Indians of Kansas

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The word Kansas comes from a Sioux word meaning "people of the south wind"  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Kansas]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Indians_of_Kansas|Indians of Kansas]]''
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The word Kansas comes from a Sioux word meaning "people of the south wind" <br>
  
 
== Tribes and Bands of Kansas  ==
 
== Tribes and Bands of Kansas  ==
  
 
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Kansas has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/kansas/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
 
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Kansas has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/kansas/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
 +
 +
<br>
  
 
=== Tribes  ===
 
=== Tribes  ===
  
Apache, Arapaho, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Comanche, Delaware, Illinois, Iowa, Iroquois, Jicarilla, Kansa, Kaskaskia (New York Indians), Kaw, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Kiowa-Apache, Miami, Missouri, Munsee, Osage, Oto, Ottawa, Pawnee, Peoria, Piankashaw, Potawatomi, Prairie Band of Potawatomi, Quapaw, Sac and Fox - Musquacki (of Mississippi and Missouri), Seneca, Shawnee, Southern Cheyenne, Wea, Wyandotte
+
[[Apache Indians|Apache,]] [[Arapaho Indians|Arapaho]], [[Cheyenne Indians|Cheyenne,]] [[Chippewa Indians|Chippewa,]] [[Comanche Indians|Comanche,]] [[Delaware Indians|Delaware]], Fox, Illinois, [[Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska|Iowa]], [[Kansa Indians|Kansa]], Kaskaskia, [[Kaw Indians|Kaw,]] [[Kickapoo Indians|Kickapoo]], [[Kiowa Indians|Kiowa]], Kiowa-Apache, [[Miami Indians|Miami,]] Missouri, [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/delaware/munseeindianhist.htm Munsee],&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Osage Indians|Osage,]] [[Oto Indians|Oto]], [[Ottawa Indians|Ottawa,]] [[Pawnee Indians|Pawnee,]] [[Peoria Indians|Peoria]], Piankashaw, [[Potawatomi Indians|Potawatomi,]]&nbsp;[[Quapaw Indians|Quapaw,]] [[Sac and Fox Tribe|Sac and Fox -]] Musquacki (of Mississippi and Missouri),&nbsp; Sauk, [[Seneca Indians|Seneca,]] [[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]], Southern Cheyenne, Wea, [[Wyandot Indians|Wyandot]]
  
 
=== Bands  ===
 
=== Bands  ===
  
Black Bob's Band of Shawnee, Prairie Band Potawatomi, Sac and Fox of Kansas  
+
Black Bob's Band of Shawnee, [[Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation, Kansas|Prairie Band Potawatomi]], [[Sac and Fox Tribe|Sac and Fox of]] Kansas
 
+
== Reservations  ==
+
 
+
From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.
+
 
+
Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.
+
 
+
The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.
+
 
+
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/ks.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;amp;titleno=433280&amp;amp;amp;amp;disp=Omni+gazetteer+of+the+United+States+of+A%20%20&amp;amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 973 E5])</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.
+
 
+
*[[Chippewa_-_Munsee_Indian_Reservation_(Kansas)|Chippewa - Munsee Reservation]]
+
*'''[[Iowa Indian Reservation (Kansas)|Iowa]] Reservation '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Horton Agency, Tribe: Iowa
+
*'''[[Kickapoo Indian Reservation (Kansas)|Kickapoo]] Reservation '''State, under jurisdiction of Horton Agency, Tribe: Kickapoo
+
*Ottawa Reservation
+
*'''Prairie [[Potawatomi Indian Reservation (Kansas)|Potawatomi]] Reservation '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Horton Agency, Tribe: Potawatomi
+
*Peoria Reservation
+
*Potawatomi Reservation
+
*[[Sauk_and_Fox_Indian_Reservation_(Kansas)|'''Sauk and Fox Reservation''']]  
+
*Shawnee Reservation (1854)
+
*Wyandot Reservation
+
  
 
== Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ==
 
== Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ==
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[[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Agencies]] and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.  
 
[[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Agencies]] and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.  
  
The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Kansas has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=247426&amp;disp=The+Office+of+Indian+Affairs%2C+1824%2D1%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551o].)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=207428&amp;disp=Guide+to+records+in+the+National+Archive%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551g].)</ref>, and others.  
+
The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Kansas has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library {{FHL|247426|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551o}}.)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551g}}.)</ref>, and others.  
  
