Germany, Prussia, Brandenburg and Posen, Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1491272 |location=Germany|title=Germany, Prussia, Brandenburg and Posen Church Book Duplicates, 1794-1874}}<br>  
 
{{Record_Search_article|CID=CID1491272 |location=Germany|title=Germany, Prussia, Brandenburg and Posen Church Book Duplicates, 1794-1874}}<br>  
  
== Foreign Language Title  ==
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== Title in the Language of the Records ==
  
'''Kirchenbuchduplikate für Brandenburg und Posen, Deutschland.'''
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Deutschland, Preußen, Brandenburg und Posen, Kirchenbuchduplikate 1794-1874
  
 
== Record Description  ==
 
== Record Description  ==
  
This Collection will include records from 1794 to 1874.<br>  
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This collection will include records from 1794 to 1874.<br>  
  
 
Entries are usually arranged in chronological order in a column format. The baptisms, marriages and deaths for one year are grouped together before the baptisms, marriages and deaths for the next year (some of the records include only marriages and deaths, or only births and marriages, etc.). Some of the records are on preprinted forms. Some include indexes.<br>Many church book duplicates were lost but those that remain are well kept in civil archives.  
 
Entries are usually arranged in chronological order in a column format. The baptisms, marriages and deaths for one year are grouped together before the baptisms, marriages and deaths for the next year (some of the records include only marriages and deaths, or only births and marriages, etc.). Some of the records are on preprinted forms. Some include indexes.<br>Many church book duplicates were lost but those that remain are well kept in civil archives.  
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In Germany, a parish was an ecclesiastical jurisdiction made up of many villages and hamlets, with one of the villages designated as the main parish town. This set of church book duplicates do not usually include records from all of the villages within a parish, but only records from one village, or from a few of the villages within the parish. In larger cities, where there was more than one church, each church is listed separately.  
 
In Germany, a parish was an ecclesiastical jurisdiction made up of many villages and hamlets, with one of the villages designated as the main parish town. This set of church book duplicates do not usually include records from all of the villages within a parish, but only records from one village, or from a few of the villages within the parish. In larger cities, where there was more than one church, each church is listed separately.  
  
German states successively began creating church book duplicates from 1792-1876. The duplicates ended with the institution of civil registration in 1876. Inspired by the institution of civil registration in France in 1792, the state of Brandenburg began creating church book duplicates.The German states required the clergy to create a transcript of their church books and turn them in annually to the state. Civil authorities assumed the registration function in Brandenburg in January 1876.  
+
German states successively began creating church book duplicates from 1792-1876. The duplicates ended with the institution of civil registration in 1876 (October 1, 1874 in Prussia). Inspired by the institution of church book duplicates in the Hapsburg Empire under Joseph II&nbsp;and the beginning of civil registration in France in 1792, the state of Brandenburg began creating church book duplicates.The German states required the clergy to create a transcript of their church books and turn them in annually to the state. Civil authorities assumed the registration function in Brandenburg in January 1876.  
  
The clergy were required to record the vital events (births, marriages and deaths) of people living within their jurisdiction regardless of their religion. For example, Catholic or Jewish people living in an area that did not have a Catholic church or Jewish synagogue were often recorded in the Lutheran records. The reverse was also true in Catholic areas, where Lutherans and Jews were recorded in Catholic records.  
+
Outside of Prussia, the clergy were required to record the vital events (births, marriages and deaths) of people living within their jurisdiction regardless of their religion. For example, Catholic or Jewish people living in an area that did not have a Catholic church or Jewish synagogue were often recorded in the Lutheran records. The reverse was also true in Catholic areas, where Lutherans and Jews were recorded in Catholic records.&nbsp; However, in Prussia--including Brandenburg and, from 1793 onward, Posen--this was not the common practice.&nbsp; Some Posen church books have entries for Jews during the period 1807-1814, i.e., the Napoleonic occupation.<br>
  
 
Large cities had many churches or parishes, each serving part of the city. Rural churches often served several villages and hamlets. The church book duplicates for Posen cover a majority of the population.<br>  
 
Large cities had many churches or parishes, each serving part of the city. Rural churches often served several villages and hamlets. The church book duplicates for Posen cover a majority of the population.<br>  
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The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>  
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>  
  
{{Collection citation| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Churches in the city of Brandenburg and Posen. Germany, Church Book Duplicates for Brandenburg and Posen. State Archive of Brandenburg (Brandenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv), Potsdam, Germany <!--bibdescend-->}}  
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{{Collection citation | text= "Germany, Prussia, Brandenburg and Posen, Church Book Duplicates, 1794-1874." Index and Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Evangelical Church. Brandenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv Potsdam.}}  
  
