Hampden County, Massachusetts

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{{stub}}''[[United States|United States]] > [[Massachusetts|Massachusetts]] > Hampden County'' [[Image:Ma-hampden.png|thumb|right|400px|showing location of Hampden County]]  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide|Massachusetts]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Hampden County'''
  
== [http://lwvma.org/govcounty.shtml County Courthouse]  ==
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This is a historical and genealogical guide to the county of Hampden. You will find help with town histories, vital records, deeds and land records, city directories, cemetery records and cemeteries, churches, town records, newspapers, maps, and libraries.  
  
*In 1997, the county governments of Hampden, Berkshire, Essex, Hampden and Worcester were abolished.
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== Hampden County Massachusetts History  ==
*Their functions were turned over to state agencies.
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*Sheriffs in these counties still administer jails but their employees are state employees.
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*The legislation to abolish these county governments transferred Registeries of Deeds to the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the Commonwealth.
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*Bristol, Dukes, Nantucket, Norfolk, Plymouth and Suffolk county governments remain substantially unchanged.
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== History  ==
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=== Brief History  ===
  
==== Parent County ====
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This region was the first settled area in western Massachusetts Bay Colony centered around Springfield that was settled in 1636. It was first incorporated as the county of Hampshire. The first settlers arrived coming up the Connecticut River valley. The King Philip's War pulled settlers back from many frontier areas in 1675. Springfield has always been the center of trade and culture for this region. When Hampshire County was last divided, Springfield was made the county seat of the new county of Hampden. Realize that the old deeds for the region stayed in Springfield and the old probates moved in 1794 and stayed in Northampton. The county government was abolished on 1 July 1998, but its former jurisdiction is used for state offices as a district.<ref>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/cis/cisctlist/ctlistcounin.htm Abolished County Governments - Secretary of State], Acts of 1997, Ch. 48, Sect. 1.</ref><br>
  
*Created 25 February 1812 from Hampshire County.
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=== Historical Data  ===
  
==== Boundary Changes  ====
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The basic data are from the historical county boundary series<ref>[http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/MA_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm#HAMPDEN Massachusetts Atlas of Historical County Boundaries]</ref> with additions from various sources.
  
==== Record Loss  ====
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
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== Places / Localities  ==
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==== Populated Places  ====
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===== Cities:  =====
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{| width="70%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
 
|-
| valign="top" |  
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! width="100" scope="col" | Dates
*Agawam
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! width="500" scope="col" | Events
*Chicopee
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|-
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| 1 Aug. 1812
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| Hampden County set off from the northern half of [[Hampshire County, Massachusetts|Hampshire County]]. [Mass. Acts, 1812, Ch. 137, p. 291]
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|-
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| 7 Feb. 1826
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| Narrow strips of land exchanged between this county and Tolland Co., Conn., when state boundary straightened.
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|-
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| 7 Feb. 1831
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| Small gain when Palmer annexed a part of Western [''now Warren''], Worcester Co. [Mass. Acts, 1831, Ch. 37, p. 545]
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|-
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| 4 May 1853<br>15 May 1855
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| Border between Tolland and Sandisfield, Berkshire Co., clarified - no change - and then redefined. [Mass. Acts, 1853, Ch. 421, Sec. 1, p. 639; 1855, Ch. 358, Sec. 1, p. 755]
 +
|-
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| 9 June 1909
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| Large gain when Holyoke annexed a part of Northampton, Hampshire Co. [Mass. Acts, 1909, Ch. 480, Sec. 1, p. 498]
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|-
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| 29 Mar. 1910
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| Border between Palmer and Ware, Hampshire Co., redefined - no change. [Mass. Acts, 1910, Ch. 471, Sec. 1, p. 422]
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|}
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<div style="width: 147%"><center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
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=== Towns and Cities  ===
  
