Illinois Probate Records

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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Probate Records|Probate Records]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Illinois_Probate_Records|Illinois Probate]]''  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Illinois|Illinois]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Illinois_Probate_Records|Illinois Probate]]''  
  
{{Template:US-probate-topic_bar}}
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[[Image:Illinois Probate Records DGS Appointment 4595145 75.jpg|thumb|right|315x264px|<center>Illinois Probate Records DGS Appointment<center></center>]]
  
Probate records are court records created after an individual’s death that relate to a court’s decisions regarding the distribution of the estate to the heirs or creditors and the care of any dependents. These documents are important to family history researchers because they usually exist for time periods before civil birth and death records were kept. While probate records are one of the most accurate sources of genealogical evidence, they have [[United States Probate Limitations|limitations]].  
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=== Record Synopsis  ===
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Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”<ref>Henry Campbell Black, ''Black's Law Dictionary,'' 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."</ref> Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. These documents are extremely valuable to genealogists and should not be neglected. In many instances, they are the only known source of relevant information such as the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence. They may also include information about adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents.
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Explore more about the [[United States Probate Process|probate process]], [[United States Probate Limitations|limitations of probate records]],&nbsp;[[Analyzing United States Probate Records|analyzing probate records]], a [[Glossary of United States Probate Terms|glossary]] of probate terms, [[United States Probate Wills|wills]], and [http://wiki.familysearch.org/en/United_States_Probate_Records United States Probate Records].<br>
  
 
=== History  ===
 
=== History  ===
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'''State (1818 - present)'''<br>Clerk of County Court (1816 - 1819)<br>Clerk of County's Commissioners' Court (1819 - 1821)<br>County Probate Court (1821 - 1848)<br>County Probate Court (for counties with 50,000+ population) (1870 - 1964)<br>County Court (1848 - 1964)<br>Circuit Court (1964 - present)  
 
'''State (1818 - present)'''<br>Clerk of County Court (1816 - 1819)<br>Clerk of County's Commissioners' Court (1819 - 1821)<br>County Probate Court (1821 - 1848)<br>County Probate Court (for counties with 50,000+ population) (1870 - 1964)<br>County Court (1848 - 1964)<br>Circuit Court (1964 - present)  
  
=== Availability ===
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=== Searching Probate Records<br> ===
  
Contact the Circuit Court of the county of interest to view or obtain copies of original records. Off-site access to some Illinois probate records might be found in the following:  
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It is usually best to start a probate search at the county level. Links to county pages appear below. Additional resources for Illinois probates may be found in the [http://www.familysearch.org/search/search/index/catalog-search#searchType=catalog&filtered=true&catSearchType=subject_id&searchCriteria=432318 Illinois-Probate] topic page of the Family History Library catalog (FHLC). Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at [http://www.familysearch.org/locations FamilySearch Centers]. Also find Illinois Probate resources available at [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3Aillinois+probate+records&qt=results_page many libraries (WorldCat)]. Explore how to search [[Worldcat Online Catalog|WorldCat]] and the [[Introduction to the Family History Library Catalog|FHLC]].<br>
  
*[http://www.cyberdriveillinois.com/departments/archives/databases.html The Illinois Regional Archives Depositories] includes some online Illinois probate indexes.
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=== Web Sites<br>  ===
  
*[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#w=0&p=waypoint&s=waypointsOnly&c=fs%3A1834344 FamilySearch Historical Records] collection includes free online images of will books, administrations, journals, inventories, guardian's records, and order books from probate courts in Illinois. The collection includes the following counties: Alexander, Coles, Effingham, Gallatin, Hamilton, Hancock, La Salle, Logan, Madison, Massac, Piatt, Pope, Rock Island, Shelby, White, Whiteside, and Williamson. The content and time period will vary by county.
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*[http://www.cyberdriveillinois.com/departments/archives/IRAD/iradholdings.html The Illinois Regional Archives Depositories] includes some online Illinois probate indexes.<br>
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://hr-search-api:8080/searchapi/search/collection/1834344 Family Search Historical records]&nbsp;collection includes free online images of will books, administrations, journals, inventories, guardian's records, and order books from probate courts in Illinois. The content and time period will vary by county. A wiki article describing this collection is found at [http://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Illinois_Probate_Books_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records) Illinois Probate Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)].<br>
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*[http://www.deathindexes.com/illinois/index.html DeathIndexes.com] provides links to several Illinois probate records.<br>
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*[http://ilgenweb.net/ USGenWeb, Illinois] is a cooperative volunteer effort with links to resources in the state and counties.<br>
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*Ancestry databases related to [http://search.ancestry.com/Places/US/Illinois/Default.aspx?category=36 Illinois Tax Criminal, Land, and Wills] ($)<br>
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*[http://estate.findlaw.com/probate/probate-court-laws/estate-planning-law-state-probate.html FindLaw] has information on Illinois Probate Courts.
  
