Indians of New Mexico

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[New Mexico]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Indians_of_New_Mexico|Indians of New Mexico]]''
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== Tribes and Bands of New Mexico  ==
 
== Tribes and Bands of New Mexico  ==
  
The following list of American Indians who have lived in New Mexico has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/newmexico/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
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The following list of American Indians who have lived in New Mexico has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref name="null">Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/newmexico/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.  
  
 
*[[Apache Indians|Apache]]  
 
*[[Apache Indians|Apache]]  
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*Keresan  
 
*Keresan  
 
*[[Kiowa Indians|Kiowa]]  
 
*[[Kiowa Indians|Kiowa]]  
*Kiowa Apache  
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*[[Kiowa_Apache_Indians|Kiowa Apache]]
 
*Lipan  
 
*Lipan  
 
*Monso  
 
*Monso  
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*[[Pueblo Indians|Pueblo]]  
 
*[[Pueblo Indians|Pueblo]]  
 
*Shuman  
 
*Shuman  
*[[Southern_Ute_Indian_Tribe|Southern Ute]]
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*[[Southern Ute Indian Tribe|Southern Ute]]  
 
*[[Ute Indians|Ute]]  
 
*[[Ute Indians|Ute]]  
*[[Ute_Mountain_Indians|Ute Mountain Ute]]
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*[[Ute Mountain Indians|Ute Mountain]]  
 
*[[Zuni Indian Tribe, New Mexico|Zuni]]
 
*[[Zuni Indian Tribe, New Mexico|Zuni]]
  
<br>
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'''Bands:'''  
 
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'''Bands: '''  
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*[[Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico|Acoma-Pueblo]]  
 
*[[Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico|Acoma-Pueblo]]  
 
*Canoncito-Navajo  
 
*Canoncito-Navajo  
 
*Chiricahua Apache  
 
*Chiricahua Apache  
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*[[Pueblo of Cochiti, New Mexico|Cochiti Pueblo]]
 +
*[[Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico|Isleta Pueblo]]
 
*[[Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico|Jemez-Pueblo]]  
 
*[[Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico|Jemez-Pueblo]]  
 
*[[Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico|Jicarilla Apache]]  
 
*[[Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico|Jicarilla Apache]]  
 +
*Keres Pueblo
 
*[[Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico|Laguna-Pueblo]]  
 
*[[Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico|Laguna-Pueblo]]  
 
*[[Mescalero Apache Tribe|Mescalero Apache]]  
 
*[[Mescalero Apache Tribe|Mescalero Apache]]  
 
*Mimbreno Apache  
 
*Mimbreno Apache  
 
*Mimbus Apache  
 
*Mimbus Apache  
*[[Pueblo_of_Taos,_New_Mexico|Taos-Pueblo]]
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*[[Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico|Nambe Pueblo]]
*Tewa-Pueblo
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*Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo
 +
*Pecos Pueblo
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*[[Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico|Picuris Pueblo]]
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*[[Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico|Pojoaque Pueblo]]
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*[[Pueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico|San Felipe Pueblo]]
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*[[Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico|San ILdefonso Pueblo]]
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*[[San Juan Pueblo (New Mexico)|San Juan Pueblo]]
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*[[Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico|Sandia Pueblo]]
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*[[Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico|Santa Ana Pueblo]]
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*[[Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico|Santa Clara Pueblo]]
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*Santa Domingo Pueblo
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*[[Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico|Taos-Pueblo]]  
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*[[Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico|Tesuque Pueblo]]
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*[[Tewa Pueblo|Tewa Pueblo]]
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*Tompiro Pueblo
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*Towa Pueblo
 +
*[[Zia Pueblo (New Mexico)|Zia Pueblo]]
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*[[Pueblo of Zuni|Zuni Pueblo]]
  
== Reservations ==
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==== Tribes Recognized by the State of New Mexico ====
  
From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.
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Genizaro
 
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Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.
+
 
+
The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.
+
 
+
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/nm.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.<br>
+
 
