Indians of Nevada

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Nevada]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Indians_of_Nevada|Indians of Nevada]]''<br>
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== Tribes and Bands of Nevada  ==
 
== Tribes and Bands of Nevada  ==
  
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Nevada has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/nevada/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
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The following list of American Indians who have lived in Nevada has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref name="null">Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/nevada/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
  
==== Tribes: ====
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==== Tribes: ====
  
*[[Goshute_Indians|Gosiute]]
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*[[Goshute Indians|Gosiute]]  
*Koso (also known as Panamint)
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*Koso (also known as Panamint)  
*[[Paiute Indians|Paiute]] (Northern and Southern)
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*[[Paiute Indians|Paiute]] (Northern and Southern)
*[[Shoshone Indians|Shoshoni]]
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*Panamint&nbsp; (listed separate from Koso in Santon's- jeh)  
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*[[Pueblo_Indians|Pueblo]]
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*[[Shoshone Indians|Shoshoni]]
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*[[Ute_Indians|Ute]]  
 
*[[Washoe Indians|Washoe]]
 
*[[Washoe Indians|Washoe]]
  
==== Bands: ====
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==== Bands: ====
  
*Moapa Band of Paiute,  
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*[[Moapa Band of Paiute Indians, Nevada|Moapa Band of Paiute]]  
*South Fork Band of Shoshone
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*South Fork Band of Shoshone  
*Te-Moak Band of Western Shoshone
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*[[Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians, Nevada|Te-Moak Band of Western Shoshone]]  
*Yerington Paiute
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*[[Yerington Paiute Tribe, Nevada|Yerington Paiute]]
 
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== Reservations / Colonies  ==
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From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.
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Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.
+
 
+
The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.
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The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/nv.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.<br>
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*'''[[Battle Mountain Indian Colony (Nevada)|Battle Mountain Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni
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*'''[[Carson Indian Colony (Nevada)|Carson Colony]]:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdication of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe
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*'''[[Dresslerville Indian Colony (Nevada)|Dresslerville Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency., Tribe: Washoe
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*'''[[Duck Valley Indian Reservation (Idaho and Nevada)|Duck Valley Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribes: Shoshoni and Paiute
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*'''[[Duckwater Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Duckwater Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni
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*'''[[Elko Indian Colony (Nevada)|Elko Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni
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*'''Ely Colony: '''Federal,, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, tribe: Shoshoni
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*'''[[Fallon Indian Colony and Reservation (Nevada)|Fallon Colony and Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe Paiute-Shoshoni
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*'''[[Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation|Fort McDermitt Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribes Paiute and Shoshoni
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*[[Gosiute|Goshute Reservation]]:
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*'''[[Las Vegas Indian Colony (Nevada)|Las Vegas Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Paiute F.S., Tribe: Paiute
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*'''[[Lovelock Indian Colony (Nevada)|Lovelock Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute
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*'''[[Moapa Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Moapa Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Paiute F.S., Tribe: Paiute
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*Owyhee Reservation -- see [[Duck_Valley_Indian_Reservation_(Idaho_and_Nevada)|Duck Valley Reservation]]
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*'''[[Pyramid Lake Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Pyramid Lake Reservation]]:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute -- located in Washoe, Storey and Lyon Counties, Nevada. Records of interest to genealogists and family historians are located at the [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html#75.19.91 National Archives], the [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/san-francisco/index.html Regional Archives in San Francisco], at the [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library] in Salt Lake City, and at other archives and libraries.
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*Ruby Valley Reservation:
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*'''[[Reno Sparks Indian Colony (Nevada)|Reno Sparks Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe-Paiute
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*Shoshoni Reservation:
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*'''[[South Fork Indian Reservation (Nevada)|South Fork Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe Shoshone  
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*[[Stewart Indian Colony (Nevada)|Stewart Colony ]]
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*'''[[Summit Lake Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Summit Lake Reservation]]: '''......., under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe Paiute
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*'''Te-Moak Reservation: '''State, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Te-Moak  
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*'''[[Walker River Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Walker River Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute -- located primarily in Mineral County, Nevada, with portions in Lyon and Churchill Counties. Records of interest to genealogists and family historians are located at the [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html#75.19.129 National Archives], the [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/san-francisco/index.html Regional Archives in San Francisco], at the [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library] in Salt Lake City, and at other archives and libraries.
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*'''Washoe Tribes: '''State, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe
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*'''[[Wells Indian Colony (Nevada)|Wells Colony]]: '''State, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: .....
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*Western Shoshoni Reservation:
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*'''[[Winnemucca Indian Colony (Nevada)|Winnemucca Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute
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*[[Woodfords Indian Colony (California)|Woodfords Colony]]
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*'''[[Yerington Indian Colony (Nevada)|Yerington Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute  
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*'''[[Yomba Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Yomba Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshone
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== Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ==
 
== Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ==
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[[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Agencies]] and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.  
 