| valign="top" |  
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[[Image:Ma-hampden.png|right|400px|Ma-hampden.png]]The following list of present-day Hampden County towns and cities links them to their individual pages. There you will find a list of other names used for the town or city and of villages and sections of the town or city.<br><br>
*Holyoke  
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<center>[[Agawam, Massachusetts|Agawam (1855)]] | [[Blandford, Massachusetts|Blandford (1741)]] | [[Brimfield, Massachusetts|Brimfield (1731)]]<br>[[Chester, Massachusetts|Chester (1765)]] | [[Chicopee, Massachusetts|Chicopee (1848)]] | [[East Longmeadow, Massachusetts|East Longmeadow (1894)]]<br>[[Granville, Massachusetts|Granville (1775)]] | [[Hampden, Massachusetts|Hampden (1878)]] | [[Holland, Massachusetts|Holland (1835)]]<br>[[Holyoke, Massachusetts|Holyoke (1850)]] | [[Longmeadow, Massachusetts|Longmeadow (1783)]] | [[Ludlow, Massachusetts|Ludlow (1775)]]<br>[[Monson, Massachusetts|Monson (1775)]] | [[Montgomery, Massachusetts|Montgomery (1780)]] | [[Palmer, Massachusetts|Palmer (1775)]]<br>[[Russell, Massachusetts|Russell (1792)]] | [[Southwick, Massachusetts|Southwick (1775)]] | [[Springfield, Massachusetts|Springfield (1636)]]<br>[[Tolland, Massachusetts|Tolland (1810)]] | [[Wales, Massachusetts|Wales (1775)]] | [[West Springfield, Massachusetts|West Springfield (1774)]]<br>[[Westfield, Massachusetts|Westfield (1669)]] | [[Wilbraham, Massachusetts|Wilbraham (1763)]]</center><br><br><br><center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
*Springfield
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=== County Histories  ===
  
| valign="top" |
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{{MAHampdTowns}}Works written on the county include:
*West Springfield
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*Westfield
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|}
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*''Biographical Review: this volume contains biographical sketches of the leading citizens of Hampden County, Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1895), 1138 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/5341960 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|212487|item|disp=FHL book 974.426 D3b and film 496791}} and {{FHL|1168179|item|disp=FHL digital book}}.<br>Digital versions at [http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009833940 Hathi Trust] and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=17425 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
*Joseph Carvalho III, ''Black Families in Hampden County, Massachusetts, 1650-1855'' (Boston, 1984), 211 pp.; (Boston, 2nd ed., 2011), xxiv, 400 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/10072661 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] and [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/754653177 2nd ed.]; {{FHL|215438|item|disp=FHL book 974.426 F2c}} and {{FHL|1947980|item|disp=FHL book 974.426 F2c 2011}}.<br>
 +
*Alfred Minott Copeland, ed., ''Our County and its People: a History of Hampden County, Massachusetts'' (Boston, 1902), 3v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3075222 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] and [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/30677082 Index]; Not at FHL.<br>Digital versions at Internet Archive ([http://archive.org/details/ourcountyitspeop01cope v. 1], [http://archive.org/details/ourcountyitspeop02cope v. 2], and [http://archive.org/details/ourcountyitspeop03cope v. 3]), Google Books ([http://books.google.com/books?id=re9bwnTprgwC v. 1] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=GigWAAAAYAAJ v. 3]), and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=16847 Ancestry] ($) (2v. only).<br>
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*Clifton Johnson, ''Hampden County, 1636-1936'' (New York, 1936), 3v.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/9479870 WorldCat (Other Libraries)] and [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/676694362 Index]; {{FHL|827746|item|disp=FHL book 974.426 H2j v. 1 and 2 only}} (1999 rep.) and {{FHL|1403200|item|disp=FHL book 974.426 H2j index}}.<br>
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*''Sketches of the Churches and Pastors in Hampden County, Mass.'' (Westfield, Mass., 1854), viii, 144 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/686631 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|229086|item|disp=FHL book 974.426 K2s and fiche 6019506}}.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/sketcheschurche00minigoog Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=66-3KLe_FR0C Google Books], and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=16844 Ancestry] ($).<br>
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*Harry Andrew Wright, ed., ''Indian Deeds of Hampden County, being copies of all land transfers from the Indians recorded in the county of Hampden: Massachusetts, and some deeds from other sources, together with notes and translations of Indian place names'' (Springfield, Mass., 1905), 194 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1727546 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; {{FHL|135745|item|disp=FHL book 974.426 R2w}}.<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/indiandeedsofham00wrig Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=Wq7j8EoY-m8C Google Books], and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=16845 Ancestry] ($).<br>
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*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mahampde/ The Hampden County MAGenWeb Project], an member of [[MAGenWeb|The MAGenWeb Project]], an affiliate of [[USGenWeb|The USGenWeb Project]].<br>
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*[http://usgwarchives.net/ma/mafiles.htm#Hampden The USGenWeb Archives Project] for Hampden County.<br>
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*{{FHL|Massachusetts%2C+Hampden|subject|disp=FamilySearch.org}} Family History Library catalog for Hampden County.<br>
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
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== Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy Resources  ==
  
