Heiden parish, Appenzell, SwitzerlandEdit This Page

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Contents

Geography

Heiden is located in the former district of Vorderland on the Kurzenberg.  It has an area of 7.5 square kilometers (2.9 square miles).  This area is used thusly:

52.4% agriculture
30.6% forest
16.8% settlement
0.3% non-productive

History

Heiden was first mentioned in 1461 as guot genant Haiden.  It belonged to the political parish of Kurzenberg along with Wolfhalden and Lutzenberg until 1650, when a disagreement between Wolfhalden and Heiden led to the establishment of both towns as independent parishes.  

In 1667, the population was 1,248; by 1813, the population had increased to 1,776.  In 1818, after a few years of pest, the population had dropped to 1,630, but steadily increased to 2,466 in 1850 and 3,745 in 1900.  

Place Names

Locations within Heiden

Banziger
Bärlochen
Benzenreute
Brunnen
Bühlen
Engi
Gern
Gmeind
Gstalden
Heiden
Kreisbrunnen
Langenegg
Matten
Oberbrunnen
Oberbühlen
Oberuntern
Schlipf
Schwanteln
Schwendi bei Heiden
Stöckli
Untern
Unterrechstein
Wald
Wässern
Wies

Surrounding Parishes

Eggersriet (Sankt Gallen)
Grub
Lutzenberg
Oberegg (Appenzell Inner-Rhoden)
Rehetobel
Reute
Thal (Sankt Gallen)
Wald
Wolfhalden

Collections

Church Records

The church parish of Heiden was established in 1652 from the parishes of Grub and Rheineck after a disagreement with Wolfhalden over the location of a new parish resulted in the creation of separate congregations. Prior to 1652, Heiden belonged to the political parish of Kurzenberg, to which Wolfhalden and Lutzenberg also belonged.  Records held at the Family History Library include baptisms (Taufen) and marriages (Heiraten) 1652-1875, and deaths (Tote) 1678-1875.

Family books (Familienbuch) are held at the Cantonal Archive in Herisau, Switzerland.

Genealogies

(see here for article describing Swiss compiled genealogies)

The following genealogies have been researched for Heiden families:

Künzler family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 1,183,714)
Lutz family
, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 127,973; see also FHL Film 193,478)
Niederer family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 127,965; see also FHL Film 193,480)

Civil Registration

Civil registration began in 1876. Heiden belongs to the Vorderland Appenzell civil registration district. Records are only available in Switzerland. For further information, contact the civil registry office at:

Zivilstandsamt Vorderland Appenzell Ausserrhoden
St. Gallerstrasse 9
Postfach 13
CH - 9038 Rehetobel

Tel: +41 71 878 70 20

email: jeannette.eisenhut@rehetobel.ar.ch

Surnames

The following surnames held citizenship in Heiden prior to 1875:
Bänziger
Bischofberger
Enzler
Eugster
Graf
Hohl
Kellenberger
Keller
Kübele
Künzler
Kürsteiner
Locher
Lutz
Menet
Müller
Rechsteiner
Rohner
Schwalm
Sonderegger
Spiess
Tobler
Walser
Würzer

Related Sources

M. Rohner's book about the history and topography of Heiden is available at the Family History Library.

The town's website (in German) is located here

Societies and Libraries

Cantonal Archive of Appenzell-Ausserrhoden (in German)

References

Register of Swiss Surnames

Registry of Appenzell-Ausserrhoden, by Mario von Moos


 

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