Hemphill County, Texas Genealogy

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Revision as of 21:28, 30 March 2013

United States go to Texas go to Counties H go to Hemphill County

Guide to Hemphill County Texas genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Courthouse

Hemphill County Courthouse
PO Box 867
Canadian, TX 79014-0867
Phone: 806.323.6212

County Clerk has birth records from 1876,
death records from 1910, marriage, divorce,
probate, court and land records from 1887[1]


Parent County

1876--Hemphill County was created 21 August 1876 from Bexar Land District. County seat: Canadian [2]

1887--Hemphill County was attached to Wheeler County for administrative purposes until 1887. At that time, Canadian became the county seat.[3]

Boundary Changes

1930 -- The US Supreme Court relocated the 100th meridian about 3700 feet to the east. This moved the eastern border of the Texas Panhandle.  Hemphill County gained area that was once in Oklahoma.

Record Loss

Places / Localities

Ghost Towns & Former Communities

Clear Creek (Hogtown) | Dreyfoos | Gageby | Gem | Mendota | Midway | Zybach

Populated Places

Canadian | Cataline | Glazier

Neighboring Counties






After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Hemphill County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.


Texas Counties Map. Click on the county to go to the Texas Genweb site



Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Hemphill County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.


Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive. You can also order them online through a third party company.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

  • Texas Death Index 1964 to 1998 [no images] Name index to Texas Statewide Death Certificates or four million people who have died since 1964.
  • Texas Death Records 1890 – 1976 [with images]
    Name index and images of statewide death certificates, 1890-1976. The name index has been created by FamilySearch and is tied to images of the Texas death certificates. Few certificates are available prior to 1903.

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Hemphill County, Texas. Page 666 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Handbook of Texas Online: Hemphill County http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hch12