 
*[[Delaware Indian Agency (Kansas)|Delaware Agency]]  
 
*[[Delaware Indian Agency (Kansas)|Delaware Agency]]  
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*[[Great Nemaha Indian Agency (Kansas)|Great Nemaha Agency]]  
 
*[[Great Nemaha Indian Agency (Kansas)|Great Nemaha Agency]]  
 
*[[Haskell Indian Agency (Kansas)|Haskell Agency and Institute]]  
 
*[[Haskell Indian Agency (Kansas)|Haskell Agency and Institute]]  
*[[Horton Indian Agency (Kansas)|Horton Agency]], P.O. Box 31,Horton, KS 66439  
+
*[[Horton Indian Agency (Kansas)|Horton Agency]], P.O. Box 31, Horton, KS 66439  
*Jicarilla Agency
+
*[[Kansas Indian Agency (Kansas)|Kansas Agency]]  
*[[Kansas Indian Agency (Kansas)|Kansas Agency]]&nbsp;
+
 
*[[Kickapoo Indian Agency (Kansas)|Kickapoo Agency]]  
 
*[[Kickapoo Indian Agency (Kansas)|Kickapoo Agency]]  
 
*[[Neosho Indian Agency (Kansas)|Neosho Agency]]  
 
*[[Neosho Indian Agency (Kansas)|Neosho Agency]]  
 
*[[Osage River Indian Agency (Kansas)|Osage River Agency]]  
 
*[[Osage River Indian Agency (Kansas)|Osage River Agency]]  
 
*[[Ottawa Indian Agency (Kansas)|Ottawa Agency]]  
 
*[[Ottawa Indian Agency (Kansas)|Ottawa Agency]]  
*Pawnee Agency
 
 
*[[Potawatomi Indian Agency (Kansas)|Potawatomi Agency]]  
 
*[[Potawatomi Indian Agency (Kansas)|Potawatomi Agency]]  
*Quapaw and Seneca Agency
 
 
*[[Shawnee Indian Agency (Kansas)|Shawnee Agency]] <br>  
 
*[[Shawnee Indian Agency (Kansas)|Shawnee Agency]] <br>  
*Southern Pueblo Agency
 
 
*[[Upper Arkansas Indian Agency|Upper Arkansas Agency]]  
 
*[[Upper Arkansas Indian Agency|Upper Arkansas Agency]]  
 
*[[Upper Missouri Indian Agency|Upper Missouri Agency]]  
 
*[[Upper Missouri Indian Agency|Upper Missouri Agency]]  
 
*[[Upper Platte Indian Agency|Upper Platte Agency]]  
 
*[[Upper Platte Indian Agency|Upper Platte Agency]]  
*Wichita Agency 1857-1878  
+
*[[Wichita Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Wichita Agency]] 1857-1878  
 
*[[Wyandot Indian Subagency (Kansas)|Wyandot Subagency]] 1839-1863, 1870-1872
 
*[[Wyandot Indian Subagency (Kansas)|Wyandot Subagency]] 1839-1863, 1870-1872
  
Line 69: Line 48:
 
In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. ([[American Indian School Records|read more...]])  
 
In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. ([[American Indian School Records|read more...]])  
  
The following list of Indian Schools in Kansas has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs..''.<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=247426&amp;disp=The+Office+of+Indian+Affairs%2C+1824%2D1%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551o].)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;titleno=207428&amp;disp=Guide+to+records+in+the+National+Archive%20%20&amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551g].)</ref>, and others.  
+
The following list of Indian Schools in Kansas has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs..''.<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library {{FHL|247426|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551o}}.)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551g}}.)</ref>, and others.  
  
 
*[[Hampton Institute (Kansas)|Hampton Institute]]  
 
*[[Hampton Institute (Kansas)|Hampton Institute]]  
 
*[[Haskell Institute|Haskell Institute]]  
 
*[[Haskell Institute|Haskell Institute]]  
*[[Kaw Mission School (Kansas)|Kaw Mission School]] <br>
+
*[[Kaw Mission School (Kansas)|Kaw Mission School]]  
 
*[[Kickapoo Indian School (Kansas)|Kickapoo School]]
 
*[[Kickapoo Indian School (Kansas)|Kickapoo School]]
  
 
== Family History Library  ==
 
== Family History Library  ==
  
*John Gill Pratt Papers 1834-1899 13 films Family History Library &nbsp;1st film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=256509&disp=John+G%2E+Pratt+papers%2C+1834%2D1899+in%20%20&columns=*,0,0 0812758]
+
*John Gill Pratt Papers 1834-1899 13 films Family History Library &nbsp;1st film {{FHL|256509|title-id|disp=0812758}}
*Central Superintendency of Indian Affairs 1813-1878&nbsp; 108 films M 856 Family History Library&nbsp;1st film: [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=589935&disp=Records+of+the+Central+Superintendency+o%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1602893]
+
*Central Superintendency of Indian Affairs 1813-1878&nbsp; 108 films M 856 Family History Library&nbsp;1st film: {{FHL|589935|title-id|disp=1602893}}
  
 
== Online Links  ==
 
== Online Links  ==
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[http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/nativeam/ Kansas Native American Genealogy]  
 
[http://skyways.lib.ks.us/genweb/nativeam/ Kansas Native American Genealogy]  
  