[[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Agencies]] and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.  
  
The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Nevada has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;titleno=247426&amp;amp;disp=The+Office+of+Indian+Affairs%2C+1824%2D1%20%20&amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551o].)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;titleno=207428&amp;amp;disp=Guide+to+records+in+the+National+Archive%20%20&amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551g].)</ref>, and others.  
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The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Nevada has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library {{FHL|247426|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551o}}.)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551g}}.)</ref>, and others.  
  
 
*[[Carson Valley Indian Agency (Nevada)|Carson Valley Agency]]  
 
*[[Carson Valley Indian Agency (Nevada)|Carson Valley Agency]]  
*Duck Valley Agency  
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*[[Duck Valley Indian Reservation (Idaho and Nevada)|Duck Valley Agency]]
 
*[[Eastern Nevada Indian Agency (Nevada)|'''Eastern Nevada Agency''']], P.O. Box 28, Elko, Nevada 98801  
 
*[[Eastern Nevada Indian Agency (Nevada)|'''Eastern Nevada Agency''']], P.O. Box 28, Elko, Nevada 98801  
 
*[[Fallon Indian Subagency (Nevada)|Fallon Subagency]]  
 
*[[Fallon Indian Subagency (Nevada)|Fallon Subagency]]  
*Fort Hall Agency  
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*[[Fort Hall Indian Agency (Idaho)|Fort Hall Agency]]
 
*[[Moapa River Indian Agency (Nevada)|Moapa River Agency]]  
 
*[[Moapa River Indian Agency (Nevada)|Moapa River Agency]]  
 
*[[Nevada Indian Agency (Nevada)|Nevada Agency]]  
 
*[[Nevada Indian Agency (Nevada)|Nevada Agency]]  
 
*[[Pyramid Lake Indian Agency (Nevada)|Pyramid Lake Agency]]  
 
*[[Pyramid Lake Indian Agency (Nevada)|Pyramid Lake Agency]]  
 
*[[Reno Indian Agency (Nevada)|Reno Agency]]  
 
*[[Reno Indian Agency (Nevada)|Reno Agency]]  
*South East Nevada Agency or Piute Agency  
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*[[South_East_Nevada_Indian_Agency_(Nevada)|South East Nevada]] Agency or Piute Agency  
 
*'''Southern Piaute F.S., '''Box 986, Cedar City, Utah 84720  
 
*'''Southern Piaute F.S., '''Box 986, Cedar City, Utah 84720  
 
*[[Special Indian Agency of Nevada|Special Agency of Nevada]]  
 
*[[Special Indian Agency of Nevada|Special Agency of Nevada]]  
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In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. ([[American Indian School Records|read more...]])  
 
In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. ([[American Indian School Records|read more...]])  
  
The following list of Indian Schools in Nevada has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;titleno=247426&amp;amp;amp;disp=The+Office+of+Indian+Affairs%2C+1824%2D1%20%20&amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551o].)</ref>, Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;titleno=207428&amp;amp;amp;disp=Guide+to+records+in+the+National+Archive%20%20&amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551g].)</ref>, and others.  
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The following list of Indian Schools in Nevada has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs''...<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library {{FHL|247426|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551o}}.)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551g}}.)</ref>, and others.  
  
 
*[[Carson/Stewart Indian School (Nevada)|Carson / Stewart Indian School]]  
 
*[[Carson/Stewart Indian School (Nevada)|Carson / Stewart Indian School]]  
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*[[Moapa River Indian School (Nevada)|Moapa River School]]  
 
*[[Moapa River Indian School (Nevada)|Moapa River School]]  
 
*[[Nevada Indian School (Nevada)|Nevada School]]
 
