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Portal:United States Census >Georgia

Contents

Availability

1790-1810--The 1790, 1800, and 1810 censuses have been lost.

1820-- There is no 1820 report for the counties of Franklin, Rabun, and Twiggs, and part of Columbia.

1820-1930--The U.S. federal censuses for Georgia are available from 1820 through 1930.

The 1890 census was destroyed, except for some returns for the city of Columbus.

United States Censuses 1850-1920—Free Internet census indexes and images to the 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (index only), 1900, and 1920 (partial index only) can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

In addition to published tax lists, some substitutes for the early missing censuses include:

  • Coulter, E. Merton, and Albert B. Saye. A List of the Early Settlers of Georgia. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1949. (Family History Library book 975.8 W2L; film 007092.) This is for the period 1733 to 1747. It is updated by the Georgia Genealogical Society Quarterly 19 (1983): 111-131. (Family History Library book 975.8 B2ga.)
  • De Lamar, Marie, and Elizabeth Rothstein. The Reconstructed 1790 Census of Georgia. 1976. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985. (Family History Library book 975.8 X2L.)

Wood, Virginia S., and Ralph V. Wood. 1805 Georgia Land Lottery. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Greenwood Press, 1964. (Family History Library book 975.8 R2wv .)

Historical Background

1788--Georgia became a state.

Special Censuses

Mortality Schedules

1850-1880--Mortality schedules exist for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880. Copies of the schedules (Family History Library microfilms 422413-18) and indexes are at the Family History Library.

1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months prior to the 1850 census.  Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.

Slave Holder Schedules

1850 United States Census Slave Schedules—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site listing each slave owner's name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.

Territorial Censuses

Georgia was never a territory, so it does not have a territorial census.

Indexes

United States Census Indexes 1850-1920—Free Internet census indexes to the 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, and 1920 (partial index only) can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search.

Ancestry--All available census records for Georgia are indexed at www.ancestry.com.

1820-1860 Indexes--Printed and microfiche statewide census indexes are available at the Family History Library for the 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, and 1860 censuses.

Soundex--Microfilm soundex (phonetic) indexes exist for the 1880 (partial index), 1900, 1910 and 1920 censuses. The 1910 index is in two parts. The first part indexes the cities of Atlanta, Augusta, Macon, and Savannah, and the second indexes the remainder of the state.

Miracode--The 1930 census for Georgia has a miracode index, which is a phonetic index similar to Soundex.

State Census

State censuses taken in various years from 1786 to 1890 have survived for a few Georgia counties. These are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History. Some county censuses for the years 1827 to 1890 are also at the Family History Library.

Most of the available state censuses are indexed in:

  • Townsend, Brigid S. Indexes to Seven State Census Reports for Counties in Georgia, 1838-1845. Atlanta, Georgia: R. J. Taylor, Jr. Foundation, 1975. (Family History Library book 975.8 X2pt.)
  • Censuses for Georgia Counties: Taliferro 1827, Lumpkin 1838, Chatham 1845. Atlanta, Georgia: R. J. Taylor, Jr. Foundation, 1979. (Family History Library book 975.8 X2c.)

Web Sites

FamilySearch Record Search has free census indexes and images for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1900; but indexes only for 1880, and 1920.

Ancestry $$: http://www.ancestry.com

Heritage Quest Online: http://www.heritagequestonline.com

Census Online: http://www.census-online.com/links/GA/

Genealogy Today: http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/ga/census.html

Access Genealogy: http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/georgia.htm

Census Finder:  http://www.censusfinder.com/georgia.htm

Mortality Schedules:  http://mortalityschedules.com/

References

Georgia Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.


 

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