===== Towns: =====
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=== Vital Records ===
  
{| width="70%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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In Massachusetts, the original vital records (of births, marriages, and deaths) have been created and maintained by the town or city in which the event occurred. In very early colonial times, copies of these records were submitted to the county, but that practice died out long before this county was established. There were marriage intentions commonly recorded in the bride's home town and additional recordings maybe found in the groom's home town and their current residence.<br>
|-
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| valign="top" |
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*Blandford
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*Brimfield
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*Chester
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*East Longmeadow
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*Granville
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*Hampden
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| valign="top" |
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Massachusetts was the first state to bring a unified state-level recording of these events (but not marriage intentions) in 1841 (Boston excluded until 1850). The associated records of divorce and adoption are handled by the courts. The state has maintained a state-wide index to divorces since 1952, but adoption records will require more researching to discover.<br>
*Holland
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*Longmeadow
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*Ludlow
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*Monson
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*Montgomery
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*Palmer
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| valign="top" |  
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It is easiest to start with the state vital records for events since 1841, though realize the original record is with the town or city. More details can be found on the [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Vital_Records|Massachusetts Genealogy Guide]] page.<br>
*Russell
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
*Southwick
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=== Land Records  ===
*Tolland
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*Wales
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*Wilbraham
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|}
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Land transfers, commonly called deeds, are recorded on the county level in Massachusetts. Not all deeds were recorded as is common practice today. The earliest transactions were charters or grants from the English Crown. Once local government was established, the colony would grant land to settlers directly or to towns to dole out. Some towns first start out as proprietorship and records were recorded there. Once towns were established, deeds were recorded on the county level.<br>
  
===== Communities: =====
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'''NOTE:''' Hampden County holds all the original deeds of Hampshire County from its beginning in 1662 to the creation of this county in 1812.<br>
  
{| width="70%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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[http://www.registryofdeeds.co.hampden.ma.us/ '''Springfield Registry of Deeds''']<br>50 State Street<br>Springfield MA 01103<br>Phone 413-755-1722<br>Email [mailto:hcrodsd@sec.state.ma.us hcrodsd@sec.state.ma.us]<br>
|-
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| valign="top" |
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*Bondsville
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*Holland
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| valign="top" |
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Westfield Satellite Office<br>59 Court Street<br>Westfield MA 01085<br>Phone 413-568-2290<br>Note: See registry page above for temporary location of this office (Sept. 2013).<br>
*Monson Center
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*Palmer
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| valign="top" |
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The Registry has teamed up with the [http://www.registryofdeeds.co.hampden.ma.us/DEA_COUNTYHOME.html County Archives] to scan and make available online many miscellaneous records. Currently (2013), there there are County Commissioners' books, Atlases, Highway Plan books, Dams, and many special projects.<br>
*Three Rivers
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<center>'''Original records'''</center>
*Wilbraham
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|}
 
