Indians of Nevada

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== Reservation / Colony  ==
 
== Reservation / Colony  ==
  
As identified in the [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/fedlands.html#ia National Atlas of the United States of America], the following reservations are named as current federally-recognized reservations -- Duck Valley, Duckwater, Fallon, Fort McDermitt, Fort Mojave, Goshute, Las Vegas Colony, Moapa River, Pyramid Lake, Reno Sparks, Summit Lake, Te-Moak, Walker River, and Yerington.  
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Many of the reservations in Washington are small, with one [[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|agency]] of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] having responsibilities for the tribes residing on several reservations. Most of the records kept by the federal government about the tribes will be found in the appropriate agency.  
  
*'''Battle Mountain Colony:  '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni  
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From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.
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Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.
 +
 
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The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.
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The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/nv.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.<br>
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*'''Battle Mountain Colony: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni  
 
*'''Carson Colony:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdication of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe  
 
*'''Carson Colony:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdication of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe  
*'''Dresslerville Colony:&nbsp;&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency., Tribe: Washoe  
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*'''Dresslerville Colony: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency., Tribe: Washoe  
*'''[[Duck Valley Indian Reservation (Idaho and Nevada)|Duck Valley Reservation]]:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribes: Shoshoni and Piaute  
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*'''[[Duck Valley Indian Reservation (Idaho and Nevada)|Duck Valley Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribes: Shoshoni and Piaute  
*'''Duckwater Reservation:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni  
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*'''Duckwater Reservation: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni  
*'''Elko Colony:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni  
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*'''Elko Colony: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni  
*'''Ely Colony:&nbsp; '''Federal,, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, tribe: Shoshoni  
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*'''Ely Colony: '''Federal,, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, tribe: Shoshoni  
*'''Fallon Colony and Reservation:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe Paiute-Shoshoni  
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*'''Fallon Colony and Reservation: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe Paiute-Shoshoni  
*'''Fort McDermitt Reservation:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribes Piaute and Shoshoni  
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*'''Fort McDermitt Reservation: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribes Piaute and Shoshoni  
 
*Gosiute Reservation:  
 
*Gosiute Reservation:  
*'''Las Vegas Colony:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Paiute F.S., Tribe: Piaute  
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*'''Las Vegas Colony: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Paiute F.S., Tribe: Piaute  
*'''Lovelock Colony:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Piaute  
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*'''Lovelock Colony: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Piaute  
*'''Moapa Reservation:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Paiute F.S., Tribe: Piaute  
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*'''Moapa Reservation: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Paiute F.S., Tribe: Piaute  
*Ohwyhee Reservation:  
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*Owyhee Reservation:  
 
*'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyramid_Lake_Indian_Reservation Pyramid Lake Reservation]:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Piaute -- located in Washoe, Storey and Lyon Counties, Nevada. Records of interest to genealogists and family historians are located at the [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html#75.19.91 National Archives], the [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/san-francisco/index.html Regional Archives in San Fransisco], at the [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library] in Salt Lake City, and at other archives and libraries.  
 
*'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyramid_Lake_Indian_Reservation Pyramid Lake Reservation]:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Piaute -- located in Washoe, Storey and Lyon Counties, Nevada. Records of interest to genealogists and family historians are located at the [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html#75.19.91 National Archives], the [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/san-francisco/index.html Regional Archives in San Fransisco], at the [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library] in Salt Lake City, and at other archives and libraries.  
 
*Ruby Valley Reservation:  
 
*Ruby Valley Reservation:  
*'''Reno-Sparks Colony:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe-Paiute  
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*'''Reno-Sparks Colony: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe-Paiute  
 
*Shoshoni Reservation:  
 
*Shoshoni Reservation:  
*'''South Fork Reservation:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe Shoshone  
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*'''South Fork Reservation: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe Shoshone  
 
*Stewart Colony  
 
*Stewart Colony  
*'''Summit Lake Reservation:&nbsp; '''......., under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe Paiute  
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*'''Summit Lake Reservation: '''......., under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe Paiute  
*'''Te-Moak Reservation:&nbsp; '''State, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Te-Moak  
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*'''Te-Moak Reservation: '''State, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Te-Moak  
*'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walker_River_Indian_Reservation Walker River Reservation]:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute -- located primarily in Mineral County, Nevada, with portions in Lyon and Churchill Counties. Records of interest to genealogists and family historians are located at the [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html#75.19.129 National Archives], the [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/san-francisco/index.html Regional Archives in San Fransisco], at the [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library] in Salt Lake City, and at other archives and libraries.  
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*'''[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walker_River_Indian_Reservation Walker River Reservation]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute -- located primarily in Mineral County, Nevada, with portions in Lyon and Churchill Counties. Records of interest to genealogists and family historians are located at the [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html#75.19.129 National Archives], the [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/san-francisco/index.html Regional Archives in San Fransisco], at the [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library] in Salt Lake City, and at other archives and libraries.  
*'''Washoe Tribes:&nbsp; '''State, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe  
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*'''Washoe Tribes: '''State, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe  
*'''Wells Colony:&nbsp; '''State, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: .....  
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*'''Wells Colony: '''State, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: .....  
 
