Herefordshire Probate Records

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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Herefordshire|Herefordshire]] [[Gloucestershire Probate Records]]''  
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Herefordshire|Herefordshire]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] Herefordshire Probate Records''  
  
<br>The following article is about probate records in the county of Herefordshire. For general information about English probate records, click [[England Probate Records|here]].
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== Getting Started  ==
  
<br>
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''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]] and [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]]. This article is about probate records in Herefordshire. See [[England Probate Records]] for a general description of probate records in England.
  
== Description ==
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=== 1858 to the Present ===
  
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term ''probate'' refers to a collection of documents, including [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]], [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]] (also called admons), [[I genealogical glossary terms|inventories]], and [[A genealogical glossary terms|act books]]. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. This article explains about probates and how to get started to search for a will.  
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Beginning in 1858, the [[Principal Probate Registry|Principal Probate Registry]] had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.  
  
Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The '''Probates After 1857'''&nbsp;section below has a link to an article about probates after 1857.<br><br>
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=== Before 1858 ===
  
== Getting Started  ==
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Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Herefordshire, follow these steps:
  
Follow these steps to look for a probate record before 1858:<br>
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==== Step 1. Search Indexes  ====
  
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived. <br>
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Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Herefordshire. Search these indexes first:
#Go to the Court Jurisdictions section below.<br>
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#Click a letter or span of letters for your place. This opens an article showing a table of places and the courts that had jurisdiction over them.<br>
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#Follow the steps at the top of the table to search for a will.<br><br>
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== Court Jurisdictions by Parish  ==
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*[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/HEF/ProbateRecords/index.html Abstracts of Herefordshire Probate Records] and [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/HEF/ProbateRecords/about.html Herefordshire Wills Collections]. These pages provide details of compilations of Herefordshire Probate Records (wills), either partial abstracts or indexes, online and in printed collections.
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*Longtown Historical Society's [http://www.lhsarchive.org.uk/archive.php Archive project] includes probate records for several parishes in southwest Herefordshire that formed part of the Archdeacon of Brecon
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/wills.asp?WT.hp=Wills Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]
  
Before 1858, every town and parish in Herefordshire was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary ecclesiastical court and one or more secondary ecclesiastical courts.
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Did you find a reference to a probate record?
  
For a list of Herefordshire parishes&nbsp;and the pre-1858 courts that had probate jurisdiction over them, click on a letter link:  
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*If ''yes'', go to '''Step 4''' below.
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*If ''no'', go to '''Step 2''' below.
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==== Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died  ====
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Determine ''when'' your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.
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Determine ''where'' your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a [[P genealogical glossary terms|parish]]. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in&nbsp;a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales'' online:
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*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
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The gazetteer will either tell you:
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*A place is a parish, or
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*What parish it is a part of, or
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*What place it is near.
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If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.
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Once you have identified the parish, go to '''Step 3'''.
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==== Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish  ====
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Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Sussex fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. For a list of Herefordshire parishes and the pre-1858 courts that had probate jurisdiction over them, click on a letter link:  
  
 
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If you do not know the parish in which your ancestor died or held property, search the [[Court of the Bishop of Hereford (Episcopal Consistory)]] first.  
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If you do not know the parish in which your ancestor died or held property, search the [[Court of the Bishop of Hereford (Episcopal Consistory)]] first.
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==== Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record  ====
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Once you have found an index reference to a probate record and&nbsp;identified the&nbsp;court that probated it, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:
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*Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
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*Visit the [https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library] or a [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history center]] and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on&nbsp;the court name below. <br>
  
 
== Herefordshire Probate Courts  ==
 
== Herefordshire Probate Courts  ==
  
Most of Herefordshire was under the pre-1858 probate jurisdiction of the [[Court of the Bishop of Hereford (Episcopal Consistory)]]. The majority of probate searches will be in the records of this court and its superior courts. However, the following courts also had some pre-1858 jurisdiction within the county. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.  
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Most of Herefordshire was under the jurisdiction of the [[Court of the Bishop of Hereford (Episcopal Consistory)]]. The majority of probate searches will be in the records of this court and its superior courts. However, the following courts also had some pre-1858 jurisdiction within the county. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.  
  
