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Granville County, North Carolina
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Map of North Carolina highlighting Granville County
Location in the state of North Carolina
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Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Facts
Founded June 28, 1746
County Seat Oxford
Courthouse
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United States  Gotoarrow.png  North Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  Granville County

Contents

County Courthouse

Granville County Courthouse
101 Main Street
Oxford, NC 27565-3318
Phone: 919-693-6314

Clerk Superior Court has divorce, probate and land record [1]

The first court sessions for  Granville County were held in the home of William Eaton. In 1749, a court house and jail were built by contract, for £150 Virginia currency. The dimensions of the court house were 32 feet long, 20 feet wide, and 11 feet pitch, with two windows on each side, and one window in each end above stairs, with shutters, but without glass. The jail was 20 feet long and 10 feet wide. That remarkable good order prevailed in Granville at this early period, is naturally inferred from the scanty provision made by the court for the safe keeping of criminals.

The court house was located in what is now Warren county, seven miles above Gaston, on Rocky Creek, near Boiling Spring. Bute county was formed from Granville in 1764, which was, in 1779, divided into Warren and Franklin, and the name of Bute was obliterated from the list of counties in North Carolina. Granville being reduced in 1764 to its present dimensions, the place for holding its courts was removed some two miles above the town of Henderson, at the mouth of Mr. Brodie's lane, on the road leading to Oxford, where one or two terms of the court were held, when it was removed to Harrisburg, and after holding one court, it was removed to Oxford about 1769.

History

Granville County was formed in 1746 from Edgecombe County, in honor of the Earl of Granville, "the owner of the soil". As Edgecombe came out of Craven about 1733, Granville is therefore a grandson of Craven. When it was first established in 1746 Granville embraced for a period of five years, until 1751, all of present Warren, Franklin and Vance, most of Orange, including the present Person, Caswell, Orange, and Wake, Chatham, Durham, Alamance, a part of Guilford and perhaps all of Rockingham, a vast territory, of which one William Person was the first Sheriff. After 1751 Orange County and Granville dominated this wide Virginia line area until Wake and Chatham were formed around 1770, for the evident purpose of forestalling the restless and embryonic "regulator" element, who were becoming enraged over the aggravating fees and burden levied by the prosperous "office holders" of the two large domains. In 1764, Bute County was established out of the territory now embraced by Warren and Franklin Counties, and thus Granville's size was again appreciably reduced. From 1764 until 1851, a period of eighty-seven (87) years, Granville County included its present boundaries plus most of present Vance Co.  The first officers of the County were Wm. Person, 1st Sheriff; Robert Foster, Clerk; Robert Jones, Jr., King's Attorney; Wm. Eaton, William Person, James Payne, Edw'd Jones, Edw'd Martin, John Wade, Lemuel Lanier, Gideon Macon, John Brantly, West Harris, Lemuel Henderson, and Jonathan White, Justices of the Peace. According to the earliest records of North Carolina, the area that became Granville was first settled around 1715, at which time most of the Native American Indians migrated to other locations leaving it ripe for new settlements. Among the first settlements in Granville were those along the northern border on Nutbush and Grassy Creek, and on Tar River.

Parent County

1746--Granville County was established 28 June 1746 from Edgecombe County.
County seat: Oxford [2]

Boundary Changes

Granville County has gone through many boundary changes over the years since it was originally an extremely large area that engulfed much of the northern  Piedmont section of the territory along the Virginia border.  As stated above, most of the counties in the area were once a part of Granville, first when Orange was formed from parts of Granville, Bladen & Johnston in 1752, and then in 1764 when Bute County was formed.  Both Orange and Bute Counties spawned new counties of their own over the succeeding years, and current day Granville only covers a small portion of its once vast holdings. 

Then in 1786, there was another slight variation in County lines. While Bute County had been retired in 1779 when it was divided to form Franklin County from its sourthern half and Warren from the northern half, there was a further change a few years later.   According to "Formation of the NC Counties 1663-1943", by David Leroy Corbitt, part of  Granville was annexed to Warren in 1786 "Beginning at the point where the line of division between Warren and Granville counties shall touch the line of division between this State and the State of Virginia, and running thence west along the said line to Nutbush creek; thence up said creek it meanders to the mouth of Anderson's swamp, thence to Stark's mill, thence by a line to be run due south until it shall touch the aforesaid line of division between Warren and Granville, be, and the same is hereby annexed to and shall remain a part of the county of Warren..."

This same area later became a part of Vance County in 1881 when that county was formed mostly from Granville and parts of Warren County.

Record Loss

Many early Marriage Bonds missing.

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Cemeteries

Census

For tips on accessing Granville County, North Carolina census records online, see: North Carolina Census.

Church Records

Baptist
  • Flat River. Meeting held by 1773.[3]
  • Grassy Creek. Established by 1757.[4]
  • Tab's Creek. Constituted 1775.[4]
  • Tar River. Church built 1765.[4]
Church of England
  • Granville Parish. Established 1746. St. John's Church aka Nutbush Church was located in this parish. It is currently situated in Vance County.[5]

Court

Land

The Register of Deeds Office exists to provide proper maintenance, storage, recording, and indexing of the County’s public records. The Department files and indexes vital records (birth, death and marriages) and issues marriage licenses. Real Estate documents (deeds, deeds of trust, plats, etc.) are recorded, indexed and scanned for permanent records. Military discharges are filed and indexed. The office provides copies of all documents when requested. Oath of office is given to notaries commissioned in the county.


Granville County Register of Deeds
101 Main Street
P. O. Box 906
Oxford, NC 27565
919-693-6314


Granville County Property & Plat Search Page


A number of Granville County deeds have been transcribed, these are links to them:

Local Histories

Maps

Military

Civil War

Civil War Confederate units - Brief history, counties where recruited, etc.

-8th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry

Newspapers

Probate

Granville County Courthouse
101 Main Street
Oxford, NC 27565
Clerk of the Superior Court
(919) 693-2649

The courthouse has copies of Wills, Estate Records, etc. starting from 1746. Contact the County Clerk's office for details and pricing.

See images of Granville County Estate Records in North Carolina Estate Files 1663-1964 Collection

A number of websites have indexed or transcribed wills and estate records for Granville County:

Taxation

Copies of transcribed Tax Records can be found at following websites:

Vital Records

Copies of Birth, Death and Marriage Records can be obtained from the Register of Deeds.  Birth & Death records start at 1913, Marriage records started in 1758; contact the office to verify copies of specific records are available:

Granville County Register of Deeds
101 Main Street
P. O. Box 906
Oxford, NC 27565
919-693-6314

The following websites have transcribed or searchable copies of Vital Records:

Yearbooks

Societies and Libraries 

Granville County Genealogical Society, Inc.
P.O. Box 1746
Oxford, NC 27565


Granville County Historical Society
PO Box 1433, Oxford, North Carolina 27565


Tar River Connections Genealogical Society
PO Box 8764
Rocky Mount, NC 27804


Granville County Public Library

Family History Centers

Web Sites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Granville County, North Carolina. Page 509 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:231, 475, 481; 2:564. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named bap
  5. "St. John's Episcopal Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program, http://www.ncmarkers.com, accessed 22 October 2012; Donna Sherron, "North Carolina Parishes," accessed 12 October 2012. Digital version at Lost Souls Genealogy - free.

 

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