*Western Shoshoni Reservation:  
 
*Western Shoshoni Reservation:  
*'''Winnemucca Colony:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute  
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*'''Winnemucca Colony: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute  
 
*Woodfords Colony  
 
*Woodfords Colony  
*'''Yerrington Reservation:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute  
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*'''Yerrington Reservation: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute  
*'''Yomba Reservation:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshone
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*'''Yomba Reservation: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshone
 
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'''Reference'''
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:Isaacs, Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E. Indian Reservation, Omnigraphics. Inc., 1991.
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== Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ==
 
== Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ==

Revision as of 20:54, 18 May 2009

Contents

Tribes and Bands of Nevada

The following list of American Indians who have lived in Washington has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America[2]. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.

Gosiute, Hopi, Koso, Monachi, Navajo, Paiute (Northern and Southern), Panamint, Puebleo, Shoshoni, Te-Moak, Uinat, Ute, Washoe, Zuni

Te-Moak Band of Western Shoshone, Shoshone - Paiute, Yerrington Paiute, Moapa Band of Paiute, South Fork Band

Reservation / Colony

Many of the reservations in Washington are small, with one agency of the Bureau of Indian Affairs having responsibilities for the tribes residing on several reservations. Most of the records kept by the federal government about the tribes will be found in the appropriate agency.

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[3], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[4], and other sources. Those reservations named in bold are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

  • Battle Mountain Colony: Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni
  • Carson Colony:  Federal, under jurisdication of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe
  • Dresslerville Colony: Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency., Tribe: Washoe
  • Duck Valley Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribes: Shoshoni and Piaute
  • Duckwater Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni
  • Elko Colony: Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshoni
  • Ely Colony: Federal,, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, tribe: Shoshoni
  • Fallon Colony and Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe Paiute-Shoshoni
  • Fort McDermitt Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribes Piaute and Shoshoni
  • Gosiute Reservation:
  • Las Vegas Colony: Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Paiute F.S., Tribe: Piaute
  • Lovelock Colony: Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Piaute
  • Moapa Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Paiute F.S., Tribe: Piaute
  • Owyhee Reservation:
  • Pyramid Lake ReservationFederal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Piaute -- located in Washoe, Storey and Lyon Counties, Nevada. Records of interest to genealogists and family historians are located at the National Archives, the Regional Archives in San Fransisco, at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, and at other archives and libraries.
  • Ruby Valley Reservation:
  • Reno-Sparks Colony: Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe-Paiute
  • Shoshoni Reservation:
  • South Fork Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe Shoshone
  • Stewart Colony
  • Summit Lake Reservation: ......., under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe Paiute
  • Te-Moak Reservation: State, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Te-Moak
  • Walker River Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute -- located primarily in Mineral County, Nevada, with portions in Lyon and Churchill Counties. Records of interest to genealogists and family historians are located at the National Archives, the Regional Archives in San Fransisco, at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, and at other archives and libraries.
  • Washoe Tribes: State, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe
  • Wells Colony: State, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: .....
  • Western Shoshoni Reservation:
  • Winnemucca Colony: Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute
  • Woodfords Colony
  • Yerrington Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute
  • Yomba Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Shoshone

Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Agencies were created as an administrative division of the federal government to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.

Reference

Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs,1824-1880: Historical Sketches. Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc., 1974.

Indian Schools

The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

Indian Health Facilities

Other Repositories

  • Inter Tribal Council of Nevada, 806 Holman Way, Sparks, NV 89431

Maps

See Also:

Nevada History for a calendar of events

Nevada Military Records for a list of forts

Family History Library

Tribal census rolls, probate records, school records, tribal court records, a few vital records, and other records for Nevada are available. The Family History Library has a few of these records and microfilmed copies may be found on the Family History Library Catalog:

  • Nevada Superintendency of Indian Affairs Records 1869-1870 M 837.  To see the film description and the film numbers, go to www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp
  • Paiute,Shoshoni and Washoe census rolls of 1909, 1925-1939.  Go to
  • A typescript of the Pyramid Lake Paiute tribe census (not dated).  Go to
  • Fallon Paiute Indians census rolls of 1909-1924 (includes Fallon Agency and Lovelock Day School).    Go to
  • Fort McDermitt Paiute Indians census rolls of 1910-1923 (Note: 1910 Fort McDermitt. 1911-1912 Quinn River. 1913-1923 Fort McDermitt.)   Go to

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  3. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  4. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.