  
===== Villages: =====
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Records are available at the Registry. Their records [http://www.registryofdeeds.co.hampden.ma.us/Web2/PublicSearch_Ashe.html '''ONLINE'''] are:<br>
  
{| width="70%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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*Recorded Land [i.e. deeds], 1956-present.<br>
|-
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*Recorded Plans, no date.<br>
| valign="top" |
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*Registered Land [i.e. land court], no date.<br>
*Feeding Hills
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*Registered Land Plans, no date.<br>
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<center>'''Original records on microfilm'''</center>
  
| valign="top" |
 
*Forest Park
 
  
|}
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*Deeds, v. 1-238 (1638-1867), indexes: 1636-1800, 1800-1849, 1850-1869, at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/438974 FHL film 844472 (1st of 164)] and [http://library.nehgs.org/record=b1053331~S0 New England Historic Genealogical Society].<br>
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*Deeds, v. 239-630 (1866-1902), indexes: 1870-1889, 1890-1899, 1900-1909; also Deeds, A-Z (1738-1762); also Springfield deeds, 1634-1664), at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/576044 FHL film 1480098 (1st of 182)] and [http://library.nehgs.org/record=b1053331~S0 New England Historic Genealogical Society].<br>
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<center>'''Original records published'''</center>
  
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
 
  
[[Berkshire County, Massachusetts|Berkshire ]]| [[Hampshire County, Massachusetts|Hampshire ]]| [[Worcester County, Massachusetts|Worcester ]]| '''Connecticut '''counties: [[Hartford County, Connecticut|Hartford ]]| [[Litchfield County, Connecticut|Litchfield ]]| [[Tolland County, Connecticut|Tolland]]  
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*Harry Andrew Wright, ''Indian Deeds of Hampden County: being copies of all land transfers from the Indians recorded in the county of Hampden, Massachusetts, and some deeds from other sources together with notes and translations of Indian place names'' (Springfield, Mass., 1905), 194 pp.<br>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1727546 WorldCat (Other Libraries)]; [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/135745 FHL book 974.426 R2w].<br>Digital versions at [http://archive.org/details/indiandeedsofham00wrig Internet Archive], [http://books.google.com/books?id=Wq7j8EoY-m8C Google Books], and [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=16845 Ancestry] ($).<br>
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
  
== Resources ==
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=== Probate Records ===
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
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=== Other Court Records  ===
  
==== Cemeteries ====
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The court system can appear to be complex. The system was reorganized in 1686/1692, 1859, and 1978. Described below are the most commonly used records for history and genealogy, but realize that this list is incomplete. For more detailed information regarding court structure, see [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Court_System|Understanding the Massachusetts Court System]].<br><br>Older records are held by:<br>[http://www.sec.state.ma.us/arc/arccol/colidx.htm#court '''Supreme Judicial Court Archives''']<br>(administration - records stored in several off-site facilities and the Mass. Archives)<br>16th Floor, Highrise Court House<br>3 Pemberton Square<br>Boston MA 02109<br>Phone 617-557-1082<br>Email [mailto:Elizabeth.Bouvier@sjc.state.ma.us Elizabeth.Bouvier@sjc.state.ma.us]
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>
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==== Quarterly Court of General Sessions of the Peace ====
  
==== Church  ====
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This court was active from 1812 to 1827. The court heard criminal cases and had authority over county affairs that included levying taxes, reviewing town bylaws, highways, licensed liquor, regulated jails, supervised the administration of the poor laws, and appointed some county officials.<br>
  
LDS Records
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The records microfilmed:<br>
  
 
*
 
*
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>
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==== Inferior Court of Common Pleas  ====
  
==== Court  ====
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This court was active from 1812 to 1859. The court heard all civil cases over 40s unless a case involved freehold or was appealed from a justice of the peace.<br>
  
