Help:Formatting

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| [[Help:Resources and lists|Return to Help: Resources and lists]]
 
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{{how-to-articles}}
 
 
{{Help article}}
 
{{Help article}}
  
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| <code><nowiki><nowiki>no ''markup''</nowiki></nowiki></code>  
 
| <code><nowiki><nowiki>no ''markup''</nowiki></nowiki></code>  
 
| <nowiki>no ''markup''</nowiki>
 
| <nowiki>no ''markup''</nowiki>
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="2" |Inserting special characters not found on your keyboard such as: '''&ouml;'''&nbsp;(umlaut), '''&pound;'''&nbsp;(pound), and '''&euro;'''&nbsp;(euro).
 +
| See [[Help:Special characters|Special characters]].
 
|-
 
|-
 
! style="background: #abe" colspan="3" | section formatting – ''only at the beginning of the line''
 
! style="background: #abe" colspan="3" | section formatting – ''only at the beginning of the line''
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Headings of different levels  
 
| Headings of different levels  
| <pre>=level 1=
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| <pre>== Level 2 ==
==level 2==
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=== Level 3 ===
===level 3===
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==== Level 4 ====
====level 4====
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===== Level 5 =====
=====level 5=====
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====== Level 6 ======</pre>
======level 6======</pre>
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An article with 4 or more headings automatically creates a [[Help:Section#Table of contents (TOC)|table of contents]].
An article with 4 or more headings automatically creates a [[wikipedia:Wikipedia:Section|table of contents]].
+
|
 
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== Level 2 ==
| <!-- hack to prevent TOC viewing for h1 - h6 elements: their style is hardcopied here --><div style="border-bottom: #aaa 1px solid; padding-bottom: 0.17em; margin: 0px; font-size: 188%; padding-top: 0.5em">Level 1</div><div style="border-bottom: #aaa 1px solid; padding-bottom: 0.17em; margin: 0px; font-size: 150%; padding-top: 0.5em">Level 2</div><div style="font-size: 132%; font-weight: bold">Level 3</div><!--
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=== Level 3 ===
-->'''Level 4'''<!--
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==== Level 4 ====
--><div style="font-size: 86%; font-weight: bold">Level 5</div><!--
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===== Level 5 =====
-->'''Level 6'''
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====== Level 6 ======
|-
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|-  
 
| Horizontal rule  
 
| Horizontal rule  
 
| <code>----</code>  
 
| <code>----</code>  
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MediaWiki ignores single line breaks. To start a new paragraph, leave an empty line. You can force a line break within a paragraph with the HTML tags <code>&lt;br /&gt;</code>.  
 
MediaWiki ignores single line breaks. To start a new paragraph, leave an empty line. You can force a line break within a paragraph with the HTML tags <code>&lt;br /&gt;</code>.  
 +
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== Non-breaking space ==
 +
 +
A non-breaking space can be used hen you require two words to always appear together on the same line. Placing '''&amp;nbsp;''' between two words will prevent the two words from being split apart.
  
 
== HTML  ==
 
== HTML  ==
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Some [[wikipedia:HTML|HTML]] tags are allowed in MediaWiki, for example <code>&lt;code&gt;</code>, <code>&lt;div&gt;</code>, <code><nowiki><span></nowiki></code> and <code><nowiki><font></nowiki></code>. These apply anywhere you insert them.  
 
Some [[wikipedia:HTML|HTML]] tags are allowed in MediaWiki, for example <code>&lt;code&gt;</code>, <code>&lt;div&gt;</code>, <code><nowiki><span></nowiki></code> and <code><nowiki><font></nowiki></code>. These apply anywhere you insert them.  
  
{|
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{| {{Prettytable}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
! Description  
 