+
*Alamo Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of _______ Tribe: Navajo
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*Black Rock Reservation: - Zuni tribe
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*Bosque Redondo Reservation:
+
*Cononcita Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of ______, Tribe: Navajo
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*Jicarilla Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Jicarilla Agency, Tribe: Jicarilla Apache
+
*Mescalero Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Mescalero Agency, Tribe: Apache
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*Navajo Reservation: Apache tribe
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*Ojo Caliente Reservation:
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*Puerto Cito Reservation: Alamo Navajo tribe
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*Ramah Reservation (Community): Federal, under jurisdiction of Ramah-Navajo Agency, Tribe: Navajo
+
*Zuni Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Zuni Agency, Tribe: Zuni
+
 
+
== Pueblos  ==
+
 
+
*[[Acoma Pueblo (New Mexico)|Acoma Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Keresan
+
*[[Cochiti Pueblo (New Mexico)|Cochiti Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Kersan
+
*[[Isleta Pueblo (New Mexico)|Isleta Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Isleta
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*[[Jemez Pueblo (New Mexico)|Jemez Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Jemez
+
*[[Laguna Pueblo (New Mexico)|Laguna Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Laguna Agency, Tribe Keresan
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*[[Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico|Nambe Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tano-Tewa
+
*[[Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico|Picuris]] (San Lorenzo) Pueblo - Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tewa
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*[[Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico|Pojoaque]] Pueblo - Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tano-Tewa
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*[[Sandia Pueblo (New Mexico)|Sandia Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tano-Tewa
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*[[San Felipe Pueblo (New Mexico)|San Felipe Pueblo]] - Federal, under juisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Keresan
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*[[Pueblo_of_San_Ildefonso,_New_Mexico|San Ildefonso Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tewa
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*[[San Juan Pueblo (New Mexico)|San Juan Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tawo-Tewa
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*[[Santa Ana Pueblo (New Mexico)|Santa Ana Pueblo ]]- Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Keresan
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*[[Santa Clara Pueblo (New Mexico)|Santa Clara Pueblo]]- Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tano-Tewa
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*[[Santo Domingo Pueblo (New Mexico)|Santo Domingo Pueblo]] -Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Leresan
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*[[Taos Pueblo (New Mexico)|Taos Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tano-Tigua
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*[[Pueblo_of_Tesuque,_New_Mexico|Tesuque Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tano-Tewa
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*[[Zia Pueblo (New Mexico)|Zia Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of&nbsp; Southern pueblos Agency, Tribe: Keresan
+
  
 
== Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ==
 
== Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs  ==
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[[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Agencies]] and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.  
 
[[Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Agencies]] and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.  
  
The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in New Mexico has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;titleno=247426&amp;amp;amp;disp=The+Office+of+Indian+Affairs%2C+1824%2D1%20%20&amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551o].)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;titleno=207428&amp;amp;amp;disp=Guide+to+records+in+the+National+Archive%20%20&amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551g].)</ref>, and others.  
+
The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in New Mexico has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library {{FHL|247426|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551o}}.)</ref>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551g}}.)</ref>, and others.  
  
 
*[[Abiquiu Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Abiquiu&nbsp;Agency]]  
 
*[[Abiquiu Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Abiquiu&nbsp;Agency]]  
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*[[Pueblo Bonito Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Pueblo Bonito Agency]]  
 
*[[Pueblo Bonito Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Pueblo Bonito Agency]]  
 
*[[Ramah Navajo Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Ramah-Navajo Agency]], Ramah,NM 87321  
 
*[[Ramah Navajo Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Ramah-Navajo Agency]], Ramah,NM 87321  
*Santa Fe Agency 1849-1851  
+
*[[Santa Fe Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Santa Fe Agency]] 1849-1851  
 
*[[Shiprock Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Shiprock Agency]]  
 
*[[Shiprock Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Shiprock Agency]]  
 
*[[Southern Apache Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Southern Apache]] (Apache, Gila Apache) Agency  
 
*[[Southern Apache Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Southern Apache]] (Apache, Gila Apache) Agency  
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In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. ([[American Indian School Records|read more...]])  
 
In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. ([[American Indian School Records|read more...]])  
  