*The Family History Library has microfilmed many Illinois probate records, generally from the date of the county’s creation until the early 1900s. Probate records can be found in the Family History Library Catalog by using a Place Search.
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'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
  
*[http://www.deathindexes.com/illinois/index.html DeathIndexes.com] provides links to several Illinois probate records.
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[[Illinois Probate Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Illinois Probate Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
*[http://ilgenweb.net/ USGenWeb, Illinois] is a cooperative volunteer effort with links to resources in the state and counties.
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=== Published Materials  ===
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*Eichholz, Alice, Editor. ''Redbook: American State, County, and Town Sources.'' Third Edition. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004, 185. {{FHL|1185723|item|disp=FHL 973 D27rb 2004}}
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*Greenwood, Val D. Third edition. ''The Researcher's Guide to American Genealogy. ''Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 2000, 346. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AThe+Researcher%27s+Guide+to+American+Genealogy.+au%3Agreenwood&fq=yr%3A2000+%3E+%3E+x0%3Abook&qt=advanced&dblist=638 Many libraries (WorldCat)]; {{FHL|960443|item|disp=FHL 973 D27g 2000}}
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*Pease, Theodore Calvin. "The County Archives of the State of Illinois." Clarence Walworth Alvord, editor. ''Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library.'' Volume XII. Springfield, Ill.: Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, 1915. Chap. IV, pp. lxxviii-lxxxi. View a free digital version online at [http://books.google.com/books?id=kVVIAAAAYAAJ&pg=PR127&dq=illinois+probate&hl=en&ei=-Q2zTIvZEYu0sAP295T4Cg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CF0Q6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=illinois%20probate&f=false Google Books].
  
 
=== State Statutes  ===
 
=== State Statutes  ===
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Understanding the Illinois probate laws and how they changed over time can help us learn how the estate was administered, taxed, and distributed and might help to solve difficult genealogical problems.  
 
Understanding the Illinois probate laws and how they changed over time can help us learn how the estate was administered, taxed, and distributed and might help to solve difficult genealogical problems.  
  
Additional information about Illinois state statutes relating to probate matters can be found at law libraries. For example:<br>
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Online digital versions of state statutes can often be found by conducting a search engine search for the term, "Illinois statutes." The following are examples of books related to Illinois probate laws:  
  