! Description  
 
! You type  
 
! You type  
 
! You get
 
! You get
 +
|-
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! style="background: #abe" colspan="3" | character (inline) formatting – ''applies anywhere''
 +
|-
 +
| Centered text
 +
| <code>&lt;center&gt;Centered text&lt;/center&gt;</code>
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| <center>Centered text</center>
 +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Strikethrough  
 
| Strikethrough  
 
| <code>&lt;del&gt;Strikethrough&lt;/del&gt;</code> or <code>&lt;s&gt;Strikethrough&lt;/s&gt;</code>  
 
| <code>&lt;del&gt;Strikethrough&lt;/del&gt;</code> or <code>&lt;s&gt;Strikethrough&lt;/s&gt;</code>  
 
| <del>Strikethrough</del>
 
| <del>Strikethrough</del>
 +
 
|- style="white-space: nowrap"
 
|- style="white-space: nowrap"
 
| Fixed width text  
 
| Fixed width text  
 
| <code>&lt;tt&gt;Fixed width text&lt;/tt&gt;</code> or <code>&lt;code&gt;source code&lt;/code&gt;</code>  
 
| <code>&lt;tt&gt;Fixed width text&lt;/tt&gt;</code> or <code>&lt;code&gt;source code&lt;/code&gt;</code>  
 
| <tt>Fixed width text</tt> or <code>source code</code>
 
| <tt>Fixed width text</tt> or <code>source code</code>
 +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Blockquotes  
 
| Blockquotes  
 
| <code></code>
 
| <code></code>
<code>text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text &lt;blockquote&gt; quote quote quote quote quote quote &lt;/blockquote&gt; text text text text text text text text text text text text </code>  
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<code>This is the text before the quote. &lt;blockquote&gt; quote quote quote &lt;/blockquote&gt; This is the text after the quote.</code>
 +
 
 +
Note: The HTML block quote tag does not currently work in this version of the wiki. If the words "quote" are not blockquoted (indented on both sides) on the right, then the tag still does not work.
 +
 
 +
|This is the text before the quote. <blockquote> quote quote quote </blockquote> This is the text after the quote.
  
| text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text text <blockquote>quote quote quote quote quote quote </blockquote>text text text text text text text text text text text text
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Comment  
 
| Comment  
 
| <code>&lt;!-- This is a comment --&gt;</code>  
 
| <code>&lt;!-- This is a comment --&gt;</code>  
 
Text can only be viewed in the edit window.  
 
Text can only be viewed in the edit window.  
 
 
| <!-- This is a real invisible comment -->  
 
| <!-- This is a real invisible comment -->  
 +
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Completely preformatted text  
 
| Completely preformatted text  
 
|  
 
|  
 
<code><nowiki><pre>this way, all markups are '''ignored'''</pre></nowiki></code>  
 
<code><nowiki><pre>this way, all markups are '''ignored'''</pre></nowiki></code>  
 +
| <pre>this way, all markups are '''ignored'''.</pre>
  
| <pre> this way, all markups are '''ignored'''.</pre>
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''Customized''' preformatted text  
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| Customized preformatted text  
 
|  
 
|  
 
<code><nowiki><pre style="CSS text">this way, all markups are '''ignored''' and formatted with a CSS text</pre></nowiki></code>  
 
<code><nowiki><pre style="CSS text">this way, all markups are '''ignored''' and formatted with a CSS text</pre></nowiki></code>  
 
+
| <pre style="word-wrap: break-word; overflow: auto">this way for instance, all '''ignored''' markups take into account the navigator size, by automatically adding some carriage returns dynamically to it.</pre>
| <pre style="word-wrap: break-word; overflow: auto"> this way for instance, all '''ignored''' markups take into account the navigator size, by automatically adding some carriage returns dynamically to it.</pre>
+
 
|}
 
|}
 
{{Admin tip|tip=If you trust your users you can allow full HTML by setting <code>{{mediawiki|Manual:$wgRawHtml|$wgRawHtml}} = true;</code> in {{mediawiki|Manual:LocalSettings.php|LocalSettings.php}}.}}
 
  
 
== Spell Check  ==
 
== Spell Check  ==
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*[[Help:Images|Images]]  
 
*[[Help:Images|Images]]  
 
*[[Help:Tables|Tables]]
 
*[[Help:Tables|Tables]]
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{{Contributor help-navbox}}
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{{H-langs|en=Help:Formatting|es=Ayuda:Formato|ru=Справка:Разметка форматирования текста}}
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__NOTOC__
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__NORICHEDITOR__
  
 
[[Category:Help]]
 
[[Category:Help]]

Revision as of 03:19, 16 November 2012

Help-content.png This help article will guide you as you edit in the Wiki. See Contributor Help for more help articles.


You can format your text using wiki markup. This consists of normal characters like asterisks, single quotes or equation marks which have a special function in the wiki, sometimes depending on their position. For example, to format a word in italic, you include it in two single quotes like ''this''.

