Hardy County, West Virginia

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== County Courthouse  ==
 
== County Courthouse  ==
  
[[Image:Hardy County, West Virginia Courthouse.JPG|thumb|right|200px]]  
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[[Image:Hardy County, West Virginia Courthouse.JPG|thumb|right|200px|Hardy County, West Virginia Courthouse.JPG]]  
  
 
[http://www.state.wv.us/wvsca/courthouses/hardy.htm Hardy County Courthouse]<br>204 Washington Street<br>Moorefield, WV 26836<br>Phone: 304-538-2929 <br>  
 
[http://www.state.wv.us/wvsca/courthouses/hardy.htm Hardy County Courthouse]<br>204 Washington Street<br>Moorefield, WV 26836<br>Phone: 304-538-2929 <br>  
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Compiled genealogies that treat multiple Hardy County families include:  
 
Compiled genealogies that treat multiple Hardy County families include:  
  
*Cartmell, T. K. ''Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants:&nbsp;A History of Frederick County, Virginia (Illustrated) from Its Formation in 1738 to 1908, Compiled Mainly from Original Records of Old Frederick County, Now Hampshire, Berkeley, Shenandoah, Jefferson, Hardy, Clarke, Warren, Morgan and Frederick''. n.p.: n.p., c1909. Available at {{FHL|180682|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Book 975.59 H2c 1963}}; {{FHL|218678|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Film 1000634 Item 1}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10569 Ancestry] ($); {{FSbook|63612}} and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=qcdva3048_shenandoah World Vital Records] ($). [3 copies at FHL.]  
+
*Cartmell, T. K. ''Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants:&nbsp;A History of Frederick County, Virginia (Illustrated) from Its Formation in 1738 to 1908, Compiled Mainly from Original Records of Old Frederick County, Now Hampshire, Berkeley, Shenandoah, Jefferson, Hardy, Clarke, Warren, Morgan and Frederick''. n.p.: n.p., c1909. Available at {{FHL|180682|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Book 975.59 H2c 1963}}; {{FHL|218678|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Film 1000634 Item 1}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10569 Ancestry] ($); {{FSbook|63612}} and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=qcdva3048_shenandoah World Vital Records] ($). [3 copies at FHL.]  
 
*O'Dell, Cecil. ''Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia''. Marceline, Mo.: Walsworth Pub. Co., 1995. {{FHL|594019|item}}. One of the most impressively researched one-place studies in the United States. In a review, Dorman stated "Comprehensive studies such as this appear only rarely. This volume should be in every Virginia genealogical collection."<ref>John Frederick Dorman, "Review of ''Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia,''" in ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 39, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1995):236.</ref><br>
 
*O'Dell, Cecil. ''Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia''. Marceline, Mo.: Walsworth Pub. Co., 1995. {{FHL|594019|item}}. One of the most impressively researched one-place studies in the United States. In a review, Dorman stated "Comprehensive studies such as this appear only rarely. This volume should be in every Virginia genealogical collection."<ref>John Frederick Dorman, "Review of ''Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia,''" in ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 39, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1995):236.</ref><br>
  
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*'''[Coberly]''' Arthaud, John Bradley. "Dr. James Stell Coberly 18th Century Migrant from New Jersey to Virginia and Revolutionary Patriot," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 26, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1982):112-117; Vol. 26, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1982):183-189. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 26 (1982)}}.  
 
*'''[Coberly]''' Arthaud, John Bradley. "Dr. James Stell Coberly 18th Century Migrant from New Jersey to Virginia and Revolutionary Patriot," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 26, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1982):112-117; Vol. 26, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1982):183-189. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 26 (1982)}}.  
 
*'''[Coberly]''' Arthaud, John Bradley. "George Coberly (1788-1855) Virginia Migrant to the Midwest," ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 28, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1984):217-221; Vol. 28, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1984):256-260. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 28 (1984)}}.  
 