*[[Nevada Indian School (Nevada)|Nevada School]]
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== Family History Library  ==
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Tribal census rolls, probate records, school records, tribal court records, a few vital records, and other records for [[Nevada|Nevada]] are available. The Family History Library has a few of these records and microfilmed copies may be found on the Family History Library Catalog:
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*Nevada Superintendency of Indian Affairs Records 1869-1870 M 837.&nbsp; To see the film description and the film numbers, {{FHL|403571|title-id|disp=go to}}&nbsp;
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*Paiute,Shoshoni and Washoe census rolls&nbsp;of 1909, 1925-1939.&nbsp; {{FHL|238302|title-id|disp=Go to}}
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*A typescript of the Pyramid Lake Paiute tribe census (not dated).&nbsp; {{FHL|238302|title-id|disp=Go to}}
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*Fallon Paiute Indians census rolls&nbsp;of 1909-1924 (includes Fallon Agency and Lovelock Day School).&nbsp;&nbsp;{{FHL|297519|title-id|disp=&nbsp; Go to}}
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*Fort McDermitt Paiute Indians census rolls of 1910-1923 (Note: 1910 Fort McDermitt. 1911-1912 Quinn River. 1913-1923 Fort McDermitt.)&nbsp;&nbsp; {{FHL|297519|title-id|disp=Go to}}
  
 
== Indian Health Facilities  ==
 
== Indian Health Facilities  ==
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*[[Pyramid Lake Sanatorium (Nevada)|Pyramid Lake Sanatorium]]
 
*[[Pyramid Lake Sanatorium (Nevada)|Pyramid Lake Sanatorium]]
  
== Other Repositories ==
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== Maps ==
  
*Inter Tribal Council of Nevada, 806 Holman Way, Sparks, NV 89431
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*[http://www.epa.gov/aboutepa/region9.html Map of Indian Lands: Region 9 -- Reservations, Rancherias, Colonies...] EPA map, Feb. 2000
  
== Maps ==
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== Online Resources ==
  
*[http://www.epa.gov/region09/air/maps/images/mapr9_lg.jpg Map of Indian Lands: Region 9 -- Reservations, Rancherias, Colonies...] EPA map, Feb. 2000
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*http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/nevada/index.htm
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*http://indiancommission.state.nv.us/
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*[http://www.unr.edu/search?cref=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.unr.edu%2Fcontent%2Fcse%2Fcse.xml&cof=FORID%3A11&search_type=web&q=navada+indians&sa=Search http://www.unr.edu]
  
== See Also: ==
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== Reservations / Colonies ==
  
[[Nevada History|Nevada History]] for a calendar of events
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From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.
  
[[Nevada Military Records|Nevada Military Records]] for a list of forts
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Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.
  
== Family History Library  ==
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The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.
  