Text formatting markup

Description You type You get
character (inline) formatting – applies anywhere
Italic text ''italic'' italic
Bold text '''bold''' bold
Bold and italic '''''bold & italic''''' bold & italic
Escape wiki markup <nowiki>no ''markup''</nowiki> no ''markup''
Inserting special characters not found on your keyboard such as: ö (umlaut), £ (pound), and  (euro). See Special characters.
section formatting – only at the beginning of the line
Headings of different levels
== Level 2 ==
=== Level 3 ===
==== Level 4 ====
===== Level 5 =====
====== Level 6 ======

An article with 4 or more headings automatically creates a table of contents.

Level 2

Level 3

Level 4

Level 5
Level 6
Horizontal rule ----
Bullet list
* one
* two
* three
** three point one
** three point two

Inserting a blank line will end the first list and start another.

  • one
  • two
  • three
    • three point one
    • three point two
Numbered list
# one
# two<br />spanning more lines<br />doesn't break numbering
# three
## three point one
## three point two
  1. one
  2. two
    spanning more lines
    doesn't break numbering
  3. three
    1. three point one
    2. three point two
Definition list
;item 1
: definition 1
;item 2
: definition 2-1
: definition 2-2
item 1
definition 1
item 2
definition 2-1
definition 2-2
Adopting definition list to indent text
: Single indent
:: Double indent
::::: Multiple indent

This workaround may be controversial from the viewpoint of accessibility.

Single indent
Double indent
Multiple indent
Mixture of different types of list
# one
# two
#* two point one
#* two point two
# three
#; three item one
#: three def one
# four
#: four def one
#: this rather looks like the continuation of # four
#: and thus often used instead of <br />
# five
## five sub 1
### five sub 1 sub 1
## five sub 2

;item 1
:* definition 1-1
:* definition 1-2
:
;item 2
:# definition 2-1
:# definition 2-2

The usage of #: and *: for breaking a line within an item may also be controversial.

  1. one
  2. two
    • two point one
    • two point two
  3. three
    three item one
    three def one
  4. four
    four def one
    this rather looks like the continuation of # four
    often used instead of <br />
  5. five
    1. five sub 1
      1. five sub 1 sub 1
    2. five sub 2
item 1
  • definition 1-1
  • definition 1-2
item 2
  1. definition 2-1
  2. definition 2-2
Preformatted text
 preformatted text is done with
 a '''space''' at the 
 ''beginning'' of the line

This way of preformatting only applies to section formatting, and character formatting markups are still effective.

preformatted text is done with
a space at the 

beginning of the line

Paragraphs

MediaWiki ignores single line breaks. To start a new paragraph, leave an empty line. You can force a line break within a paragraph with the HTML tags <br />.

Non-breaking space

A non-breaking space can be used hen you require two words to always appear together on the same line. Placing &nbsp; between two words will prevent the two words from being split apart.

HTML

Some HTML tags are allowed in MediaWiki, for example <code>, <div>, <span> and <font>. These apply anywhere you insert them.

Description You type You get
character (inline) formatting – applies anywhere
Centered text <center>Centered text</center>
Centered text
Strikethrough <del>Strikethrough</del> or <s>Strikethrough</s> Strikethrough
Fixed width text <tt>Fixed width text</tt> or <code>source code</code> Fixed width text or source code
Blockquotes

This is the text before the quote. <blockquote> quote quote quote </blockquote> This is the text after the quote.

Note: The HTML block quote tag does not currently work in this version of the wiki. If the words "quote" are not blockquoted (indented on both sides) on the right, then the tag still does not work.

This is the text before the quote.
quote quote quote
This is the text after the quote.
Comment <!-- This is a comment -->

Text can only be viewed in the edit window.

Completely preformatted text

<pre>this way, all markups are '''ignored'''</pre>

this way, all markups are '''ignored'''.
Customized preformatted text

<pre style="CSS text">this way, all markups are '''ignored''' and formatted with a CSS text</pre>

this way for instance, all '''ignored''' markups take into account the navigator size, by automatically adding some carriage returns dynamically to it.

Spell Check

While in the wiki text view, any text that is underlined in red should be reviewed for accuracy of spelling, right click for choices.

Other formatting

Help-content.png Questions?
Visit the Wiki Contributor Help Forum to receive help with contributing to the Wiki.

Beyond the text formatting markup shown above, here are some other formatting references: