Indians of Florida

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Florida]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Indians_of_Florida]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Florida]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Indians_of_Florida]]''  
  
The word Florida originates with a Spanish word meaning "feast of flowers".[[Image:Seminole-portraits.jpg|thumb|right|250px]]  
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The word Florida originates with a Spanish word meaning "feast of flowers".[[Image:Seminole-portraits.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Seminole-portraits.jpg]]  
  
 
== Tribes and Bands of Florida  ==
 
== Tribes and Bands of Florida  ==
  
A list of American Indians who have lived in Florida was compiled by John R. Swanton in his ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/southcarolina/index.htm Available online].</ref> Many of the tribes in this list may have had very limited contact with the area which became Florida. Some have become extinct or have been consolidated with other tribes. Some may simply be variant spellings.  
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A list of American Indians who have lived in Florida was compiled by John R. Swanton in his ''The Indian Tribes of North America.''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/southcarolina/index.htm Available online].</ref> Many of the tribes in this list may have had very limited contact with the area which became Florida. Some have become extinct or have been consolidated with other tribes. Some may simply be variant spellings.  
  
Acuera, Aguacaleyquen, Ais, Alabama, Amacono, Amacapiras, Apalachee, [[Apalachicola Indians|Apalachicola]], Calusa, Caparaz, Chatot, Chiaha, Chilucan, Chine, [[Creek Indians|Creek]], Fresh Water Indians, Guacata, Guale, Hitchiti, Icafui, Jeaga, Koasati, Macapiras or Amacapiras, [[Miccosukee Indians|Miccosukee]] or Mikasuki, Mococo or Mucoco, Muklasa, [[Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma|Muskogee]], Ocale or Etocale, Ocita, Oconee, Onatheaqua, Osochi, Pawokti, Pensacola, Pohoy, Pooy or Posoy, Potano, Saturiwa, Sawokli, [[Seminole Indians|Seminole,]] Surruque, Tacatacuru, Tawasa, Tekesta or Tequesta, Tocoboga, Ucita, Utica or Timucua, Yamasee, [[Yuchi Indians|Yuchi,]] Yufera, Yui, and Yustaga  
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acuera Acuera], Aguacaleyquen, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ais_people Ais], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alabama_Indians Alabama], Amacono, Amacapiras, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apalachee Apalachee], [[Apalachicola Indians|Apalachicola]], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calusa Calusa], Caparaz, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chatot_(tribe) Chatot], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chiaha Chiaha], Chilucan, Chine, [[Creek Indians|Creek]], Fresh Water Indians, Guacata, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guale Guale], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hitchiti Hitchiti], Icafui, Jeaga, Koasati, Macapiras or Amacapiras, [[Miccosukee Indians|Miccosukee]] or Mikasuki, Mococo or Mucoco, Muklasa, [[Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Oklahoma|Muskogee]], Ocale or Etocale, Ocita, Oconee, Onatheaqua, Osochi, Pawokti, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pensacola_people Pensacola], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pohoy Pohoy], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pooy Pooy] or Posoy, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potano Potano], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saturiwa Saturiwa], Sawokli, [[Seminole Indians|Seminole,]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surruque Surruque], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tacatacuru Tacatacuru], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tawasa Tawasa], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tekesta Tekesta] or Tequesta, Tocoboga, Ucita, Utica or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timucua Timucua], [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamasee Yamasee], [[Yuchi Indians|Yuchi,]] Yufera, Yui, and Yustaga  
  
 
Other tribes may have also been residents of the area of Florida, at least for a short time.  
 
Other tribes may have also been residents of the area of Florida, at least for a short time.  
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===== Tribe Recognized by the State of Florida  =====
 
===== Tribe Recognized by the State of Florida  =====
  
Oklevuaha Band of Yamassee
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Oklevuaha Band of Yamassee  
  
 
== Agencies and Subagencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ==
 
== Agencies and Subagencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ==
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*[[Miccosukee Indian Agency (Florida)|Miccosukee Agency]]  
 
*[[Miccosukee Indian Agency (Florida)|Miccosukee Agency]]  
 
*[[Seminole Indian Agency (Florida)|Seminole Agency]] 1824-1876
 
*[[Seminole Indian Agency (Florida)|Seminole Agency]] 1824-1876
 
== Family History Library  ==
 
  
 
[[Florida Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Florida Superintendency]] 1824-1853  
 
[[Florida Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Florida Superintendency]] 1824-1853  
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The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.  
 
The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.  
  
For a current reservation map, see [http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/printableViewer.htm?imgF=images/preview/fedlands/FL.gif&imgW=588&imgH=450 Florida - Indian Reservations ]- ''The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations'', by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.  
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For a current reservation map, see [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/FL.pdf Florida - Indian Reservations] - ''The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations'', by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.  
  
 
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/fl.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book {{FHL|433280|title-id|disp=973 E5}})</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.  
 
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/fl.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book {{FHL|433280|title-id|disp=973 E5}})</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.  
  
