Indians of Nevada

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Nevada]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Indians_of_Nevada]]''.<br>
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Nevada]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Indians_of_Nevada]]''.<br>  
  
 
== Tribes and Bands of Nevada  ==
 
== Tribes and Bands of Nevada  ==
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For a current reservation map -&nbsp;[http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/printableViewer.htm?imgF=images/preview/fedlands/NV.gif&imgW=588&imgH=450 Nevada - Indian Reservations ]- The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.  
 
For a current reservation map -&nbsp;[http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/printableViewer.htm?imgF=images/preview/fedlands/NV.gif&imgW=588&imgH=450 Nevada - Indian Reservations ]- The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.  
  
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/nv.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.<br>
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The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations http://nationalatlas.gov/mld/indlanp.html</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.<br>  
  
*'''[[Battle Mountain Indian Colony (Nevada)|Battle Mountain Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of [[Eastern_Nevada_Indian_Agency_(Nevada)|Eastern Nevada Agency]], Tribe: Shoshoni  
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*'''[[Battle Mountain Indian Colony (Nevada)|Battle Mountain Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of [[Eastern Nevada Indian Agency (Nevada)|Eastern Nevada Agency]], Tribe: Shoshoni  
*'''[[Carson Indian Colony (Nevada)|Carson Colony]]:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdication of [[Western_Nevada_Indian_Agency_(Nevada)|Western Nevada Agency]], Tribe: Washoe  
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*'''[[Carson Indian Colony (Nevada)|Carson Colony]]:&nbsp; '''Federal, under jurisdication of [[Western Nevada Indian Agency (Nevada)|Western Nevada Agency]], Tribe: Washoe  
 
*'''[[Dresslerville Indian Colony (Nevada)|Dresslerville Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency., Tribe: Washoe  
 
*'''[[Dresslerville Indian Colony (Nevada)|Dresslerville Colony]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency., Tribe: Washoe  
 
*'''[[Duck Valley Indian Reservation (Idaho and Nevada)|Duck Valley Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribes: Shoshoni and Paiute  
 
*'''[[Duck Valley Indian Reservation (Idaho and Nevada)|Duck Valley Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribes: Shoshoni and Paiute  
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*'''[[Summit Lake Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Summit Lake Reservation]]: '''......., under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe Paiute  
 
*'''[[Summit Lake Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Summit Lake Reservation]]: '''......., under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe Paiute  
 
*'''Te-Moak Reservation: '''State, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Te-Moak  
 
*'''Te-Moak Reservation: '''State, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: Te-Moak  
*'''[[Walker River Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Walker River Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute -- located primarily in Mineral County, Nevada, with portions in Lyon and Churchill Counties. Records of interest to genealogists and family historians are located at the [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html#75.19.129 National Archives], the [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/san-francisco/index.html Regional Archives in San Francisco], at the [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/FHLC/frameset_fhlc.asp Family History Library] in Salt Lake City, and at other archives and libraries.  
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*'''[[Walker River Indian Reservation (Nevada)|Walker River Reservation]]: '''Federal, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Paiute -- located primarily in Mineral County, Nevada, with portions in Lyon and Churchill Counties. Records of interest to genealogists and family historians are located at the [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html#75.19.129 National Archives], the [http://www.archives.gov/pacific/san-francisco/index.html Regional Archives in San Francisco], at the Family History Library&nbsp;[https://familysearch.org/#form=catalog catalog]&nbsp;, and at other archives and libraries.  
 
*'''Washoe Tribes: '''State, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe  
 
*'''Washoe Tribes: '''State, under jurisdiction of Western Nevada Agency, Tribe: Washoe  
 
*'''[[Wells Indian Colony (Nevada)|Wells Colony]]: '''State, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: .....  
 