[http://www.vlib.us/old_west/indian.html Kansas Plains and Emigrant Tribes]
+
[http://www.vlib.us/old_west/indian.html Kansas Plains and Emigrant Tribes]
 +
 
 +
== Reservations  ==
 +
 
 +
From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.
 +
 
 +
Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.
 +
 
 +
The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.
 +
 
 +
For a current reservation map -&nbsp;[http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/printableViewer.htm?imgF=images/preview/fedlands/KS.gif&imgW=588&imgH=450 Kansas - Indian Reservations ]- The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
 +
 
 +
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/ks.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book {{FHL|433280|title-id|disp=973 E5}})</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.
 +
 
 +
*[[Chippewa - Munsee Indian Reservation (Kansas)|Chippewa - Munsee Reservation]]
 +
*'''[[Iowa Indian Reservation (Kansas)|Iowa]] Reservation '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Horton Agency, Tribe: Iowa
 +
*'''[[Kickapoo Indian Reservation (Kansas)|Kickapoo]] Reservation '''State, under jurisdiction of Horton Agency, Tribe: Kickapoo
 +
*'''Prairie [[Potawatomi Indian Reservation (Kansas)|Potawatomi]] Reservation '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Horton Agency, Tribe: Potawatomi
 +
*[[Potawatomi Indian Reservation (Kansas)|Potawatomi Reservation]]
 +
*[[Sauk and Fox Indian Reservation (Kansas)|'''Sauk and Fox Reservation''']]
 +
 
 +
===== Superintendencies  =====
 +
 
 +
[[St. Louis Superintendency of Indian Affairs|St. Louis Superintendency]]
 +
 
 +
[[Central Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Central Superintendency]]  
  
 
== '''See Also:'''  ==
 
== '''See Also:'''  ==
  
*[[Kansas_Church_Records|Kansas Church&nbsp;Records]] for a list of missions  
+
*[[Kansas Church Records|Kansas Church&nbsp;Records]] for a list of missions  
 
*[[Kansas History|Kansas History]] for a calendar of events  
 
*[[Kansas History|Kansas History]] for a calendar of events  
*[[Kansas_Military_Records|Kansas Military Records]] for a list of forts
+
*[[Kansas Military Records|Kansas Military Records]] for a list of forts
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
Line 101: Line 105:
 
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.  
 
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.  
 
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.  
 
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.  
*Child, Brenda J. ''Boarding School Seasons: American Indian Families, 1900-1940''. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38601984&referer=brief_results WorldCat 38601984]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1123164&disp=Boarding+school+seasons%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 C436b].
+
*Child, Brenda J. ''Boarding School Seasons: American Indian Families, 1900-1940''. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/38601984&referer=brief_results WorldCat 38601984]; {{FHL|1123164|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 C436b}}.  
 
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.  
 
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.  
 
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.  
 
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.  
Line 107: Line 111:
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].  
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].  
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.  
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.  
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/ks.pdf Available online.]  
+
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/KS.pdf Available online].
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]  
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]  
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/kansas/index.htm Available online].
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/kansas/index.htm Available online].
 +
 +
{{American Indian}} {{Kansas|Kansas}}
  
 
[[Category:Kansas]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
 
[[Category:Kansas]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 16:31, 27 August 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Kansas Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians of Kansas

The word Kansas comes from a Sioux word meaning "people of the south wind"

Contents

Tribes and Bands of Kansas

The following list of American Indians who have lived in Kansas has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America[2]. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.


Tribes

Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Comanche, Delaware, Fox, Illinois, Iowa, Kansa, Kaskaskia, Kaw, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Kiowa-Apache, Miami, Missouri, Munsee,  Osage, Oto, Ottawa, Pawnee, Peoria, Piankashaw, Potawatomi, Quapaw, Sac and Fox - Musquacki (of Mississippi and Missouri),  Sauk, Seneca, Shawnee, Southern Cheyenne, Wea, Wyandot

Bands

Black Bob's Band of Shawnee, Prairie Band Potawatomi, Sac and Fox of Kansas

Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.

The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Kansas has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[3], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[4], and others.

Indian Schools

The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

The following list of Indian Schools in Kansas has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[5], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[6], and others.

Family History Library

  • John Gill Pratt Papers 1834-1899 13 films Family History Library  1st film 0812758
  • Central Superintendency of Indian Affairs 1813-1878  108 films M 856 Family History Library 1st film: 1602893

Online Links

Kansas Native American Genealogy

Kansas Plains and Emigrant Tribes

Reservations

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

For a current reservation map - Kansas - Indian Reservations - The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[7], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[8], and other sources. Those reservations named in bold are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

Superintendencies

St. Louis Superintendency

Central Superintendency

See Also:

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  3. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
  4. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)
  5. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
  6. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)
  7. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  8. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book 973 E5)

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Child, Brenda J. Boarding School Seasons: American Indian Families, 1900-1940. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000. WorldCat 38601984; FHL book 970.1 C436b.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.