==== Gazetteers  ====
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The records microfilmed:<br>
  
==== Land ====
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*
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>
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==== Superior Court ====
  
==== Local Histories  ====
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The Quarterly Court of General Sessions was merged into the Inferior Court of Common Pleas in 1827, and that court was reorganized in 1859 to created the Superior Court as the new lower (i.e. trial) court. It covers both criminal and civil matters.<br>
  
==== Maps ====
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*
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>
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==== Supreme Judicial Court ====
  
==== Military  ====
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The Supreme Judicial Court was established by the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 that combined the former Governor and Council with the Superior Court of Judicature creating the highest state court. This court hears appeals, writ of error, capital offenses, and crimes against the public good. That included divorces until that action was moved to the lower court in 1887.<br>
  
==== Newspapers ====
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*
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<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>
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==== Naturalization Records ====
  
==== Probate  ====
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Naturalization records were created on a variety of governmental levels from the Federal down to the city at the same time. The county records for all levels are outlines below. For more information, see the [[Massachusetts Genealogy Guide#Naturalization_Records|Massachusetts state page]] for more on naturalization.<br>
 +
<center>'''Federal Naturalization Records for Hampden'''</center>
  
==== Taxation  ====
 
  
==== Vital Records ====
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No federal records as yet digitized at NARA.<br>
 +
<center>'''Hampden County Naturalization Records'''</center>
  
== Societies and Libraries  ==
 
  
== Web Sites  ==
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{| width="100%" border="1" class="wikitable"
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|-
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! width="125" scope="col" | Record
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! width="100" scope="col" | Dates
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! width="125" scope="col" | Location
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! width="175" scope="col" | Index
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! width="350" scope="col" | Microfilm/Online
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|-
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| Supreme Judicial Ct.<br>Ct. of Common Pleas
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| 1812-1859
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| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
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| Indexed
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| Records, 1816-1859, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]<br>Final adm. and primary declaration, 1840-1852, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/591751 FHL films 1480083-1480087]<br>Primary declaration, 1853-1877, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/486298 FHL films 1479810-1479812]<br>Primary and final papers, 1853-1874, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/486032 FHL films 1479802-1479809]<br>Index, 1812-1861, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]<br>Index, 1812-1853, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/485876 FHL film 1479801 Item 2]
 +
|-
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| Superior Court
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| 1860-1991
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| [[#Archives|Judicial Archives]]
 +
| Indexed
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| Records, 1860-1945, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]]<br>Pending papers, 1851-1890, and dismissed papers, 1886-1887, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/486287 FHL film 1479809 Items 2-3]<br>Primary and final papers, 1853-1906, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/572270 FHL films 1450861-1450864]<br>Naturalization and final adm., 1875-1880, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/485798 FHL film 1451438 (1st of 5)]<br>Cert. of intention, 1875-1893, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/486290 FHL films 1479809-1479810]<br>Records, 1879-1906, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/591782 FHL film 1480087 (1st of 9)]; Declarations, 1906-1931, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/572069 FHL film 1450792 (1st of 28)]; Petitions of military personnel, 1918, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/572634 FHL film 1450864 Item 2]; Records, 1927-1945, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/571163 FHL film 1450864 (1st of 98)]; Index, 1906-1989, at [[#Archives|Mass. Arch. RR]] and [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/820777 FHL film 2132736 (1st of 23)]; Index, 1812-1906, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/591530 FHL film 1464362-1464363]; Index, 1906-1986, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/591530 FHL film 1464331-1464361]<br>
 +
|-
 +
| Palmer<br>District Court
 +
| 1896-1906
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| District courthouse, Palmer, in 1990
 +
| Indexed
 +
| Docket, records, and index, 1896-1906, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/572999 FHL film 1673943]
 +
|-
 +
| Springfield<br>District Court
 +
| 1886-1906
 +
| District courthouse, Springfield, in 1990
 +
| Indexed
 +
| Declaration and naturalization, 1852-1855, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/565430 FHL film 1686074 Items 1-2]; Naturalization papers and index, 1885-1906, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/565870 FHL film 1686074 (1st of 18)]; Index, 1886-1906, [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/565957 FHL film 1686074 Item 7]
 +
|}
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]] | [[#Other_Court_Records|Top of Court]]</center>
 +
 