*'''[[Wells Indian Colony (Nevada)|Wells Colony]]: '''State, under jurisdiction of Eastern Nevada Agency, Tribe: .....  
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== Maps  ==
 
== Maps  ==
  
*[http://www.epa.gov/region09/air/maps/images/mapr9_lg.jpg Map of Indian Lands: Region 9 -- Reservations, Rancherias, Colonies...] EPA map, Feb. 2000
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*[http://www.epa.gov/aboutepa/region9.html Map of Indian Lands: Region 9 -- Reservations, Rancherias, Colonies...] EPA map, Feb. 2000
  
 
== See Also:  ==
 
== See Also:  ==
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*Many of the records are at the National Archives—Pacific Sierra Region (San Bruno). '''The National Archives — Pacific Sierra Region<br>'''1000 Commodore Drive<br>San Bruno, CA 94066-2350<br>Telephone: 650-876-9001<br>Fax: (650) 876-9233 <br>E-mail: [mailto:sanbruno.archives@nara.gov sanbruno.archives@nara.gov]<br>Web site:  
 
*Many of the records are at the National Archives—Pacific Sierra Region (San Bruno). '''The National Archives — Pacific Sierra Region<br>'''1000 Commodore Drive<br>San Bruno, CA 94066-2350<br>Telephone: 650-876-9001<br>Fax: (650) 876-9233 <br>E-mail: [mailto:sanbruno.archives@nara.gov sanbruno.archives@nara.gov]<br>Web site:  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/facilities/ca/san_francisco.html http://www.archives.gov/facilities/ca/san_francisco.html] '''Online Resources''' http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/nevada/index.htm http://indiancommission.state.nv.us/  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/facilities/ca/san_francisco.html http://www.archives.gov/facilities/ca/san_francisco.html] '''Online Resources''' http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/nevada/index.htm http://indiancommission.state.nv.us/  
*[http://www.unr.edu/nnap/NT/nt_main.htm http://www.unr.edu/nnap/NT/nt_main.htm]
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*[http://www.unr.edu/nnap/NT/nt_main.htm http://www.unr.edu/nnap/NT/nt_main.htm]{{dead link}}
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />
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<references />  
  
 
==== Bibliography  ====
 
==== Bibliography  ====

Revision as of 22:15, 22 December 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png Nevada Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians_of_Nevada.

Contents

Tribes and Bands of Nevada

The following list of American Indians who have lived in Nevada has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America[2]. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.

Tribes:

  • Gosiute
  • Koso (also known as Panamint)
  • Paiute (Northern and Southern)
  • Panamint  (listed separate from Koso in Santon's- jeh)
  • Pueblo
  • Shoshoni
  • Ute
  • Washoe

Bands:

Reservations / Colonies

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

For a current reservation map - Nevada - Indian Reservations - The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[3], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[4], and other sources. Those reservations named in bold are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.

The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Nevada has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[5], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[6], and others.

Indian Schools

The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

The following list of Indian Schools in Nevada has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[7], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[8], and others.

Indian Health Facilities

Other Repositories

  • Inter Tribal Council of Nevada, 806 Holman Way, Sparks, NV 89431

Maps

See Also:

Nevada History for a calendar of events

Nevada Military Records for a list of forts

Family History Library

Tribal census rolls, probate records, school records, tribal court records, a few vital records, and other records for Nevada are available. The Family History Library has a few of these records and microfilmed copies may be found on the Family History Library Catalog:

  • Nevada Superintendency of Indian Affairs Records 1869-1870 M 837.  To see the film description and the film numbers, go to www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp
  • Paiute,Shoshoni and Washoe census rolls of 1909, 1925-1939.  Go to
  • A typescript of the Pyramid Lake Paiute tribe census (not dated).  Go to
  • Fallon Paiute Indians census rolls of 1909-1924 (includes Fallon Agency and Lovelock Day School).    Go to
  • Fort McDermitt Paiute Indians census rolls of 1910-1923 (Note: 1910 Fort McDermitt. 1911-1912 Quinn River. 1913-1923 Fort McDermitt.)   Go to

References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  3. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations http://nationalatlas.gov/mld/indlanp.html
  4. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  5. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
  6. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)
  7. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
  8. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.