Guatemala

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
m (removed links to blank pages)
Line 15: Line 15:
 
Le invitamos a buscar información en español en la página de Guatemala en el wiki de FamilySearch español. También le invitamos a compartir información útil allí: https://wiki.familysearch.org/es/Guatemala  
 
Le invitamos a buscar información en español en la página de Guatemala en el wiki de FamilySearch español. También le invitamos a compartir información útil allí: https://wiki.familysearch.org/es/Guatemala  
  
== '''Guatemala General History'''<br> ==
+
== '''Guatemala General History'''<br> ==
  
The following is taken from a book “Guatemala the Land of the Quetzal” by William T. Brigham. A facsimile reproduction of the 1887 Edition. Unitversity of Florida Press, Gainesville, 1965. Library of Congress catalog Card No. 65-14894 pages 265-268, 271, 281, and 283"<br>
+
The following is taken from a book “Guatemala the Land of the Quetzal” by William T. Brigham. A facsimile reproduction of the 1887 Edition. Unitversity of Florida Press, Gainesville, 1965. Library of Congress catalog Card No. 65-14894 pages 265-268, 271, 281, and 283"<br>  
<blockquote>"Immediately prior to the arrival of the Spaniards, there were 19 tribes or families identified as follows: Mam; Ixil; Aguacateca; Uspanteca; Poconchi; Quekchi; Chol; Mopan; Quiche; Tzutohil; Cakchiquel; Pipil; Sinca; Pupuluca; Pokomam; Chorti; Alaguilac; Maya and Carib. In 1523, Cortez commanded Pedro de Alvarado to leave the City of Mexico at the head of 300 infantry, 4 cannon, 200 Tlaxcaltecas and 100 Mexicans to conquer Guatemala. Alvarado destroyed wave after wave of resistance with a great slaughter. The Spaniards loss was only a few men and horses. A decisive battle was fought on a plain between Quezaltenango and Totonicapan. Alvarado writes to Cortez that it was composed of twelve thousand men from Utatlan and countless numbers from the neighboring towns. Those not killed were taken prisoner and branded on the cheek and thigh and sold as slaves at public auctions with 1/5 of their price belonging to the King of Spain. By 1524 the last legitimate sovereigns of the native Guatemalan rulers surrendered and were executed. For almost three hundred years (1524 – 1821) Spain governed Central America. Every act of oppression that could be exercised upon the Indios was invented by the foreign rulers and the native population was greatly reduced by mismanagement. On 15 September 1821, Gavino Gainza, a representative of Spain, sympathetic to the locals, joined local rebels to declare independence from Spain.” <br></blockquote>
+
<blockquote>"Immediately prior to the arrival of the Spaniards, there were 19 tribes or families identified as follows: Mam; Ixil; Aguacateca; Uspanteca; Poconchi; Quekchi; Chol; Mopan; Quiche; Tzutohil; Cakchiquel; Pipil; Sinca; Pupuluca; Pokomam; Chorti; Alaguilac; Maya and Carib. In 1523, Cortez commanded Pedro de Alvarado to leave the City of Mexico at the head of 300 infantry, 4 cannon, 200 Tlaxcaltecas and 100 Mexicans to conquer Guatemala. Alvarado destroyed wave after wave of resistance with a great slaughter. The Spaniards loss was only a few men and horses. A decisive battle was fought on a plain between Quezaltenango and Totonicapan. Alvarado writes to Cortez that it was composed of twelve thousand men from Utatlan and countless numbers from the neighboring towns. Those not killed were taken prisoner and branded on the cheek and thigh and sold as slaves at public auctions with 1/5 of their price belonging to the King of Spain. By 1524 the last legitimate sovereigns of the native Guatemalan rulers surrendered and were executed. For almost three hundred years (1524 – 1821) Spain governed Central America. Every act of oppression that could be exercised upon the Indios was invented by the foreign rulers and the native population was greatly reduced by mismanagement. On 15 September 1821, Gavino Gainza, a representative of Spain, sympathetic to the locals, joined local rebels to declare independence from Spain.” <br></blockquote>  
 
== Jurisdictions  ==
 
== Jurisdictions  ==
  
Line 24: Line 24:
  
 
*[[Alta Verapaz, Guatemala|Alta Verapaz]]  
 
*[[Alta Verapaz, Guatemala|Alta Verapaz]]  
*[[Chimaltenango, Guatemala|Chimaltenango]]
+
*Chimaltenango  
 
*[[Chiquimula, Guatemala|Chiquimula]]  
 
*[[Chiquimula, Guatemala|Chiquimula]]  
 
*[[Esquintla, Guatemala|Esquintla]]  
 
*[[Esquintla, Guatemala|Esquintla]]  
 
*[[Guatemala, Guatemala|Guatemala Department]] includes Guatemala City  
 
*[[Guatemala, Guatemala|Guatemala Department]] includes Guatemala City  
*[[Huehuetenango, Guatemala|Huehuetenango]]
+
*Huehuetenango  
*[[Izabal, Guatemala|Izabal]]
+
*Izabal  
*[[Jalapa, Guatemala|Jalapa]]
+
*Jalapa  
*[[Jutiapa, Guatemala|Jutiapa]]
+
*Jutiapa  
*[[Peten, Guatemala|Peten]]
+
*Peten  
 
*[[Quetzaltenango, Guatemala|Quetzaltenango]]  
 
*[[Quetzaltenango, Guatemala|Quetzaltenango]]  
 
*[[Quiche, Guatemala|Quiche]]  
 
