Guessing the Easiest to Research Person and Event

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How to figure out which individual event on a family group record to document first. Start with the easiest.
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[[How to Guess Where to Start|How to Guess Where to Start]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Guessing_the_Easiest_to_Research_Person_and_Event|Guessing the Easiest (and Hardest) to Research Person and Event]] <br>
  
'''<span></span>'''<span></span>
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[[Image:Question mark with feet.jpg|thumb|right]]How to figure out which individual event on a family group record to document first. Start with the easiest. <br><br>  
  
<span>In order to document a family group record the best genealogists select '''one event''' in '''one person'''’s life on which to concentrate at a time. They work on that event until they document it, and/or exhaust '''all''' possibilities trying. They do not research another event until finished with the first. And when they start work on a new event, it is almost always on the '''same''' family group record. This strategy of finishing the documentation on the '''whole''' family before moving on is fundamental. It builds a collection of clues that can be compared and correlated to judge relevance and reliability of the documentation. It is also an important part of understanding the family and its members in their community context.</span>
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In order to document a family group record the best genealogists select '''one event''' in '''one person'''’s life on which to concentrate at a time. They work on that event until they document it, and/or exhaust '''all''' possibilities trying. They do not research another event until finished with the first. And when they start work on a new event, it is almost always on the '''same''' family group record. This strategy of finishing the documentation on the '''whole''' family before moving on is fundamental. It builds a collection of clues that can be compared and correlated to judge relevance and reliability of the documentation. It is also an important part of understanding the family and its members in their [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]]. <br>  
  
<span>Start by guessing the event you believe will be the easiest to document.</span><span>The easiest to document is usually the most recent event on the family group with a specific date, place, and source cited. The hardest to document is the earliest possible event not even mentioned on the family group and lacking a date, place, or source citation (all of which you will have to guess).</span>
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Start by guessing the event you believe will be the easiest to document.The easiest to document is usually the most recent event on the family group with a specific date, place, and source cited. The hardest to document is the earliest possible event not even mentioned on the family group and lacking a date, place, or source citation (all of which you will have to guess).  
  
== <span></span>'''<span>Documentation Hierarchy</span>''' ==
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== Documentation Hierarchy ==
  
<span>To help judge easy-to-document versus difficult-to-document events on a [[Family group record: roadmap for researchers|family group record]], use the following four factors. The factors are listed in order from most important to least important. The list under each factor ranks better to worse options.</span>
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To help judge easy-to-document versus difficult-to-document events on a [[Family group record: roadmap for researchers|family group record]], use the following four factors. The factors are listed in order from most important to least important. The list under each factor ranks better to worse options.  
  
=== '''''<span>1. Completeness of the dates, places, and sources for each event</span>''''' ===
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=== 1. Completeness of the dates, places, and sources for each event ===
  
* <span><span><span></span></span></span><span>Exact dates and places given with an exact source for each event</span>
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*Exact dates and places given with an exact source for each event  
* <span>Exact dates and places given with a general source for many events</span><span><span></span></span>
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*Exact dates and places given with a general source for many events  
* <span><span><span></span></span></span><span>Exact dates and places given without an identified source</span>
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*Exact dates and places given without an identified source  
* <span><span><span></span></span></span><span>Partial or approximate dates or places given for an event</span>
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*Partial or approximate dates or places given for an event  
* <span><span><span></span></span></span><span>You must guess dates or places for an event</span>
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*You must guess dates or places for an event  
* <span><span><span></span></span></span><span>Several likely events are unmentioned and you must guess they even happened</span>
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*Several likely events are unmentioned and you must guess they even happened
  
=== '''''2. Availability of pertinent documents''''' ===
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=== 2. Availability of pertinent documents ===
  
* Home sources, older relatives’ records, easy-to-use databases, and Internet sites
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*Home sources, older relatives’ records, easy-to-use databases, and Internet sites  
* Census
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*Census  
* Nearby repository has records for the correct date and place of the event
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*Nearby repository has records for the correct date and place of the event  
* Distant repository has records for the correct date and place of the event
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*Distant repository has records for the correct date and place of the event  
* You must figure out (go hunting for):  
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*You must figure out (go hunting for):  
** a new record type to document the event, or
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**a new record type to document the event, or  
** a jurisdiction that created pertinent records, or
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**a jurisdiction that created pertinent records, or  
** which repositories have the records now
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**which repositories have the records now  
* Few pertinent records are likely to exist <!--{12051943508240} -->
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*Few pertinent records are likely to exist
  
=== '''''<span>3. More recent versus earlier events</span>''''' ===
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=== 3. More recent versus earlier events ===
  
=== '''''<span>4. Quality of available documents</span>''''' ===
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=== 4. Quality of available documents ===
  
(See the ''original'' source with your ''own'' eyes wherever possible.)
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(See the ''original'' source with your ''own'' eyes wherever possible.)  
  