The following list of Indian Schools in New Mexico has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;titleno=247426&amp;amp;amp;disp=The+Office+of+Indian+Affairs%2C+1824%2D1%20%20&amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551o].)</ref>, Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&amp;amp;amp;titleno=207428&amp;amp;amp;disp=Guide+to+records+in+the+National+Archive%20%20&amp;amp;amp;columns=*,0,0 book 970.1 H551g].)</ref>, and others.  
+
The following list of Indian Schools in New Mexico has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs''...<ref>Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches'', Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library {{FHL|247426|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551o}}.)</ref>, ''Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL {{FHL|207428|title-id|disp=book 970.1 H551g}}.)</ref>, and others.  
  
 
*[[Albuquerque Indian School|Albuquerque Indian School]]  
 
*[[Albuquerque Indian School|Albuquerque Indian School]]  
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*[[Laguna Indian Sanatorium (New Mexico)|Laguna Sanatorium]]
 
*[[Laguna Indian Sanatorium (New Mexico)|Laguna Sanatorium]]
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 +
== Reservations  ==
 +
 +
From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.
 +
 +
Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.
 +
 +
The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.
 +
 +
For a current reservation map -&nbsp;[http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/printableViewer.htm?imgF=images/preview/fedlands/NM.gif&imgW=588&imgH=450 New Mexico&nbsp;- Indian Reservations ]- The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
 +
 +
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/nm.pdf Available online.]</ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''<ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources. Those reservations named in '''bold''' are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.<br>
 +
 +
*[[Alamo_Reservation,_Arizona|Alamo Reservation]]: Federal, under jurisdiction of _______ Tribe: Navajo: Tribe: Zuni
 +
*Bosque Redondo Reservation:
 +
*[[Canoncito_Reservation,_New_Mexico|Canoncito Reservation]]: Federal, under jurisdiction of ______, Tribe: Navajo
 +
*[[Jicarilla_Reservation,_New_Mexico|Jicarilla Reservation]]: Federal, under jurisdiction of Jicarilla Agency, Tribe: Jicarilla Apache
 +
*[[Mescalero_Reservation,_New_Mexico|Mescalero Reservation]]: Federal, under jurisdiction of Mescalero Agency, Tribe: Apache
 +
*Navajo Reservation: Tribe: Apache
 +
*Ojo Caliente Reservation:
 +
*Puerto Cito Reservation: Tribe: Alamo Navajo
 +
*Ramah Reservation (Community): Federal, under jurisdiction of Ramah-Navajo Agency, Tribe: Navajo
 +
*[[Pueblo_of_Zuni|Zuni Reservation]]: Federal, under jurisdiction of Zuni Agency, Tribe: Zuni
 +
 +
== Pueblos  ==
 +
 +
*[[Acoma Pueblo (New Mexico)|Acoma Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of [[Southern Pueblos Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Southern Pueblos Agency]], Tribe: Keresan
 +
*[[Pueblo of Cochiti, New Mexico|Cochiti Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Kersan
 +
*[[Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico|Isleta Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Isleta
 +
*[[Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico|Jemez Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Jemez
 +
*[[Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico|Laguna Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of [[Laguna Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Laguna Agency]], Tribe: Keresan
 +
*[[Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico|Nambe Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of [[Northern Pueblos Indian Agency (New Mexico)|Northern Pueblos Agency]], Tribe: Tano-Tewa
 +
*[[Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico|Picuris (San Lorenzo) Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tewa
 +
*[[Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico|Pojoaque Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tano-Tewa
 +
*[[Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico|Sandia Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tano-Tewa
 +
*[[Pueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico|San Felipe Pueblo]] - Federal, under juisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Keresan
 +
*[[Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico|San Ildefonso Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tewa
 +
*[[Pueblo of San Juan, New Mexico|San Juan Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tawo-Tewa
 +
*[[Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico|Santa Ana Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Keresan
 +
*[[Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico|Santa Clara Pueblo]]- Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tano-Tewa
 +
*[[Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New Mexico|Santo Domingo Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Leresan
 +
*[[Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico|Taos Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tano-Tigua
 +
*[[Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico|Tesuque Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of Northern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Tano-Tewa
 +
*[[Zia Pueblo (New Mexico)|Zia Pueblo]] - Federal, under jurisdiction of&nbsp; Southern Pueblos Agency, Tribe: Keresan
 +
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== Native American Obituaries  ==
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The Native American Obituary Project is a compilation of over 500 pages of newspaper clippings of Native American obituaries from Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah. The project originated with volunteers at the Farmington, New Mexico Family History Center. The obituaries range in date from 1977 to 2001. They were printed in the following newspapers:<br>
 +
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:*''The Daily Times ''(Farmington, New Mexico)
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:*''The Winslow Mail ''(Winslow, Arizona)
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:*''Montezuma Valley Sun ''(Montezuma, Colorado)
 +
:*''Cortez Journal ''(Cortez, Colorado)
 +
:*''Navajo Times ''(Window Rock, Navajo Nation, Arizona)
 +
:*''Lake Powell Chronicle ''(Page, Arizona)
 +
 +
The published volume, which includes a surname index, has been microfilmed and digitized under the title, [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1019520&disp=Native+American+obituaries%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Native American Obituaries]. It is one of the countless treasures of the Family History Library, accessible on site, online, or through a local Family History Center. The [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F1019520 Family History Library Catalog ]provides a full description. The digitized copies can also be accessed through {{FSbook|60798}}. See related [https://www.familysearch.org/node/1228 blog article] (7 Jun 2011).
  
