Google Commands: How to Search More Effectively

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'''AND'''   Combines words. When no commands are in the search, Google will assume that AND is the command. AND must be  
 
'''AND'''   Combines words. When no commands are in the search, Google will assume that AND is the command. AND must be  
  
             capitalized.  
+
             capitalized. Example '''John AND Mary Englebert'''
  
'''OR'''     To search for one word/phrase or another. OR must be capitalized. Example, lynch or linch
+
'''OR'''     To search for one word/phrase or another. OR must be capitalized. Example, '''lynch OR linch'''
  
'''“ “'''     To search for an exact phrase Example, "John Smith"  
+
'''“ “'''     To search for an exact phrase Example, '''"John Smith"'''
  
 
'''*'''        A wildcard used inside quotes. One asterisk for one set of characters; two asterisks for two sets; etc.)  
 
'''*'''        A wildcard used inside quotes. One asterisk for one set of characters; two asterisks for two sets; etc.)  
  
              Example, "John * Smith"  
+
              Example, '''"John * Smith"'''
  
'''-        '''To exclude a word or phrase. No space between the hyphen and the next word.  Example, John Kennedy -president   
+
'''-        '''To exclude a word or phrase. No space between the hyphen and the next word.  Example, '''John Kennedy -president'''   
  
'''+       '''To include exactly this word, excluding variants. No space between the plus sign and the next word.  Example, +foreset.  
+
'''+       '''To include exactly this word, excluding variants. No space between the plus sign and the next word.  Example, '''+foreset'''.  
  
'''~       '''To find the keyword or similar words. No space between the tilde and the next word.  Example, Smith ~genealogy  
+
'''~       '''To find the keyword or similar words. No space between the tilde and the next word.  Example, '''Smith ~genealogy'''
  
 
'''..'''       To search for a range of numbers, like a date range. No spaces between the numbers and the periods.   
 
'''..'''       To search for a range of numbers, like a date range. No spaces between the numbers and the periods.   
  
              Example, 1800..1900  
+
              Example, '''1800..1900'''
  
 
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Revision as of 19:44, 24 February 2009

Google is a great way to search for genealogical information.  The following are ways to improve finding family information:

Google Helps

From Google Your Family Tree, by Daniel M. Lynch 2008

Command

AND   Combines words. When no commands are in the search, Google will assume that AND is the command. AND must be

             capitalized. Example John AND Mary Englebert

OR     To search for one word/phrase or another. OR must be capitalized. Example, lynch OR linch

“ “     To search for an exact phrase Example, "John Smith"

*        A wildcard used inside quotes. One asterisk for one set of characters; two asterisks for two sets; etc.)

              Example, "John * Smith"

-        To exclude a word or phrase. No space between the hyphen and the next word.  Example, John Kennedy -president 

+       To include exactly this word, excluding variants. No space between the plus sign and the next word.  Example, +foreset.

~       To find the keyword or similar words. No space between the tilde and the next word.  Example, Smith ~genealogy

..       To search for a range of numbers, like a date range. No spaces between the numbers and the periods. 

              Example, 1800..1900