 
*[[Court of the Bishop (Consistory) of the Dean of Hereford]]  
 
*[[Court of the Bishop (Consistory) of the Dean of Hereford]]  
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of Moreton Magna or Moreton on Lugg]]  
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Moreton Magna or Moreton on Lugg]]  
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Upper Bullinghope or Upper Bullingham]]  
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Upper Bullinghope or Upper Bullingham]]  
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Little Hereford & Ashford Carbonell]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of Little Hereford & Ashford Carbonell]]  
 
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*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.<br>
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*Wealthy individuals<br>
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*People who owned property in more than one county<br>
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*Military and naval personnel<br>
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*People who lived or owned property outside England<br>
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=== Appeals Courts  ===
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Any probate that was disputed and could not be settled by the county courts could be sent to these higher appeals courts:
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*[[Court of Arches]] <br>*[[High Court of Delegates]]
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The [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] also served as an appeals court.<br>
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<br>
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== Indexes to Probate Records  ==
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In addition to the probate indexes listed below, indexes are also found with the records of the courts.&nbsp; Click on the court links above.<br>
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=== Probate Indexes Online  ===
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Before looking for a will, you should search an index. [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/HEF/ProbateRecords/index.html]<br>
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*Abstracts of Herefordshire Probate Records Herefordshire Wills Collections. This page provides details of compilations of Herefordshire Probate Records (Wills), either partial abstracts or indexes, online and in printed collections. The following are listed in reverse order of their creation, or my discovery.[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/HEF/ProbateRecords/about.html]
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*Probate Records for Ledbury are available at this website [http://www.englandspastforeveryone.org.uk/Counties/Herefordshire/Projects/LedburyPre1558/Items/Ledbury_Wills_and_Inventories]
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== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
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Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
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<br>
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== Probates After 1857  ==
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Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to [[Principal Probate Registry]].<br>
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[[Category:Herefordshire|Probate Records]]
 
[[Category:Herefordshire|Probate Records]]

Revision as of 15:10, 7 May 2013

England Gotoarrow.png Herefordshire Gotoarrow.png Herefordshire Probate Records

Contents

Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include wills and administrations. This article is about probate records in Herefordshire. See England Probate Records for a general description of probate records in England.

1858 to the Present

Beginning in 1858, the Principal Probate Registry had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.

Before 1858

Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Herefordshire, follow these steps:

Step 1. Search Indexes

Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Herefordshire. Search these indexes first:

Did you find a reference to a probate record?

  • If yes, go to Step 4 below.
  • If no, go to Step 2 below.

Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died

Determine when your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.

Determine where your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a parish. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales online:

The gazetteer will either tell you:

  • A place is a parish, or
  • What parish it is a part of, or
  • What place it is near.

If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.

Once you have identified the parish, go to Step 3.

Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish

Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Sussex fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. For a list of Herefordshire parishes and the pre-1858 courts that had probate jurisdiction over them, click on a letter link:

 A   B    C-E    F-I   K-L    M-P    R-T    U-Z  

If you do not know the parish in which your ancestor died or held property, search the Court of the Bishop of Hereford (Episcopal Consistory) first.

Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record

Once you have found an index reference to a probate record and identified the court that probated it, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:

  • Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
  • Visit the Family History Library or a family history center and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on the court name below.

Herefordshire Probate Courts

Most of Herefordshire was under the jurisdiction of the Court of the Bishop of Hereford (Episcopal Consistory). The majority of probate searches will be in the records of this court and its superior courts. However, the following courts also had some pre-1858 jurisdiction within the county. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.