 
== Family History Library  ==
 
== Family History Library  ==
  
The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs records of births, deaths, marriages, divorces, land allotments and homesteads, and school records and reports. The records were created between 1878 and 1944 at the Eastern Navajo, Jicarilla, Pueblos, Zuni, and other agencies. These original records for [[New Mexico|New Mexico]] are located at the National Archives—Rocky Mountain Region (Denver).  
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The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs records of births, deaths, marriages, divorces, land allotments and homesteads, and school records and reports. The records were created between 1878 and 1944 at the Eastern Navajo, Jicarilla, Pueblos, Zuni, and other agencies. These original records for [[New Mexico|New Mexico]] are located at the [[National Archives Rocky Mountain Region (Denver)]].  
  
 
Records and information about the various tribes are also listed in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog under the name of the tribe.  
 
Records and information about the various tribes are also listed in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog under the name of the tribe.  
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*New Mexico Superintendency 1848-1880 T21 30 films 1st film 1617620
 
*New Mexico Superintendency 1848-1880 T21 30 films 1st film 1617620
  
== Other Repositories ==
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== Online Resources ==
  
*Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1570 Pacheco St., Santa Fe, NM 87501
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[http://www.nmgs.org/linkna.htm New Mexico Genealogical Society]
  
== '''See Also:'''  ==
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[http://www.archives.gov/rocky-mountain/ The National Archives Rocky Mountain Region (Denver)]
  
[[New Mexico Church Records|New Mexico-Church]] for a list of missions. There were many Spanish Missions with Pueblos
+
Native American Indian Census Rolls for New Mexico -- [http://www.us-census.org/native/m595/new_mexico.html http://www.us-census.org/native/m595/new_mexico.html]
  
[[New Mexico History|New Mexico-History]] for a calendar of events
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An 1869 study of "Native American Indians of New Mexico -- [http://www.logoi.com/notes/newmexico/index.html http://www.logoi.com/notes/newmexico/index.html]  
  
[[New Mexico Military Records|New Mexico-Military]] for a list of forts
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== Other Repositories  ==
  
== OnLine Links&nbsp;  ==
+
*Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1570 Pacheco St., Santa Fe, NM 87501
  
The Rocky Mountain Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration -- [http://www.archives.gov/rocky-mountain/ http://www.archives.gov/rocky-mountain/]
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== '''See Also:'''  ==
  
Native American Indian Census Rolls for New Mexico -- [http://www.us-census.org/native/m595/new_mexico.html http://www.us-census.org/native/m595/new_mexico.html]
+
[[New Mexico Church Records|New Mexico-Church]] for a list of missions. There were many Spanish Missions with Pueblos.  
  
An 1869 study of "Native American Indians of New Mexico -- [http://www.logoi.com/notes/newmexico/index.html http://www.logoi.com/notes/newmexico/index.html]  
+
[[New Mexico History|New Mexico-History]] for a calendar of events.  
 +
 
 +
[[New Mexico Military Records|New Mexico-Military]] for a list of forts.
 +
 
 +
<br>
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
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*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].  
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/handbook_american_indians.htm Available online].  
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.  
 