  
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mahampde/ The Hampden County MAGenWeb Project], an member of [[MAGenWeb|The MAGenWeb Project]], an affiliate of [[USGenWeb|The USGenWeb Project]].
+
=== Maps  ===
*[http://usgwarchives.org/ma/mafiles.htm#Hampden The USGenWeb Archives Project] for Hampden County
+
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center>
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=localitydetails&subject=184156&subject_disp=Massachusetts%2C+Hampden&columns=*,0,0 FamilySearch.org] Family History Library catalog for Hampden County
+
  
== References  ==
+
== Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy Societies  ==
 +
<center>[[#top|Top of Page]]</center><br>
 +
== Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy References  ==
  
 +
{{reflist}}
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<center>'''Adjacent Counties:''' '''''Massachusetts:''''' [[Berkshire County, Massachusetts|Berkshire ]]| [[Hampshire County, Massachusetts|Hampshire ]]| [[Worcester County, Massachusetts|Worcester ]]<br>'''''Connecticut:''''' [[Hartford County, Connecticut|Hartford ]]| [[Litchfield County, Connecticut|Litchfield ]]| [[Tolland County, Connecticut|Tolland]]</center> <!--This was designed by Scott Andrew Bartley in conjunction with the Mass. Wiki Team on 5 September 2013--> </div>
 
[[Category:Hampden_County,_Massachusetts]]
 
[[Category:Hampden_County,_Massachusetts]]

Revision as of 20:32, 17 September 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png Massachusetts Gotoarrow.png Hampden County

This is a historical and genealogical guide to the county of Hampden. You will find help with town histories, vital records, deeds and land records, city directories, cemetery records and cemeteries, churches, town records, newspapers, maps, and libraries.

Contents

Hampden County Massachusetts History

Brief History

This region was the first settled area in western Massachusetts Bay Colony centered around Springfield that was settled in 1636. It was first incorporated as the county of Hampshire. The first settlers arrived coming up the Connecticut River valley. The King Philip's War pulled settlers back from many frontier areas in 1675. Springfield has always been the center of trade and culture for this region. When Hampshire County was last divided, Springfield was made the county seat of the new county of Hampden. Realize that the old deeds for the region stayed in Springfield and the old probates moved in 1794 and stayed in Northampton. The county government was abolished on 1 July 1998, but its former jurisdiction is used for state offices as a district.[1]

Historical Data

The basic data are from the historical county boundary series[2] with additions from various sources.

Dates Events
1 Aug. 1812 Hampden County set off from the northern half of Hampshire County. [Mass. Acts, 1812, Ch. 137, p. 291]
7 Feb. 1826 Narrow strips of land exchanged between this county and Tolland Co., Conn., when state boundary straightened.
7 Feb. 1831 Small gain when Palmer annexed a part of Western [now Warren], Worcester Co. [Mass. Acts, 1831, Ch. 37, p. 545]
4 May 1853
15 May 1855
Border between Tolland and Sandisfield, Berkshire Co., clarified - no change - and then redefined. [Mass. Acts, 1853, Ch. 421, Sec. 1, p. 639; 1855, Ch. 358, Sec. 1, p. 755]
9 June 1909 Large gain when Holyoke annexed a part of Northampton, Hampshire Co. [Mass. Acts, 1909, Ch. 480, Sec. 1, p. 498]
29 Mar. 1910 Border between Palmer and Ware, Hampshire Co., redefined - no change. [Mass. Acts, 1910, Ch. 471, Sec. 1, p. 422]
Top of Page

Towns and Cities

Ma-hampden.png
The following list of present-day Hampden County towns and cities links them to their individual pages. There you will find a list of other names used for the town or city and of villages and sections of the town or city.