*Pease, Theodore Calvin. ''The Laws of the Northwest Territory, 1788-1800.'' Springfield, Illinois: Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, [1925]. [FHL US/CAN Fiche 6007539 (7 fiche)]
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*Pease, Theodore Calvin. ''The Laws of the Northwest Territory, 1788-1800.'' Springfield, Illinois: Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, [1925]. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AThe+Laws+of+the+Northwest+Territory%2C+1788-1800+au%3Apease&fq=x0%3Abook&qt=advanced&dblist=638 Many libraries (WorldCat)]; {{FHL|289433|item|disp=FHL fiche}}
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*Brayman, Mason. ''Revised Statutes of the State of Illinois''....Springfield: Walters &amp; Weber, 1845. View at [http://books.google.com/books?id=1JwSAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=illinois+statutes&hl=en&ei=wR-zTK2YGYf4sAPEpozfDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CFAQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q&f=false Google Books] using the search term "probate" for references specific to probate. Available at [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3ARevised+Statutes+of+the+State+of+Illinois+au%3Abrayman&fq=x0%3Abook&qt=advanced&dblist=638 many libraries (WorldCat)].
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*Hurd, Harvey Bostwick, editor. ''Revised Statutes of the State of Illinois. 1877.''...Chicago: Chicago Legal News Co., 1877. View at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t9gnAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=illinois+statutes&hl=en&ei=wR-zTK2YGYf4sAPEpozfDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CFUQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q&f=false Google Books] using the search term "probate" for references specific to probate. This and other years by this author available at [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3ARevised+Statutes+of+the+State+of+Illinois.+au%3Ahurd&fq=x0%3Abook&qt=advanced&dblist=638 many libraries (WorldCat)].
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*Jones, William C. ''A Practical Treatise upon the Jurisdiction of...Probate Courts of Illinois....''Chicago: T.H. Flood &amp; Co., 1892. View at [http://www.archive.org/details/jurisdictionofpr00jone Internet Archive].<br>
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*North, Levi. ''A Treatise on the Practice in Probate Courts...in the State of Illinois....''Chicago: Callaghan &amp; Co., 1875. View at [http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924024669115 Internet Archive]. Available at [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=kw%3Aillinois+ti%3AA+Treatise+on+the+Practice+in+Probate+Courts+au%3Anorth&fq=x0%3Abook&qt=advanced&dblist=638 many libraries (WorldCat)].<br>
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*Simons, Franklin Pierce. ''A Treatise on the Probate Practice and Law of Estates in the State of Illinois''....Chicago: Callaghan &amp; Co., 1907. View at [http://www.archive.org/details/probatepracticel01simo Internet Archive]. Available at [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AA+Treatise+on+the+Probate+Practice+and+Law+of+Estates+in+the+State+of+Illinois+au%3Asimons&fq=x0%3Abook&qt=advanced&dblist=638 many libraries (WorldCat)].<br>
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*Starr, Merritt and Russell H. Curtis, editors. ''Annotated Statutes of the State of Illinois in Force January 1, 1885 ....''Volume I. Chicago: Callaghan &amp; Co., 1885. View at [http://books.google.com/books?id=RDwlAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=illinois+statutes&hl=en&ei=uiizTNDDF46gsQOh0Y3zAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CF4Q6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q&f=false Google Books] using the search term "probate" for references specific to probate. Available at [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AAnnotated+Statutes+of+the+State+of+Illinois+in+Force+January+1%2C+1885+au%3Astarr&fq=x0%3Abook&qt=advanced&dblist=638 many libraries (WorldCat)].<br>
  
Online digital versions of state statutes can often be found by conducting a search engine search for the term, "Illinois statutes." The following are examples of free, digital books related to Illinois probate laws:
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Current laws are offered online by the Illinois General Assembly as [http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs.asp ''Illinois Compiled Statutes''].
  
*Brayman, Mason. ''Revised Statutes of the State of Illinois''....Springfield: Walters &amp; Weber, 1845. View at [http://books.google.com/books?id=1JwSAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=illinois+statutes&hl=en&ei=wR-zTK2YGYf4sAPEpozfDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CFAQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q&f=false Google Books] using the search term "probate" for references specific to probate.
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Additional information about Illinois state statutes relating to probate matters can be found at law libraries.
*Hurd, Harvey Bostwick, editor. ''Revised Statutes of the State of Illinois. 1877.''...Chicago: Chicago Legal News Co., 1877. View at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t9gnAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=illinois+statutes&hl=en&ei=wR-zTK2YGYf4sAPEpozfDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CFUQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q&f=false Google Books] using the search term "probate" for references specific to probate.
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*Jones, William C. ''A Practical Treatise upon the Jurisdiction of...Probate Courts of Illinois....''Chicago: T.H. Flood &amp; Co., 1892. View at [http://www.archive.org/details/jurisdictionofpr00jone Internet Archive].<br>
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*North, Levi. ''A Treatise on the Practice in Probate Courts...in the State of Illinois....''Chicago: Callaghan &amp; Co., 1875. View at [http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924024669115 Internet Archive].<br>
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*Simons, Franklin Pierce. ''A Treatise on the Probate Practice and Law of Estates in the State of Illinois''....Chicago: Callaghan &amp; Co., 1907. View at [http://www.archive.org/details/probatepracticel01simo Internet Archive].<br>
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*Starr, Merritt and Russell H. Curtis, editors. ''Annotated Statutes of the State of Illinois in Force January 1, 1885 ....''Volume I. Chicago: Callaghan &amp; Co., 1885. View at [http://books.google.com/books?id=RDwlAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=illinois+statutes&hl=en&ei=uiizTNDDF46gsQOh0Y3zAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CF4Q6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q&f=false Google Books] using the search term "probate" for references specific to probate.
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=== Learn More  ===
 