*[[Quiche, Guatemala|Quiche]]  
*[[Retalhuleu, Guatemala|Retalhuleu]]
+
*Retalhuleu  
*[[Sacatequerez, Guatemala|Sacatequerez]]
+
*Sacatequerez  
*[[San Marcos, Guatemala|San Marcos]]
+
*San Marcos  
*[[Santa Rosa, Guatemala|Santa Rosa]]
+
*Santa Rosa  
*[[Solola, Guatemala|Solola]]
+
*Solola  
 
*[[Suchitepequez, Guatemala|Suchitepequez]]  
 
*[[Suchitepequez, Guatemala|Suchitepequez]]  
*[[Totonicapan, Guatemala|Totonicapan]]
+
*Totonicapan  
*[[Zacapa, Guatemala|Zacapa]]
+
*Zacapa
  
 
== Research Tools  ==
 
== Research Tools  ==
  
*Research Guide:&nbsp;[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/LatinAmerica/Guatemala.pdf BYU Research Outline for Guatemala]
+
*Research Guide:&nbsp;[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/LatinAmerica/Guatemala.pdf BYU Research Outline for Guatemala]  
*[[Guatemala Websites|Websites]]
+
*[[Guatemala Websites|Websites]]  
 
*Listing of all [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&countryId=1927125 records collections for Guatemala] available on FamilySearch.org
 
*Listing of all [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&countryId=1927125 records collections for Guatemala] available on FamilySearch.org
  
Line 66: Line 66:
 
{| style="background-color: white; font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; color: black; font-size: 100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
 
{| style="background-color: white; font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif; color: black; font-size: 100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" border="0" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
 
|- style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif"
 
|- style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif"
| style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif" | <br>
+
| style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif" | <br>  
 
| style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif" |  
 
| style="font-family: arial,helvetica,sans-serif" |  
 
*[[Help:Editing a Page|Expand an articleor]]&nbsp;[[Special:Shortpages|short page]]  
 
*[[Help:Editing a Page|Expand an articleor]]&nbsp;[[Special:Shortpages|short page]]  
Line 77: Line 77:
 
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]  
 
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]  
 
*Other...<div></div>
 
*Other...<div></div>
 +
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 102: Line 103:
  
 
|}
 
|}
 
+
</div> <div style="width: 22%; float: left">
</div>
+
<div style="width: 22%; float: left">
+
 
{| border="0" style="background: rgb(255,255,240); -moz-background-size: auto auto; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
{| border="0" style="background: rgb(255,255,240); -moz-background-size: auto auto; -moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; -moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; -moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
Line 135: Line 134:
 
| forum link = http://forums.familysearch.org/en/forumdisplay.php?f=11
 
| forum link = http://forums.familysearch.org/en/forumdisplay.php?f=11
 
| forum name = Latin America Research forum
 
| forum name = Latin America Research forum
}}</span>
+
}}</span>  
 
</div>
 
</div>
|}  
+
|}
  
 
[[Category:Guatemala]]
 
[[Category:Guatemala]]

Revision as of 16:24, 18 June 2012

(Add introductory text and/or an image here)

Contents

Getting started with Guatemala research

  1. A good place to start is to follow the suggestions in "How to Begin"
  2. Do a place search in the Family History Library Catalog 
  3. Search Historical Records of the Family History Library
  4. Look in the section below "Si Usted entiende espanol"

Si usted entiende español

Le invitamos a buscar información en español en la página de Guatemala en el wiki de FamilySearch español. También le invitamos a compartir información útil allí: https://wiki.familysearch.org/es/Guatemala

Guatemala General History

The following is taken from a book “Guatemala the Land of the Quetzal” by William T. Brigham. A facsimile reproduction of the 1887 Edition. Unitversity of Florida Press, Gainesville, 1965. Library of Congress catalog Card No. 65-14894 pages 265-268, 271, 281, and 283"

"Immediately prior to the arrival of the Spaniards, there were 19 tribes or families identified as follows: Mam; Ixil; Aguacateca; Uspanteca; Poconchi; Quekchi; Chol; Mopan; Quiche; Tzutohil; Cakchiquel; Pipil; Sinca; Pupuluca; Pokomam; Chorti; Alaguilac; Maya and Carib. In 1523, Cortez commanded Pedro de Alvarado to leave the City of Mexico at the head of 300 infantry, 4 cannon, 200 Tlaxcaltecas and 100 Mexicans to conquer Guatemala. Alvarado destroyed wave after wave of resistance with a great slaughter. The Spaniards loss was only a few men and horses. A decisive battle was fought on a plain between Quezaltenango and Totonicapan. Alvarado writes to Cortez that it was composed of twelve thousand men from Utatlan and countless numbers from the neighboring towns. Those not killed were taken prisoner and branded on the cheek and thigh and sold as slaves at public auctions with 1/5 of their price belonging to the King of Spain. By 1524 the last legitimate sovereigns of the native Guatemalan rulers surrendered and were executed. For almost three hundred years (1524 – 1821) Spain governed Central America. Every act of oppression that could be exercised upon the Indios was invented by the foreign rulers and the native population was greatly reduced by mismanagement. On 15 September 1821, Gavino Gainza, a representative of Spain, sympathetic to the locals, joined local rebels to declare independence from Spain.”

Jurisdictions

The largest jurisdictions in Guatemala are called 'Departments'. These are analogous to States or Provinces in other countries.

Research Tools

Wiki articles describing online collections are found at:

Help Wanted

In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:


Featured Content

(Your text or images here)

Did you know?

(Your text or images here, or use the table below:)

  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)
  • (Your Bullet)
News and Events
  • Hot off the Press!
  • Current Events

more...

Topics
Useful Websites