*Big Cypress Reservation''': '''Federal, Tribe: Seminole  
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*[[Big_Cypress_Reservation,_Florida|Big Cypress Reservation]]''': '''Federal, Tribe: Seminole  
*Brighton Reservation''': '''Federal, Tribe: Seminole  
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*[[Brighton_Reservation,_Florida|Brighton Reservation]]''': '''Federal, Tribe: Seminole  
 
*Creek Reservation  
 
*Creek Reservation  
 
*Dania Reservation  
 
*Dania Reservation  
 
*Florida Reservation (1839-1847)  
 
*Florida Reservation (1839-1847)  
*Florida State Indian Reservation:State, Broward County, Tribes: Miccosukee and Seminole  
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*[[Florida_State_Indian_Reservation|Florida State Indian Reservation]]:State, Broward County, Tribes: Miccosukee and Seminole  
*Hollywood Reservation''': '''Federal, Tribe: Seminole  
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*[[Hollywood_Reservation,_Florida|Hollywood Reservation]]''': '''Federal, Tribe: Seminole  
 
*Immokalee Reservation  
 
*Immokalee Reservation  
*Miccosukee Reservation:Federal, Tribe: Miccosukee  
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*[[Miccosukee_Reservation,_Florida|Miccosukee Reservation]]:Federal, Tribe: Miccosukee  
 
*[[Seminole Indian Reservation (Oklahoma)|Seminole Reservation]]:Federal,under jurisdiction of [[Seminole Indian Agency (Florida)|Seminole Agency]], Tribe: Wewokaof Oklahoma  
 
*[[Seminole Indian Reservation (Oklahoma)|Seminole Reservation]]:Federal,under jurisdiction of [[Seminole Indian Agency (Florida)|Seminole Agency]], Tribe: Wewokaof Oklahoma  
 
*Tampa Reservation
 
*Tampa Reservation
  
== '''See Also:'''  ==
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== '''See Also'''  ==
  
 
*[[Florida History|Florida - History]]  
 
*[[Florida History|Florida - History]]  
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*[http://beyreuth.net/NatAmer/index.html Florida Native American Heritage]
 
*[http://beyreuth.net/NatAmer/index.html Florida Native American Heritage]
  
== References  ==
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== Bibliography  ==
 
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<references />
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==== Bibliography  ====
+
  
 
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.  
 
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.  
 
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.  
 
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.  
*Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. Surviving Indian Groups in the Eastern United States. Pp. 407-438 of the Smithsonian Report for 1948. [http://picasaweb.google.com/craingen/Surviving_Indian_Groups# Available online].  
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*Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. ''Surviving Indian Groups in the Eastern United States''. Pp. 407-438 of the Smithsonian Report for 1948. [http://picasaweb.google.com/craingen/Surviving_Indian_Groups# Available online].  
 
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.  
 
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.  
 
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.  
 
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.  
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*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/florida/index.htm Available online].
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/florida/index.htm Available online].
  
{{American Indian}} {{Florida|Florida}}  
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== References  ==
 +
 
 +
<references />
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<br>{{American Indian}} {{Florida|Florida}}  
  
 
[[Category:Florida]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
 
[[Category:Florida]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 18:48, 19 November 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Florida Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians_of_Florida

The word Florida originates with a Spanish word meaning "feast of flowers".
Seminole-portraits.jpg

Contents

Tribes and Bands of Florida

A list of American Indians who have lived in Florida was compiled by John R. Swanton in his The Indian Tribes of North America.[1] Many of the tribes in this list may have had very limited contact with the area which became Florida. Some have become extinct or have been consolidated with other tribes. Some may simply be variant spellings.

Acuera, Aguacaleyquen, Ais, Alabama, Amacono, Amacapiras, Apalachee, Apalachicola, Calusa, Caparaz, Chatot, Chiaha, Chilucan, Chine, Creek, Fresh Water Indians, Guacata, Guale, Hitchiti, Icafui, Jeaga, Koasati, Macapiras or Amacapiras, Miccosukee or Mikasuki, Mococo or Mucoco, Muklasa, Muskogee, Ocale or Etocale, Ocita, Oconee, Onatheaqua, Osochi, Pawokti, Pensacola, Pohoy, Pooy or Posoy, Potano, Saturiwa, Sawokli, Seminole, Surruque, Tacatacuru, Tawasa, Tekesta or Tequesta, Tocoboga, Ucita, Utica or Timucua, Yamasee, Yuchi, Yufera, Yui, and Yustaga

Other tribes may have also been residents of the area of Florida, at least for a short time.

Tribe Recognized by the State of Florida

Oklevuaha Band of Yamassee

Agencies and Subagencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.

The following list of agencies or subagencies, that have operated or now exist in Florida, was compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[2], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[3], and others.

Florida Superintendency 1824-1853

Reservations

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. Sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

For a current reservation map, see Florida - Indian Reservations - The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations, by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[4], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[5], and other sources. Those reservations named in bold are current federally recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

See Also

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Gilbert, William Harlen, Jr. Surviving Indian Groups in the Eastern United States. Pp. 407-438 of the Smithsonian Report for 1948. Available online.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.

References

  1. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  2. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
  3. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)
  4. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  5. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book 973 E5)