Herisau parish, Appenzell, Switzerland GenealogyEdit This Page

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Contents

Geography

Herisau is in the former district of Hinterland.  It lies at the crossing point of two major routes through Eastern Switzerland: the Sankt Gallen-Toggenburg road and the Gossau-Appenzell road.  Currently about 33% of the entire population of Appenzell-Ausserrhoden lives in Herisau.  Herisau has an area of 25.2 square kilometers (9.7 square miles).  This area is used thusly:

56.8% agriculture
27.1% forest
15.5% settlement
0.6% non-productive

History

Herisau was first mentioned in 837 as Herinisauva; its church was first mentioned in 907.  The town was destroyed numerous times (1084, 1248, and 1249), and in 1401 Herisau joined an alliance with other parishes in Appenzell as part of the Appenzell Wars, obtaining marginal independence in 1433.  In 1517/1518, Herisau bought its freedom from the monastery of Sankt Gallen.  In 1580, the current church was built.  In 1606, the town was destroyed by a fire.  The town is the capital of the half-canton of Appenzell-Ausserrhoden; between 1798 and 1803, Herisau was the capital of the French-established canton of Säntis.

Before 1648, Herisau controlled about twice the land area as is currently part of the parish.  In 1648, Schwellbrunn became independent, followed by Waldstatt in 1720.  

The population of Herisau was at 3,021 in 1667.  By 1734, it had increased to 4,816.  It continued to grow, reaching 5,933 in 1780; 6,863 in 1813; 7,014 in 1830, 8,387 in 1850, and 9,705 in 1870.  By 1900, the population was 13,497, with 12,426 of those being Swiss citizens.  

Place Names

Locations within Herisau

Aederschwil
Aspen
Au (Nieschberg)
Au (Schwänberg)
Baldenwyl
Berg
Bergle
Blech
Böhel
Brugg
Brühl
Bühl
Bühlhalden
Burg
Burghalden
Buschackern
Dietenschwyl
Ebnet
Egg
Engelberg
Engelen
Engelschwyl
Ergeten
Fäli
Gibel
Glatt
Glattmühle
Heinrichsbad
Herisau
Hinteregg
Hinterhof
Hofegg
Hohberg
Hölzle
Hub
Infang
Kalkofen
Kapf
Kleb
Kreuz
Krombach
Langelen
Lehn
zur Linden
Lindenstrass
Moos
Neuweg
Nieschberg
Nordhalden
Ramsen
Rechberg
Reuti
Riesberg
Rohren
Rüthy
Säge
Sangen
Saum
Schachen
Schegg
Schloss
Schluch
Schmidhausen
Schochenberg
Schwänberg
Schwanholz
Schwendi
Segen (Nieschberg)
Segen (Rohrerschar)
Senke
Steinrisslen
Stelz
Stuhl
Sturzenegg
Teuffe
Teuffenau
Thal
Thann
Thoracher
Tobel (Vordorf)
Tobel (Rohrerschar)
Tobelacker
Unterebnat
Vordorf
Wald
Wanne
Weggenwil
Weyer
Wiesen
Wilen
Wolfenswil
Wolfhag
Zellersmühle
Ziegelhütten

Surrounding Parishes

Degersheim (Sankt Gallen)
Flawil (Sankt Gallen)
Gossau (Sankt Gallen)
Hundwil
Sankt Gallen (Sankt Gallen)
Schwellbrunn
Stein
Waldstatt

Collections

Church Records

The protestant parish of Herisau is an ancient one, being first mentioned in 907.  Records held by the Family History Library include baptisms (Taufen) 1583-1875, marriages (Heiraten) 1583-1688 and 1718-1875, and deaths (Tote) 1671-1875.  Additionally, the parish records include marriage banns (Proklamationen) 1829-1860 and confirmations (Konfirmanden) 1855-1875.

The following family books (Familienbuch) for Herisau are found at the Cantonal Archive in Herisau, Switzerland:

Volumes 1-5 (1834) - family register of citizens
Volumes 6-13 (1830) - family register of non-citizen residents

The Cantonal Archive also contains the following materials on Herisau:
(18th century) - index of excluded citizens
(18th century) - index of citizens
(18th century) - index of non-citizen residents
(19th century) - master lists of citizens' families

There are also printed directories of houses, including owners, for Herisau for the years 1800, 1822, 1843, and 1875; these are available at the Cantonal Archive.

In 1856, a branch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was established in Herisau; records available include membership records 1856-1896.

