Hundred (division)

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(England)
Line 7: Line 7:
 
== England  ==
 
== England  ==
  
In England, the hundred was a subdivision of most shires dating back to before the Conquest until District Councils were established by the ''Local Government Act'' (1894). Each hundred had its own court of freeholders which exercised a petty civil jurisdiction. Not all shires were subdivided into hundreds: the [[Wapentake|wapentakes]] were the rough equivalent in the Danelaw counties of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland and Lincolnshire; the [[Ward|wards]] of Northumberland, Durham, and Cumberland; in Yorkshire [[England, Yorkshire, Riding|ridings]]; in Kent, [[England, Kent, Lathe|lathes]]; and in Sussex [[England, Sussex, Rape|rapes]].<ref>"hundred" in Edmund Wright (ed.) ''A Dictionary of World History'' (2nd ed., 2006, Oxford University Press; ISBN-13: 9780192807007) published to Oxford Reference Online (2007-2013, eISBN: 9780191726927) accessed 20 Jul 2013.</ref><ref>"hundreds" in John Cannon, ''A Dictionary of British History'' (2009, Oxford University Press; ISBN-13: 9780199550371) published to Oxford Reference (2009-2013, eISBN: 9780191726514) accessed 20 Jul 2013.</ref> <br>  
+
In England, the hundred was a subdivision of most shires dating back to before the Conquest until District Councils were established by the ''Local Government Act'' (1894). Each hundred had its own court of freeholders which exercised a petty civil jurisdiction. Not all shires were subdivided into hundreds: the [[Danelaw Wapentake|wapentakes]] were the rough equivalent in the Danelaw counties of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland and Lincolnshire; the [[Ward|wards]] of Northumberland, Durham, and Cumberland; in Yorkshire [[England, Yorkshire, Riding|ridings]]; in Kent, [[England, Kent, Lathe|lathes]]; and in Sussex [[England, Sussex, Rape|rapes]].<ref>"hundred" in Edmund Wright (ed.) ''A Dictionary of World History'' (2nd ed., 2006, Oxford University Press; ISBN-13: 9780192807007) published to Oxford Reference Online (2007-2013, eISBN: 9780191726927) accessed 20 Jul 2013.</ref><ref>"hundreds" in John Cannon, ''A Dictionary of British History'' (2009, Oxford University Press; ISBN-13: 9780199550371) published to Oxford Reference (2009-2013, eISBN: 9780191726514) accessed 20 Jul 2013.</ref> <br>  
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
Line 13: Line 13:
 
<references />  
 
<references />  
  
<br> <br>  
+
<br>
  
 
[[Category:Glossary]]
 
[[Category:Glossary]]

Revision as of 15:31, 20 July 2013

A hundred is a geographic division formerly used in England, Wales, Denmark, South Australia, some parts of the United States, Germany (Southern Schleswig), Sweden, Finland and Norway, which historically was used to divide a larger region into smaller administrative divisions.

Alternative names include wapentake (Old Norse), herred (Danish, Norwegian bokmål), herad (Norwegian nynorsk), härad (Swedish), harde (German) and kihlakunta (Finnish).

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Hundred (county subdivision)
The name "hundred" is derived from the number "one hundred". It may once have referred to an area liable to provide for a hundred men under arms, or containing roughly a hundred homesteads. It was a traditional Germanic system described as early as AD 98 by Tacitus (the centeni). Similar systems were used in the traditional administrative regimes of China and Japan.

England

In England, the hundred was a subdivision of most shires dating back to before the Conquest until District Councils were established by the Local Government Act (1894). Each hundred had its own court of freeholders which exercised a petty civil jurisdiction. Not all shires were subdivided into hundreds: the wapentakes were the rough equivalent in the Danelaw counties of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland and Lincolnshire; the wards of Northumberland, Durham, and Cumberland; in Yorkshire ridings; in Kent, lathes; and in Sussex rapes.[1][2]

References

  1. "hundred" in Edmund Wright (ed.) A Dictionary of World History (2nd ed., 2006, Oxford University Press; ISBN-13: 9780192807007) published to Oxford Reference Online (2007-2013, eISBN: 9780191726927) accessed 20 Jul 2013.
  2. "hundreds" in John Cannon, A Dictionary of British History (2009, Oxford University Press; ISBN-13: 9780199550371) published to Oxford Reference (2009-2013, eISBN: 9780191726514) accessed 20 Jul 2013.