*'''[Coberly]''' Arthaud, John Bradley. "George Coberly (1788-1855) Virginia Migrant to the Midwest," ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 28, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1984):217-221; Vol. 28, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1984):256-260. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 28 (1984)}}.  
*'''[Coberly]''' Arthaud, John Bradley. "The Ancestry of Mary (Poffenberger) (Coberly) Power (1752-27 Oct. 1840)," ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 35, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1991):39-42. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 35 (1991)}}.  
+
*'''[Coberly]''' Arthaud, John Bradley. "The Ancestry of Mary (Poffenberger) (Coberly) Power (1752-27 Oct. 1840)," ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 35, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1991):39-42. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 35 (1991)}}.
 +
*'''[Coberly]''' Arthaud, John Bradley and Marian (Kortum) Coberly. "The Ancestry of Mary C. Coberly (1820-1875)," ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 43, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1999):293-296. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/Search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg}}.  
 
*'''[Cunningham]''' Harter, Mary. "James Cunningham of Western Virginia," ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 29, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1985):9-16. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 29 (1985)}}.  
 
*'''[Cunningham]''' Harter, Mary. "James Cunningham of Western Virginia," ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 29, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1985):9-16. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 29 (1985)}}.  
 
*'''[Franklin]''' Mathys, Mary Sue and Dorsey W. Franklin. "A Mystery Story: The Case of the Origins of John Franklin Sr. (1729-1819) of Burke County, North Carolina," ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 32, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1988):243-252; Vol. 33, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1989):27-33. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 32 (1988)-v. 33 (1989)}}.  
 
*'''[Franklin]''' Mathys, Mary Sue and Dorsey W. Franklin. "A Mystery Story: The Case of the Origins of John Franklin Sr. (1729-1819) of Burke County, North Carolina," ''The Virginia Genealogist,'' Vol. 32, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1988):243-252; Vol. 33, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1989):27-33. Digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($). {{FHL|33159|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 32 (1988)-v. 33 (1989)}}.  
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*'''[Renick]''' Renick, E.I. "The Renick Family of Virginia," ''Publications of the Southern History Association,'' Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul. 1899): 221-227. Digitized by [http://archive.org/stream/publicationssou01merigoog#page/n228/mode/2up Internet Archive] - free.  
 
*'''[Renick]''' Renick, E.I. "The Renick Family of Virginia," ''Publications of the Southern History Association,'' Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul. 1899): 221-227. Digitized by [http://archive.org/stream/publicationssou01merigoog#page/n228/mode/2up Internet Archive] - free.  
 
*'''[Rohrbough]''' Rohrbough, Fred Ware. ''The Rohrbough Family''. 1962.  
 
*'''[Rohrbough]''' Rohrbough, Fred Ware. ''The Rohrbough Family''. 1962.  
*'''[Strother]''' Owen, Thomas McAdory, "William Strother of Virginia and His Descendants," ''Publications of the Southern History Association,'' Vol. 2, No. 1 (Apr. 1898):149-173. Digitized by [http://archive.org/stream/publicationssou15assogoog#page/n152/mode/2up Internet Archive].
+
*'''[Strother]''' Owen, Thomas McAdory, "William Strother of Virginia and His Descendants," ''Publications of the Southern History Association,'' Vol. 2, No. 1 (Apr. 1898):149-173. Digitized by [http://archive.org/stream/publicationssou15assogoog#page/n152/mode/2up Internet Archive].  
 
*'''[Trader]''' Dorman, John Frederick. ''Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5.'' 3 vols. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2005. See Volume 2. {{FHL|1149556|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 H2j v. 2}}.
 
*'''[Trader]''' Dorman, John Frederick. ''Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5.'' 3 vols. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2005. See Volume 2. {{FHL|1149556|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 H2j v. 2}}.
  
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==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
  
*Cartmell, T. K. ''Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants:&nbsp;A History of Frederick County, Virginia (Illustrated) from Its Formation in 1738 to 1908, Compiled Mainly from Original Records of Old Frederick County, Now Hampshire, Berkeley, Shenandoah, Jefferson, Hardy, Clarke, Warren, Morgan and Frederick''. n.p.: n.p., c1909. Available at {{FHL|180682|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Book 975.59 H2c 1963}}; {{FHL|218678|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Film 1000634 Item 1}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10569 Ancestry] ($); {{FSbook|63612}} and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=qcdva3048_shenandoah World Vital Records] ($). [3 copies at FHL.]
+
*Cartmell, T. K. ''Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants:&nbsp;A History of Frederick County, Virginia (Illustrated) from Its Formation in 1738 to 1908, Compiled Mainly from Original Records of Old Frederick County, Now Hampshire, Berkeley, Shenandoah, Jefferson, Hardy, Clarke, Warren, Morgan and Frederick''. n.p.: n.p., c1909. Available at {{FHL|180682|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Book 975.59 H2c 1963}}; {{FHL|218678|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Film 1000634 Item 1}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10569 Ancestry] ($); {{FSbook|63612}} and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=qcdva3048_shenandoah World Vital Records] ($). [3 copies at FHL.]
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====

