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Guide to Hidalgo County Texas genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Hidalgo County, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Hidalgo County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Founded January 24, 1852
County Seat Edinburg
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County Courthouse

Hidalgo County Courthouse
County Clerk's Office
100 N. Closner P O Box 58
Edinburg, TX 78540
Phone: (956) 318-2100

County Clerk has birth, marriage, death, probate,
court and land records; Distric Clerk has divorce records[1]

Hidalgo County has had four county seats: Edinburgh, Hidalgo, Hidalgo, Chapin (Edinburg).  In 1852, the town of La Habitacion was renamed Edinburgh and became the county seat. Later, the name of the town was changed to Hidalgo. After a severe flood in 1886, the town was moved two miles north. Later, Edinburgh was moved away from the Rio Grande River - the present site and town of Hidalgo. In 1908, the town of Chapin became the county seat. In 1911, the town's name was changed to Edinburg.

The last county courthouse in Hidalgo is still standing.  Built in 1886, the building was once two story with a cupola; after a fire in the early 1900s, the building was repaired and rebuilt as one story. 

The 1908 Courthouse at Edinburg served the county for nearly 50 years. It was torn down in 1954, after the opening of the current modern structure. [2] [3]


Spanish mission and settlements were established by 1750 and Anglo-American settlements by 1883.

Parent County

1852--Hidalgo County was created 24 January 1852 from Cameron and Starr Counties. County seat: Edinburg [4]

The county was named for Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, (1753-1811). Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, the priest known as the "father of Mexican independence," was born on May 8, 1753, at his father's hacienda near Guanajuato, Mexico. 

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1886--Flood destroyed the town of Hidalgo, which at that time was the county seat. Presumably, the courthouse was also destroyed or heavily damaged.

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Towns and Cities: Alamo | Alton | Donna | Edcouch | Edinburg | Elsa | Granjeno | Hidalgo | La Joya | La Villa | McAllen | Mercedes | Mission | Palmhurst | Palmview | Penitas | Pharr | Progreso | San Juan | Sullivan City | Weslaco

Neighboring Counties


African American



Historical populations
Census Pop.




After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

Land Survey Abstract Indicies  ~  USGenWeb Archives Project

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Hidalgo County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

  • The Centennial Celebration of the Organization of Hidalgo County in Texas, 1952, by the Hidalgo County Centennial Corporation
  • The Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas, 1954, by J. Lee and Lillian J. Stambaugh.
  • Hidalgo County History from the Handbook of Texas Online.
  • Texas Museums  ~  List of all museums in Texas  ~  Hidden Ancestors




Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Hidalgo County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:



Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.


Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive. You can also order them online through a third party company.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

Societies and Libraries


Alamo Public Library
416 N Tower Rd
Alamo, TX 78516
Phone: (956) 787-6160

Donna Public Library
301 S Main St
Donna, TX 78537
Phone: (956) 464-2221

Dustin Michael Sekula Memorial Library
1906 S Closner Blvd
Edinburg, TX 78539
Phone: (956) 383-6246

Elsa Public Library
711 N Hidalgo St
Elsa, TX 78543
Phone: (956) 262-3061

Hidalgo Public Library
710 E Texano Dr
Hidalgo, TX 78557
Phone: (956) 843-2093

La Joya Municipal Library
925 S Leo Ave
La Joya, TX 78560
Phone: (956) 581-4533

McAllen Memorial Library
601 N Main St
McAllen, TX 78501
Phone: (956) 688-3300

Mercedes Memorial Library
434 S Ohio St
Mercedes, TX 78570
Phone: (956) 565-2371

Pharr Memorial Library
121 E Cherokee Ave
Pharr, TX 78577
Phone: (956) 787-3966

Speer Memorial Library
801 E 12th St
Mission, TX 78572
Phone: (956) 580-8750

San Juan Public Library
1010 S Standard Ave
San Juan, TX 78589
Phone: (956) 702-0926

Weslaco Public Library
525 S Kansas Ave
Weslaco, TX 78596
Phone: (956) 968-4533

Family History Centers


Museum of South Texas History
121 E McIntyre
Edinburg, TX
Phone: (956) 383-6911
Fax: (956) 381-8518 website

Donna Hooks Fletcher Museum
129 S. 8th
Donna, Texas 78537
Phone: (956) 464-9989 website
Wed-Friday 10:00am - 1:00pm, Sat 10:00am - 3:00pm

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Hidalgo County, Texas. Page 666 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. HistoricTexas.net: Hidalgo County http://www3.historictexas.net/hidalgo-county-texas
  3. TexasEscapes.com http://www.texasescapes.com/TOWNS/Edinburg_Texas/HidalgoCountyCourthouseEdinburgTexas.htm
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).


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