<br>This collection may include information previously published in the International Genealogical Index or Vital Records Index collections. <br>
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<br> [[Germany, Brandenburg and Posen Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]  
 
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[[Germany, Brandenburg and Posen Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]  
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== Record Content  ==
 
== Record Content  ==
  
'''These are the key genealogical facts found in most baptismal records:[[Image:Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Baptism.jpg|thumb|right]]'''<br>  
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<br>'''These baptismal records generally contain the following information:''' [[Image:Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Baptism.jpg|thumb|Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Baptism.jpg]] <br><br>
 
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*Names of the child, parents and witnesses or godparents
+
 
+
*Date and place of birth and baptism
+
 
+
*Residence and religion of the parents
+
 
+
*Occupation of the father
+
  
 +
*Names of the child, parents and witnesses or godparents
 +
*Date and place of birth and baptism
 +
*Residence and religion of the parents
 +
*Occupation of the father
 
*Whether the child was legitimate or illegitimate
 
*Whether the child was legitimate or illegitimate
  
<br>'''These are the key genealogical facts found in most marriage records:''' [[Image:Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Marriage.jpg|thumb|right]]  
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<br><br>'''These marriage records generally contain the following information:''' [[Image:Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Marriage.jpg|thumb|Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Marriage.jpg]] <br>
  
*Names of the bride, groom, their parents (usually the fathers) and witnesses
+
<br>
  
*Date and place of marriage and marriage proclamations or banns
+
*Names of the bride, groom, their parents (usually the fathers) and witnesses
 +
*Date and place of marriage and marriage proclamations or bans
 +
*Age of bride and groom (sometimes date and place of birth)
 +
*Residence of the bride, groom and their parents
 +
*Religion of the bride and groom
 +
*Occupation of groom and fathers<br>
  
*Age of bride and groom (sometimes date and place of birth)
+
<br>'''These death records generally contain the following information:'''
  
*Residence of the bride, groom and their parents
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[[Image:Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Death.jpg|thumb|Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Death.jpg]]  
 
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*Religion of the bride and groom
+
 
+
Occupation of groom and fathers<br><br>'''These are the key genealogical facts found in most death records:''' [[Image:Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Death.jpg|thumb|right]]<br>
+
 
+
*Names of the deceased, spouse and parents
+
 
+
*Date and place of death and burial
+
 
+
*Age and residence of deceased (sometimes date and place of birth)
+
  
 +
*Names of the deceased, spouse and parents
 +
*Date and place of death and burial
 +
*Age and residence of deceased (sometimes date and place of birth)
 
*Cause of death<br>
 
*Cause of death<br>
  
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German church book duplicates are a back up source for church books (parish registers) which are the best German records to identify individuals, parents, and spouses before the civil registration of vital events. German states instituted registration at different times from 1792-1874. There are more duplicates in the Family History Library and on FamilySearch, making them the best records available at this time.  
 
German church book duplicates are a back up source for church books (parish registers) which are the best German records to identify individuals, parents, and spouses before the civil registration of vital events. German states instituted registration at different times from 1792-1874. There are more duplicates in the Family History Library and on FamilySearch, making them the best records available at this time.  
  
<br>Search the records for the villages where the person lived. If you do not find record of the person you need, you might want to: a) look for other people with the same surname in the village as that information might lead you to the records you need, b) search several years before and after the event you are looking for, and c) search surrounding villages for the individual.  
+
Search the records for the villages where the person lived. If you do not find record of the person you need, you might want to: a) look for other people with the same surname in the village as that information might lead you to the records you need, b) search several years before and after the event you are looking for, and c) search surrounding villages for the individual.  
  
== Known Issues with This Collection<br>  ==
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==== Search the Collection ====
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Germany, Brandenburg and Posen Church Book Duplicates (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
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For a browse collection: To search the collection image by image select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Province" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Town (Kreis):Subordinate towns" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Religion" <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Event, date span" which will take you to images
  
 
== Related Web Sites  ==
 
== Related Web Sites  ==
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[http://www.kirchenbuchportal.de/inhalt.htm Kirchenbuchportal Germany Church Book Portal]  
 
[http://www.kirchenbuchportal.de/inhalt.htm Kirchenbuchportal Germany Church Book Portal]  
  
<br>This section of the article is incomplete. You can help FamilySearch Wiki by supplying links to related websites here.<br>  
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<br><br>  
  
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
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A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]. Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above.  
 
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]. Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above.  
 