Revision as of 00:43, 12 December 2012


Hardy County, West Virginia
Map
Map of West Virginia highlighting Hardy County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting West Virginia
Location of West Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1785
County Seat Moorefield
Courthouse

United States  Gotoarrow.png West Virginia  Gotoarrow.png Hardy County

Contents

County Courthouse

Hardy County, West Virginia Courthouse.JPG

Hardy County Courthouse
204 Washington Street
Moorefield, WV 26836
Phone: 304-538-2929

County Clerk has birth, marriage, death and burials from 1853
Probate and Land records from 1786
Court Records from 1860 and Divorce Records[1]

Beginning Dates for Hardy County, West Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1820

History

Parent County

1785--Hardy County was created 17 October 1785 from Hampshire County.
County seat: Moorefield[2]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Hardy County boundary changes.

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1810

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

African American

Cemeteries

Census

For tips on accessing Hardy County, West Virginia census records online, see: West Virginia Census.

Join us in indexing the 1940 Census

1790 - Lost, but a subsitute is available, see Taxation.

1800 - Lost, but a subsitute is available, see Taxation.

1810 - Lost, but a subsitute is available, see Taxation.

Church

Baptist

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Lunie's Creek (1777)[3]

Court

Genealogy

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]
General

Compiled genealogies that treat multiple Hardy County families include:

  • Cartmell, T. K. Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendants: A History of Frederick County, Virginia (Illustrated) from Its Formation in 1738 to 1908, Compiled Mainly from Original Records of Old Frederick County, Now Hampshire, Berkeley, Shenandoah, Jefferson, Hardy, Clarke, Warren, Morgan and Frederick. n.p.: n.p., c1909. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.59 H2c 1963; FHL US/CAN Film 1000634 Item 1; digital version at Ancestry ($); FamilySearch Books Online and World Vital Records ($). [3 copies at FHL.]
  • O'Dell, Cecil. Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia. Marceline, Mo.: Walsworth Pub. Co., 1995. FHL Collection. One of the most impressively researched one-place studies in the United States. In a review, Dorman stated "Comprehensive studies such as this appear only rarely. This volume should be in every Virginia genealogical collection."[4]
Bibliography
  • [Coberly] Arthaud, John Bradley. "Dr. James Stell Coberly 18th Century Migrant from New Jersey to Virginia and Revolutionary Patriot," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 26, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1982):112-117; Vol. 26, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1982):183-189. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 26 (1982).
  • [Coberly] Arthaud, John Bradley. "George Coberly (1788-1855) Virginia Migrant to the Midwest," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1984):217-221; Vol. 28, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1984):256-260. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 28 (1984).
  • [Coberly] Arthaud, John Bradley. "The Ancestry of Mary (Poffenberger) (Coberly) Power (1752-27 Oct. 1840)," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 35, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1991):39-42. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 35 (1991).
  • [Coberly] Arthaud, John Bradley and Marian (Kortum) Coberly. "The Ancestry of Mary C. Coberly (1820-1875)," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 43, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1999):293-296. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg.
  • [Cunningham] Harter, Mary. "James Cunningham of Western Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 29, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1985):9-16. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 29 (1985).
  • [Franklin] Mathys, Mary Sue and Dorsey W. Franklin. "A Mystery Story: The Case of the Origins of John Franklin Sr. (1729-1819) of Burke County, North Carolina," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 32, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1988):243-252; Vol. 33, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1989):27-33. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 32 (1988)-v. 33 (1989).
  • [Homan] Arthaud, John Bradley. "The Ancestry of Mary (Poffenberger) (Coberly) Power (1752-27 Oct. 1840)," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 35, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1991):39-42. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 35 (1991).
  • [Mathias] Griffiths, George R. The Mathias Family of Hardy County, Virginia and West Virginia, A Pioneer Mountain Family. Chicago, Ill.: Adams Press, 1977. FHL Book 929.273 M426g.
  • [Newman] Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Genealogy of the Newman Family, 1618-1900," see Table of Contents; discusses Newmans of Hardy County.]
  • [Post] Poinsett, Doris Jean Post. Valentin Pfost/Post, 1740-1800, of Hardy County (West) Virginia and Some of His Descendants. Baltimore, Md.: Gateway Press, 1989. Digital version at Family History Archives; FHL Book 929.273 P845p.
  • [Renick] Renick, E.I. "The Renick Family of Virginia," Publications of the Southern History Association, Vol. 3, No. 3 (Jul. 1899): 221-227. Digitized by Internet Archive - free.
  • [Rohrbough] Rohrbough, Fred Ware. The Rohrbough Family. 1962.
  • [Strother] Owen, Thomas McAdory, "William Strother of Virginia and His Descendants," Publications of the Southern History Association, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Apr. 1898):149-173. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  • [Trader] Dorman, John Frederick. Adventurers of Purse and Person Virginia 1607-1624/5. 3 vols. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2005. See Volume 2. FHL Book 975.5 H2j v. 2.

