Hardeman County, Texas Genealogy

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Revision as of 20:48, 1 April 2013

United States go to Texas go to Counties H go to Hardeman County

Guide to Hardeman County Texas genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Hardeman County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Hardeman County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Founded February 1, 1858
County Seat Quanah
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County Courthouse

Hardeman County Courthouse
PO Box 30
Quanah, TX 79252-0030
Phone: 940.663.2901

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1903,
marriage records from 1885, probate and court records
from 1886 and land records from 1871; District Clerk
has divorce records[1]


Hardeman County, Texas was formed in 1858 from Fannin County, Texas.
It was named in Honor of early Texas pioneers, Thomas Jones Hardeman & his brother, Bailey Hardeman.

Parent County

1858--Hardeman County was created 1 February 1858 from Fannin Land District. County seat: Quanah [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Acme | Chillicothe | Goodlett | Lazare | North Groesbeck | Quanah | Punkin Center

Ghost Towns and Former Communities

Medicine Mound | Red River

Neighboring Counties


African American



Historical populations
Census Pop.
Est. 20093,874−18.0%
U.S. Census Bureau[3]




After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

Original Land Owners of Texas  ~  USGenWeb Archives Project

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Hardeman County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

  • The Last Frontier: The Story of Hardeman County, 1966, by Bill Neal. (Quanah, Texas: Quanah Tribune-Chief).
  • Hardeman County History from the Handbook of Texas Online.
  • Texas Museums  ~  List of all museums in Texas  ~  Hidden Ancestors




Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Hardeman County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:



Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.


Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

Texas County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910 lists FHL films with county tax lists. The lists vary by county and year. Most records are between the years of 1846 - 1910.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive. You can also order them online through a third party company.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

Societies and Libraries

Thompson Sawyer Public Library
403 W 3rd St
Quanah, TX 79252
Phone: (940) 663-2654

Family History Centers

Society Hill  ~  Links and addresses to Texas genealogical and historical societies

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Hardeman County, Texas. Page 665 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. http://www.texasalmanac.com/population/population-counties-history.pdf