=== Learn More  ===
  
*Anne Roach, ''[https://fch.ldschurch.org/WWSupport/Courses/FamilyHistoryLibraryExport/Goldmine__Beyond_the_Court_Order_Book/Player.html Courthouse Records Overview]'' (35 minute online video) [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/education/frameset_education.asp?PAGE=education_research_series_online.asp%3FActiveTab=2 FamilySearch Research Classes Online], 2010.<br>  
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*Anne Roach, ''[http://fch.ldschurch.org/WWSupport/Courses/FamilyHistoryLibraryExport/Goldmine__Beyond_the_Court_Order_Book/Player.html Courthouse Records Overview]'' (35 minute online video) [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/education/frameset_education.asp?PAGE=education_research_series_online.asp%3FActiveTab=2 FamilySearch Research Classes Online], 2010.<br>  
*Rose, Christine.''Courthouse Research for Family Historians: Your Guide to Genealogical Treasures.'' San Jose, California: CR Publications, 2004. Of particular interest are the chapters, "Estates Galore," "Estate Documents," "Milking Every Clue from Estates," and "Strategies that Work."  
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*Rose, Christine. ''Courthouse Research for Family Historians: Your Guide to Genealogical Treasures.'' San Jose, California: CR Publications, 2004. Of particular interest are the chapters, "Estates Galore," "Estate Documents," "Milking Every Clue from Estates," and "Strategies that Work." [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3ACourthouse+Research+for+Family+Historians+au%3Arose&fq=yr%3A2004+%3E+%3E+x0%3Abook&qt=advanced&dblist=638 Many libraries (WorldCat)]; {{FHL|1202197|item|disp=FHL 929.1072 R72c}}
*Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, editors. ''The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy.'' Third edition. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, Inc., 2006. Of particular interest is the section, "Probate," pages 268 - 277.
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*Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, editors. ''The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy.'' Third edition. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, Inc., 2006. Of particular interest is the section, "Probate," pages 268 - 277. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AThe+Source%3A+A+Guidebook+to+American+Genealogy.++au%3Aszucs&fq=yr%3A2006+%3E+%3E+x0%3Abook&qt=advanced&dblist=638 Many libraries (WorldCat)]; {{FHL|1211475|item|disp=FHL 973 D27ts 2006}}<br>
  
=== Sources ===
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== References ==
  
*Eichholz, Alice, Editor. ''Redbook: American State, County, and Town Sources.'' Third Edition. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004, 185.
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<references />
*Greenwood, Val D. Third edition. ''The Researcher's Guide to American Genealogy. ''Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 2000, 346.
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*Pease, Theodore Calvin. "The County Archives of the State of Illinois." Clarence Walworth Alvord, editor. ''Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library.'' Volume XII. Springfield, Ill.: Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, 1915. Chap. IV, pp. lxxviii-lxxxi. View a free digital version online at [http://books.google.com/books?id=kVVIAAAAYAAJ&pg=PR127&dq=illinois+probate&hl=en&ei=-Q2zTIvZEYu0sAP295T4Cg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CF0Q6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=illinois%20probate&f=false Google Books].
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{{Illinois|Illinois}}
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'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
  
<br> {{Illinois|Illinois}}
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[[Illinois Probate Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Illinois Probate Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
  
[[Category:Illinois|Probate]]
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[[Category:Illinois|Probate]] [[Category:United_States_Probate_Records]]

Revision as of 22:32, 5 February 2013

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Illinois Gotoarrow.png Illinois Probate

Illinois Probate Records DGS Appointment

Contents

Record Synopsis

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[1] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. These documents are extremely valuable to genealogists and should not be neglected. In many instances, they are the only known source of relevant information such as the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence. They may also include information about adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents.