Land

Grants and Patents

  • Gray, Gertrude E. Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1775-1800. Vol. III. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1993. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes Hardy County.]

Local Histories

Maps

Map of 1850 Virginia and West Virginia

Military

Revolutionary War
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Hardy County on page 134.]
War of 1812

Hardy County men served in the 14th Regiment.[5]

Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Hardy County, West Virginia served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Hardy County, West Virginia:

- 7th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Ashby's) (Confederate). Company F (Hampshire Riflemen aka New Creek Riflemen).[6]
- 11th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry. Company B (The Hardy Rangers).[7]
- 18th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Companies B, E, and H.[8]
- 25th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Heck's) (Confederate). Company H (Hardy Blues) and Company K (South Branch Riflemen).[9]

Records and histories are available, including:


Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battle was fought in Hardy County.



Map showing Civil War battles in West Virginia.

Naturalization

West Virginia, Naturalization Records, 1814-1991

Newspapers

Probate

Hardy County, West Virginia Will Books 1786-1970

West Virginia Will Books

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1786] Fothergill, Augusta B. and John Mark Naugle. Virginia Tax Payers, 1782-87, Other Than Those Published by the United States Census Bureau. 1940; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1978. Available at FHL. [1786 personal property tax list of Hardy County.]
  • [1786-1819] Heinegg, Paul. "Hardy County Personal Property Tax List, 1786-1819," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Hardy County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1789] Indexed images of the 1789 Personal Property Tax List of Hardy County, Virginia  (now West Virginia) are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1799] Images of the 1799 Personal Property Tax List of Hardy County, Virginia  (now West Virginia) are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1810] Schreiner-Yates, Netti. A Supplement to the 1810 Census of Virginia: Tax Lists of the Counties for which the Census is Missing. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1971. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1810 personal property tax list. Hardy County is included because the 1810 Census for that county has been destroyed.]
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Hardy County is included in Vol. 6.]

Vital Records

West Virginia Vital Records - Birth - Death - Marriages. See also How to order West Virginia Vital Records or order electronically online.

Societies and Libraries

Hardy County Genealogical-Historical Society
Moorefield, West Virginia 26836

Family History Centers

Websites

 Learning How to Edit our Wiki Sites

Hardy County, West Virginia Microfilms at the Library of Virginia

Hands on keyboard.png Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos.


References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Hardy County, West Virginia. Page 744 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 229-230. Digital version at Google Books.
  4. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Pioneers of Old Frederick County, Virginia," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 39, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1995):236.
  5. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 103. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  6. Jack L. Dickinson, 8th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1986). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 25.
  7. Richard L. Armstrong, 11th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 52.
  8. Roger U. Delauter, 18th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 18.
  9. Richard L. Armstrong, 25th Virginia Infantry and 9th Battalion Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1990). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 71.
  10. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 20 September 2012)