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.  
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/nm.pdf Available online.]  
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*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/NM.pdf Available online].
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]  
 
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]  
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/newmexico/index.htm Available online].
+
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145. [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/newmexico/index.htm Available online].
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{{American Indian}} {{New Mexico|New Mexico}}
  
 
[[Category:New_Mexico]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]
 
[[Category:New_Mexico]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 16:17, 19 November 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians of New Mexico

Contents

Tribes and Bands of New Mexico

The following list of American Indians who have lived in New Mexico has been compiled from Hodge's Handbook of American Indians...[1] and from Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America[2]. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.

Bands:

Tribes Recognized by the State of New Mexico

Genizaro

Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs

Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.

The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in New Mexico has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[3], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[4], and others.

Indian Schools

The Office of Indian Affairs (now the Bureau of Indian Affairs) established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations.

In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. (read more...)

The following list of Indian Schools in New Mexico has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...[5], Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians[6], and others.

Indian Health Facilities

Reservations

From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.

Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.

The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.

For a current reservation map - New Mexico - Indian Reservations - The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.

The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America[7], the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America[8], and other sources. Those reservations named in bold are current federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.

  • Alamo Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of _______ Tribe: Navajo: Tribe: Zuni
  • Bosque Redondo Reservation:
  • Canoncito Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of ______, Tribe: Navajo
  • Jicarilla Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Jicarilla Agency, Tribe: Jicarilla Apache
  • Mescalero Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Mescalero Agency, Tribe: Apache
  • Navajo Reservation: Tribe: Apache
  • Ojo Caliente Reservation:
  • Puerto Cito Reservation: Tribe: Alamo Navajo
  • Ramah Reservation (Community): Federal, under jurisdiction of Ramah-Navajo Agency, Tribe: Navajo
  • Zuni Reservation: Federal, under jurisdiction of Zuni Agency, Tribe: Zuni

Pueblos

Native American Obituaries

The Native American Obituary Project is a compilation of over 500 pages of newspaper clippings of Native American obituaries from Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah. The project originated with volunteers at the Farmington, New Mexico Family History Center. The obituaries range in date from 1977 to 2001. They were printed in the following newspapers:

  • The Daily Times (Farmington, New Mexico)
  • The Winslow Mail (Winslow, Arizona)
  • Montezuma Valley Sun (Montezuma, Colorado)
  • Cortez Journal (Cortez, Colorado)
  • Navajo Times (Window Rock, Navajo Nation, Arizona)
  • Lake Powell Chronicle (Page, Arizona)

The published volume, which includes a surname index, has been microfilmed and digitized under the title, Native American Obituaries. It is one of the countless treasures of the Family History Library, accessible on site, online, or through a local Family History Center. The Family History Library Catalog provides a full description. The digitized copies can also be accessed through FamilySearch Books Online. See related blog article (7 Jun 2011).

Family History Library

The Family History Library has microfilm copies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs records of births, deaths, marriages, divorces, land allotments and homesteads, and school records and reports. The records were created between 1878 and 1944 at the Eastern Navajo, Jicarilla, Pueblos, Zuni, and other agencies. These original records for New Mexico are located at the National Archives Rocky Mountain Region (Denver).

Records and information about the various tribes are also listed in the Subject Search of the Family History Library Catalog under the name of the tribe.

  • New Mexico Superintendency 1848-1880 T21 30 films 1st film 1617620

Online Resources

New Mexico Genealogical Society

The National Archives Rocky Mountain Region (Denver)

Native American Indian Census Rolls for New Mexico -- http://www.us-census.org/native/m595/new_mexico.html

An 1869 study of "Native American Indians of New Mexico -- http://www.logoi.com/notes/newmexico/index.html

Other Repositories

  • Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1570 Pacheco St., Santa Fe, NM 87501

See Also:

New Mexico-Church for a list of missions. There were many Spanish Missions with Pueblos.

New Mexico-History for a calendar of events.

New Mexico-Military for a list of forts.


References

  1. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  2. Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145. Available online.
  3. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
  4. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)
  5. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
  6. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)
  7. National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. Available online.
  8. Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.

Bibliography

  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. Available online.
  • Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
  • National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. Available online.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145. Available online.