Tribal census rolls, probate records, school records, tribal court records, a few vital records, and other records for [[Portal:Nevada|Nevada]] are available. The Family History Library has a few of these records and microfilmed copies may be found on the Family History Library Catalog:
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For a current reservation map http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/printableViewer.htm?imgF=images/preview/fedlands/NV.gif&amp;imgW=588&amp;imgH=450 Nevada - Indian Reservations ]- The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  
*Nevada Superintendency of Indian Affairs Records 1869-1870 M 837.&nbsp; To see the film description and the film numbers, [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=403571&disp=Records+of+the+Nevada+Superintendency+of%20%20&columns=*,0,0 go to] [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=403571&disp=Records+of+the+Nevada+Superintendency+of%20%20&columns=*,0,0 www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp]  
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BIA Western Region Reservation Map- [http://www.bia.gov/cs/groups/mywcsp/documents/stillimage/idc012635.pdf Nevada], Utah and Arizona
*Paiute,Shoshoni and Washoe census rolls&nbsp;of 1909, 1925-1939.&nbsp; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=238302&disp=Indian+census+rolls%2C+Carson%2C+1909%2D%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Go to]
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*A typescript of the Pyramid Lake Paiute tribe census (not dated).&nbsp; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=238302&disp=Indian+census+rolls%2C+Carson%2C+1909%2D%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Go to]
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*Fallon Paiute Indians census rolls&nbsp;of 1909-1924 (includes Fallon Agency and Lovelock Day School).&nbsp;&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=297519&disp=Indian+census+rolls%2C+1885%2D1940++&first=101&last=200&columns=*,0,0 &nbsp; Go to]
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*Fort McDermitt Paiute Indians census rolls of 1910-1923 (Note: 1910 Fort McDermitt. 1911-1912 Quinn River. 1913-1923 Fort McDermitt.)&nbsp;&nbsp; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=297519&disp=Indian+census+rolls%2C+1885%2D1940++&first=101&last=200&columns=*,0,0 Go to]
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*Many of the records are at the National Archives—Pacific Sierra Region (San Bruno). '''The National Archives — Pacific Sierra Region<br>'''1000 Commodore Drive<br>San Bruno, CA 94066-2350<br>Telephone: 650-876-9001<br>Fax: (650) 876-9233 <br>E-mail: [mailto:sanbruno.archives@nara.gov sanbruno.archives@nara.gov]<br>Web site:  
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The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. http://nationalatlas.gov/mld/indlanp.html</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.<br>
*[http://www.archives.gov/facilities/ca/san_francisco.html http://www.archives.gov/facilities/ca/san_francisco.html] '''Online Resources''' http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/nevada/index.htm http://indiancommission.state.nv.us/
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*[http://www.unr.edu/nnap/NT/nt_main.htm http://www.unr.edu/nnap/NT/nt_main.htm]
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*'''[[Battle Mountain Indian Colony (Nevada)|Battle Mountain Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of [[Eastern Nevada Indian Agency (Nevada)|Eastern Nevada Agency]], Tribe: Shoshoni
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*'''[[Carson Indian Colony (Nevada)|Carson Colony]]:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdication of [[Western Nevada Indian Agency (Nevada)|Western Nevada Agency]], Tribe: Washoe
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*'''[[Dresslerville Indian Colony (Nevada)|Dresslerville Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency., Tribe: Washoe
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*'''[[Duck Valley Indian Reservation (Idaho and Nevada)|Duck Valley Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribes: Shoshoni and Paiute
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*'''[[Duckwater Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Duckwater Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni
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*'''[[Elko Indian Colony (Nevada)|Elko Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni
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*'''[[Ely Indian Colony (Nevada)|Ely Colony]]: '''Federal,, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni
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*[[Fallon Indian Colony and Reservation (Nevada)|'''Fallon Colony and Reservation''']] (sometimes called Stillwater Reservation): Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute-Shoshoni
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*'''[[Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation|Fort McDermitt Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribes: Paiute and Shoshoni
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*[[Gosiute Indian Reservation (Utah)|'''Goshute Reservation''']]:
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*'''[[Las Vegas Indian Colony (Nevada)|Las Vegas Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Paiute F.S., Tribe: Paiute
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*'''[[Lovelock Indian Colony (Nevada)|Lovelock Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute
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*'''[[Moapa Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Moapa Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Paiute F.S., Tribe: Paiute
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*Owyhee Reservation -- see [[Duck Valley Indian Reservation (Idaho and Nevada)|Duck Valley Reservation]]
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*'''[[Pyramid Lake Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Pyramid Lake Reservation]]:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute -- located in Washoe, Storey and Lyon Counties, Nevada. Records of interest to genealogists and family historians are located at the [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html#75.19.91 National Archives], the [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/san-francisco/index.html Regional Archives in San Francisco], at the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]] in Salt Lake City, and at other archives and libraries.
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*Ruby Valley Reservation:
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*'''[[Reno Sparks Indian Colony (Nevada)|Reno Sparks Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe-Paiute
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*Shoshoni Reservation:
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*'''[[South Fork Indian Reservation (Nevada)|South Fork Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshone
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*[[Stewart Indian Colony (Nevada)|Stewart Colony]]
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*Stillwater Reservation -- see [[Fallon Indian Colony and Reservation (Nevada)|Fallon Colony and Reservation]]
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*'''[[Summit Lake Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Summit Lake Reservation]]: '''......., under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute
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*'''Te-Moak Reservation: '''State, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Te-Moak
 +
*'''[[Walker River Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Walker River Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute -- located primarily in Mineral County, Nevada, with portions in Lyon and Churchill Counties. Records of interest to genealogists and family historians are located at the [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html#75.19.129 National Archives], the [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/san-francisco/index.html Regional Archives in San Francisco], at the Family History Library&nbsp;(see [https://familysearch.org/#form=catalog catalog]), and at other archives and libraries.
 +
*'''[[Washoe_Indian_Reservation_(California)|Washoe Tribes]]: '''State, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe
 +
*'''[[Wells Indian Colony (Nevada)|Wells Colony]]: '''State, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: .....
 +
*Western Shoshoni Reservation:
 +
*'''[[Winnemucca Indian Colony (Nevada)|Winnemucca Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute
 +
*[[Woodfords Indian Colony (California)|Woodfords Colony]]
 +
*'''[[Yerington Indian Colony (Nevada)|Yerington Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute
 +
*'''[[Yomba Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Yomba Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshone
 +
 
 +
== Major Research Facilities for American Indian Research  ==
 +
 
 +
=== National Archives  ===
 +
 
 +
The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is responsible for the preservation of the records of historical importance created by federal offices in the United States of America, including those of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessor, the Office of Indian Affairs. ([[American Indian Research in the National Archives of the United States|Read more]]...)
 +
 