Genealogies

(see here for article describing Swiss compiled genealogies)

The following genealogies have been researched for Herisau families:

Alder family, by Gottlieb Büchler (FHL Film 962,790)
Baumann family, by Julius Billeter and Rosa Holzer (FHL Film 128,105; see also FHL Film 193,467)
Berweger family
, by Julius Billeter and Rosa Holzer (FHL Film 128,105)
Binder family
, by Julius Billeter and Rosa Holzer (FHL Film 128,105)
Bondt family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 193,469)
Diem family, by Gottlieb Büchler (FHL Film 962,790; see also FHL Film 193,470)
Frehner family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 128,007; see also FHL Film 193,471)
Frischknecht family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 127,966; see also FHL Film 193,471)
Frischknecht family, by Julius Billeter and Rosa Holzer (FHL Film 128,105; see also FHL Film 193,471)
Frischknecht family, by Julius BIlleter (FHL Film 824,231; see also FHL Film 193,471)
Hug family (FHL Film 193,475)
Keller family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 127,971; see also FHL Film 193,476)
Knellwolf family, by Julius Billeter and Rosa Holzer (FHL Film 128,105)
Kündig family
, by Julius Billeter and Rosa holzer (FHL Film 128,105)
Lutz family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 127,973; see also FHL Film 193,478)
Meier family
, by Gubler Heinrich Rotach (FHL Film 1,181,508)
Merz family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 128,040; see also FHL Film 193,479)
Merz family, by Julius Billeter and Rosa Holzer (FHL Film 128,105; see also FHL Film 193,479)
Mock family, by Gottlieb Büchler (FHL Film 973,013)
Müller family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Films 128,042 and 128,043)
Näf/Nef family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 128,035; see also FHL Film 193,480)
Näf family, by Julius Billeter and Rosa Holzer (FHL Film 128,105; see also FHL Film 193,480)
Niederer family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 127,965; see also FHL Film 193,480)
Preisig family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 128,080)
Preisig family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 128,084)
Ramsauer family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 282,487; see also FHL Film 193,481)
Rutz family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 193,482)
Schiess family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 128,044; see also FHL Film 193,483)
Schiess family, by Gubler Heinrich Rotach (FHL Film 1,181,508; see also FHL Film 193,483)
Schlumpf family, by Julius Billeter and Rosa Holzer (FHL Film 128,105)
Schmid family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 1,181,674; see also FHL Flim 193,483)
Schoch family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 127,986; see also FHL Film 193,483)
Schoch family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 128,009; see also FHL Film 193,483)
Schoch family, by Julius Billeter and Rosa Holzer (FHL Film 128,105; see also FHL Film 193,483)
Signer family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 193,484)
Steiger family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 1,224,632)
Stricker family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 193,485)
Sturzenegger family, by Julius Billeter and Rosa Holzer (FHL Film 128,105; see also FHL Film 193,485)
Sturzenegger family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 282,487; see also FHL Film 193,485)
Tanner family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 128,114)
Zeller family, by Julius Billeter and Rosa Holzer (FHL Film 128,105)
Zellweger family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 128,008; see also FHL Flim 193,488)
Zellweger family, by Julius Billeter and Rosa Holzer (FHL Film 128,105; see also FHL Film 193,488)
Zuberbühler family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 128,036; see also FHL Film 193,488)

Civil Registration

Civil registration began in 1876. Herisau belongs to the Hinterland civil registration district. Records are only available in Switzerland. For further information, contact the civil registry office at:

Zivilstandsamt Hinterland App. A. Rh.
Poststrasse 6
CH - 9102 Herisau

Tel: +41 71 354 54 35

Email: zivilstandsamt@herisau.ar.ch

Surnames

The following surnames held citizenship in Herisau prior to 1875:

Alder
Ammann
Auer
Bänziger (extinct)
Baumann
Beckh (1838 from Germany)
Berweger
Binder
Bischof (extinct)
Biser
Blommers (1846)
Bodenmann
Bondt
Brugger
Buff (extinct)
Diem
Egger
Ehrsam (extinct)
Eisenhut
Enz
Enzmann
Etter
Eugster
Fisch
Fitze (1847 from Hundwil)
Frehner
Frei (extinct)
Freitag (1621)
Freund (1858 from Altstätten SG)
Frischknecht
Gähler
Gaishalter (extinct)
Gartenhauser
Gmünder
Goldener (extinct)
Gonter (extinct)
Grob
Grunholzer (extinct)
Herzig (extinct)
Höhener
Hug
Hugener
Jäger
Keller
Kern
Kessler (extinct)
Klee (extinct)
Knechtle (extinct)
Knellwolf
Knöpfel
Koller
Krüsi
Kündig
Lämmler
Lienhard
Lobeck (1859 from Germany)
Lutz
Meier/Meyer
Merz
Mesmer (extinct)
Mettler
Mittelholzer
Mock
Müller
Nänni
Nef
Niederer
Oberteufer
Pfändler
Preisig
Ramsauer
Rechsteiner (extinct)
Reifler
Rohner
Rotach
Rutz
Schaefer
Schedler
Schefer
Schiess
Schirmer (extinct)
Schläpfer
Schlatter
Schlumpf
Schoch
Signer
Stark
Staub (extinct)
Steiger
Streuli
Stricker
Stuhner
Sturzenegger
Suhner
Tanner
Teufenauer (extinct)
Thörig
Tobler (extinct)
Tribelhorn
Walser
Weiler
Weiss
Wetter
Wieser (extinct)
Willi
Würzer
Zeller
Zellweger
Zölper
Zuberbühler
Zülli
Zürcher
Züst

Related Sources

The town's website (in German) can be found here.

Societies and Libraries

Cantonal Archive of Appenzell-Ausserrhoden (in German)

References

Register of Swiss Surnames

Registry of Appenzell-Ausserrhoden, by Mario von Moos


 

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