11]
  • 1865 State census. Bulloch County only.[9][12]
  • 1859 State census. Columbia[11][13][14] and Terrell counties only.[9][15]
  • 1853 State census. Morgan County only in the courthouse.[9]
  • 1852 State census. Chatham, Forsyth, Jasper[11], Morgan counties, and City of Augusta only.[9][15][16]
  • 1845 State census. Chatham, Dooly, Forsyth[17], and Warren counties only[9][11][15][18][19][20]
  • 1838 State census. Laurens[11], Lumpkin (partial)[21][22], Newton[11], Paulding, and Tattnall[11] counties only.[9][15][18][19][20]
  • 1837 State Census. Paulding County only.[21]
  • 1834 State census. Cass (Bartow)[23], Cherokee[24], Cobb[25], Forsyth[17][26], Gilmer, Lumpkin[22][27], Murray, and Union counties only.[9][21]
  • 1827 School census. Taliaferro County only.[9][15][19]
  • 1804 State census, partial.[15]
  • 1800 Federal census. Oglethorpe County only in courthouse.[9][15][18][28]
  • 1799 State census, partial.[15]
  • 1798 State census. Greene County (partial) only.[9][29]
  • 1743 Colonial census. Savannah, Vandburgh, Hampstead, Highgate, and ten individual plantations.[30]
  • 1741 Colonial census. Darien only.[31]
  • 1738 Colonial census. Frederica only.[32]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Georgia censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 9.16 9.17 9.18 9.19 Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[FHL book 973 X2Lai], 33-35.
  10. Georgia, Court of Ordinary (Washington County), "Census Returns of Washington County Taken by the County, 1890" (Salt Lake City: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1962 [in the Washington County courthouse, Sandersville, Ga.?])[FHL Films 295947-49].
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 Georgia, Census Board, "State Census Records, 1838-1879" (Salt Lake City: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1957, 1961 at the State Archives in Atlanta, Georgia and in the Columbia County courthouse in Appling, Georgia)[FHL Film 007010 and 234619].
  12. Alvaretta K. Register, "1865 Census of Bulloch County, Georgia," Georgia Genealogical Magazine [FHL Book 975.8 B2go], no. 70 (1978): 247.
  13. Merita Rozier, Leoda Sherry, and Nesba Wright, "State Census Columbia County, Georgia, 1859" Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly [FHL Book 975.8 B2ga] 13 (1977): 254-73.
  14. MariLee Beatty Hageness, State Census 1859, Heads of Household, Columbia County, Georgia ([Anniston, Ala.: MLH Research], 1995)[FHL Book 975.8635 X2h 1859; Film 2055469 Item 4].
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 15.7 Emily Anne Croom, The Genealogist's Companion and Sourcebook (Cincinnati, Ohio: Betterway Books, 1994)[FHL REF book 929.1 C882g], 39.
  16. Augusta Genealogical Society, Ancestoring 4 (1983) [FHL Book 975.8 D25an].
  17. 17.0 17.1 Donna Parrish, Bonnye T. Leary, and Garland C. Bagley, Census Indexes of Forsyth County, Georgia, 1834-1900 (Cumming, Ga.: D. Parrish, 1981)[FHL Book 975.8265 X2p].
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Ancestry.com, Georgia Census, 1790-1890 at http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3542 (accessed 30 Janurary 2010).
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 R. J. Taylor, Jr. Foundation, Censuses for Georgia Counties: Taliaferro 1827, Lumpkin 1838, Chatham 1845 (Atlanta, Ga.: R.J. Taylor, Jr., Foundation, 1979)[FHL Book 975.8 X2c]. Transcript with index.
  20. 20.0 20.1 Brigid S. Townsend, Indexes to Seven State Census reports for Counties in Georgia, 1838-1845 (Atlanta, Ga.: R.J. Taylor, Jr., Foundation, 1975)[FHL Book 975.8 X2pt]. Abstract and index.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 Mary Bondurant Warren, and Eve B Weeks, Whites Among the Cherokees: Georgia 1828-1838 (Danielsville, Ga.: Heritage Papers, 1987)[FHL Book 970.3 C424wg].
  22. 22.0 22.1 Rebekah S. Wilson, Rebekah S. Wilson Genealogical Collection (Atlanta, Ga.: Diane Dieterle Genealogical Center, 1982)[FHL Film 2373084]. -- Lumpkin census 1834 -- 1838 Lumpkin County census.
  23. MariLee Beatty Hageness, 1834 State Census, Cass/Bartow Counties, Georgia (Anniston, Ala.: MLH Research, 1994)[FHL Book 975.8365 X2h 1834; Fiche 6038926]. Heads of house index only.
  24. MariLee Beatty Hageness, 1834 State Census, Cherokee County, Georgia (Anniston, Ala.: MLH Research, 1995)[FHL Book 975.8253 X2h 1834; Fiche 6038961].
  25. MariLee Beatty Hageness, Heads of Families, 1834 State Census, Cobb County, Georgia (Anniston, Ala.: MLH Research, 1995)[FHL Book 975.8245 X2h; Fiche 6038864].
  26. MariLee Beatty Hageness, Heads of Household 1834 State Census, Forsyth County, Georgia (Anniston, Ala.: MLH Research, 1995)[FHL Book 975.8265 X2h 1834].
  27. Frances T. Ingmire, 1834 State Census of Lumpkin County, Georgia (St. Louis, Mo. : F.T. Ingmire, [198-])[FHL Book 975.8273 X2i 1834].
  28. Mary Bondurant Warren, 1800 Census of Oglethorpe County, Georgia; the Only Extant Census of 1800 within the State of Georgia, Transcribed from the Original and Indexed ([Athens, Ga.: M.B. Warren, 1965])[FHL Book 975.8175 X2p 1800].
  29. Frank Parker Hudson, "1798 Census of First Battalion, Greene County, Georgia," Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly [FHL Book 975.8 B2ga] 4 (1968): 649-54. Alphabetical transcript of heads of house and number of "whites" and "coloureds" in the household.
  30. Robert S. Davis, Jr., "1743 Census of Georgia and It's Critic" Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly [FHL Book 975.8 B2ga] 21, no. 1 (Spring 1985): 2-6.
  31. Robert S. Davis, Jr., "A Census of Darien, Ga., 1741" Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly [FHL Book 975.8 B2ga] 24, no. 4 (Winter 1988): 212-14.
  32. Robert S. Davis, Jr., "1738 Census of Frederica, Georgia" Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly [FHL Book 975.8 B2ga] 25, no. 3 (Fall 1989): 150-55.