Agawam (1855) | Blandford (1741) | Brimfield (1731)
Chester (1765) | Chicopee (1848) | East Longmeadow (1894)
Granville (1775) | Hampden (1878) | Holland (1835)
Holyoke (1850) | Longmeadow (1783) | Ludlow (1775)
Monson (1775) | Montgomery (1780) | Palmer (1775)
Russell (1792) | Southwick (1775) | Springfield (1636)
Tolland (1810) | Wales (1775) | West Springfield (1774)
Westfield (1669) | Wilbraham (1763)



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County Histories

MassachusettsConnecticutHampden CountyBerkshire CountyHampshire CountyWorcesterWindham CountyTolland CountyHartford CountyLitchfieldTollandGranvilleSouthwickAgawamLongmeadowEast LongmeadowHampdenMonsonWalesHollandBrimfieldPalmerWilbrahamSpringfieldWest SpringfieldWestfieldMontgomeryRussellBlandfordChesterHolyokeChicopeeLudlowSandisfieldOtisBecketWashingtonHinsdalePeruMiddlefieldWorthingtonChesterfieldHuntingtonWesthamptonSouthamptonEasthamptonNorthamptonHatfieldWilliamsburgGoshenWhatelyHadleySouth HadleyGranbyAmherstPelhamBelchertownWareSturbridgeWarrenBrookfieldNorth BrookfieldOakhamNew BraintreeWest BrookfieldHardwickColebrookWinchesterBarkhamstedHartlandGranbyEast GranbySuffieldEnfieldSomersStaffordUnion
Modern town and city borders in Hampden County, Massachusetts.

Works written on the county include:

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Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy Resources

Vital Records

In Massachusetts, the original vital records (of births, marriages, and deaths) have been created and maintained by the town or city in which the event occurred. In very early colonial times, copies of these records were submitted to the county, but that practice died out long before this county was established. There were marriage intentions commonly recorded in the bride's home town and additional recordings maybe found in the groom's home town and their current residence.

Massachusetts was the first state to bring a unified state-level recording of these events (but not marriage intentions) in 1841 (Boston excluded until 1850). The associated records of divorce and adoption are handled by the courts. The state has maintained a state-wide index to divorces since 1952, but adoption records will require more researching to discover.

It is easiest to start with the state vital records for events since 1841, though realize the original record is with the town or city. More details can be found on the Massachusetts Genealogy Guide page.

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Land Records

Land transfers, commonly called deeds, are recorded on the county level in Massachusetts. Not all deeds were recorded as is common practice today. The earliest transactions were charters or grants from the English Crown. Once local government was established, the colony would grant land to settlers directly or to towns to dole out. Some towns first start out as proprietorship and records were recorded there. Once towns were established, deeds were recorded on the county level.

NOTE: Hampden County holds all the original deeds of Hampshire County from its beginning in 1662 to the creation of this county in 1812.

Springfield Registry of Deeds
50 State Street
Springfield MA 01103
Phone 413-755-1722
Email hcrodsd@sec.state.ma.us

Westfield Satellite Office
59 Court Street
Westfield MA 01085
Phone 413-568-2290
Note: See registry page above for temporary location of this office (Sept. 2013).

The Registry has teamed up with the County Archives to scan and make available online many miscellaneous records. Currently (2013), there there are County Commissioners' books, Atlases, Highway Plan books, Dams, and many special projects.

Original records


Records are available at the Registry. Their records ONLINE are:

  • Recorded Land [i.e. deeds], 1956-present.
  • Recorded Plans, no date.
  • Registered Land [i.e. land court], no date.
  • Registered Land Plans, no date.
Original records on microfilm


Original records published


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Probate Records

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Other Court Records

The court system can appear to be complex. The system was reorganized in 1686/1692, 1859, and 1978. Described below are the most commonly used records for history and genealogy, but realize that this list is incomplete. For more detailed information regarding court structure, see Understanding the Massachusetts Court System.