Explore more about the probate process, limitations of probate recordsanalyzing probate records, a glossary of probate terms, wills, and United States Probate Records.

History

Variations existed within counties as probate jurisdictions and county boundaries changed over the years.

Territorial (1787 - 1818)
County Probate Judge and Clerk (1787 - 1795)
Orphans Court composed of Justices of Quarter Sessions (1795 - 1805)
Court of Common Pleas (1805 - 1816)
Clerk of County Court (1816 - 1819)

State (1818 - present)
Clerk of County Court (1816 - 1819)
Clerk of County's Commissioners' Court (1819 - 1821)
County Probate Court (1821 - 1848)
County Probate Court (for counties with 50,000+ population) (1870 - 1964)
County Court (1848 - 1964)
Circuit Court (1964 - present)

Searching Probate Records

It is usually best to start a probate search at the county level. Links to county pages appear below. Additional resources for Illinois probates may be found in the Illinois-Probate topic page of the Family History Library catalog (FHLC). Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at FamilySearch Centers. Also find Illinois Probate resources available at many libraries (WorldCat). Explore how to search WorldCat and the FHLC.

Web Sites

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Illinois Probate Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Published Materials

  • Eichholz, Alice, Editor. Redbook: American State, County, and Town Sources. Third Edition. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004, 185. FHL 973 D27rb 2004
  • Greenwood, Val D. Third edition. The Researcher's Guide to American Genealogy. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 2000, 346. Many libraries (WorldCat); FHL 973 D27g 2000
  • Pease, Theodore Calvin. "The County Archives of the State of Illinois." Clarence Walworth Alvord, editor. Collections of the Illinois State Historical Library. Volume XII. Springfield, Ill.: Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, 1915. Chap. IV, pp. lxxviii-lxxxi. View a free digital version online at Google Books.

State Statutes

Understanding the Illinois probate laws and how they changed over time can help us learn how the estate was administered, taxed, and distributed and might help to solve difficult genealogical problems.

Online digital versions of state statutes can often be found by conducting a search engine search for the term, "Illinois statutes." The following are examples of books related to Illinois probate laws:

  • Pease, Theodore Calvin. The Laws of the Northwest Territory, 1788-1800. Springfield, Illinois: Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, [1925]. Many libraries (WorldCat); FHL fiche
  • Brayman, Mason. Revised Statutes of the State of Illinois....Springfield: Walters & Weber, 1845. View at Google Books using the search term "probate" for references specific to probate. Available at many libraries (WorldCat).
  • Hurd, Harvey Bostwick, editor. Revised Statutes of the State of Illinois. 1877....Chicago: Chicago Legal News Co., 1877. View at Google Books using the search term "probate" for references specific to probate. This and other years by this author available at many libraries (WorldCat).
  • Jones, William C. A Practical Treatise upon the Jurisdiction of...Probate Courts of Illinois....Chicago: T.H. Flood & Co., 1892. View at Internet Archive.
  • North, Levi. A Treatise on the Practice in Probate Courts...in the State of Illinois....Chicago: Callaghan & Co., 1875. View at Internet Archive. Available at many libraries (WorldCat).
  • Simons, Franklin Pierce. A Treatise on the Probate Practice and Law of Estates in the State of Illinois....Chicago: Callaghan & Co., 1907. View at Internet Archive. Available at many libraries (WorldCat).
  • Starr, Merritt and Russell H. Curtis, editors. Annotated Statutes of the State of Illinois in Force January 1, 1885 ....Volume I. Chicago: Callaghan & Co., 1885. View at Google Books using the search term "probate" for references specific to probate. Available at many libraries (WorldCat).

Current laws are offered online by the Illinois General Assembly as Illinois Compiled Statutes.

Additional information about Illinois state statutes relating to probate matters can be found at law libraries.

Learn More

References

  1. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Illinois Probate Books (FamilySearch Historical Records)