* Vital Records/ Town Records/ Civil Registration
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*Vital Records/ Town Records/ Civil Registration  
* Church Records
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*Church Records  
* Bible
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*Bible  
* Census
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*Census  
* Land and Property
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*Land and Property  
* Probate Records
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*Probate Records  
* Social Security Death Index/ tombstones/ cemetery records/ funeral home records
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*Social Security Death Index/ tombstones/ cemetery records/ funeral home records  
* Obituaries/Newspapers
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*Obituaries/Newspapers  
* Military Records
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*Military Records  
* Internet images of original documents
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*Internet images of original documents  
* Internet transcript based on an original
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*Internet transcript based on an original  
* Biographies/ Genealogies/ Histories/ Periodicals/ Society
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*Biographies/ Genealogies/ Histories/ Periodicals/ Society
  
''Figure 1. On the following family record which event would be the easiest, and which the hardest to research?''[[Image:GuessingWhereToStartExample.png]]
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''Figure 1. On the following family record which event would be the easiest, and which the hardest to research?''[[Image:GuessingWhereToStartExample.png]]  
  
On this family group record the easiest to research event would be the birth of the the oldest child, Genevieve, because (a)&nbsp;it has a good source footnote, and (b)&nbsp;it has an exact date and a complete place. The hardest to research event would be the birth of the husband, Alexander, which has no source, no date, and only the most vague place for the event.<br> <!--{12051943508241} --> <!--{12051943508242} --> <!--{12051943508243} -->
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On this family group record the easiest to research event would be the birth of the the oldest child, Genevieve, because (a)&nbsp;it has a good source footnote, and (b)&nbsp;it has an exact date and a complete place. The hardest to research event would be the birth of the husband, Alexander, which has no source, no date, and only the most vague place for the event.  
  
== Related Content ==
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== Related Content ==
  
[[How to Guess Where to Start]]
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[[How to Guess Where to Start|How to Guess Where to Start]]  
  
[[How to Get the Best Research Advice|How to Get the Best Research Advice: Focusing Your Research Question]]
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[[How to Get the Best Research Advice|How to Get the Best Research Advice: Focusing Your Research Question]]  
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[[Rookie Mistakes|Rookie Mistakes]] {{ featured article }}
  
[[Rookie Mistakes]]
 
<!--{12051943508244} -->
 
 
[[Category:Beginners]]
 
[[Category:Beginners]]

Revision as of 00:28, 21 December 2011

How to Guess Where to Start Gotoarrow.png Guessing the Easiest (and Hardest) to Research Person and Event

Question mark with feet.jpg
How to figure out which individual event on a family group record to document first. Start with the easiest.

In order to document a family group record the best genealogists select one event in one person’s life on which to concentrate at a time. They work on that event until they document it, and/or exhaust all possibilities trying. They do not research another event until finished with the first. And when they start work on a new event, it is almost always on the same family group record. This strategy of finishing the documentation on the whole family before moving on is fundamental. It builds a collection of clues that can be compared and correlated to judge relevance and reliability of the documentation. It is also an important part of understanding the family and its members in their community context.

Start by guessing the event you believe will be the easiest to document.The easiest to document is usually the most recent event on the family group with a specific date, place, and source cited. The hardest to document is the earliest possible event not even mentioned on the family group and lacking a date, place, or source citation (all of which you will have to guess).

Contents

Documentation Hierarchy

To help judge easy-to-document versus difficult-to-document events on a family group record, use the following four factors. The factors are listed in order from most important to least important. The list under each factor ranks better to worse options.

1. Completeness of the dates, places, and sources for each event

  • Exact dates and places given with an exact source for each event
  • Exact dates and places given with a general source for many events
  • Exact dates and places given without an identified source
  • Partial or approximate dates or places given for an event
  • You must guess dates or places for an event
  • Several likely events are unmentioned and you must guess they even happened

2. Availability of pertinent documents

  • Home sources, older relatives’ records, easy-to-use databases, and Internet sites
  • Census
  • Nearby repository has records for the correct date and place of the event
  • Distant repository has records for the correct date and place of the event
  • You must figure out (go hunting for):
    • a new record type to document the event, or
    • a jurisdiction that created pertinent records, or
    • which repositories have the records now
  • Few pertinent records are likely to exist

3. More recent versus earlier events

4. Quality of available documents

(See the original source with your own eyes wherever possible.)

  • Vital Records/ Town Records/ Civil Registration
  • Church Records
  • Bible
  • Census
  • Land and Property
  • Probate Records
  • Social Security Death Index/ tombstones/ cemetery records/ funeral home records
  • Obituaries/Newspapers
  • Military Records
  • Internet images of original documents
  • Internet transcript based on an original
  • Biographies/ Genealogies/ Histories/ Periodicals/ Society

Figure 1. On the following family record which event would be the easiest, and which the hardest to research?GuessingWhereToStartExample.png

On this family group record the easiest to research event would be the birth of the the oldest child, Genevieve, because (a) it has a good source footnote, and (b) it has an exact date and a complete place. The hardest to research event would be the birth of the husband, Alexander, which has no source, no date, and only the most vague place for the event.

Related Content

How to Guess Where to Start

How to Get the Best Research Advice: Focusing Your Research Question

Rookie Mistakes