Older records are held by:
Supreme Judicial Court Archives
(administration - records stored in several off-site facilities and the Mass. Archives)
16th Floor, Highrise Court House
3 Pemberton Square
Boston MA 02109
Phone 617-557-1082
Email Elizabeth.Bouvier@sjc.state.ma.us

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Quarterly Court of General Sessions of the Peace

This court was active from 1812 to 1827. The court heard criminal cases and had authority over county affairs that included levying taxes, reviewing town bylaws, highways, licensed liquor, regulated jails, supervised the administration of the poor laws, and appointed some county officials.

The records microfilmed:

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Inferior Court of Common Pleas

This court was active from 1812 to 1859. The court heard all civil cases over 40s unless a case involved freehold or was appealed from a justice of the peace.

The records microfilmed:

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Superior Court

The Quarterly Court of General Sessions was merged into the Inferior Court of Common Pleas in 1827, and that court was reorganized in 1859 to created the Superior Court as the new lower (i.e. trial) court. It covers both criminal and civil matters.

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Supreme Judicial Court

The Supreme Judicial Court was established by the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780 that combined the former Governor and Council with the Superior Court of Judicature creating the highest state court. This court hears appeals, writ of error, capital offenses, and crimes against the public good. That included divorces until that action was moved to the lower court in 1887.

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Naturalization Records

Naturalization records were created on a variety of governmental levels from the Federal down to the city at the same time. The county records for all levels are outlines below. For more information, see the Massachusetts state page for more on naturalization.

Federal Naturalization Records for Hampden


No federal records as yet digitized at NARA.

Hampden County Naturalization Records


Record Dates Location Index Microfilm/Online
Supreme Judicial Ct.
Ct. of Common Pleas
1812-1859 Judicial Archives Indexed Records, 1816-1859, at Mass. Arch. RR
Final adm. and primary declaration, 1840-1852, FHL films 1480083-1480087
Primary declaration, 1853-1877, FHL films 1479810-1479812
Primary and final papers, 1853-1874, FHL films 1479802-1479809
Index, 1812-1861, at Mass. Arch. RR
Index, 1812-1853, FHL film 1479801 Item 2
Superior Court 1860-1991 Judicial Archives Indexed Records, 1860-1945, at Mass. Arch. RR
Pending papers, 1851-1890, and dismissed papers, 1886-1887, FHL film 1479809 Items 2-3
Primary and final papers, 1853-1906, FHL films 1450861-1450864
Naturalization and final adm., 1875-1880, FHL film 1451438 (1st of 5)
Cert. of intention, 1875-1893, FHL films 1479809-1479810
Records, 1879-1906, FHL film 1480087 (1st of 9); Declarations, 1906-1931, FHL film 1450792 (1st of 28); Petitions of military personnel, 1918, FHL film 1450864 Item 2; Records, 1927-1945, FHL film 1450864 (1st of 98); Index, 1906-1989, at Mass. Arch. RR and FHL film 2132736 (1st of 23); Index, 1812-1906, FHL film 1464362-1464363; Index, 1906-1986, FHL film 1464331-1464361
Palmer
District Court
1896-1906 District courthouse, Palmer, in 1990 Indexed Docket, records, and index, 1896-1906, FHL film 1673943
Springfield
District Court
1886-1906 District courthouse, Springfield, in 1990 Indexed Declaration and naturalization, 1852-1855, FHL film 1686074 Items 1-2; Naturalization papers and index, 1885-1906, FHL film 1686074 (1st of 18); Index, 1886-1906, FHL film 1686074 Item 7
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Maps

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Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy Societies

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Hampden County Massachusetts Genealogy References

Adjacent Counties: Massachusetts: Berkshire | Hampshire | Worcester
Connecticut: Hartford | Litchfield | Tolland