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
 
 
"Germany, Posen, Church Book Duplicates, 1794-1874." index and images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://www.familysearch.org: accessed March 24, 2011). entry for Florentina Schultz, christened 13 September 1820; citing Church Records, FHL microfilm 1,816,686; Brandenburgische Landeshauptarchiv w Potsdamu, Potsdam, Germany.<br>
 
  
 
[[Category:Germany|Posen]]
 
[[Category:Germany|Posen]]

Revision as of 17:00, 1 May 2013

FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Title in the Language of the Records

Deutschland, Preußen, Brandenburg und Posen, Kirchenbuchduplikate 1794-1874

Record Description

This collection will include records from 1794 to 1874.

Entries are usually arranged in chronological order in a column format. The baptisms, marriages and deaths for one year are grouped together before the baptisms, marriages and deaths for the next year (some of the records include only marriages and deaths, or only births and marriages, etc.). Some of the records are on preprinted forms. Some include indexes.
Many church book duplicates were lost but those that remain are well kept in civil archives.

In Germany, a parish was an ecclesiastical jurisdiction made up of many villages and hamlets, with one of the villages designated as the main parish town. This set of church book duplicates do not usually include records from all of the villages within a parish, but only records from one village, or from a few of the villages within the parish. In larger cities, where there was more than one church, each church is listed separately.

German states successively began creating church book duplicates from 1792-1876. The duplicates ended with the institution of civil registration in 1876 (October 1, 1874 in Prussia). Inspired by the institution of church book duplicates in the Hapsburg Empire under Joseph II and the beginning of civil registration in France in 1792, the state of Brandenburg began creating church book duplicates.The German states required the clergy to create a transcript of their church books and turn them in annually to the state. Civil authorities assumed the registration function in Brandenburg in January 1876.

Outside of Prussia, the clergy were required to record the vital events (births, marriages and deaths) of people living within their jurisdiction regardless of their religion. For example, Catholic or Jewish people living in an area that did not have a Catholic church or Jewish synagogue were often recorded in the Lutheran records. The reverse was also true in Catholic areas, where Lutherans and Jews were recorded in Catholic records.  However, in Prussia--including Brandenburg and, from 1793 onward, Posen--this was not the common practice.  Some Posen church books have entries for Jews during the period 1807-1814, i.e., the Napoleonic occupation.

Large cities had many churches or parishes, each serving part of the city. Rural churches often served several villages and hamlets. The church book duplicates for Posen cover a majority of the population.

German church book duplicates, like the originals, are the most reliable and accurate family history source until 1876 when civil registration of births, marriages and deaths began in all of Germany. Ages, birth dates and birth places found in marriage and death entries may be inaccurate, depending on the informant's knowledge. Church book duplicates may differ slightly from the originals because of transcription variations. They are often more legible than the originals. 

Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

"Germany, Prussia, Brandenburg and Posen, Church Book Duplicates, 1794-1874." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Evangelical Church. Brandenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv Potsdam.


Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.

Record Content


These baptismal records generally contain the following information:
Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Baptism.jpg


  • Names of the child, parents and witnesses or godparents
  • Date and place of birth and baptism
  • Residence and religion of the parents
  • Occupation of the father
  • Whether the child was legitimate or illegitimate


These marriage records generally contain the following information:
Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Marriage.jpg


  • Names of the bride, groom, their parents (usually the fathers) and witnesses
  • Date and place of marriage and marriage proclamations or bans
  • Age of bride and groom (sometimes date and place of birth)
  • Residence of the bride, groom and their parents
  • Religion of the bride and groom
  • Occupation of groom and fathers


These death records generally contain the following information:

Germany Brandenburg Church Book Duplicate Death.jpg
  • Names of the deceased, spouse and parents
  • Date and place of death and burial
  • Age and residence of deceased (sometimes date and place of birth)
  • Cause of death

How to Use the Records

German church book duplicates are a back up source for church books (parish registers) which are the best German records to identify individuals, parents, and spouses before the civil registration of vital events. German states instituted registration at different times from 1792-1874. There are more duplicates in the Family History Library and on FamilySearch, making them the best records available at this time.

Search the records for the villages where the person lived. If you do not find record of the person you need, you might want to: a) look for other people with the same surname in the village as that information might lead you to the records you need, b) search several years before and after the event you are looking for, and c) search surrounding villages for the individual.

Search the Collection

For a browse collection: To search the collection image by image select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "Province"
⇒Select the appropriate "Town (Kreis):Subordinate towns"
⇒Select the appropriate "Religion"
⇒Select the appropriate "Event, date span" which will take you to images

Related Web Sites

Kirchenbuchportal Germany Church Book Portal



Related Wiki Articles

Germany Church History

Germany Church Records

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.

A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections. Please add sample citations to this article following the format guidelines in the wiki article listed above.