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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Probate Records|Probate Records]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Indiana_Probate_Records|Indiana Probate]]''
  
=== '''Record Synopsis'''  ===
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{{Adoption Indiana Genealogical Society}}
  
Probate encompasses all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, whether there is a will (testate) or not (intestate). Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. These documents are extremely valuable to genealogists and should not be neglected. In many instances, they are the only known source of relevant information such as the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence. They may also include information about adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents. Probate records may not give an exact death date, but the death most often occurred within a few months of the date of probate. Wills usually mention the names of heirs and frequently specify how those heirs are related. Names of children are given, as well as married names of daughters.
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== Record Synposis  ==
  
'''Cautions'''  
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Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”<ref>Henry Campbell Black, ''Black's Law Dictionary,'' 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."</ref> Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. These documents are extremely valuable to genealogists and should not be neglected. In many instances, they are the only known source of relevant information such as the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence. They may also include information about adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents. For further information about&nbsp;the probate process,&nbsp;types of probate records,&nbsp;analyzing probate records, and to access a glossary of probate terms, see [[United_States_Probate_Records|United States Probate Records]].
  
*Those named in the will are not necessarily related to the testator.
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== History ==
*A wife is not necessarily the mother of the children named.
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*Probate records can be filed in more than one cabinet, ledger, or packet and in more than one office.
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=== Jurisdictions<br> ===
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Until statehood, the following courts had jurisdiction:  
 
Until statehood, the following courts had jurisdiction:  
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In 1829 a separate Probate Court was legislated and, with it, separate Probate Order Books. This court was replaced in 1853 with the Court of Common Pleas. It was abolished in 1873 and its jurisdiction was transferred to the Circuit Court. Many Order Books continued sequential numbering. For most counties, the court with probate jurisdiction has been the Circuit Court. Certain exceptions exist. Superior Courts in Lake, Laporte and Porter counties, for example, have had probate jurisdiction since 1899, and separate Probate Courts were created in Marion (1907), Vanderburgh (1919), and St. Joseph (1945) counties.  
 
In 1829 a separate Probate Court was legislated and, with it, separate Probate Order Books. This court was replaced in 1853 with the Court of Common Pleas. It was abolished in 1873 and its jurisdiction was transferred to the Circuit Court. Many Order Books continued sequential numbering. For most counties, the court with probate jurisdiction has been the Circuit Court. Certain exceptions exist. Superior Courts in Lake, Laporte and Porter counties, for example, have had probate jurisdiction since 1899, and separate Probate Courts were created in Marion (1907), Vanderburgh (1919), and St. Joseph (1945) counties.  
  
=== Obtaining the Records<br> ===
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== State Statutes  ==
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Understanding the Indiana probate laws and how they changed over time can help us learn how the estate was administered, taxed, and distributed and might help to solve difficult genealogical problems. Online digital versions of state statutes can often be found by conducting a search engine search for the term, "Indiana statutes."<br>  
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== Repositories  ==
  
'''Indexes'''
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==== Local  ====
  
A statewide index to the names of persons who left wills in Indiana through 1880 is available in:
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==== Regional  ====
  
*Franklin, Charles M. ''Index to Indiana Wills: Phase 1, through 1850; Phase 2, 1850 through 1880''. Two volumes. Indianapolis, Indiana: Heritage House, 1986-1987. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=977.2+P22f 977.2 P22f].) This provides name, year, county, volume, and page.
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==== National  ====
  
'''National Repositories'''
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The Family History Library has microfilmed Probate Order Books and Probate Complete Order Books for over half of the counties in Indiana. Do not overlook the ''Complete, or Final, Probate Order Book''. When an estate was settled, the clerk copied into these ledgers all the original papers, including bonds, wills, inventories, sale bills, settlements, and distribution of assets.
  
The Family History Library has microfilmed Probate Order Books and Probate Complete Order Books for over half of the counties in Indiana. Do not overlook the ''Complete, or Final, Probate Order Book''. When an estate was settled, the clerk copied into these ledgers all the original papers, including bonds, wills, inventories, sale bills, settlements, and distribution of assets. Following is an example of the types of records that are filmed. These Franklin County records are on Family History Library microfilms:
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== Statewide Record Collections  ==
  
*Will Records (1813–1925)
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== Learn More  ==
*Probate Order Books (1811–1920)
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*Probate Complete Order Books (1830–1869)
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*Estate inventories (1811–1831)
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*Partition records (1860–1872)
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*Probate fee book (1831–1839)
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Probate records are listed in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
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*Anne Roach, ''[https://fch.ldschurch.org/WWSupport/Courses/FamilyHistoryLibraryExport/Goldmine__Beyond_the_Court_Order_Book/Player.html Courthouse Records Overview]'' (35 minute online video)
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*[https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/home.html FamilySearch Research Classes Online], 2010.
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*Eichholz, Alice, Editor. ''Redbook: American State, County, and Town Sources.'' Third Edition. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004, p. 210. {{FHL|1185723|item}}
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*Rose, Christine.''Courthouse Research for Family Historians: Your Guide to Genealogical Treasures.'' San Jose, California: CR Publications, 2004.&nbsp; {{FHL|1202197|item}}
  
INDIANA- PROBATE RECORDS
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==== Published Materials  ====
  
