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The word Kansas comes from a Sioux word meaning "people of the south wind"
Tribes and Bands of Kansas
The following list of tribes is compiled from:
- Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907.
- Swanton, John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution Bureau of Ethnology, Bulletin #145
Apache, Arapaho, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Comanche, Delaware, Illinois, Iowa, Iroquois, Jicarilla, Kansa, Kaskaskia (New York Indians), Kaw, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Kiowa-Apache, Miami, Missouri, Munsee, Osage, Oto, Ottawa, Pawnee, Peoria, Piankashaw, Potawatomi, Prairie Band of Potawatomi, Quapaw, Sac and Fox - Musquacki (of Mississippi and Missouri), Seneca, Shawnee, Southern Cheyenne, Wea, Wyandotte
Black Bob's Band of Shawnee, Prairie Band Potawatomi, Sac and Fox of Kansas
As identified in the National Atlas of the United States of America, the following reservation names in bold are current federally-recognized reservations:
- Chippewa - Munsee Reservation
- Iowa Reservation Federal, under jurisdiction of Horton Agency, Tribe: Iowa
- Kickapoo Reservation State, under jurisdiction of Horton Agency, Tribe: Kickapoo
- Ottawa Reservation
- Prairie Potawatomi Reservation Federal, under jurisdiction of Horton Agency, Tribe: Potawatomi
- Peoria Reservation
- Potawatomi Reservation
- Sac and Fox Reservation
- Shawnee Reservation (1854)
- Wyandot Reservation
- Isaacs, Katherine M., editor, Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Afffairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E. Indian Reservations, Onmigraphics, Inc., 1991.
Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs
Agencies were created as an administrative division of the federal government to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.
- Delaware Agency
- Drum Creek Agency
- Fort Leavenworth Agency
- Great Nemaha Agency
- Haskell Agency and Institute
- Horton Agency, P.O. Box 31,Horton, KS 66439
- Jicarilla Agency
- Kansas Agency
- Kickapoo Agency
- Neosho Agency
- Osage River Agency
- Ottawa Agency
- Pawnee Agency
- Potawatomi Agency
- Quapaw and Seneca Agency
- Shawnee Agency
- Southern Pueblo Agency
- Upper Arkansas Agency
- Upper Missouri Agency
- Upper Platte Agency
- Wichita Agency 1857-1878
- Wyandot Subagency 1839-1863, 1870-1872
- Hill, Edward E., The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches., Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc., 1974.
The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.
In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)
Family History Library
- John Gill Pratt Papers 1834-1899 13 films Family History Library 1st film 0812758
- Central Superintendency of Indian Affairs 1813-1878 108 films M 856 Family History Library 1st film: 1602893
Kansas Church for a list of missions
Kansas History for a calendar of events
Kansas Military for a list of forts
- "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
- Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
- National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
- Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
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