 +
=== Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)  ===
 +
 
 +
Many of the Regional Archives have collected records of the federal offices in their region, including those of the field jurisdictions of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Some of the field jurisdictions are the superintendencies, agencies, schools, factories and area offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
 +
 
 +
Many&nbsp;Nevada records are at the National Archives—Pacific Sierra Region (San Bruno).  
 +
 
 +
=== The National Archives — Pacific Sierra Region ===
 +
 
 +
1000 Commodore Drive<br>San Bruno, CA 94066-2350<br>Telephone: 650-876-9001<br>Fax: (650) 876-9233 <br>E-mail: [mailto:sanbruno.archives@nara.gov sanbruno.archives@nara.gov]<br>Web site: http://www.archives.gov/facilities/ca/san_francisco.html  
 +
 
 +
== Other Repositories  ==
 +
 
 +
*Inter Tribal Council of Nevada, 806 Holman Way, Sparks, NV 89431
 +
 
 +
== See Also: ==
 +
 
 +
[[Nevada History|Nevada History]] for a calendar of events
 +
 
 +
[[Nevada Military Records|Nevada Military Records]] for a list of forts
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />  
+
<references />
  
 
==== Bibliography  ====
 
==== Bibliography  ====
Line 141: Line 169:
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].  
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].  
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.  
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.  
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/nv.pdf Available online.]  
+
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/NV.pdf Available online].
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]  
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]  
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/nevada/index.htm Available online].
+
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/nevada/index.htm Available online].
 +
 
 +
{{American Indian}} {{Nevada|Nevada}}
  
 
[[Category:Nevada]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
 
[[Category:Nevada]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 16:04, 19 November 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png Nevada Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians of Nevada

Contents

Tribes and Bands of Nevada

The following list of American Indians who have lived in Nevada has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America[2]. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.

Tribes:

Bands:

Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.

The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Nevada has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[3], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[4], and others.

Indian Schools

The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

The following list of Indian Schools in Nevada has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[5], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[6], and others.

Family History Library

Tribal census rolls, probate records, school records, tribal court records, a few vital records, and other records for Nevada are available. The Family History Library has a few of these records and microfilmed copies may be found on the Family History Library Catalog:

  • Nevada Superintendency of Indian Affairs Records 1869-1870 M 837.  To see the film description and the film numbers, go to 
  • Paiute,Shoshoni and Washoe census rolls of 1909, 1925-1939.  Go to
  • A typescript of the Pyramid Lake Paiute tribe census (not dated).  Go to
  • Fallon Paiute Indians census rolls of 1909-1924 (includes Fallon Agency and Lovelock Day School).    Go to
  • Fort McDermitt Paiute Indians census rolls of 1910-1923 (Note: 1910 Fort McDermitt. 1911-1912 Quinn River. 1913-1923 Fort McDermitt.)   Go to

Indian Health Facilities

Maps

Online Resources

Reservations / Colonies

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

For a current reservation map http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/printableViewer.htm?imgF=images/preview/fedlands/NV.gif&imgW=588&imgH=450 Nevada - Indian Reservations ]- The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.

BIA Western Region Reservation Map- Nevada, Utah and Arizona

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[7], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[8], and other sources. Those reservations named in bold are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

Major Research Facilities for American Indian Research

National Archives

The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is responsible for the preservation of the records of historical importance created by federal offices in the United States of America, including those of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessor, the Office of Indian Affairs. (Read more...)

Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)

Many of the Regional Archives have collected records of the federal offices in their region, including those of the field jurisdictions of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Some of the field jurisdictions are the superintendencies, agencies, schools, factories and area offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Many Nevada records are at the National Archives—Pacific Sierra Region (San Bruno).

The National Archives — Pacific Sierra Region

1000 Commodore Drive
San Bruno, CA 94066-2350
Telephone: 650-876-9001
Fax: (650) 876-9233
E-mail: sanbruno.archives@nara.gov
Web site: http://www.archives.gov/facilities/ca/san_francisco.html

Other Repositories

  • Inter Tribal Council of Nevada, 806 Holman Way, Sparks, NV 89431

See Also:

Nevada History for a calendar of events

Nevada Military Records for a list of forts

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145. Available online.
  3. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
  4. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)
  5. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
  6. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)
  7. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. http://nationalatlas.gov/mld/indlanp.html
  8. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145. Available online.