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Hancock County, Illinois
Map
Boundary map of Hancock County, Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Facts
Founded: January 13, 1825
County Seat Carthage
Courthouse
IL-hancock-courthouse.jpg
Address Hancock County Courthouse
500 Main Street
Carthage, Illinois 62321
217-357-3911
Hancock County Website
   United States Gotoarrow.png Illinois Gotoarrow.png Hancock County

Contents

County Organization

Hancock County's civil records start the following years:

                                     Beginning Dates for Hancock County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1844
1829
1877
1830
1817
1830

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Hancock County are kept, see the Hancock County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts

John Hancock.JPG

Hancock County is named for John Hancock who was the first signer of the Declaration of Independence.

Parent County

  • 1825--Hancock County was created 13 January 1825 from Pike County and unorganized territory.
  • County seat: Carthage [1]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Hancock County boundary changes.

Record Loss

  • Lost census: 1890

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Records and Resources

Nauvoo Pioneer Cemetery.JPG

Biography

  • The Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois has a Hancock County edition. This includes a state history section along with a county history and biographies of Hancock County residents. See the wiki article for links to available copies and indexes.

Cemeteries

Illinois cemetery records often identify birth, death, relationship, and military information, as well as religious affiliation.

  • Find A Grave can be searched by the name of a person or family to find where a person is buried.  Usually gives birth and death dates often with a picture of the tombstone.  May give obituaries, names of family members and links to their information in Find A Grave.

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.
190032,215
191030,638−4.9%
192028,523−6.9%
193026,420−7.4%
194026,297−0.5%
195025,790−1.9%
196024,574−4.7%
197023,645−3.8%
198023,8771.0%
199021,373−10.5%
200020,121−5.9%
IL Counties 1900-1990

1840 Pensioners

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C., 1841. FHL 973 X2pc 1840; FHL 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See Illinois, Hancock County on page 187.]


Church Records

  • Crooked Creek
  • Macedonia
  • Nauvoo 5
  • Ramus

Court Records

Original court records are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See Illinois Court Records for more information about using court records.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through the Family History Library or the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Western Illinois University (WIU) - search for Hancock County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the WIU IRAD Wiki page.

Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.

Genealogy

History

Local Histories

Biographical review of Hancock County, Illinois : containing biographical and genealogical sketches of many of the prominent citizens of to-day and also of the past (1907) (Archive.org). Also available from Google Books.

Portrait and biographical record of Hancock, McDonough and Henderson counties, Illinois : containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county (1894)

Gregg, Thomas. History of Hancock County, Illinois: Together with an Outline History of the State, and a Digest of State Laws. Chicago: C.C. Chapman & Co., 1880. Digital versions at Ancestry ($); Internet Archive.

Land and Property

Online Resources

Original land records are held in the office of the County Clerk . See Illinois Land and Property for more information about using land records.


The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through online sources, the Family History Library or the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Western Illinois University (WIU) - search for Hancock County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the WIU IRAD Wiki page.

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Hancock County land and property may be found in the FHLC and FHLC–maps. Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FHLC may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the Family History Library Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Maps

Migration

Early migration routes to and from Hancock County for European settlers included:

Military Records

  • 1865–1965 Military Discharge Record IRAD–WIU
  • 1943–1965 Military Discharge Record IndexIRAD–WIU
  • Civil War
    Civil War service men from Hancock County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Hancock County.
- 25th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company D
- 32nd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company B.
- 50th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies E, F and G.
- 57th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies A and H.
- 78th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies D and H.
- 88th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company F.

Naturalization

Original naturalization records are held in the office of the County Clerk. See Illinois Naturalization Records for more information about using naturalization records.

The following copies of original records may be accessed through the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Western Illinois University (WIU) - search for Hancock County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the WIU IRAD Wiki page.

  • 1851–1928 Naturalization Declarations of IntentIRAD–WIU
  • 1852–1868 Naturalization Record, FinalIRAD–WIU
  • 1865–1880 Naturalization Record of Soldiers and MinorsIRAD–WIU
  • 1876–1906 Naturalization Record, final IRAD–WIU
  • 1878–1906 Naturalization Record IRAD–WIU
  • 1928–1930 Naturalization Petition RecordIRAD–WIU

Newspapers and Obituaries

Periodicals

Probate Records

Original estates and wills are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See Illinois Probate Records for more information about using probate records.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through the Family History Library or the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Western Illinois University (WIU) - search for Hancock County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the WIU IRAD Wiki page.

Online Resources

  • 1827–1942 Probate journals and records, wills, administratiors' records, executors' records, guardianship records, and widows relinquishment records for Hancock County probate records are also available in Illinois, Probate Records, 1819-1970. Click on the browse through images link, select Hancock County, and select the record type you are interested in.

Copies and Abstracts

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Hancock County probates may be found in the Illinois, Hancock – Probate topic page of the Family History Library catalog (FHLC). Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FHLC may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the Family History Library Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Repositories

County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Hancock County are kept, see the Hancock County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)

IRAD is a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories managed by the Illinois State Archives, housing the archival records of local Illinois counties, townships, municipalities and school districts. The seven Regional Depositories are housed on state university campuses scattered throughout Illinois. Western Illinois University houses the records for Hancock County.

Public Libraries

School Records

  • 1879–1953 School teachers' daily registers IRAD–WIU


Social Groups Online

Societies

Taxation

Vital Records

See Illinois Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Illinois.

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Original birth and death certificates recorded until the year 1916 are kept by the Hancock County Clerk while those recorded after 1916 are kept by the Illinois Department of Public Health with a copy to the County Clerk. Original marriage records are usually kept by the County Clerk from the establishment of the county to the present. Original divorce records are generally in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through online databases, the Family History Library and the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Western Illinois University (WIU) - search for Hancock County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the IRAD Wiki page.

General

Births

Copies of Original Birth Records

Marriages

Copies of original Marriage Records

Online Resources

Deaths

Copies of original Death Records

Online Resources

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Hancock County births, marriages and deaths may be found in the Illinois, Hancock – Vital Records, the Illinois, Hancock – Vital Records - indexes, and the Illinois, Hancock – Vital Records - newspapers topic pages of the Family History Library catalog (FHLC). Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FHLC may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the Family History Library Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Voter Registration

Web Sites

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 194. (FHL Collection Ref Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  2. "The Pioneer Story: The Mormon Pioneer Trail" in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at http://lds.org/gospellibrary/pioneer/pioneerstory.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).

 

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