INDIANA, [COUNTY]- PROBATE RECORDS
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*Franklin, Charles M. ''Index to Indiana Wills: Phase 1, through 1850; Phase 2, 1850 through 1880''. Two volumes. Indianapolis, Indiana: Heritage House, 1986-1987. This provides name, year, county, volume, and page. {{FHL|452121|item}}
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*Heiss, Willard, et al. editors. ''Indiana Source Book: Genealogical Material from the Hoosier Genealogist.'' 10 volumes to date. Indianapolis, Indiana: Indiana Historical Society, Family History Section, 1977-. {{FHL|360073|item}} These volumes include transcripts of wills and other records appearing in this periodical from 1961 - 1996.
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*Moudy, Vera Mae (Ginder). ''Directory, Wills and Estate Information in Genealogy Dept., Indiana State Library''. Indianapolis, Indiana: Ye Olde Genealogie Shoppe, 1981. This is a county-by-county list of books and films at the Indiana State Library. {{FHL|418740|item}}
  
'''Probate Record Inventories'''
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==== Websites  ====
  
Lists of wills and will abstracts for many counties are found in:  
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*[http://www.deathindexes.com/indiana/ Deathindexes.com] provides links to several Indiana probate records.
  
*''Indiana Source Book: Genealogical Material from the Hoosier Genealogist'', includes over 175,000 indexed names.
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==== References  ====
*Moudy, Vera Mae (Ginder). ''Directory, Wills and Estate Information in Genealogy Dept., Indiana State Library''. Indianapolis, Indiana: Ye Olde Genealogie Shoppe, 1981. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=418740&disp=Directory%2C+wills+and+estates+informati%20%20&columns=*,0,0 977.2 P23m].) This is a county-by-county list of books and films at the Indiana State Library.
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=== Web Sites  ===
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<references />
  
*[http://www.deathindexes.com/indiana/ Deathindexes.com] provides links to several Indiana probate records.
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{{Indiana|Indiana}}
*[http://www.umw.edu/cas/historicpreservation/research_resources/default.php The University of Mary Washington] has indexed and transcribed probate inventories for Dearborn, Franklin, and Ripley counties.
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[[Category:Indiana|Probate]]
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[[Category:Indiana|Probate]] [[Category:United_States_Probate_Records|Indiana]]

Latest revision as of 03:47, 11 November 2012

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Contents

Record Synposis

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[1] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. These documents are extremely valuable to genealogists and should not be neglected. In many instances, they are the only known source of relevant information such as the decedent’s date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence. They may also include information about adoption or guardianship of minor children and dependents. For further information about the probate process, types of probate records, analyzing probate records, and to access a glossary of probate terms, see United States Probate Records.

History

Until statehood, the following courts had jurisdiction:

  • Probate Court (1790–1805),
  • Orphans Court (1795– 1805),
  • Court of Common Pleas (1806–1813),
  • Circuit Court (1814–1816).

Wills were to be recorded in separate ledgers (1807–1816). After statehood, the Circuit Court (1817–1830), had probate jurisdiction, but separate ledgers rarely were kept, especially prior to 1825, and most courts mixed probate proceedings with other court actions. While many courts began keeping separate probate ledgers in 1825, the primary ledger was called a "Record of Last Wills and Testamentary." Many wills were recorded here and, upon rebinding, were called "Will Records." Not all wills, however, were recorded in this ledger.

In 1829 a separate Probate Court was legislated and, with it, separate Probate Order Books. This court was replaced in 1853 with the Court of Common Pleas. It was abolished in 1873 and its jurisdiction was transferred to the Circuit Court. Many Order Books continued sequential numbering. For most counties, the court with probate jurisdiction has been the Circuit Court. Certain exceptions exist. Superior Courts in Lake, Laporte and Porter counties, for example, have had probate jurisdiction since 1899, and separate Probate Courts were created in Marion (1907), Vanderburgh (1919), and St. Joseph (1945) counties.

State Statutes

Understanding the Indiana probate laws and how they changed over time can help us learn how the estate was administered, taxed, and distributed and might help to solve difficult genealogical problems. Online digital versions of state statutes can often be found by conducting a search engine search for the term, "Indiana statutes."

Repositories

Local

Regional

National

The Family History Library has microfilmed Probate Order Books and Probate Complete Order Books for over half of the counties in Indiana. Do not overlook the Complete, or Final, Probate Order Book. When an estate was settled, the clerk copied into these ledgers all the original papers, including bonds, wills, inventories, sale bills, settlements, and distribution of assets.

Statewide Record Collections

Learn More

Published Materials

  • Franklin, Charles M. Index to Indiana Wills: Phase 1, through 1850; Phase 2, 1850 through 1880. Two volumes. Indianapolis, Indiana: Heritage House, 1986-1987. This provides name, year, county, volume, and page. FHL Collection
  • Heiss, Willard, et al. editors. Indiana Source Book: Genealogical Material from the Hoosier Genealogist. 10 volumes to date. Indianapolis, Indiana: Indiana Historical Society, Family History Section, 1977-. FHL Collection These volumes include transcripts of wills and other records appearing in this periodical from 1961 - 1996.
  • Moudy, Vera Mae (Ginder). Directory, Wills and Estate Information in Genealogy Dept., Indiana State Library. Indianapolis, Indiana: Ye Olde Genealogie Shoppe, 1981. This is a county-by-county list of books and films at the Indiana State Library. FHL Collection

Websites

References

  1. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."

 

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  • This page was last modified on 11 November 2012, at 03:47.
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